"In most countries, problematic drug use is dealt with primarily as a criminal justice issue, rather than a health issue. Accordingly, a large proportion of people in prison have a history of alcohol, tobacco and/or illicit drug use and, despite the best efforts of correctional authorities, some continue to use these substances in prison, often in very risky ways. After release from prison, many relapse to risky substance use, and are at high risk of poor health outcomes, preventable death, or reincarceration.In this edited volume, for the first time we bring together 40 contributors from 10 countries to review what is known about alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use in people who cycle through prisons, and the harms associated with use of these substances. We consider some evidence-based responses to these harms - both in prison and after return to the community - and discuss their implications for policy reform.This book is international in scope and multi-disciplinary in character. It brings together and integrates the perspectives of public health and addictions researchers, criminologists and correctional leaders, epidemiologists, physicians, and human rights lawyers. Our contributors are unified in their commitment to evidence-informed policy - that is, doing what we know works. An overarching theme pervading all of the chapters is that people who cycle through prisons come from the community, and almost always return to the community. Their health problems are therefore our health problems; in other words, 'prisoner health is public health'"--Provided by publisher.
1. The "drugs-crime nexus" / Dominique de Andrade -- 2. The global epidemiology of drug use in prison / Chloé Carpentier, Luis Royuela, Linda Montanari, and Philip Davis -- 3. Injecting while incarcerated / M-J Milloy -- 4. Alcohol use among incarcerated individuals / David Wyatt Seal, Sarah Yancey, Manasa Reddy, and Stuart A. Kinner -- 5. Tobacco use among prisoners / Jennifer Clarke and Manasa Reddy -- 6. Substance use after release from prison / Sarah Larney, Mark Stoové, and Stuart A. Kinner -- 7. Drug use, HIV, and the high risk environment of prisons / Lyuba Azbel and Frederick L. Altice -- 8. The perfect storm: Tuberculosis, substance use disorders and incarceration / Haider A. Al-Darraji and Frederick L. Altice -- 9. Drug use in prisoners and hepatitis / Rebecca J. Winter and Margaret E. Hellard -- 10. Prisoners with a substance disorder and a mental illness / Kate Dolan, Michael Farrell, and Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam -- 11. Understanding the risk environment surrounding drug use in prisons: the unique contributions of qualitative research / Will Small and Ryan McNeil -- 12. Drug use and prison: the challenge of making human rights protections a reality / Joanne Csete, Rick Lines and Ralf Jürgens -- 13. Recidivism: the impact of substance abuse on continued involvement in the justice system / Faye S. Taxman and Mary Mun -- 14. Substance use and consequences among people who have been incarcerated: a public health issue / Ingrid A. Binswanger and Andrea K. Finlay -- 15. Supply reduction in prison: the evidence / Robert L. Trestman and Ashbel T. Wall -- 16. Drug treatment for prisoners: opioid substitution treatment, therapeutic communities and cognitive behavioral therapy / Kate Dolan, Zahra Alam-Mehrjerdi and Babak Moazen -- 17. Harm reduction in prisons / Kathryn Snow and Michael Levy -- 18. Preventing drug-related death in recently released prisoners / Julie Brummer, Lars Møller and Stefan Enggist -- 19. Drug use in prisoners: epidemiology, implications, and policy responses / Stuart A. Kinner and Josiah D. Rich