Visual display of the Aldo Leopold papers : 9/25/10-4 : Species and Subjects

~17/        ..I, 
National Youth Administration ..Project 
Blake Posey ......................... Supervisor 
Reported, hand-set and printed by the 
National Youth Administrdtion. 
Sponsored By The Green Bay Board 
of Vocational Education. 
H. 0. Eiken ................. Director 
U. Lefebvre ................ Business Manager 
Don. Martin ....................... Editor 
Robt. J. Stickler ................. Ass't Editor 
John Swetters ......  C   s 
Gaylord Lince .       Compositors 
Wilbur Le Page ...... 
Gordon  Duquaine .................... Engraver 
The True Sportsman will be sent free of 
charge to anyone who mails a card to: 
True Sportsman, N. Y. A. office, Voca- 
tional School, Green Bay, Wisconsin. 
Submarine Ducks 
Workers of the Bureau of Bio- 
logical Survey are not roving na- 
turalists free to follow their own 
inclinations. Instead they are as- 
signed to specific tasks of re- 
search and 'administration. But 
many of the staff; being keen na- 
ture students, report several new 
and interesting facts- only inci- 
dentally connected with the tasks 
now in hand. For example, Dr. 
Clarence Cottom, specialist on 
the preservation and improve- 
ment of feeding areas for wild 
fowl, tells of the peculiar behavior 
of ruddy ducks. 
Instead of trying to escape by 
flight when Dr. Cottam approach- 
ed in a boat, these ducks submerg- 
ed. They did not dive, as many 
ducks do, but seemed rather to 
sink themselves by deflating- 
going down with scarcely a ripple 
to  mark   their  disappearance 
then  emerging   some distance 
Because the ruddy duck is a 
little slow and heavy in rising 
from the water, Dr. Cottam be- 
lieves it employs the submarine 
maneuver rather than flying as 
protection against natural ene- 
mies. The pied-billed grebe has 
a similar habit from whiah it gets 
the name of "Sinking Peter." 
A True Forester 
The man who has a piece of 
woodland where during the winter 
months he cuts his fire wood and 
fencing and a few logs for the re- 
pair of buildings and implements; 
and during certain years when 
prices are high, cuts some logs for 
the neighboring sawmill, but at 
the same time looks after this 
piece of woods, clears it of dead 
timber and other rubbish, thus 
keeping out fire and insects, and 
otherwise makes an effort to keep 
the land covered with forest- 
such a man practices forestry. 
His forest may be small or 
large, his ways of doing may be 
simple and imperfect, the trees 
may not be the best kind for the 
particular locality and soil, they 
may not be as thrifty as they 
should and could be; but never- 
theless here is a man who does 
not merely destroy the woods nor 
content himself with cutting down 
whatever he can use and sell, but 
one who cares for the woods as 
well as uses them, one who sows 
as well as harvests. He is a "true 
Man vs. Bear 
According to the United News, 
when an indignant bear knocked 
his deer rifle from his hands, a 
hunter of Quebec went into ac- 
tion with both fists. With quick 
footwork and a rapid right and 
left to the jaw, he floored Mr. 
Bear for a one-round knock-out. 
Before bruin got over the shock, 
the hunter picked up his gun and 
the battle was his. 
Mule Crowing 
Two bird hunters started out 
their bird hunting astride mules. 
Seeing some crows, one ot them 
fired one barrel of his shot-gun. 
He missed. Immediately after the 
shot, the mule bucked - - sending 
the hunter into the air. The other 
barrel of the gun accidentally went 
off; and-to the astonishment of 
the hunters, a crow fell. 
But modem methods uncover 
It before it does harm 
OYALfM iM&A #-vf&t. 
Vildlife Specialist 
Clocks Speed of Fox 
How fast can a fox run? 
On a South Carolina road last 
winter, a gray fox answered the 
question with a burst of speed at 
the rate of 26 miles an hour for 
about 100 yards, gradually slow- 
ing to a speed of about 21 miles 
an hour at the end of a half mile. 
Clarence Cottam, of the Bureau 
of Biological Survey, was inspect- 
ing wildlife areas in the South- 
east, when the fox jumped ahead 
of his car. Cottam, interested 
in all phases of wildlife, tooted 
the horn to encourage the fox to 
extend himself, and, watching the 
speedometer, followed close. He 
found he h d to throttle down as 
the fox lost speed after the first 
How does the speed of this fox 
compare with the best efforts by 
men? Sprinting at 26 miles an 
hour the fox went the first 100 
yards in a shade less than 8 sec- 
onds. The world record for the 
100 yard dash is 9.4 seconds. At 
21 miles an hour the fox would 
go half a mile in a little less than 
1 minute and 26 seconds. The 
fastest half-mile by a man is just 
under 1 minute and 50 seconds. 
The State Conservation Dept. 
is furnishing the N. Y. A. of La- 
Crosse with 5000 seedling pine 
trees to be planted near LaCrosse 
this spring.