Visual display of the Aldo Leopold papers : 9/25/10-3 : County, State and Foreign Files

  What our lakes must contain more 
than water in order to support fish 
and waterfowl life was demonstrated 
in a most capable manner in the tent- 
ed "vegetation exhibit" under the sup- 
ervision of Wardens Hawley of Sioux 
Falls, Dahling of Webster and Liebig 
of Brookings. 
  Even supposedly well-informed nim- 
rods were surprised at the many var- 
ieties of aquatic plant life to be found 
in our lakes and streams. Both fresh 
and dried specimens made up the dis- 
  While the collecting and grooming 
of the different species required many 
painstaking hours, the wardens felt 
recompensed by the heavy traffic 
through their tent all week. As a 
method of record, the various sources 
of aquatic vegetation follows: Pearl 
Creek in Beadle county supplied the 
Water Cress and Pond Weed; Lake 
Byron the Prairie Bulrush and the 
Three-square Rush; Goldsmith Lake 
in Brookings county the Milfoil, River 
Bulrush, Big and Star Duck's Meat, 
White Buttercup and the Bushy and 
Clasping-Leaved Pond Weed; Lake 
Campbell, Brookings county, the Round 
Bulrush, with Millet, Wild Cane and 
Chufa; Twin Lakes, Sanborn county, 
the Musk Grass; Enemy Swim, Day 
County, the Wild Celery; Waubay 
Refuge, Day County, the Widgeon 
Grass, Sioux River in     Minnehaha 
a ve 
    This display proved to State Fair vis 
particular about their "menu" too! 
the Chinese ring-neck pheasant ci 
with a greater or lesser degree of 
cess be accomplished in many oth 
sections of our country. 
  Due to the breeding habits of t1 
pheasant, they being polygamous, f 
best results it is desirable to mainta 
a ratio of not less than five femial 
to one male; ten females to one ma 
is better than the other extreme. 
surplus of males is detrimental 
that it disturbs nesting. On the oth 
hand, in taking a census of breedii 
stock the female is the producer ai 
in an attempt to reduce the birds, req 
lations must permit the taking 
hens. Until the fall of 1926 the ta 
Ing of hens had not been provided f 
in South Dakota and when, in the fa 
the regulations provided that two he 
might be taken, there arose a mo 
vigorous protest from the sportsm( 
and many of our sportsmen, for se 
mental reasons, never deliberate 
shoot a hen. 
  Now a word or two as to th 
neck's qualifications as a gami 
While he lacks-some of the de 
traits of the Bob-white and the 
chicken, in that he refuses to "li, 
for a dog, he has in South I 
more than doubled the receipts 
game department through the 
hunting licenses. Also, he iE 
year proving an attraction to 
creasing number of non-residen 
ers. As a table bird, he ha 

    By Warden L. C. Bristol 
  Since early last fall I have 
been making a thorough survey 
of the sharp tailed grouse in 
my territory (Dewey, Corson, 
Ziebach, Armstrong    and  the 
eastern part of Meade and Per- 
kins counties). I went to sev- 
eral representative farmers and 
ranchers in each locality and 
asked them to make an actual 
count of birds on their farms 
and ranges. The results were 
very encouraging. These twen- 
ty-odd persons reported seeing 
965 grouse. The crew on the 
train  between  Mobridge and 
Faith took a count of the coveys 
along the line and reported 
about 400 birds had wintered 
in that part of the district. I 
have   personally counted   34 
flocks of birds through my ter- 
ritory, ranging in numbers from 
four to sixty. Some of these 
would be duplications, but con- 
sidering the vast amount of 
country not covered by any of 
the cooperators the count would 
be very conservative.    These 
birds were not congested in any 
one locality but scattered over 
the entire territory (100 miles 
both  directions).  Take  this 
count in comparison with a year 
ago when there were only four 
or five known coveys in this 
territory, it looks like our na- 
tive grouse is coming back in a 
big way. At this season of the 
year, when the birds are nest- 
ing, they are scattered out in 
small bunches as the larger 
flocks are broken up. 
  It is a well known fact that 
a nesting grouse is hard to lo- 
cate, but during our recent 
beaver trapping and transplant- 
ing   activities I was   lucky 
enough to locate fourteen nests, 
each having a nice clutch of 
eggs, from six to eight each. 
Taking into consideration that 
the work only covered a small 
portion of my territory, it looks 
like they would stay and rear 
their young here this year. In 
the past four years a      few 
grouse would winter here but 
left in early spring and nested 
  Our natural feed for grouse, 
such as buffalo berries, rose 
berries, buckberry   and  wild 
fruit, is well blossomed out this 
spring (something that hasn't 
occurred in the past few years). 
I give this as the main reason 
for the birds staying with us 
and nesting. A grouse is a 
pretty smart bird and if there 
is no visible natural feed for 
her young she will not take any 
chances on raising a family 
when such feed is lacking. 
  My territory, until the past 
few years, has been a haven for 
the sharp tailed grouse and I 
am optimistic enough to think 
the gamest of game birds will 
be back with us. With proper 
protection there is no reason 
why we can not have an open 
season on the bird in the near 
future. We do not want to kid