Visual display of the Fragments on the theory and practice of landscape gardening : including some remarks on Grecian and Gothic architecture, collected from various manuscripts in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally written : the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the respective arts


.To a modern Cottage or Lodge of Grecian architecture the
Gate may either be a light wooden one between two posts, or
iron folding gates with brick or stone piers, and it may be of any
fanciful design. But if the Entrance to a place be marked by
a respectable Gothic Lodge, or a correct Gothic Cottage, the
Gate itself, and even the gate-posts, should also be of the same
correct style of architecture. I do not mean the flimsy light
deal Gothic gate, frittered with little pointed arches like a show-
box, but the heavy strong oak Gate with massive hinges, and
occasionally ornamented with fleur de lys, and iron spikes:
it should appear to have been constructed at the same period
in which the Lodge itself is supposed to have been built.
Among the various designs for the Entrance into a Park
that of an Archway is supposed to be copied from those ancient
specimeis which may still be found near colleges and manor-
houses, and in the remains of monastic buildings: but it should
be remembered, that such lofty arches are only found when
joined on each side by high walls, or attached to buildings
surrounding a court-yard. When a lofty Archway is seen rising
up in the air, being placed at the boundary of a park, and
having only a low paling on each side, it is out of character, and
in fact bears the appearance of a mere eye-trap, and may be
compared to a high gate or stile by the Side of a gap in the
The same observation respecting the Archway may also
serve for the Gatekouse; that is, a covered way with a room
over it (which room inmonastic buildings was called the Scrip-

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torium). These Gatehouses are more appropriate to the court-
yards of the mansions, as at Knowle, Penshurst, Hampton-
Court, &c. than as Entrances to a park. In general they had
large massive close folding-doors, and sometimes a small door
or postern inserted in one of the folds for foot passengers; and
sometimes a single door-way separated from the carriage'way,
as in the gates of cathedrals, monasteries, colleges, &c. But
with these the modern spruce Iron Gates will be deemed out
of character by all those who have made the antiquities of the
country their study, or who consider unity and congruity of
design amongst the first principles of good taste.

By J. A. R.