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SEPTEMBER, FISH AND DUCK FOODS What our lakes must contain more than water in order to support fish and waterfowl life was demonstrated in a most capable manner in the tent- ed "vegetation exhibit" under the sup- ervision of Wardens Hawley of Sioux Falls, Dahling of Webster and Liebig of Brookings. Even supposedly well-informed nim- rods were surprised at the many var- ieties of aquatic plant life to be found in our lakes and streams. Both fresh and dried specimens made up the dis- play. While the collecting and grooming of the different species required many painstaking hours, the wardens felt recompensed by the heavy traffic through their tent all week. As a method of record, the various sources of aquatic vegetation follows: Pearl Creek in Beadle county supplied the Water Cress and Pond Weed; Lake Byron the Prairie Bulrush and the Three-square Rush; Goldsmith Lake in Brookings county the Milfoil, River Bulrush, Big and Star Duck's Meat, White Buttercup and the Bushy and Clasping-Leaved Pond Weed; Lake Campbell, Brookings county, the Round Bulrush, with Millet, Wild Cane and Chufa; Twin Lakes, Sanborn county, the Musk Grass; Enemy Swim, Day County, the Wild Celery; Waubay Refuge, Day County, the Widgeon Grass, Sioux River in Minnehaha cro, cone reed Wal S1 wit] tect a ve HIS Inc amc the inat wea has rest This display proved to State Fair vis particular about their "menu" too! the Chinese ring-neck pheasant ci with a greater or lesser degree of cess be accomplished in many oth sections of our country. Due to the breeding habits of t1 pheasant, they being polygamous, f best results it is desirable to mainta a ratio of not less than five femial to one male; ten females to one ma is better than the other extreme. surplus of males is detrimental that it disturbs nesting. On the oth hand, in taking a census of breedii stock the female is the producer ai in an attempt to reduce the birds, req lations must permit the taking hens. Until the fall of 1926 the ta Ing of hens had not been provided f in South Dakota and when, in the fa the regulations provided that two he might be taken, there arose a mo vigorous protest from the sportsm( and many of our sportsmen, for se mental reasons, never deliberate shoot a hen. Now a word or two as to th neck's qualifications as a gami While he lacks-some of the de traits of the Bob-white and the chicken, in that he refuses to "li, for a dog, he has in South I more than doubled the receipts game department through the hunting licenses. Also, he iE year proving an attraction to creasing number of non-residen ers. As a table bird, he ha equals. PAGE TEN SOUTH
14 SOUTH DAKOTA CONSERVATION DIGEST it s GROUSE AND PARTRIDGE INCREASING IN NORTHWESTERN SOUTH DAKOTA By Warden L. C. Bristol Since early last fall I have been making a thorough survey of the sharp tailed grouse in my territory (Dewey, Corson, Ziebach, Armstrong and the eastern part of Meade and Per- kins counties). I went to sev- eral representative farmers and ranchers in each locality and asked them to make an actual count of birds on their farms and ranges. The results were very encouraging. These twen- ty-odd persons reported seeing 965 grouse. The crew on the train between Mobridge and Faith took a count of the coveys along the line and reported about 400 birds had wintered in that part of the district. I have personally counted 34 flocks of birds through my ter- ritory, ranging in numbers from four to sixty. Some of these would be duplications, but con- sidering the vast amount of country not covered by any of the cooperators the count would be very conservative. These birds were not congested in any one locality but scattered over the entire territory (100 miles both directions). Take this count in comparison with a year ago when there were only four or five known coveys in this territory, it looks like our na- tive grouse is coming back in a big way. At this season of the year, when the birds are nest- ing, they are scattered out in small bunches as the larger flocks are broken up. It is a well known fact that a nesting grouse is hard to lo- cate, but during our recent beaver trapping and transplant- ing activities I was lucky enough to locate fourteen nests, each having a nice clutch of eggs, from six to eight each. Taking into consideration that the work only covered a small portion of my territory, it looks like they would stay and rear their young here this year. In the past four years a few grouse would winter here but left in early spring and nested elsewhere. Our natural feed for grouse, such as buffalo berries, rose berries, buckberry and wild fruit, is well blossomed out this spring (something that hasn't occurred in the past few years). I give this as the main reason for the birds staying with us and nesting. A grouse is a pretty smart bird and if there is no visible natural feed for her young she will not take any chances on raising a family when such feed is lacking. My territory, until the past few years, has been a haven for the sharp tailed grouse and I am optimistic enough to think the gamest of game birds will be back with us. With proper protection there is no reason why we can not have an open season on the bird in the near future. We do not want to kid