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OUTDOOR AMERICA t a Thsan 9900f The "Flushin Rin d" As a Npw Gamo- Manaaimn VZ ~V I W Puts 4 horsepower F Air~ 20441- U5 0-0 4 Gave Its Name to TAXICAB Taxicab is an abbreviation of tax/mgr. riolet-a vehicle carrying an instrument for automatically registering the fare.The name cabriolet is the diminutive of the French cab- riok, meaning "a leap" like that of a goat, and was applied to this type of carriage because of its light, bounding motion. Cabriole came from the Italian capriola meaning "a somersault," from Latin caper "a he-goat," capra "a she-goat." There are thousands of such stories about the origins of English words in WEBSTER'S NEW INTERNATIONAL DICTIONARY '7he Supreme Authority- Write for Free Booklet, which suggests how you may obtain a command of English through the. knowledge of word ~) origis. G. & C. MERRIAM COMPANY Ainmlan & Imported Arms & Parts " Prpt Atf.,fie, To Y- orde = tSteokinArnerica, FineNewRifles, All Mak 1htoi8. A A nitinTrap& Field Guns, All Shooting A-eesses New Shot Gun Barrels, Expert Gunsrnithing, Restockig, *en Ropring*.Ai, Riles&Pistols^PapecTargets.5e Desribe ad illustrated in our complete Arns Cataot -Send 25C In stamps for this 144 page catalog.-.n By A. J. Conservation Ware N the course of his studies on the Hun- garian partridge at the University of Michigan, Mr. R. E. Yeatter discovered that the largest single "leak" in the propa- gation of these birds was their destruction by agricultural implements during the nest- ing season. Mr. Yeatter's work showed that the cut- ting time for hay and alfalfa coincides al- most exactly with the hatching time of the Hungarian, and in the course of mowing many nests are lost. Sometimes the hen bird is killed when the knife runs over her while she is on the nest; sometimes the eggs are destroyed; in any event the re- moval of the cover causes desertion, and hence the complete loss of the nest. The flushing rod in In an effort to cooperate with Mr. Yeat- ter and supplement his findings, if possible, I conducted a survey of Hungarian part- ridges in Racine County, Wisconsin, dur- ing the month of June, 1931. I found that mowing time and hatching time coincided in this locality also, and starts the first week in June. About 95 per cent of the nests are located in hay or alfalfa fields. The Hungarian nest is built on the ground and consists of fine dried grass lined with feathers from the hen. It is cup-shaped and has a depth of about three inches and a diameter of six inches. The average nest located contained 15 eggs, but it is not uncommon to find one holding as many as 23. The egg is cream colored and shaped like a pheasant egg, but is only two-thirds as large. After watching the behavior of hens from several dozen nests which I located, I learned that if the hen is flushed during the first week of incubation, she will not return to her nest. Desertion always fol- lows such early disturbances. However, if she is flushed just before hatching time she will return. For locating the nests I used a device originated by Mr. Yeatter- two men drag the edge of the field with a 40-foot rope. When the hen flushed the nest could be located and marked in some way so that it could be avoided with the mower. T HE rope-dragging device was effective, I found, but it had one serious flaw. It takes considerable time and trouble to Peterson den of Wisconsin locate nests this way, and at this time of the year farmers are so busy that even though they are interested in the Hun- garian partridge they are likely to feel that they cannot take the time necessary to find the nests before they mow. It occurred to me that what was needed was some automatic device for locating the nests, so that without too much trouble the mower could skip the nest a few feet and thereby save a large percentage of the annual increase of these birds. With this in mind I devised the "flush- ing rod" which is shown in the photo. This is simply a 12-foot rod of cold rolled steel Y of an inch in thickness, which is attached to the mower in front of the cut- action on the farm. ter in such a way that flushes the partridge before the cutter reaches her. One end of the rod is threaded and is attached to the outside end of the cutter. The other end is hooked to the britchen strap of the har- ness at the shoulder of the near horse. All makes of mowers have a place to which this can be attached. I made several tests of the rod, with the assistance of Mr. Radtke, the farmer shown in the photograph, and flushed sev- eral species of song birds and one partridge. From the trials we were assured that there was plenty of time after the bird was flushed for the farmer to stop the mower. If a nest was found, it could then be saved by leaving an island of uncut hay. The rod does not harm the hay or al- falfa in any way, nor does it bother the team. Other nice features of the rod are its cheapness and its simplicity; it costs only between 25c and 30c to make and it can be installed on the mower in three min- utes. The Wisconsin Department of Conser- vation has decided that it will make up 100 or 200 of these flushing rods and place them with the farmers next spring, as a means of stopping at least a part of this nesting mortality. The attitude of the farmers is shown by the fact that those with whom I have talked have already spoken for the entire prospective supply. Sportsmen and conservation departments in other states, I think, could enlist the cooperation of farmers in the same way that Wisconsin is doing. Spin-Aeld- Mass. F% : I