This manual has a three-part structure, beginning with an overview of the steps in the research and writing process, including formulating questions, reading critically, building arguments, and revising drafts. Part II provides an overview of citation practices with detailed information on the two main scholarly citation styles (notes-bibliography and author-date), an array of source types with contemporary examples, and detailed guidance on citing online resources. The final section treats all matters of editorial style, with advice on punctuation, capitalization, spelling, abbreviations, table formatting, and the use of quotations. Style and citation recommendations have been revised throughout to reflect the sixteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style.
What research is and how researchers think about it -- Moving from a topic to a question to a working hypothesis -- Finding useful sources -- Engaging sources -- Planning your argument -- Planning a first draft -- Drafting your report -- Presenting evidence in tables and figures -- Revising your draft -- Writing your final introduction and conclusion -- Revising sentences -- Learning from your returned paper -- Presenting research in alternative forums -- On the spirit of research -- General introduction to citation practices -- Notes-bibliography style: The basic form -- Notes-bibliography style: Citing specific types of sources -- Author-date style: The basic form -- Author-date style: Citing specific types of sources -- Spelling -- Punctuation -- Names, special terms, and titles of works -- Numbers -- Abbreviations -- Quotations -- Tables and figures -- Appendix: Paper format and submission
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