Visual display of the Aldo Leopold papers : 9/25/10-3 : County, State and Foreign Files

the manufacturer out of the credit busi-/ 
ness by lending their customers the money 
to pay cash for what once was carried on 
a term-settlement basis. 
   Research is being used to ascertain how 
the banks can sell themselves more thor- 
oughly to the public as an essential, con- 
structive, contributing factor in the com- 
munity, as opposed to the view that a 
bank is a necessary evil for the conduct of 
business with which one has to make his 
peace against a day of need. 
   Here is a nation of 130,000,000 people, 
wealthier than all others; more alert to 
progress and modern ideas; full to over- 
Sflowing with natural resources; equipped 
with modern machinery for mass produc- 
tion. The banks are bulging with billions 
of dollars that they are anxious to hire 
out for use in putting our 12,000,000 un- 
employed to work. 
   Research is being resorted to by the 
banks to ascertain how they can be useful 
and instrumental in working out programs 
to apply to our raw materials that we have 
in such abundance, and the labor that is 
so ready to be employed in converting this 
supply into usable wealth. The capital is 
here; management is available. There is 
lacking  a profitable, feasible method 
whereby the combination of labor, capital, 
management, and raw material, can be 
co6rdinated to the end that our living con- 
ditions be improved day by day and decade 
by decade for an ever widening circle of 
the people. 
   Banking is awakening to its responsi- 
 bility and opportunity. Through research 
 it is setting forth to study the immediate 
 local communities as to ways and means 
 whereby the credit with which it is charged 
 as custodian may be utilized in developing 
 each community. It is seeking to imple- 
 ment these opportunities to their fullest 
 extent, whether they be in personal en- 
 deavor, private enterprise, or public under- 
 taking. With much is banking charged. 
 Of it much can be expected through the 
 development of its research programs. 
    OF THE MAN OF WEALTH: To set an 
 example of modest, unostentatious living, 
 shunning display or extravagance; to pro- 
 vide moderately for the legitimate wants 
 of those dependent upon him; and, after 
 doing so, to consider all surplus revenues 
 which come to him simply as trust funds, 
 which he is called upon to administer, and 
 strictly bound as a matter of duty to ad- 
 minister in the manner which in his judg- 
 ment, is best calculated to produce the 
 most beneficial results for the community. 
 -Andrew Carnegie. 
 NOVEMBER, 1938 
G   OOD NEWS comes with the announce- 
     ment of the creation in Virginia of 
a 1,400,000-acre state and federal wild- 
life management area, designed to as- 
sure improvement in the wildlife and fish 
populations and their environmental con- 
ditions in the mountainous sections of the 
Old Dominion. Sportsmen and conserva- 
tionists have already marked this venture 
and are looking forward with confidence 
as Virginia joins with the U. S. Forest 
Service in pioneering the largest, most 
cohesive, most promising wildlife man- 
agement program in the East. 
   At the last session of the General As- 
sembly of Virginia a law was passed 
authorizing the Commission of Game and 
Inland Fisheries to enter into a co6perative 
agreement with the federal Forest Service 
to define the means and methods to be 
taken to improve the fish and game re- 
sources of Virginia. This law came into 
being by reason of untiring efforts and co- 
operation among sportsmen, sponsors of 
wildlife, and nature loving citizens. On 
June 3, 1938, the co6perative agreement 
was signed by Carl H. Nolting, chairman 
of the Commission of Game and Inland 
Fisheries, and R. M. Evans, regional for- 
ester of the Eastern Region of the United 
States Forest Service. This agreement takes 
advantage of the wildlife possibilities and 
the work already being done on the mil- 
lion and a half acres of the George Wash- 
ington and Jefferson National Forests in 
the uplands of western Virginia, and by 
combining authorities and responsibilities 
creates the largest managed open public 
hunting ground east of the Mississippi. 
ine conservation of natural resources. 
   Let us go back a few years and review 
the steps that made it possible. In 1911 ac- 
tion was initiated under federal and state 
acts to acquire land in the mountains of 
Virginia for forested areas to protect the 
watersheds and conserve the growing 
timber. These areas for the most part had 
been logged over. Many landowners had 
cut the timber and were no longer inter- 
ested in the land or forests. Spring and 
fall these forests were afire, each fire 
further devastating and denuding the 
land, destroying soil and timber. Besides 
the loss of remaining or potential timber, 
the natural habitat of wildlife and fish 
was disappearing. The silt from rapid 
stream runoff and the ashes from forest 
fires reduced fish populations. Man was 
tracking the last vestiges of the wild things 
remaining. Wildlife was being destroyed. 
     Hunters report their results at roadside contact stations 
                   Virginia s 
           Wildlife Future 
                        Contributed by 

   Federal funds and the co6peration of 
the state accounted for the purchase of 
this forest land. 
   Public-spirited cobperation  by   the 
people living within and adjacent to the 
National Forests, together with the pro- 
tection and rebuilding being carried on by 
federal Forest Service forces, has so re- 
duced forest fires and improved the for- 
ests during the past two decades that the 
wildlife habitat is rapidly being restored. 
   The United States Forest Service con- 
trols the land. The Virginia Commission 
of Game and Inland Fisheries controls 
the wildlife. The relatively few private 
ownerships that are importantly involved 
in the game problem of these extensive 
rugged upland areas are generally sympa- 
thetic and co6perative. 
   Now we are ready to set definite upland 
wildlife objectives and ready for all forces 
to work together to accomplish them. 
Law provides, in addition to the regular 
resident or nonresident license required 
by law, that everyone desiring to hunt, fish, 
or trap on the lands of the National Forest 
Co6perative Area shall purchase a Na- 
tional Forest Permit Stamp costing $1. 
   The funds derived from the sale of this 
stamp will make possible the effective pro- 
tection, restocking, and development of 
this huge public hunting area. These 
stamps, issued by the Game Commission, 
can be obtained from any county or city 
clerk. One of the essentials to the success 
of the new program will be that sports- 
men and nature lovers purchase this stamp, 
even those who may not intend to hunt or 
fish in the National Forest area at this 
   The area embraces the lands of the 
George Washington and Jefferson Na- 
tional Forests, located in whole or in part 
in thirty of Virginia's 100 counties. Game 
laws applying to the area are formulated 
by the Commission of Game and Inland 
Fisheries and can be found in the state 
game laws booklet, obtainable from the 
Game Commission or from any county 
game warden. 
ment plan is to assure the proper protec- 
tion and progressive development of the 
wildlife resources of this vast public hunt- 
ing area. The three immediate objectives 
are: (1) restocking the area with wildlife 
and fish, (2) protection, and (3) improve- 
ment of the environment. 
  These objectives will be accomplished 
and supplemented in the long run by seven 
major efforts: To effect, insofar as possi- 
ble, a natural balance of all wild birds and 
animals; to maintain sufficient breeding 
stock of all species so that there will be 
provided the maximum surplus of game 
animals, fur bearers, birds, and fish for 
annual harvest by sportsmen and trappers; 
to increase and stabilize the carrying ca- 
pacity by improving the environment; to 
maintain animal populations not to exceed 
the maximum natural carrying capacity for 
any one species; to effect and maintain 
wildlife populations in harmony with all 
other forest users; to protect and preserve 
the esthetic value of wild animals and 
birds of both the game and nongame spe- 
cies; and last, to control the number of 
undesirable species where and when it is 
necessary in order to effect -a good eco- 
logical and biological balance. 
   Wildlife Stocking.-At the present time 
a wildlife survey of the management area 
shows twenty-one small herds of deer and 
a turkey range extending over half of the 
area. During the next five years it is 
planned to join these deer herds by the 
additional stocking of approximately 2,000 
deer. This method of stocking will assure 
uniform distribution and more favorable 
hunting when the open season is permitted. 
As fast as turkeys become available it is 
planned to extend the present range to 
cover all of the area. Through stocking, 
beaver colonies will be established on 
streams suitable for beaver but not con- 
sidered good fishing streams. Beaver res- 
toration will bring back to Virginia one 
of its most valuable fur bearers. 
   Fish Stocking.-The plans for fish 
stocking provide for the correlation of 
state and federal fish planting. In the past 
these activities have been carried on sym- 
pathetically but almost independently of 
one another. Under the new plan each 
agency will have a fish resource map show- 
ing the portion of each stream assigned 
to it for stocking. Each year the number of 
fish to be stocked will be determined. This 
map will also show fishing intensity, mak- 
ing it possible for both agencies better to 
distribute the fish to take care of heavily 
fished sections of streams. The number and 
size of fish to be stocked will be propor- 
tioned to the revenue received from the 
purchase of the National Forest special 
permit stamp. 
   Law Enforcement.-The two National 
Forests are divided into nine ranger dis- 
tricts of approximately 160,000 acres each. 
In the past these large areas were covered 
for game purposes by thirty county ward- 
ens who could devote but a small part of 
their time to the National Forest area be- 
cause each had an entire county to patrol. 
It is now planned to augment these ward- 
ens by deputizing all qualified Forest Serv- 
ice officers. As funds are available from 
sale of the special permit for hunting, fish- 
ing, and trapping in these National Forest 
areas additional local men will be em- 
ployed on the protective force. Each year 
the law enforcement organization in each 
of the nine ranger districts will meet to 
review the past year's accomplishments 
and through detailed planning bring about 
improved efficiency in the protection work 
for the coming year. 
   Wildlife Improvements.-In carrying 
 out the objectives of the wildlife restora- 
 tion program one of the most important 
 jobs is wildlife range improvement. This 
 work will be accomplished largely by the 
 aid of the Civilian Conservation Corps, 
 under the direction of the United States 
 Forest Service. The program involves a 
 multitude of jobs, including the construc-