Visual display of the Aldo Leopold papers : 9/25/10-3 : County, State and Foreign Files


                            IOLWA!'S BOBWH I TEý 
      The bobwhite quail found in good numbers in the southern half of 
 the State is probably the most popular native game bird in Iowa. For 
 40 years it has existed in fair numbers in the south half of the State 
 in spite of the extensive agricultural activities. The quail was given 
 complete protection from hunting from 1916 to 1932. Since that time, 
 experimental shoots have been held in an attempt to find and develop a 
 management program that would actually increase and perpetuate this 
 fine bird for all time to come. 
      During the year of 1934, the quail regulations opened the season 
 from October 15th to November 15th, both dates inclusive, on certain 
 class A. game management areas which had been approved by the Fish and 
 Game Commission. However   shooting was not permitted on any two consec-

 utive days, nor was moxe than14O% of the quail population to be taken 
 from any area open to the shooting of quail. The bag limit was six 
 birds per day. Hunters received tags from farmers on areas open to 
 shooting. Tags were supplied by the Fish and Game Commission. These 
 tags were to be placed on all birds shot, the farmer retaining the stub

 from the tag. These stubs were mailed to the Fish and Game Commission 
 following the open season. 
      Figures were compiled as a result of the 1934 open quail season. 
 There were 104 areas opened in 24 counties containing 257,833 acres on 
 which lived 1,595 farmers. The Department issued 17,,459 tags, and tags

 returned unused numbered 11,776. Tags not returned nu mbered 3 933. 
 The number of stubs returned to the Department was 1,749 or 1(4 of 
 those issued. During the open seasop 1,OO cocks and 741 hens were 
 taken. Dogs were used in taking 1,040 birds, which was 59.4% of the 
 birds taken. 
      The results gave some interesting data. First, it was difficult 
 for hunters and dogs to flush birds due to the fact that the vegetation

 was still green and heavy and the weather quite warm. This indicates 
 that the season was opened too early. Conditions such as these do not 
 encourage the hunter. Second, it was felt that there was too much "red

 tape" required of the farmer and hunter; e.g., requiring tag stubs
 be signed~etc. This did not allow enough freedom to the hunter, was a 
 bother to the farmer, and was extremely expensive to the Fish and Game 
 Commission. Third, many farmers denied hunters the hunting privilege, 
 although they had a surplus of quail. Fourth, it was difficult for 
 hunters to find areas which were open although the Commission gave all 
 possible publicity to the location of areas. Fifth, it was very evi- 
 dent that before quail hunting could again win the popularity it had at-

 tained prior to 1916, it would be necessafry to encourage the sportsmen

 to use trained bird dogs. This would not only enhance the sport but 
 would greatly reduce the crippling loss. 
      All in all, the 1934 quail season was not satisfactory to the 
 farmer or to the sportsman because of the great amount of "red tape"

 necessary in providing the hunting and supervising the take, etc., and 
 it was not satisfactory to the Department because of the c    of the 
-intensive supervision necessary   H    er, it w   a valuable experece 
and from that point of view alone was perhaps worth the cost. 
      In 1935 the quail season was opened from November 16th to December

 10th,, both dates inclusive, on certain class A. game management areas 
 which were approved by the Conservation Commission where it appeared 
 that the quail population was not less than one bird per six acres. 
 Shooting hours were from eight o'clock A.M. to four o'clock P.M., and 
 the bag limit was increased to eight birds per day. The possession 
 limit was also set at eight, thereby allowing only one day's bag to be 
 in possession during the open season and for the ten days following the

 open season. 
      In order to further encourage quail hunting, the Conservation Com-

mission passed a regulation permitting quail to be taken on lands other 
than regularly established game management areas in the following man- 
ner: landholders having a shootable surplus of quail on their farms 
could make application to the Commission to have their farms open to 
quail shooting during the regular 1935 open season. If, after investi- 
gation by a representative of the Commission, it was found that there 
Vas a shootable surplus of quail, the Commission then issued a permit to

the applicant opening the farm to hunting. He was also supplied with a 
trespass permit book of the type used on all regularly established game 
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management areas and with signs reading as follows:   "Hunting Permitted

bn this Farm atth  Written    Permission of the Landholder, State Conser-

vation Commission". No attempt was made to have non-removable tags at-

tached to dead birds. Instead the written trespass permit Vtich was is- 
sued to the hunters by the farmers sufficed for a permit to have quail 
in possession. This method did away with one of the obstacles Which 
had prcvailed in the 1934 season; that is, the tagging of all shot birds

in order to distinguish them from birds which may have been shot illeg- 
ally outside of the designated opened areas. 
      Of the 379 areas open to quail hunters other than the regularly 
 established game management areas, a total of 37 report cards were mail-

 ed in following the open season. These cards show that a total of 422 
 quail were reported taken on 37 areas by 193 hunters, that being 239 
 birds per hunter. 
      Quail shooting is being permitted in 20 southern Iowa counties this

year. The thirty day open season closes on Decamber 15. No special 
tags or permits other than the regular hunting license is required this 
year. Hunting on game management areas within the open counties still 
requires the permission of the landholder. To humnt on any farmland in 
Iowa permission must be obtained first according to the trespass laws. 
                     200,000 HUNTERS QUIT WILD- 
                       FOWHLING,. STARA SALES SHOW 
     Over 200,000 duck hunters quit the sport or failed to purchase 
 "duck stamps" during the 1936 fiscal year, according to a survey
 stamp sales and income expenditures made by the More Game Birds Founda-

 tion. Records of the Post Office Department just made available reveal 
 that but 424,970 of the migratory bird hunting stamps were sold during 
 the 12 months ending June 30 last, as, compared with 635,344 during the

 1935 fiscal year. 
     Whether the drastic slump in sales is continuing during the pres- 
 ent duck hunting season probably will not be definitely known until 
 after close of the department's current fiscal year next summer. The 
 slump is attributed to new and increasing restrictive hunting regula- 
 tions. "Little hope is held for modification of these restrictions

 until waterfowl can be increased--particularly on the remaining most 
 important breeding grounds in Canada," the Foundation declares. 
     When the duck stamp law became effective 1..1arch 16, 1934, predic-

 tions were made that it would provide $1,500,000 or more annually for 
 establishment of waterfowl refuges in the United States. Total sales 
 for the first two years combined, however, amounted to but $1 050,314. 
 Provisions of the law require that 90 per cent of the fpcome t shall be

 available for the location, ascertainment, acquisition, administration,

 maintenance and development" of migratory bird sanctuaries. The bal-

 ance is assigned to "administrative expenses". The Foundation
 reveals that although $724,851 of duck stamp income has been expended 
 thus far, not an acre of refuge land has been acquired with the money. 
      "No land for refuge use has been purchased out of the Migratory

Bird Conservation Fund as the Bureau has had emergency and special funds

for such purchases during the past two fiscal years. It was necessary 
to use duck stamp funds for the development of many of these new 
refuges, and to improve some of the old areas, since no other appropri- 
ation was available," Ira N. Gabrielson, Chief of the U. S. Bureau of

Biological Survey, explained to the Foundation. 
                       BOAT INSPECTIONS REPORTED 
     During the past two years 2,362 rowboats were inspected by the 
State Boat Inspector working under the Conservation Commission. Of this 
number 2,257 boats were approved. All boats for hire are required to 
be inspected by law. After being approved a metal tag is affixed which 
indicates the maximum number of passengers the boat will carry. To 
carry more than the limit of passengers constitutes a violation of the 
law. During the two-year period 69 launches used for comqercial pur- 
poses were inspected and approved. Private motor boats must also be 
registered with the Conservation Commission and 1,101 such boats were 
reported in Iowa. There are 45 boat engineers and 43 pilots licensed in 
the State. In addition to boats, 28 commercial dock permits and 366 
private dock permits were issued during the two years just past. 
Page 4.