On 13 May 1939, less than four months before the outbreak of World War II, the "St. Louis," a passenger ship of the Hamburg-Amerika Line, left Germany for the New World with 936 passengers on board, all but six of them Jews. They were, it seemed, a fortunate few among the many thousands of Jews who tried to flee Germany after "Reichskristallnacht." But when the ship dropped anchor at the port of Havana, Cuba refused to honor the refugees' visas, and after futile pleas for humanitarian action were rejected by the governments of the United States and other countries in the western hemisphere, the "St. Louis" returned to Europe. Finally, England, France, Belgium, and The Netherlands accepted the refugees, but only those passengers who disembarked in England were safe. The majority, returning to a continent soon conquered by Germany, perished in the Holocaust.