Visual display of the Fragments on the theory and practice of landscape gardening : including some remarks on Grecian and Gothic architecture, collected from various manuscripts in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally written : the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the respective arts


VARIOUS expedients have been suggested to mark the entrance
to a place with importance. A Villa with a few acres, or a Park
with an extensive domain, must now be at some distance from
the high road, in compliance with the modern custom of placing
the house in the centre of the grounds. In such situations the
utility of an Entrance Lodge or Cottage is too evident to require
discussing, but its character may be worth some consideration.

The entrance to a place is generally best marked at any
branching off from a public road; and where the boundary of
a park is at some distance from the road, and the entrance a
kind of private cross-road, a mere Cottage may perhaps be suf-
ficient, of any style of architecture, without reference to the
style of the house, and a proper gate will distinguish it as an
entrance to a place. But where the gate immediately opens
into a park, strongly marked, and bounded by a wall or park-
paling, a Lodge seems more appropriate than a Cottage: that
it should partake of the style and character of the mansion
seems also to be required by the laws of unity of design, which
good taste adopts in every art. If the architecture of the house
be Grecian, the style of the Lodge should be the same; as in
the design for a Lodge at Wingerworth House, page 64, and
the annexed sketch for the Entrancie to Longrior, where the
house is Gothic. It may be objected, that the Gothic Cottage
bears no reference to Woburn Abbey; but that is not an
Entrance Lodge, it is a'Cottage near a gate into a wood, at the
distance of some miles from the House.
To mark the Entrance to Cobham Hall, the seat of the Earl
of Darnley, built in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the style and.
character of the house proposed to be adopted in the Lodge is
not the modern Gothic style, with sharp-pointed windows., and
a flat slate roof just rising over the battlements, but that which
is distinguished by massive square-headed windows, with pin-
nacles, mouldings, gables, escutcheons, and the lofty enriched
chimneys of former days, as shewn at the head of this Fragment.
2 R