Visual display of the Aldo Leopold papers : 9/25/10-4 : Species and Subjects

sented by the Russell Sage Es- 
tate and it is also near the large tract giv- 
en by the Rockefeller Foundation.-Amer- 
ican Game Protective Association Bulletin. 
On June 6, 1924, President Coolidge 
signed the bill establishing fishing reserves 
in Alaska and effecting other measures to 
conserve the salmon fisheries of the Ter- 
ritory; also prohibiting halibut fishing in 
liberated. In open spots, such as the burned 
forest offers, these seeds germinate and 
grow very rapidly. Lodgepole pine is not a 
particularly valuable tree in itself, but as 
the savior of areas that would otherwise 
turn to brush-fields or barrens, it is an ex- 
cellent ally of the forester. Not the least 
of its virtues is its rapid growth averaging 
12 inches a year in height for the first 
fifteen years. 
tween November 16th and February 15th,       Over five million fish eggs
and 160,000 
inclusive, to protect the spawning season of  fry were planted in the streams
of Yellow- 
this fish in the territorial waters of Can-  stone National Park recently,
according to 
ada and the United States, as designed by  information given out at the Department

treaty.                                    of the Interior, and extensive
treaty,                   operations will be carried on during Au- 
The disappearance of the standard game   gust. These fish eggs and fry were
of the farmer and small boy has caused     nished the National Park Service
from the 
many a law to be placed on the statute    fish hatchery located on Lake Yellowstone

books of eastern states. Maryland has      ande    ated by the Bureau of
started legislation of this kind by at- 
tempting the passage of a bill prohibiti     Wolverine, fisher and marten
need a 
the sale of cottontail rabbits. Although   closed season in California, these
e                       ehaving reached the danger point of exist- 
mittee the bill failed of passage.-Cli  °  ence, according to Joseph
Dixon, economic 
forniu Fish and Game.                      mammalogist, University of California.
h as gone a step further and recommended 
a three year closed season for these ani- 
When fire sweeps through the forests of  mals to the legislative committee
of the 
the northern Rocky Mountains, the oppor-   California Fish and Game Commission.

tunity is given for a very curious manifes-  Mr. Dixon contends, from  investigations

tation of nature's reforestation work. In  covering a period of years, that
such instances it often happens that the   wolverine and fisher are not numerous

fire-blackened forest areas are gradually  enough to cause any appreciable
reclothed with the green of lodgepole pine  either to game or domestic stock.
A study 
trees. The curious feature lies in the fact  by the author of food found
in the stom- 
that in the original forests lodgepole pine  achs of these animals has shown
that they 
is outnumbered 100 to 1 by a mixture of    live largely on rodents and hence,
from an 
western white pine, western larch, west-   economic standpoint, are at the
most only 
ern red cedar, and Douglas fir. In the new  slightly injurious. What little
damage they 
forest, lodgepole is predominant and far   may do in destroying game is offset
outstrips in  growth   the  comparatively  times by the value of the pelts
they pro- 
scarce reproduction of other species. This  duce. At the present rate   of
comes about largely because of the nature of  there will be no martens or
fishers left in 
14-1- 1-1  o  ,in cone which resists all or-  California within five years.

.. dinary efforts of the elements to open it. 
Because of this, lodgepole pine retains the 
j  cones on the trees for many years un- 
opened. When fire goes through the forest, 
the lodgepole cone is no more than thor- 
oughly dried out. Later, on the ground and 
in the exposure to air and sunshine, the 
cones open and the seeds, locked in the 
cones sometimes as long as ?0 years, re 
An alligator killed on a preserve in 
South Carolina last fall had five mallard 
ducks in his stomach. Two years ago there 
were on this preserve large numbers of 
wood ducks, but they gradually disap- 
peared and the alligator is blamed. Cer- 
tainly if he consumed five ducks for one 
meal, he would soon make a tremendous