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~pxP~ PARKS & RECREATION sented by the Russell Sage Es- tate and it is also near the large tract giv- en by the Rockefeller Foundation.-Amer- ican Game Protective Association Bulletin. On June 6, 1924, President Coolidge signed the bill establishing fishing reserves in Alaska and effecting other measures to conserve the salmon fisheries of the Ter- ritory; also prohibiting halibut fishing in liberated. In open spots, such as the burned forest offers, these seeds germinate and grow very rapidly. Lodgepole pine is not a particularly valuable tree in itself, but as the savior of areas that would otherwise turn to brush-fields or barrens, it is an ex- cellent ally of the forester. Not the least of its virtues is its rapid growth averaging 12 inches a year in height for the first fifteen years. tween November 16th and February 15th, Over five million fish eggs and 160,000 inclusive, to protect the spawning season of fry were planted in the streams of Yellow- this fish in the territorial waters of Can- stone National Park recently, according to ada and the United States, as designed by information given out at the Department treaty. of the Interior, and extensive fish-planting treaty, operations will be carried on during Au- The disappearance of the standard game gust. These fish eggs and fry were fur- of the farmer and small boy has caused nished the National Park Service from the many a law to be placed on the statute fish hatchery located on Lake Yellowstone books of eastern states. Maryland has ande ated by the Bureau of Fisheries. started legislation of this kind by at- tempting the passage of a bill prohibiti Wolverine, fisher and marten need a the sale of cottontail rabbits. Although closed season in California, these species e ehaving reached the danger point of exist- mittee the bill failed of passage.-Cli ° ence, according to Joseph Dixon, economic forniu Fish and Game. mammalogist, University of California. He h as gone a step further and recommended a three year closed season for these ani- When fire sweeps through the forests of mals to the legislative committee of the the northern Rocky Mountains, the oppor- California Fish and Game Commission. tunity is given for a very curious manifes- Mr. Dixon contends, from investigations tation of nature's reforestation work. In covering a period of years, that marten, such instances it often happens that the wolverine and fisher are not numerous fire-blackened forest areas are gradually enough to cause any appreciable damage, reclothed with the green of lodgepole pine either to game or domestic stock. A study trees. The curious feature lies in the fact by the author of food found in the stom- that in the original forests lodgepole pine achs of these animals has shown that they is outnumbered 100 to 1 by a mixture of live largely on rodents and hence, from an western white pine, western larch, west- economic standpoint, are at the most only ern red cedar, and Douglas fir. In the new slightly injurious. What little damage they forest, lodgepole is predominant and far may do in destroying game is offset many outstrips in growth the comparatively times by the value of the pelts they pro- scarce reproduction of other species. This duce. At the present rate of decrease, comes about largely because of the nature of there will be no martens or fishers left in 14-1- 1-1 o ,in cone which resists all or- California within five years. .. dinary efforts of the elements to open it. Because of this, lodgepole pine retains the j cones on the trees for many years un- opened. When fire goes through the forest, the lodgepole cone is no more than thor- oughly dried out. Later, on the ground and in the exposure to air and sunshine, the cones open and the seeds, locked in the cones sometimes as long as ?0 years, re An alligator killed on a preserve in South Carolina last fall had five mallard ducks in his stomach. Two years ago there were on this preserve large numbers of wood ducks, but they gradually disap- peared and the alligator is blamed. Cer- tainly if he consumed five ducks for one meal, he would soon make a tremendous
Mud Turtle Feeds on Sroutint Corn.--Mud turtles may invade cornfields and com- pete with ground squirrels and moles in destroying stands of corn, according to information that has come to the attention of Mr. Oman. A Riley County, Kans., farmer reports that in the spring of 1928 he noted a mud turtle moving along a listed cord row. Close inspec- tion and observation showed that the turtle rooted along, hog-fashion, to find the sprout- ing corn.