This collection consists of items originating from prisoners held in German concentration camps, internment and transit camps, Gestapo prisons, and POW camps, during and just prior to World War II. Most of the materials are letters written or received by prisoners, but also included are receipts for parcels, money orders and personal effects; paper currency; and realia, including Star of David badges that Jews were forced to wear. Adolf Hitler established the first concentration camp soon after he came to power in 1933. Prisoners at Nazi concentration camps in German territory were allowed to send and receive mail on a very limited basis. Letters written to and by Nazi concentration camp prisoners were subject to the scrutiny of regulations. This collection is comprised of several subsets, including: Concentration Camps Correspondence; The Internment and Transit Camps Correspondence, 1940-1944; The Gestapo Prisons Correspondence, 1942-1943; Prisoner of War (POW) Correspondence, 1940-1945; Receipts for Parcels, Money Orders and Personal Effects, 1940-[ca. 1945]; Paper Currency, 1940-1945; Realia, [ca. 1939-1945]. Source Library: McMaster University.
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German and military history, Holocaust, World War II, human rights