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Federal funds and the co6peration of the state accounted for the purchase of this forest land. Public-spirited cobperation by the people living within and adjacent to the National Forests, together with the pro- tection and rebuilding being carried on by federal Forest Service forces, has so re- duced forest fires and improved the for- ests during the past two decades that the wildlife habitat is rapidly being restored. The United States Forest Service con- trols the land. The Virginia Commission of Game and Inland Fisheries controls the wildlife. The relatively few private ownerships that are importantly involved in the game problem of these extensive rugged upland areas are generally sympa- thetic and co6perative. Now we are ready to set definite upland wildlife objectives and ready for all forces to work together to accomplish them. SECTION 24-A OF THE VIRGINIA GAME Law provides, in addition to the regular resident or nonresident license required by law, that everyone desiring to hunt, fish, or trap on the lands of the National Forest Co6perative Area shall purchase a Na- tional Forest Permit Stamp costing $1. The funds derived from the sale of this stamp will make possible the effective pro- tection, restocking, and development of this huge public hunting area. These stamps, issued by the Game Commission, can be obtained from any county or city clerk. One of the essentials to the success of the new program will be that sports- men and nature lovers purchase this stamp, even those who may not intend to hunt or fish in the National Forest area at this time. The area embraces the lands of the George Washington and Jefferson Na- tional Forests, located in whole or in part in thirty of Virginia's 100 counties. Game laws applying to the area are formulated by the Commission of Game and Inland Fisheries and can be found in the state game laws booklet, obtainable from the Game Commission or from any county game warden. THE IDEA BEHIND THE JOINT MANAGE- ment plan is to assure the proper protec- tion and progressive development of the wildlife resources of this vast public hunt- ing area. The three immediate objectives are: (1) restocking the area with wildlife and fish, (2) protection, and (3) improve- ment of the environment. These objectives will be accomplished and supplemented in the long run by seven major efforts: To effect, insofar as possi- ble, a natural balance of all wild birds and 16 animals; to maintain sufficient breeding stock of all species so that there will be provided the maximum surplus of game animals, fur bearers, birds, and fish for annual harvest by sportsmen and trappers; to increase and stabilize the carrying ca- pacity by improving the environment; to maintain animal populations not to exceed the maximum natural carrying capacity for any one species; to effect and maintain wildlife populations in harmony with all other forest users; to protect and preserve the esthetic value of wild animals and birds of both the game and nongame spe- cies; and last, to control the number of undesirable species where and when it is necessary in order to effect -a good eco- logical and biological balance. Wildlife Stocking.-At the present time a wildlife survey of the management area shows twenty-one small herds of deer and a turkey range extending over half of the area. During the next five years it is planned to join these deer herds by the additional stocking of approximately 2,000 deer. This method of stocking will assure uniform distribution and more favorable hunting when the open season is permitted. As fast as turkeys become available it is planned to extend the present range to cover all of the area. Through stocking, beaver colonies will be established on streams suitable for beaver but not con- sidered good fishing streams. Beaver res- toration will bring back to Virginia one of its most valuable fur bearers. Fish Stocking.-The plans for fish stocking provide for the correlation of state and federal fish planting. In the past these activities have been carried on sym- pathetically but almost independently of one another. Under the new plan each agency will have a fish resource map show- ing the portion of each stream assigned to it for stocking. Each year the number of fish to be stocked will be determined. This map will also show fishing intensity, mak- ing it possible for both agencies better to distribute the fish to take care of heavily fished sections of streams. The number and size of fish to be stocked will be propor- tioned to the revenue received from the purchase of the National Forest special permit stamp. Law Enforcement.-The two National Forests are divided into nine ranger dis- tricts of approximately 160,000 acres each. In the past these large areas were covered for game purposes by thirty county ward- ens who could devote but a small part of their time to the National Forest area be- cause each had an entire county to patrol. It is now planned to augment these ward- ens by deputizing all qualified Forest Serv- ice officers. As funds are available from sale of the special permit for hunting, fish- ing, and trapping in these National Forest areas additional local men will be em- ployed on the protective force. Each year the law enforcement organization in each of the nine ranger districts will meet to review the past year's accomplishments and through detailed planning bring about improved efficiency in the protection work for the coming year. Wildlife Improvements.-In carrying out the objectives of the wildlife restora- tion program one of the most important jobs is wildlife range improvement. This work will be accomplished largely by the aid of the Civilian Conservation Corps, under the direction of the United States Forest Service. The program involves a multitude of jobs, including the construc- THE COMMONWEALTH