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June 16, 1945 M. B. G. Ladd ?he Grolier Information Service 2 West 45th Street New York 19, A. Y. My dear Mr. Ladd: Your inquiry concerning the original flora and fauna of Wausauee has been referred to me. This part of Wisconsin was surveyed in the 1850's and 60's and the sur- veoyrs, as they worked the section lines, recorded the size and species of each tree and counted. rrom these records, which are preserved in the Wisconsin State Capitol, we have been able to get a good idea of the types of vegetation. I have not taken records directly in Wausaaee, but have taken them to within five miles of that village. The vegetation was a mixture of several types. There were beoh-maple woods, there were also patches of mixed pines and hardwoods. There were local forests of pines, probably white and Norway pine. My records in my office do not specify which species of pine, but it would be possible to determine this if necessary. Some areas, particularly those of sand and rocky soils, suffered local fires even before the advent of the white man and were covered with a scrub growth of pine barrens. Interspersed among all this were occasional areas of low ground with a bog vegetation and black spruce and tamarack. By re-examining these surveyorst records it would be possible to work out this ve7etation in much more detail than I have here briefly outlined. If your correspondent is seriously in- terested in investigating this problem I would be glad to hear from him. Concerning the fauna of the area, I am turning your letter over to Professor Aldo Leopold, who can doubtless give you some information. Very truly yours, R. C. Fassett, Assoc. Professor of Botany