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-3- We left the island on this day. It will be seen, therefore, that our traps were set on nine different nights, and that we oecured deer on three of these nights, hd we known as much about the construction of traps then as we do now, it would undoubtedly have been possible to have captured at least six or eight deer, The fact is, deer entered the traps quite reqdily and the traps can be further modified to capture a larger percentage. With traps in use only nine nights, and with only nine traps, this is a very favorable average and will compare extremely well with the results obtained by wolf, fox and other trappers. Our main diffieulty was one of transportation. ',e had to haul a ton and a half load forty miles, over terrible roads and against many odds. Our return trip, likewise, was very difficult. Having succeeded under these difficulties we are prepared to say that deer trapping under ordinary circumstances can be(ide a fairly easy proposition. Handling the Deer: The deer handle very easily; more easily, in fact, than many barnyard cattle. This is due to the fact that they cannot see people and because they have no opportunity to do much mumping. The doe Jumped a few times when we first approached the trap, but from that time on she was docile. We loaded the deer on a stoneboat and hauled them in to the buildings. The dow was kept in her crate for eight days. She ate readily, being fed twigs of balsam and cedar, apples, oats and corn as well as snow. She was especially greedy for apples, and once ate five, one after the other, as fast as she could munch them. On the third day she succeeded in turning about so that she faced the door. -After this she would paw vigorously whenever a hand or branch was put inside the orate, but she ate while we watched her and seemed to aept herself to the small quarters in excellent shape. The fawns handled so easily that we placed tko in a single trap. They seemed to have ample room and took their captivity quietly although they would attempt to strike with the fore-feet whenever the door was raised. In addition to the two trapped fawns and the trapped doe, we housed four other fawns in traps ( two in a crate ), these fawns being those we ran down or cornered on snowshoes. These fawns were not as husky as the trapped animals. One died in the crate dizng the first night, but since this animal was extremely weak when picked up, its death is in no way attributable to the Crap. fe fawn very weak when run down, died enroute to the game farm. Five deer housed in these traps were transported forty miles by team and snowmobile on February 24 and 25; four were liberated at the game farm in the pheasant rearing field. Most of the deer lay down whibb on the trip, and they were no worse to handle than any other kind of livestock. Infbct everyth Indicates that both adult and young deer can be handled easily if indled correctly.
-I- The four fawns mentioned above were captured as follows. On February 19 I located a fawn under the bluff by 6ayor Thompson's cabin. I followed it about a mile and a quarter before it turned back. On the 20th Xr. Johnson and I went to this bluff and cornered the fawn between us, gradually closing in on it. Finally we got the fawn where it had to run under a fallen ctdar in a run-way. It nale a brea* toward me and I succeeded in holding it. Mr. Johnson tied the deer with my shoe laces and we then carried it In to the buildings. It bleated like a young calf when first captured, but quieted down at once when we covered its head with a sweater so that it could not see us. This fawn was in fine condition and was not weak. It lived and is now at the game farm. On Pebruary 22 we started a herd of nine deer, with three fawns in this herd. We took the fawn tracks and found the first fawn floundering in the deep snow about a quarter of a mile away. It was very weak and did not bleat when tied up. This is the fawn that later died in the crate. The University reports it in an emaciated condition, as we suspected. We followed a second fawn track and chased the animal about a half mile. It was very frisky and when we tried to tie its legs, bleated and kicked vigorously. It had an injured underlip, probably torn on a branch. It quieted down when its head was covered. The fawn died enroute to the game farm, probably as a result of the infected lip. On February 23, we searched under the East Side bluff, Mr. Johnson following the ice and I the top of the bluff. Mr. Johnson ,'located a large fawn and signalled me. I went along the bluff a half mile to find a place to get down onto the ice. We then closed in on the deer. When we were but a few rods apart, the fawn jumped, from an ice cake right over Johnson's head. We then followed it up, catching up with it in some bad cake lee a half mile back along the shore. It had gone into the icy water when we were closing in on it and was no doubt cold. Just as we caught up to it, the fawn jumped Sand slipped on the ice, sliding about ten feet and striking its head on a big cake. We ran up to the animal thinking it had just been stunned, but it died immediately. an we draggd it in as a specimen. The University reports the animal in good condition except for a dis- located hip. This animal was probably a yearling. We found a fawn track on the East Side near the RYellw House" and discovered the fawnAs bed. We intended to drag a trap over to this spot or else to track the fawn down, but tw days later noticing that all the tracks were freshly snowed under, we hunted about and found the fawn dead in its bed. We searried it across the island for a specimen and the University reports to us that the fawn was in very bad condition. Although there are places on the island where food is available for fawns, the fawns do not move about much beyond a very restricted area. This fact is important. In other words, local food donditions are important and must be considered separately from conditions a mile or so away. The do* which was shot in January to send to the University Veterinarian Department, was not shipped out until our visit in Feb- ruary. .he University reports the doe in excellent condition, with