Visual display of the Aldo Leopold papers : 9/25/10-4 : Species and Subjects

Digest of "ShootinL in California Today & 50 Years Ago. 
(An Account of Market Hunting For quail)  - 
Walter R. Welch 
(From "Cal. Fish & Game" - April - 1928) 
p. 123. Market Hunting began in Marin County in the sixties, by the 
Butchart brothers. 
124. -    : Ralston, of Ralston & Johnson (market hunters) sVys his 
best bja  in 1 d y was 121 quail. Shot over 6000 shots in season 
of 1"Z5. Averaged 70 quail per day in good weather. 
L           As transportation improved market hjuntinL spread from 
Marin and. San Mateo into Monterey and other southern counties. 
From g0's until 1901 centered around Bradley, King City, Jolon, 
Pleyto, Poso, San Ardo, Paso Robles, Santa Margarita. 
124-5       : Trappers used 11 mesh wir 15 x 50 ft. strung on willow 
poles. Baited with water and grain and sprung with a string. 
Natural springs were filled with bruish. Several hundred caught at 
a time. 
125. Locations: Alameda Co. and San Joaquin Valley became market dis- 
triuts also. Single trappers operated 100 traps each. Average 
catch 1200 quail per week per man. 
126. Prices paid market huters 50¢ to $1.75 per doz. 
Decrease noticeable by 1895. Game Co.nission surveyed markets and 
gathered following fig7ares: 
Sold in. Los Angeles and San Francisco markets 
1895-6---------        177366 quail 
These came frorh: Monterey Co.             39,831 
San Lins 0bispo          25,526 
San Bernardine           12,663 
Los Angeles              11,026 
Paid for 177,366 Quail ----------------      $15,160 
(about 100 each) 
126. Protective Ileasures: 
1901: Bag limaited to 25 per day and sale prohibited.  (Bootlegging 
continued however for years after) 
127.  Welch's pro ram for restoration: (1) Law eAforcement (2) small 
refuges with cover and water. 

"Ocracoke School and community are in- 
terested in a reforestation project," writes 
David B. Taylor, principal of the school at 
this place, to State Forester J. S. Holmes. 
"Will longleaf and loblolly pine grow well 
here where the winds from the sea and 
land are rather fierce in winter and where 
the loosely packed coarse sand is under- 
laid at a depth of three to four feet with 
shell and gravel? 
"There are only two pines on the island 
that I have seen in the four months that I 
have been here; so, if possible we would 
like to secure a thousand seedlings and set 
them in several plots so that natural re- 
forestation would go forward faster once 
the seedlings are large enough to dissemi- 
nate seeds." 
"Thrills and thrills were enjoyed by the 
younger members of the family and a real 
treat to the classroom as well as some of 
water adjoining  tidewater, according  to 
Mr. Moore, has caused salt water to back 
up into these streams, destroying many 
game fish. 
More than a score of county organiza- 
tions were represented at a meeting of the 
Walton Council of North Carolina in Ral- 
eigh, Wednesday, February 25.    Among 
other business was the approval of recom- 
mendati-ons of the legislative committee 
and the authorization of a new committee 
to  consider  an -official publication  for 
the organization. 
Resolutions in appreciation of Capt. R. 
T. Stedman, ardent conservationist, who 
died several weeks ago at his home    in 
Winston-Salem, will be drawn up by a com- 
mittee authorized at the Raleigh meeting 
of the Waltonian Council. 
e,  o ,      , persons  w , o, -    ,oy-   "For three years I have been
several booklets," writes Parker Haydon,   with interest your monthly
of Oakland, Calif., in acknowledging litera-  "Conservation and Industry"
writes Lieut. 
ture on North Carolina sent by Statistician  Col. J. P. Terrell, of Washington,
D. C., 
Bryan W. Sipe.                             and several times have planned
"We thank you a thousand     times for   to visit North Carolina and
try the trout 
your kindness. I personally gained a new   and bass fishing which I have
gathered is 
and delightful picture of your  beautiful  exceptionally g      e  o your
State. I guess California hasn't all the   tion metho .  I have at last found
beautiful scenery after all."              opport y" 
Col. C. Seymour Bullock, national field  Ad~LL SPEED        TIMED       
representative of the Izaak Walton League           ntt~~ 
of  America,  spoke  over  Radio  Station                WIT     SPEEDO 
WPTF on the legislative program   of the     .       ... 
Waltonian  Council  of  North  Carolina  and   Q al, w ih    utes   hve 
always  de-   | 
the  mutual  relationship  between  the  far- srb d a   "h oig   u 
l   ules,_"  oo 
mer and the sportsman on March 1. About  not ly as fast as ter sarlig Whirr_
two years ago, Colonnel Bullock made    a    ig     ol   niae     n investigator
tour  of  North  Carolina  in  interest  of  ex-  ic vrd at r trin  days
 f  racing  the 
tension of the league in this State.       game birds in his automobile.

Extremely dry weather up to the time 
of recent rains in Eastern North Caro- 
lina has taken a large toll of fresh water 
game fish, according to Chas. J. Moore, 
Beaufort and Hyde county game and fish 
warden. Reduction of the volume of fresh 
Donald D. McLean, of the California Fish 
and Game Department, has informed the 
American Game Association that the great- 
est burst of speed he was able to time with 
his speedometer was 58 miles an hour. The 
average "cruising" time was around 40 
miles an hour, he stated.