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FRAGMENT XXX. CONCERNING ENTRANCE LODGES AND COTTAGES. VARIOUS expedients have been suggested to mark the entrance to a place with importance. A Villa with a few acres, or a Park with an extensive domain, must now be at some distance from the high road, in compliance with the modern custom of placing the house in the centre of the grounds. In such situations the utility of an Entrance Lodge or Cottage is too evident to require discussing, but its character may be worth some consideration.
185 The entrance to a place is generally best marked at any branching off from a public road; and where the boundary of a park is at some distance from the road, and the entrance a kind of private cross-road, a mere Cottage may perhaps be suf- ficient, of any style of architecture, without reference to the style of the house, and a proper gate will distinguish it as an entrance to a place. But where the gate immediately opens into a park, strongly marked, and bounded by a wall or park- paling, a Lodge seems more appropriate than a Cottage: that it should partake of the style and character of the mansion seems also to be required by the laws of unity of design, which good taste adopts in every art. If the architecture of the house be Grecian, the style of the Lodge should be the same; as in the design for a Lodge at Wingerworth House, page 64, and the annexed sketch for the Entrancie to Longrior, where the house is Gothic. It may be objected, that the Gothic Cottage bears no reference to Woburn Abbey; but that is not an Entrance Lodge, it is a'Cottage near a gate into a wood, at the distance of some miles from the House. To mark the Entrance to Cobham Hall, the seat of the Earl of Darnley, built in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the style and. character of the house proposed to be adopted in the Lodge is not the modern Gothic style, with sharp-pointed windows., and a flat slate roof just rising over the battlements, but that which is distinguished by massive square-headed windows, with pin- nacles, mouldings, gables, escutcheons, and the lofty enriched chimneys of former days, as shewn at the head of this Fragment. 2 R