Gale Virtual Reference Library

A database of encyclopedias and other specialized reference sources from Gale and their publishing partners. Titles are individually selected, and therefore the Collection is not standard at all institutions. Titles are displayed on the home page, categorized by broad subject area. You may also click the Title List link found below the GVRL product banner to view an alphabetical list of all titles in our collection. (Updates ongoing)

Database Permalink

This permalink is a direct, persistent URL to the database that will always work and won't break.


Dates vary

Subscription Type


Resource Types

E-Books and E-Texts, Reference Source

Online Availability

View Online