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186 .To a modern Cottage or Lodge of Grecian architecture the Gate may either be a light wooden one between two posts, or iron folding gates with brick or stone piers, and it may be of any fanciful design. But if the Entrance to a place be marked by a respectable Gothic Lodge, or a correct Gothic Cottage, the Gate itself, and even the gate-posts, should also be of the same correct style of architecture. I do not mean the flimsy light deal Gothic gate, frittered with little pointed arches like a show- box, but the heavy strong oak Gate with massive hinges, and occasionally ornamented with fleur de lys, and iron spikes: it should appear to have been constructed at the same period in which the Lodge itself is supposed to have been built. Among the various designs for the Entrance into a Park that of an Archway is supposed to be copied from those ancient specimeis which may still be found near colleges and manor- houses, and in the remains of monastic buildings: but it should be remembered, that such lofty arches are only found when joined on each side by high walls, or attached to buildings surrounding a court-yard. When a lofty Archway is seen rising up in the air, being placed at the boundary of a park, and having only a low paling on each side, it is out of character, and in fact bears the appearance of a mere eye-trap, and may be compared to a high gate or stile by the Side of a gap in the hedge. The same observation respecting the Archway may also serve for the Gatekouse; that is, a covered way with a room over it (which room inmonastic buildings was called the Scrip-
- 187 torium). These Gatehouses are more appropriate to the court- yards of the mansions, as at Knowle, Penshurst, Hampton- Court, &c. than as Entrances to a park. In general they had large massive close folding-doors, and sometimes a small door or postern inserted in one of the folds for foot passengers; and sometimes a single door-way separated from the carriage'way, as in the gates of cathedrals, monasteries, colleges, &c. But with these the modern spruce Iron Gates will be deemed out of character by all those who have made the antiquities of the country their study, or who consider unity and congruity of design amongst the first principles of good taste. By J. A. R. TH3E 8~M] CH0 1 OUS AT ]LOINrWOR. SHAOFS1P~HIE