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DO NOT RELEASE BEFORE THURSDAY AFIERNOON, DECEMBR 3, 1936 Page 3. IOLWA!'S BOBWH I TEý The bobwhite quail found in good numbers in the southern half of the State is probably the most popular native game bird in Iowa. For 40 years it has existed in fair numbers in the south half of the State in spite of the extensive agricultural activities. The quail was given complete protection from hunting from 1916 to 1932. Since that time, experimental shoots have been held in an attempt to find and develop a management program that would actually increase and perpetuate this fine bird for all time to come. During the year of 1934, the quail regulations opened the season from October 15th to November 15th, both dates inclusive, on certain class A. game management areas which had been approved by the Fish and Game Commission. However shooting was not permitted on any two consec- utive days, nor was moxe than14O% of the quail population to be taken from any area open to the shooting of quail. The bag limit was six birds per day. Hunters received tags from farmers on areas open to shooting. Tags were supplied by the Fish and Game Commission. These tags were to be placed on all birds shot, the farmer retaining the stub from the tag. These stubs were mailed to the Fish and Game Commission following the open season. Figures were compiled as a result of the 1934 open quail season. There were 104 areas opened in 24 counties containing 257,833 acres on which lived 1,595 farmers. The Department issued 17,,459 tags, and tags returned unused numbered 11,776. Tags not returned nu mbered 3 933. The number of stubs returned to the Department was 1,749 or 1(4 of those issued. During the open seasop 1,OO cocks and 741 hens were taken. Dogs were used in taking 1,040 birds, which was 59.4% of the birds taken. The results gave some interesting data. First, it was difficult for hunters and dogs to flush birds due to the fact that the vegetation was still green and heavy and the weather quite warm. This indicates that the season was opened too early. Conditions such as these do not encourage the hunter. Second, it was felt that there was too much "red tape" required of the farmer and hunter; e.g., requiring tag stubs to be signed~etc. This did not allow enough freedom to the hunter, was a bother to the farmer, and was extremely expensive to the Fish and Game Commission. Third, many farmers denied hunters the hunting privilege, although they had a surplus of quail. Fourth, it was difficult for hunters to find areas which were open although the Commission gave all possible publicity to the location of areas. Fifth, it was very evi- dent that before quail hunting could again win the popularity it had at- tained prior to 1916, it would be necessafry to encourage the sportsmen to use trained bird dogs. This would not only enhance the sport but would greatly reduce the crippling loss. All in all, the 1934 quail season was not satisfactory to the farmer or to the sportsman because of the great amount of "red tape" necessary in providing the hunting and supervising the take, etc., and it was not satisfactory to the Department because of the c of the -intensive supervision necessary H er, it w a valuable experece and from that point of view alone was perhaps worth the cost. In 1935 the quail season was opened from November 16th to December 10th,, both dates inclusive, on certain class A. game management areas which were approved by the Conservation Commission where it appeared that the quail population was not less than one bird per six acres. Shooting hours were from eight o'clock A.M. to four o'clock P.M., and the bag limit was increased to eight birds per day. The possession limit was also set at eight, thereby allowing only one day's bag to be in possession during the open season and for the ten days following the open season. In order to further encourage quail hunting, the Conservation Com- mission passed a regulation permitting quail to be taken on lands other than regularly established game management areas in the following man- ner: landholders having a shootable surplus of quail on their farms could make application to the Commission to have their farms open to quail shooting during the regular 1935 open season. If, after investi- gation by a representative of the Commission, it was found that there Vas a shootable surplus of quail, the Commission then issued a permit to the applicant opening the farm to hunting. He was also supplied with a trespass permit book of the type used on all regularly established game (Continued on Page 4.)
DO NOT RELEASE BEFORE THURSDAY AFT0NOON, DECMR 3, 1936 (Continued from Page 3.) management areas and with signs reading as follows: "Hunting Permitted bn this Farm atth Written Permission of the Landholder, State Conser- vation Commission". No attempt was made to have non-removable tags at- tached to dead birds. Instead the written trespass permit Vtich was is- sued to the hunters by the farmers sufficed for a permit to have quail in possession. This method did away with one of the obstacles Which had prcvailed in the 1934 season; that is, the tagging of all shot birds in order to distinguish them from birds which may have been shot illeg- ally outside of the designated opened areas. Of the 379 areas open to quail hunters other than the regularly established game management areas, a total of 37 report cards were mail- ed in following the open season. These cards show that a total of 422 quail were reported taken on 37 areas by 193 hunters, that being 239 birds per hunter. Quail shooting is being permitted in 20 southern Iowa counties this year. The thirty day open season closes on Decamber 15. No special tags or permits other than the regular hunting license is required this year. Hunting on game management areas within the open counties still requires the permission of the landholder. To humnt on any farmland in Iowa permission must be obtained first according to the trespass laws. 200,000 HUNTERS QUIT WILD- FOWHLING,. STARA SALES SHOW Over 200,000 duck hunters quit the sport or failed to purchase "duck stamps" during the 1936 fiscal year, according to a survey of stamp sales and income expenditures made by the More Game Birds Founda- tion. Records of the Post Office Department just made available reveal that but 424,970 of the migratory bird hunting stamps were sold during the 12 months ending June 30 last, as, compared with 635,344 during the 1935 fiscal year. Whether the drastic slump in sales is continuing during the pres- ent duck hunting season probably will not be definitely known until after close of the department's current fiscal year next summer. The slump is attributed to new and increasing restrictive hunting regula- tions. "Little hope is held for modification of these restrictions until waterfowl can be increased--particularly on the remaining most important breeding grounds in Canada," the Foundation declares. When the duck stamp law became effective 1..1arch 16, 1934, predic- tions were made that it would provide $1,500,000 or more annually for establishment of waterfowl refuges in the United States. Total sales for the first two years combined, however, amounted to but $1 050,314. Provisions of the law require that 90 per cent of the fpcome t shall be available for the location, ascertainment, acquisition, administration, maintenance and development" of migratory bird sanctuaries. The bal- ance is assigned to "administrative expenses". The Foundation survey reveals that although $724,851 of duck stamp income has been expended thus far, not an acre of refuge land has been acquired with the money. "No land for refuge use has been purchased out of the Migratory Bird Conservation Fund as the Bureau has had emergency and special funds for such purchases during the past two fiscal years. It was necessary to use duck stamp funds for the development of many of these new refuges, and to improve some of the old areas, since no other appropri- ation was available," Ira N. Gabrielson, Chief of the U. S. Bureau of Biological Survey, explained to the Foundation. BOAT INSPECTIONS REPORTED During the past two years 2,362 rowboats were inspected by the State Boat Inspector working under the Conservation Commission. Of this number 2,257 boats were approved. All boats for hire are required to be inspected by law. After being approved a metal tag is affixed which indicates the maximum number of passengers the boat will carry. To carry more than the limit of passengers constitutes a violation of the law. During the two-year period 69 launches used for comqercial pur- poses were inspected and approved. Private motor boats must also be registered with the Conservation Commission and 1,101 such boats were reported in Iowa. There are 45 boat engineers and 43 pilots licensed in the State. In addition to boats, 28 commercial dock permits and 366 private dock permits were issued during the two years just past. Page 4.