Visual display of the Aldo Leopold papers : 9/25/10-3 : County, State and Foreign Files

				
 
 
 
Appendix 3: Prairie Chickens 
 
 
     This term is ued inclusively for two sncies of grouse: the pinnated
and 
 
the Wayptail. 
 
     The region here under dise.usston its the best remaining prairie ciken

 
range in North America, and with the possible exceotion of the Nebraska sand
hills, 
 
the only one not in process of dissolution through arricultural developments.

 
     The Scottish grouse moors--about two or three times as large as the
area 
 
here disacussed--yield a kill of nearly 2,00,000 head of grouse annually,
worth 
 
$5,000,000 in gross income. These are all wild birds, produced without artificial

 
propagation. There is no known reason My a similar yield from the Wisconsin

moors   should be impossible. In 1931, however, the entire state of 1iscom
in 
 
yielded only 75,000 grouse of all species, or 1/30 of the Scottish kill.
This 
 
was an average year. 
 
     It has taken a round century to buil? ur the yield of the Scottish moors
by 
 
"cut-and-try methods, but with the gaidanam now available from biological
science, 
 
there is no inherent reason why some result should not be obtained here in
a 
 
deade or two. 
 
     Prairie chickens are, if anything, superior to Scottish Red Grouse in
gase 
 
qualities. The Scottish bird is cmmonly valued at $5 each 4in the bag."
Great 
 
numbers of people, including some Americans, resort annually t the Scottish
moor# 
 
for the grouse season. One thing is certain: hunters and bird-dog lovers
from 
 
far distant itates would flock in numbers to any locality offering 
 
prairie chicken shooting throagh a long season, and under conditions free
from 
 
the hectic competition with other hunters which now obtains. 
 
     The preliAinary fact-findin for a Wisconsin chicken.,.croppiar technique
ti 
 
already done. The next steop is to test the accumlated facts on a piece of
land. 
 
  

					
				
					
 
 
 
Appendix C! Raffed Grouse 
 
 
     The river bottoms of central Wisconsin yield, dring the high years of
the 
 
game cycle, exceptionally fine ruffed grouse or partrilge" shooting.
This adds 
 
variety to the hicken shooting-which has a very important bearing on the
future 
 
value of shooting privileges. 
 
     Partridges and chickens share the same cycle, Vut partridges someti;.e

 
remain abundant for a year after the chickens have dropped off, this being
con- 
 
spicuously tre in 1933. This is inportant in raisinr the percentage of years
in 
 
which some outstanding attraction to snortsmen is available. 
 
     The ruffed grouse is at present le   susceptible to management than
the 
 
prairie chicken, but fature research findingemay alter this situation. For

 
emple. the disoovery of a new clover that will grow in central Wisconsin,
or 
 
the discovery of a cheap method of treating the soil of food patches so they
will 
 
grow white clover, might greatly a-ent the partridge crop, and thus add to
the 
 
game yield of the region, and hence to its gnme revenmes. 
 
     The University of Minnesoita s heading the research work on raffe .grouse.

 
Its findings would be available to any Wisconsin management venture. 
 
 
                           ApTendix D: Waterfowl and Fur 
 
     The wetter marshes of central Wisconsin were, before drainage, highly

 
productive as a waterfowl breeding ground. 
 
     Some of the drained marshes are usable for ýWriculture, and are
probably 
 
more productive for prairie chickens by reason of their drained condition.

 
     Some, however, might yield more If reflooded, for waterfowl and fur.
A 
 
test of the efficacy of refloodine should be made in a carefully selected
case. 
 
     The flowages of central Wisconsin are, in general, lisappointing in
their 
 
wild-life productivity. A careful study mipht yield ways to improve their

 
condition.