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Appendix 3: Prairie Chickens This term is ued inclusively for two sncies of grouse: the pinnated and the Wayptail. The region here under dise.usston its the best remaining prairie ciken range in North America, and with the possible exceotion of the Nebraska sand hills, the only one not in process of dissolution through arricultural developments. The Scottish grouse moors--about two or three times as large as the area here disacussed--yield a kill of nearly 2,00,000 head of grouse annually, worth $5,000,000 in gross income. These are all wild birds, produced without artificial propagation. There is no known reason My a similar yield from the Wisconsin moors should be impossible. In 1931, however, the entire state of 1iscom in yielded only 75,000 grouse of all species, or 1/30 of the Scottish kill. This was an average year. It has taken a round century to buil? ur the yield of the Scottish moors by "cut-and-try methods, but with the gaidanam now available from biological science, there is no inherent reason why some result should not be obtained here in a deade or two. Prairie chickens are, if anything, superior to Scottish Red Grouse in gase qualities. The Scottish bird is cmmonly valued at $5 each 4in the bag." Great numbers of people, including some Americans, resort annually t the Scottish moor# for the grouse season. One thing is certain: hunters and bird-dog lovers from far distant itates would flock in numbers to any locality offering prairie chicken shooting throagh a long season, and under conditions free from the hectic competition with other hunters which now obtains. The preliAinary fact-findin for a Wisconsin chicken.,.croppiar technique ti already done. The next steop is to test the accumlated facts on a piece of land.
Appendix C! Raffed Grouse The river bottoms of central Wisconsin yield, dring the high years of the game cycle, exceptionally fine ruffed grouse or partrilge" shooting. This adds variety to the hicken shooting-which has a very important bearing on the future value of shooting privileges. Partridges and chickens share the same cycle, Vut partridges someti;.e remain abundant for a year after the chickens have dropped off, this being con- spicuously tre in 1933. This is inportant in raisinr the percentage of years in which some outstanding attraction to snortsmen is available. The ruffed grouse is at present le susceptible to management than the prairie chicken, but fature research findingemay alter this situation. For emple. the disoovery of a new clover that will grow in central Wisconsin, or the discovery of a cheap method of treating the soil of food patches so they will grow white clover, might greatly a-ent the partridge crop, and thus add to the game yield of the region, and hence to its gnme revenmes. The University of Minnesoita s heading the research work on raffe .grouse. Its findings would be available to any Wisconsin management venture. ApTendix D: Waterfowl and Fur The wetter marshes of central Wisconsin were, before drainage, highly productive as a waterfowl breeding ground. Some of the drained marshes are usable for ýWriculture, and are probably more productive for prairie chickens by reason of their drained condition. Some, however, might yield more If reflooded, for waterfowl and fur. A test of the efficacy of refloodine should be made in a carefully selected case. The flowages of central Wisconsin are, in general, lisappointing in their wild-life productivity. A careful study mipht yield ways to improve their condition.