Visual display of the Aldo Leopold papers : 9/25/10-5 : Research Areas and Projects

				
RPERT OF ACTIVITTESP UN      TW FISCAL YEAR ENDING- JUNI 0_ -1926 
S. Hawkins 
Status (1) In charge of the University's wildlife arep at Faville 
Grove, Lake ills, w'isconsin. 
( 
(2) In charge of all Universlty wildlife demonstrations during 
the absence of Professor Aldo Leopold, August I-October 1, 1935. 
In managing a wildlife demonstration area, one works on 
three basic assumptionsz  (1) Wildlife management is a new science 
in America, An extenslon program must introduce it to t. people. 
(2) Since wldlIfe management is P new science, Its techniques ar, 
undeveloped,  Sclentif'c resarc1lone can fill this need. (3) New 
theories must be trid, and findings put Into practice. Thus, Faville 
Grve serves as a proving ground of theories and s demonstration of 
pratical findinpe. 
EXTEN ION P  A~~1 ~ ildlife manpge ent is to the lay conception 
a apricious science, simply because it lacks th   tradition and ec- 
onomic stimulus of most of the bread nnd butter sciences of today. 
An American community is not conservation-conscious b, heredity. 
Sut most Americans do have an innate capacit to a )reclste nature, 
once they learn how to do so. 
In attempting to bring about a better und- standin- of wild- 
life conservatIon, nnd fuller ap-reciatlon of nature, 1 aville Grove 
project used these methods: 
(I) Orga  ized two junior and one senior nature study groups. 
(2) Supplied eeverl good lecturers who gve tiks on wIdlife. 
(3) In conjunctlon with the Conserv!tlon Department, fuirnished 
bi-monthly movies to the high school during the winter and spring. 
(A) Led numerous field trips to places or speirl lnterest, 
to study nature first-hand. 
(5) or nnized a nature contest which was sponsored by a conserv- 
 
 

					
				
				
atlion oomittee made up of the com-unity's leading ottitens. 
(6) Gave a lecture serles to Advanced nature students. 
(7) Published r series of newsppper artiole8 In the local paper 
On natural history subjects. 
RESEARC!- _'Do RA Th F# vill7 Grove Area is, pr.arily a research 
area. During the past y     .ar, several problems ere  ndrtner; 
*(I) Results of differentta  die-off in the nestig, of bob-white 
quail. 
(2) A rough survey of game bird nesting mortallt.-. 
*(3) Population studies with sped lI reference t o winter die-off. 
*(4) Quantitative and qualitative study of winter feeding of 
gam birds. 
(5) Rlstorical wildlife survey of ravil1e Grove Area. 
(6) A representative herbarlum of the native flora of Faville 
Grove bs been collectee. 
~report pending 
PEMONTPATT10N PGRA1 Wildlife, to Increse, must be provided 
with adequate food and sitable cover. Faville (Irove is typical of 

	
				
TOPOGRAPHY AND SOILS 
About one quarter of Faville Grove Area is rolling upland 
with an elevation of from 820-900 feet. Th6 remainder of the area 
Was originally poorly drained lowland, but tilinig and ditching has 
made about half of the lowland fit for cultivation. The elevation 
of the lowlands is from 790-800 feet. 
There are two types of lowland soils at Faville Grove. 
Clyde silt loam is by far the more Important, since it covers more 
than half of the area. It is usually spoken of as ublackland" or 
'prairie soil". Its native vegetation was mainly marsh grass. 
Originally, this entire clyde silt loam series was lake 
bottom. The soil is made up of glacial material washed down from 
the hills.  Its reaction Is about neutral. Some of the finest crops 
In this region are produced on this soil, which is at its best during 
drought period. A la~te spring or very wet season reduces the value 
of this land for that particular season. 
Peat is the other poorly drained Faville Grove soil, and 
is found over about 10% of the area, Except where tiled or ditched, 
it has not been opened to agriculture. Its reaction varies from about 
neutral to 3.5 ph. In places it is highly decomposed, but in other 
places quite raw. There is one small remnant of leatherleaf--sphag- 
num bog with some of Its associated flora still in the process of 
producing more peat. 
The chief upland soil isfMiami silt loam. It is extremely 
silty and of a loes -like appearance. As is the case with the low- 
land soils, it is free from stones. In recent years, erosion has 
caused some trouble on the steeper slopes. 
While the reaction of this soil is usually about neutrl, 
it has become leached in places to such an extent that liming Is 
neeessary. Loamp of this series are not very drougtresistat, 
 
 

					
				
				
-  -2- 
but in a normal year, produce excellent crops. About a cu 
the are~a is given over to this type. 
Rodman gravel is another Faville Grove upland soil, but 
is limite7 to the few es4ers, and has little agricultural value. 
This series is important from the game management stand-point In that 
practically all of the gravel grit aside from the roads Is found in 
these es~ers. The eslers are only found in the southern and south- 
western part of the area. 
*                    ,                               L 
'   *                    '*        "                  $ 
I                            I         , 
 
 

					
				
				
GEOLOGY- 
All Jefferson County is glaciated. The soils types found 
4,# Favd/e 6iv 
4     are a result of one of the two lobes of the late Wisconsin ice 
sheet. These soil miaterials were deposited as ground moraine. In 
thvicinit- of Faville Grove the topography is rolling, interspersed 
with minor depressions and glacial lake bottoms. A moraine belt from 
the south west terminates near this area.   The upland soils are main- 
ly of unasert ed glacial till. This Is not tru , ho evel, oi  e 
glacial formatiorcalled eskers,which have a lighter colored, gravely 
soil, made up of assorte  glacial material, at Faville Grove. Some 
of the eskers are used as a source of gravel. 
The lowland soils are largely lacustrian deposits. These 
soil materials are the results of settlement of upland soils and 
organic matter In ancient lakes. 
Three surface rocks underlie the soils of Faville Grove. 
y far the most extensive Is Lower Magnesian (Oneota)llmestone. 
Its place is taken by St. Peter sandstone half a mile west of the 
Crawfish River(which is the western boundary of the area)and again 
in a patch of a few hundred acres just west of Faville Grove. 
An outcropping of Baraboo q~uartzite is visible over a, 
space o  about ten acres in the northern part of the area. 
Trenton(Plattville)-Galena limestone comes to the surface 
over a space of a, few acres just west of Faville Grove, and is ag&in

fou~nd over a, larger territory just south east of the area. A  lime 
quarry Is located at the former site. 
At present, Faville Grove is drained by the Crawfish River, 
which is a tributary of Rock River, of the Mississippi drainage. 
A small spring fed tributary drains the southern part of the area. 
Numerous ditches which are subjet to drying up In the summr,an4 
conidrable tiling, comlee th     loal   riaeIytm 
 
 

					
				
				
2M~o 1 atio Have1 added toteda  leanin li-to of# gam 
Univestwthrm it y~mh. q              a eI 
Joke. Utd 
fore,               att In blndy 
2gl~jjW It** Sadld mrtalty ansd bybaymwi. Ata~td t 
relte lae estnganddituredsoxraio it preodi: hrd iner 
Devloedoalin omtsfo cnsu o baftiggmil 
3,11terZjAuc*Mamrd platailiy o 30 ralsoad ooom~ionrat 
a 
of~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ bid4n oet.frhrtst ffo aae  ioe 
probable~ ~ ~~~ sesnlvrainI aaaiiyo ogm 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
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-CLIMATE- 
The Jfollowing table is from the records of the U.S. weather 
bureau station at Lake Mills, two miles south of Faville Grove, and 
cover a period of 19 years. 
'Winter'  riRESummer'Fall ' Year 
Mean temperature    '19.9  1 44.9 '      '48.9 ' 45.7 
Absolute maximum    '59    ' 90   '107   '96   .107 
Absolute minimum  --27      -4   ' 32   '-3   '-27 
Mean precipitation' 4.21 '   99'_1 771 7.47        .     ....16- 
Wettest Veer          4 .53 t11.451 16.52'10.42    4 
Dr      year        ' 3.18 ' 6.42    4.14  7.04'    . 
The average snowfall is 32.9 inches, while the average 
date for the first and last frost of the year is October 15, and 
April 23.  Thus, the growing season averages 175 days. 
During the winter, the prevailing winds are from the west 
and north, while in the summer, the winds are mainly from the west 
and south. 
Storms of a destructive nature are rare in this region. 
Mr. Frank Foote kept records of the dates on which the ice 
Went out of Rock Lake from 1987 to 191:. These records have been 
brought up to date by Mr. Charles Kleist, loc .l official weather 
observer. 
1887-April 14   1902 'Tarch 26   1917 April 11    1932 April 4 
188-No record 1903 'arch 21     1918 April 2     1933 March 19 
1889 March 29   1904 April 15    1919 March 20   1934 March 21 
1890 No record 1905 April 3      1920 March 28    1975 March 30 
1891"     "     1906 April 9     1921 7arch 16    1936 March 29

1892 April     ' 1907 March 23     1922 March 25 
1893 April 6    1908 March 26    1923 April 19-20 
1894 March 11   1909 April 7     1924 April 14 
1895 April 5    1910 March 26    1925 March 27 
1896 April 2    1911 March 21    1926 April 16-17 
1897 April 5   4912 A'pril 10    1927 IMarch 19 
1898 M1a r ch 27  1917  April 1  1928 March 24 
199 April1 15  194192A2 ~          9 March 29 
190 April 16   1915Apri   10    1930 March IS 
 
 

					
				
				
L~AND UTILIZATTON 
Dairytin  is the chief industry in Jefferson County, and 
F'aville, Grove Is noted for its pure-bred holstein cattle. The am- 
ount of livestock food' raisable on the farm governs the size of the 
herd. 
Due to the long growing season and favorable soil, this 
region Is second to none in Wieconsin, in the prod  tion of corn. 
The growing seaso~n is comparable to that. of central Maryland and 
the valley of Virginia.   bout      f the cultivated acreag is 
gien over to the growing of corn at    aville Grove 
excellent crops of tame 
hays, chiefly -alfalf*  On the prpirie, w , dh 
i17 
is the main crop.   Other crops include peas and~ bensoyeans, and 
sorghum.     Canary   as- and sudan grass are being planted to some 
extent for hayand pasture     The following table shows some of the 
us Fs of this 2F0O acre tr pct,& 
A. VTJLTIVATEP CROPS                        C. LIVESTOCK 
Acreage  Av. ield            pastured cattle   500 
corn             320     45 bu.            resident          450 
n.    ai ns      330     43                chickens         1700 
alfalfa          202      3.OT.             sheep             50 
clover            52      2  T.             hogs 
canary grass      15                       horses 
timothy            9      1.8Tr.            cat 
wild ha          180      1.3T.             dogs              14 
total hays       458                     D   EIETPPLTO           68 
peas and beans    55                     AfUIN       0PIT0       6o 
soybeans          15 
sudan grass       25                    E    A    ON AIEA 
sorhum                3 
entire farms                                                   7 
B. OTruP LAND USES                             parts of' farms    3 
size of entire farmsfacres 
upland pasture   310                                         46 
bogry    T1     500                                          36 
total pasture    81Q                                         36 
tamarack~ woods   50                                         2'3 
hardwoods        110                                          6 
grazed woods      40                                          1 
ungrazed          70                        Est~imated total10 
siza of pria 
am 2 5 
>vi,= .   a g  <  :   :i   v   :   : ¢ .*  .   
  : I, >N 4 
 
 

					
				
				
Tl. disconneted 5-acre wooded tract of the Milford. Meadows Far, 
which'lies northwest of the Partch (Ber'g) Farm, has very deint cnsrato 
and natural history possibilitis, 
Thousnds of years ago, ihen the glaci.er passedtrog Jefferson 
County, it carried with it a huge load of 'material, piced up in its trek

down from the north. Finally when it recede, the glacier deposited this 
material in neat pil145. The 5-acre tract is part of one of these piles.

In all, this glaciasl deposit extnds in a narrow strip nlearly 
the fall length of the western side, of Pavill1e Grove Area. 
In this coprtively~ short distance (aLbout 2 miles) a mltitude 
of things are e3&ibited. 
South of the five acres the underlying r'ock is limestone. The tract 
itself and northwr has a sandstone floor although only a few feet east of
i1t 
limedtnrepla!4# the sandstone. On top of the floor is the 'mass of assoted

glacial rock bogt down from northern isconsin and Canada. 
Fi.ve different soil types blaniket this narrow strip of land. Gazd 
ungrazed woods, and cultivated and pastured open lands are all rrseted. 
Thus it presents a unique picture of various phases of moern farming 
Since grazed areas are the rue In this part of the conty    it is to 
the few ungrazed relics that we turn for real natural histr  inoraton 
Grazing and other man-govere practices ca in a year's time destroy 
nature' s handiwork viic ma have take hudeso        er   to deeo     .--ha

the power to destroy but lacks the ability to create. 
This 5-acre tract ilustrates the d~evelomet of wild plantadaia 
life in an area undistu.bed by man. At the present time it exhits 0ormr 
varitie of trees and shub, ove a bnrdvarieties of plants, 75 ormr 
+             .. A 
 
 

					
				
				
kinds of birds, about 15 m   a    as well as man other kinds of interesting

forms of animal life. 
One proposal for the utllisation of the 5-acre tract includa two 
phases of activity. It is desirable above all else that the area in question
b 
left permanently unharmed by man. This mans that the area should be spared

from grazing or wholesale cutting 
O.part of the plan oneerns         n.        t   ao 
One art  f te pln cocersScouting. Scouting and nature study go 
hand in handl. To quote from the Scout Manaz    !o be a good scout one shol

know something about the woods and the animals that inhabit them.  e scout

should never kill an animal or other living thing ne lessly.0 The aim of

scouting Is to develop the      ster physically, mentally and spiritually.
It 
calls for an outdoor life. Its very laws call for character building; a scout

is obedient, loyal, courteous, respects self and others, is trustworthy,
and kind 
to antimals. 
The Lake Mills Scouts are unfortunate in lacking A  outdoor laboratory 
in which they can take pride. They need such a place to get the most out
of 
scouting. 
The five acres is more suitable to their needs than other locations 
which have been considered in the vicinity of Lake Milie. 
In this vicinity two main types of outdoor laboratory are exhibited. 
One is the lakeside (represented by Roc Lake), while the other is the 
prairie-soodlot type. 
The lake shore has advantages of s        and boating facilities in 
the mmmer as well as interesting, but limited, forms of aquatic wild life,
 I 
the winter, however, it Is not desirable. 
Yrther re, it wold not be desirable even in inuner from a woodaft 
st     int, since the great u    r of caers makes It anything but the attrac

tive, woodsy place required by scouting. 
C                                C>:     : 
 
 

					
				
				
-3- 
The 5-ace tract, while lacking some of the features of the lake, 
has with its connected woods a much greater variety of scouting possibilities.

Toz the desirable qualities of the five acre tract for 
the scouting activities: 
(1) Its natural surrondings are ideal 3ngvazed woods on both sides 
of itJ. For the same reason it is sheltered in winter. 
(2) Its proximity to the 1aville Grove Demonstration brings mutual 
advantages. 
(3) It is an ideal hiking distance from towni. 
(4) It is located on a little-travelled road, thus avoiding any 
conspicuaus transient population. 
(5) Its elevation results in a wnderful view of sunrise, sunset, 
stars, and the surrounding country side. 
The scout work tends to mae the boys conservationists rather than 
destructioni sts. 
Leadership, of course, determines the real benefits of scouting 
in any given       ity. Mr. Riggs, the M. 3. Much pastor, is in charge at

Lair Mills. Other leading citizens interested in the movement include Attorney

R. P. Perry, Dr. G. 1. iek, Mr. W. Holeten, Dr. Leicht and Mr. Nlupert. Tis

group of people uggests constructive and responsible leadership for the work.

It should be understood that the visits to the area by scouts will 
be spervised by a competent leader, and if at any time the organization members

should become careless or fail to -uphold the scout ideals and traditions,
their 
privileges will automatically cease. 
Those members of the laville Grove Area who would be affected dirctly 
by the project have been interviewed and they favor it. 
%The second use of the area is for University of Wisconsin wild life 
denstrations.    this phase waald be under the vapervision of Mr. Aldo Leopold,

 
 

					
				
				
7/                            - 
Professor of Gae Managenent. Class study of plant succession and animal 
inter-relationships; and more intensive study by graduate students in some

particular phase of wild life would be the outlets employed. 
Te natural vegetation would be preserved. In addition, it might be 
desirable to re-introduce a few plants whch, for some reason or other, have
- 
been lost. A dmonstration of how this whole wooded area once looked would
then 
be available for visits and study by people interested in this work. It might

also prove an incentive for farmers to preserve any remnants of original
land 
cover they may still have. 
This phase of the proposed use of the tract would work in quite naturally

with the scouting activities because both uses are built upon the preservation

a       of .11 native vegetation. 
Sometime in the fature it might--made possible to build an onamental 
cabin on the tract. Should this happen, the plan would be to make part of
it 
available for scout use on over-night hikes, while the remainder could be
for 
exhibits of an edncational nature, such as mounted specimens, pressed plants,

birds' nests, etc. of the native life of the area. 
There is need at the present time for a room for storage of equipment 
necessary for use on the wildlife area, a place. to make experimental analysis

as well as a lodging space for the graduate student making a detailed study
of 
some problem. 
Since scouts have over-night hikes at most once a wee, and usually much 
less often than this, it would be possible to use the same room for' two
or more 
purposes, 
Tus a          of three rooms would probably meet all the needs of the tract

not only as a scout camp, and is headquarters for special work in the area
birds 
as an exhibit place for the identified native plant and animal life of the
area. 
 
 

					
				
				
y )srton on Tr a   ngand3;:i inp Dup -I r'a  'l-tro       _5 
~~~~ %dt~?u~  I~pt in  rto -nswer suchb q4u(;tions as 
vr,,t. ;-.:rt qr        ,iar .  e  e  m  nsre~ul   visitor  etc.? 
r aps we will, find thbat our Favil' G~rove Prarie h-ens move south dur-

ing th-e winter and are rteplaced by tens from ffurther r-orth. 
e.What seasonal movemet a8occQur in pheasents? Is there defilnite or- 
Lcnttln toward suitable hinter coc r? WAhat cover ise suitable?A 
shooting area surrounde-d by uris!-ot tc rritorv has V,,hat effeOct on th
 op 
ition? Pant in off pcheasants In i wll stocked ran-c-s will causE what 
In late win'ter sevcel covies of  us sometimse unit~e.  at covie 
tey? Hoew far do t -ey range? Wi~tsepsonal !dutmentp of rag 
4.qall covey 1 at Faville Grove offered theise problimT11  (a) Drin 
te a11 shuf Lle thre summier range was abandoned f'or over a month  7,her

ddthe birds go  (b) W hen they returned the covey had dropp- fro 
iy- 2.  f the 12, 'our vere traopecd and remove-d to othe  oov4es foQr ex-

1_  wemcntal p-urposes. Granting no further loss this should lave8   u 
t~elst spring censt-s showed 9. The nc-Prest coveT was a mile aa.Ti 
ilcte an interesttng movemenit between covies, which was e tirlun 
Mayftesequdstonscol be answred b. xtie            baningan 
I'atermar.-.ng, ollo  by nte'    eo zrnin 
Th      is    t-   st    rpta(,'rs        id    r   oeie       r.)e 
byPue  tclh  lndses    o divn     no unaytrp, r ate 
inz trps. '-bi  pat  lnt; rwerie. at  ssoiy        Tleutnl 
 
 

					
				
				
proe teo  have many difculties. 
Birds~ refuse to decoy to bait except wheni driven by pns of hungr 
During open win~ters th~is is a very , real rproblem. 
?_' Certain constructions of traps maly and often do Injure birds and. 
racticaliy skin rabbits al ive. These are iiostl  represe. ted Dy all- 
,re traps zitl- 1te  e,,7h tooD     Thge  ese Pre of course unsatisfactoy.

A logical answer would sem to be that fish netti,., roofs could 
tke t1 e place of the vre and this -would be a g od gawer we: re it nt 
f'or squirrels and ra lits.. 
Squ8~irrels and rabbits are the curse to .9.1 traprs In dr e where 
t.jey are opresent.  In wire traps thcey scattC.er ti e Fami so that the

irdp find it uncessary to enter t -e traps in ord ,r to get feed 
4fis net traps, every ra, ot)t and squirrel. secms to bespeciallU 
tine  in gnawing larg  gaps in the netting and they   ildo so wi tu 
ptoionce in a trap. A rabbit mLay be Fettle outside a trapbu 
nceinit becomes a rio png, slasa inp flnd alid ,_o mesh.) constructio 
ta, either wire. or net, will tak~e tiH rabb.it alive. It will soon~er 
ill himsel~f in a futile -tt-emot to escape. (thpve lcft out mosat of th

7rry dtails). 
It s doubtful whethaer birds Till enter a trap in the Dr :sence of$ 
q i~es.F'urther.,more 'both squirrels anid rab.)its are more easily 
traped than birds. Fence this -probl _m is a major one and where It is 
Peent, the moat eflficient tr'apper will not 1le ye his traps set o~v>er

,gt but T-tst tendl V -em before light in the morning. The r cas  is of 
curse, that rabbits have either scattered or eaten-1 all the bai an 
Ifa fish net trap,.made hcoles in the top thru which the "birds easily

e  ape. 
Perhaps a small  mesh all wire funne 1 tr -p with nt bffe   towl 
tiall  solv  tb-is orolem. We didnlot e.e rient         tes    life - 
isA o!              c n  say. 
 
 

					
				
				
I.Bo traproved verY effien forrbbi but us be crfj 
costucted to function properly. Their catch is li~mitd to n  n 
Im . ata time, and  the  ere  cumbersm  to carr,. an- distance. 
Funeltrps  2'by4'by1-4:'1-ig wee ailyecive exep 
th obtce dised Pbve. Dr. Tjallr's e        s a s iilrly 
sl-pe tra bu twitb theofnea   openingalong thierathertha 
t ot eds.Wefond hee ault wth funnltraps. Theyslo 
caugh ~ove  pheespntsa time; ual- yonlYoe butwere Lre 
'ficient on qul  To cary th~ese traps anyv dis~tance in a  pe_1 sno 
wol be atedious ob   Uless te  nne.oenigs g~te i, t~ 0i7 
011 I1 wiliher not ,oli orelse wali nd out -,ain. Aote 
c~rwbckisttto "mak aklling. wit thse trastebrsms 
oetoruYlyfii~irwt the bte ste thi akn it ncesr to 
beinbitn  mc  i  -)dvp,-,c a f f,-edl . Sm  bid ~werefoun  to 
nbtall say awa from-to tap         oters wer e 
t 1nes  T s-arXi  he funeltyc traI f r fo t  atwr 
Shidt trao 
At aville Grov, our best tra png results were with a oife 
bchiet rcri cicentrap. Ths wa sarectanuar &lle tap 0 
logxZ  wi d-e x32 1i- ritha funnel Ftboth.ends. Th  nsa:r 
1 u nehc'-en  wirewftl-  fun-ls  -)fthe  sae  m-tral  b  t'- 
Sie   n   opw vecovered with fish nttin of I"ms. Thbot 
tomf hesid ntswere I0l down byln  oe   ,ih col oelite 
atwil.A catehtrap"paced at one rorner ofta ,an traP ,cic 
Vt.etr.D n brs.t 
chckn  aswlwsote      z  ies          to-_ a s>tLe wQE_ 
 
 

					
				
				
uisturbd.~ Finlly it ras "set" by l Dwring the side    an   h&is

nigt  ad 21 Hunsseve nofwhich esc,,-,   t.ru asmall holeIhaovr 
looed.  Althoughtetrappoved especi! goodfor Huns it als 
cught 3 oher~ Fame apecd s: quail, pheasants, and prairie chickn 
ror some ?eason it did not prove to be succa ssul as a chicink n trap; 
pro'bably because the winteT w- soa op-en andth  chicensg had. lesa1 su-

sniclous looking places to if ed 
The advantaged of. this trap are: (1) its large-scale haule,k 
(2) th  ease witl- which birds may be m -,e accustomer to it (a larre 
uai4ty of food canl _) kept under It constarltly 1 which b ecome  "free

'oddr" ifo  the birds siripDy by lifting the sides of the trap). (-5)

-brd I~n the trapo are compar. tively safe f romi mot predatrs. (They are

larfro safe in t ec small funnel tra-ps.) (4) There isa less danger of 
Iury to the bird, where t ae trap is all fish--net covered. 
Tedisadvat as are : (1) must be pierman lntly located in on 
pace.  (2) more expensive thus liNit1ini the number th at can be bilt. 
()Can not be used in squirrel eountry,. and cannot be left sct oer- 
igh 
From the comparil-on of thse traps, we conclude tha the ideal trap 
7will hve these fe atures: 
(1)  Must be in  pneive. 
(2) Must be eaatlv potable, and eayto manipulate. 
(3) ILust not harm the bird. 
(4) i)Et not cause the birds to "sh-v away".~ 
(5) Can beset anywlee,anytime wth      asonabl chanc sof sces 
(6)  houl be able to ma~ike lar'ge hauils., 
I have in minne trao whicho at le st, on P:aper, se  ms to fill 
the bill. T i isan ortnaryt        Itap with soeof ht L.p  tae 
otof th  aprl a, padd -d ja, a- and tension chains. 
4       44                                       4            44 
4.                                                           .. . ..... ..

;i............ .................................. 
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Letter from John T. kmlen, Jr. 4/3/37 
TWAPING 
When I say I've trapped all the quail on the 750-acre University Farm, 
16    that means 105 and, to be exact, there are 3 that I missed. I do not
think 
this was really any better luck than yours, since I started in October and

'   ;1 ~trapped almost continuously for 4 months. I had 10 traps, all of
them 
simple, single-entrance, single-chambered, water-lily-leaf-shaped affairs,

approximately,5'xl' high. These would not hold the birds indefinitely, 
but that was OX.with me, since I was unable to visit the traps more than

3 or 4 times daily and wanted to avoid undue injury. My system was to trap

Cc' fl(      one covey at a time, a complete haul taking about three weeks.
Then I 
would lift zy traps and move them to another covey territory and so on. 
I only had a chance to re-trap on 2 of the 4 territories, but got 
-_c4fairly good observations, weights, etc. on each bird through 3 or 4 repeats

during the 3 weeks' set-up in one locality. Each covey had a distinguishing

color which was indicated on the birds in the attached tail feather. Indi-

vidual marking within the covey was done entirely by colored celluloid 
bandettes (not spirallettes) obtained from the Natio    P   t   Band Co.

These worked out fine and are recognizable at over 100 feet with field glasses.

( Leg band identification would, I believe, be almost impossible except from

" car used as a movable blind. A very much closer approach is possible
in 
" car.) 
My four coveys were marked with white, pigk. y.t1    and green tail 
S, 7    ,L   feathers, respectively. Of these white and yellow (made from
a     ional oo 
Dye) are most permanent. The pink has faded slightly and the gre    i- Ijl

kL4J(  i    t    i   reds and oranges used in combination with the greens
held up quite well. 
I have attached my feathers entirely with D    coceet and have had very 
little trouble with loss of feathers. The feather used is a fairly firm 
chicken rectrix or secondary cut (both ends) to approximately the size of
the 
quail rectrices. In attaching it the proximal end which is shaved off is

inserted not quite to the base of the quail's tail and the distal end 
should not extend beyond the tip of the tail. If the feather is attached

right size up, the natural concavity of the artificial feather fits more
or 
less the convexity of the quail's rectrices. The curling upward idea which

Haywire used on her tree sparrows is of no value and much harder on the 
feather as I see it in the case of game birds. I apply a thin coating of

Duco to both the central rectrix (top side) and the dyed feather ventral

side, spread it with y finger and allow it to dry before applying the 
final coat which attaches the feather to a single (if possible) central 
rectrix for about 1/2 to 2/3 of its length. When more than one feather 
is involted a seesawing motion apparently may result in loosening all the

rectrices and coverts involved. I also clip back the upper coverts which

Lophatyx are very long so as to expose the colored feather to better 
advantage. 
As for bruising, etc., I have had my troubles, probably as great as 
yours but even in one severe case found no loss of weight or apparent 
vitality accompanying it. My worst enemies are cats, which accounted for

10 quail this winter in nm traps. 
I tried one netting trap (one-inch mesh) with a wooden frame and had 
excellent luck and no ground squirrel trouble, this because these animals

were thoroughly poisoned off on this tract last fall. Would suggest that

is your best bet if you want to do it. 
 
 

					
				
				
From FieidJNotes of A. S. Hawkins 
May 5, 1937 
Clear, 550; Mod. N.7. wind 
5 P.M. 
Thile I was working my way southward along the 
second-growth-covered east slope of "Farmers' Island"#, my 
attention was drawn to a freshly-dug burrow, from whence a 
woodchuck suddenly darted, closely pursued by another. A fight, 
ensued on bLhe sandy diggings, and, squalling in pain, the f 
pursued chuck disappeardd down a nearby hole with the other 
chuck hot on its heels. Both came running from the first hole 
almost instantly. This time, there was no fight, but the 
aggressor chased its foe  into another burrow 150 ft. away, but 
did not enter itseld. It sauntered back to its own burrow 
at a very deliberate and self-satsfied pace. 
Upon reaching its home burrow, it samiled the air, 
then lumbered over to a nearby tree and commenced to chew 
its bark. Withinfive minutes it had chewed sparingly at 
three trees--all close to the burrow. 
Next, it moved to a pile of dead leaves which were 
stacked in front of a "back door" to the burrow. It picked 
up 'some of these leaves in its mouth, and by adjustment with 
t'ts fore paws, managed to double the wad of leaves into its 
already-filled mouth. The wad of leaves was then carried into 
the burrow. (Later inspection seemed to show that the leaves 
were bedding which the chuck had removed from the burrow, only 
to again take them back underground. Perhaps woodchucks "air" 
their beds.) 
The chuck again appeared, and after scratching and 
biting itself some, pauded to relax. It seemed mildly interest- 
ed as a red squirrel chattered excitedly at a marsh hawk flying 
low over the trees. Or perhaps the squirrel was chattering 
at me, for I stood completely in the open, in full h1ew, and 
only 50 ft. from the chuck. A few more scratches, and it was 
ready for a nap. It stretched itself comfortably on the sun- 
warmed sand, resting its head between its curied-up fore paws. 
Once it sneezed slightly. Its eyes drooped, but did not close. 
,y legs were tirini from supporting my unbalanced 
weight on the side hill for 45 minutes, so I shifted slifhtly, 
,and finally raised b,, field glasses for a better look. Still 
the chuck did not move, but as I lowered the glasses, it caught 
the movement. With a shrill whitle and a trill, it disappeared 
do n the burrow. 7ithin the next five minute , it whistled 
18 tim-es, and even continued to whistle deep back in the burrow 
when I walked up to it. 
I made these observations around the burrow. An 
elm which was about six inches in diameter was barked six 
inches above the groand. Another nearby elm also showed scars. 
A half-inc  stemiiof Rhibes sr. was nearly girdled, and a large 
grape vine had been slashe , and -as "bleedino, badly. The 
 
 

					
				
				
-2- 
(HawkinsI Field Notes) 
dominant non-woody growth near the burrow was:   two species of 
sede, mandrale, ani bell wort. Several ste s of the last 
two plants had been injured mechanically by the chuck3 s walking 
over them1,e, but had not been eaten. One of the t o sedqes 
(Carex plantagixiifolia(?)) showed heavy browting, but the 
other sedge (C. pennsilvannica), althou h more abundant, showed 
none. The preferred part of the more palatable sedge was the 
third tip, 
There are three main burrows along this east slope 
of Farmers' Island. They are about 100 yards apart(          ). 
Den two, like den one, showed elm-tree gnawing and non-browsing 
of Carex pennsilvannica but heavy browsing ov Carex plantagin- 
ifolia(?). Den three was net, and its presence unknown to me. 
I located it first by finding  a brow,.sed patvh of Carey, planta4$R~ 
At den three, a shoot of Prunus serotina had been gashed alonP 
with Umnus americannus  and Cornu  panniculata.  In most cases, 
the injured trees were "lbleeding" sa' badly. 
Of the three burrows found, each main entrance had 
freshly-deposited sand at its mouth. They were all near the 
tp of the 15 ft. high wooded  slope of the east side of "Farmers' 
island". The nearest open field wac well over a hundred yards 
distant, and the burrows were all located so as to be completely 
shaded when the leaves finally appearaz. 
Note  Later observations of woods-dwelling chucks in another 
woods showed this same preference for Carex  lantagin- 
afolia. 
#=Farmers, Isanid is a non-gra-ed wooded part of Faville Grove 
Wtldife Area. The so-called "island" is an esker or hog's 
back rising about 15 ft. above the surroundino tamarach swamp. 
 
 

					
				
				
...                                                                     
                                .... 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
Supervise by the Uiversity of ':isconsin and the 
Wisconsin  onservatton Department., 
-  rth  S. Hawkins_ In Charge., 
*This report outlines the work done between April 6, 1937, 
and July 21, 1937. 
I Food and cover plantings for wild life. 
Specs                S   k       'No. 'Planted 
Norway pine '........... 2        ........ **S0 
White spruce. ..    ..... *.2-2 ***...... .300 
Norway spruce.. ....2-2 
White spruce .... ..............2.. ..........210 
Red Cedar .....   ........ large .  *. ..... 1O 
Creeping Juniper   ...... .large...     ..O 
Willo                cuttings 
Total Trees...... 
Corn and BuCkwheat 
(food  patches)  ... . ...................... 3  acres 
Wild-grape frameworks............            10 
These plantings have been carefully cultivated during 
this period. Our nursery has also been maintained. 
II School-house beautification demonstration. 
Thirty species of trec-s and shrubs were ,lanted and main- 
tained, and the play ground Improved, as part of a demon- 
stration of rural school ground beautlficatton. 
ITI Erosion Control. 
A badly eroded river bank was planted to villows to check 
the encroachment of the Crawfish River on Valuable farm 
lands, and to provide wildlife cover. A demonstration 
was set up to stow means of control of a bad hill-slde 
gully. Yight check darns wcrc constructed and willow plant- 
Ings were set out. 
IV  Nesting Survey. 
The crew was used inn a attempt to locate game-bird nests, 
This was part of a county-wide survey being conducted by 
the University to study the relation of nesting to farm 
practices. 
 
 

					
				
				
-2- 
V  Four new coverts were fenced against grazing, and then planted 
to trees, bringing the total to 20 such coverts for the Faville 
Orove Area. 
SpWore' Contributions 
The University of Wisconsin and the "seconBsin Conserv- 
ation D'epartment have contributed the follownri items to t e 
project: 
salary 
Supervision costs (A. S. Hawkins) .......210.00 
As Istants ..         .................. 70.00 
Transportation losts: 
Crew transportatio,,   "3.00 per pay nd*421.00 
Supervisor's transportati,, .  $40.00 
per month ...     ............140.00 
Nursery i1anting Stock: 
From 'tate 2000 trees    $4.00 oer 100.- 8.00 
From private nurseries ......      ...     -I0.00 
Materials: 
Locust logs for che-k dams ............. 2000 
(est. 1.00 per loq, 20 logs were usae) 
Fence posts, 40, @ .10 each. * ........... 4.00 
qence wire (brbe(c); 1 roll ............ 3,75 
,oven wire .............................. 2.00 
5tapl a;  l0#  4 P5  ....................    .50 
T  mmer ,      .......o .. . .. . . .. . . .......  .50 
71scellaneous: 
3uckwheat secd; 90# .......'..... 2.00 
Corn seed;       25.  .................      75 
Other seed  ...................             .50 
Use of tractor for plowing; 9 hrs. @ 
2.00 ur hr. ...................... 16.00 
Use of horses and tools for cult IvatIng; 
etc. 20 hrs.    1.00 per hr.- ..........   .00 
Sined: 
At S. -awtIns, In Charge 
 
 

					
				
				
Official Directory 
. for... 
Jefferson County 
Wisconsin 
1936 
if 
COMPILED BY 
Elton G. Rice 
County Clerk 
III ~llllllunnn nliiinnllllllllllnllllllnnlll 
 
 

					
				
				
TOWNS                              CLERKS                               TREASURERS
                                           SUPERVISORS (SIDE)           
                              ASSESSORS                                 
   COUNTY BOARD (Town Chairmen)                            TOWNS 
AZTALAN     ......... G. F. Zilisch, R. 2. Johnson Creek ........ Ed. Fischer.
R. 2, Johnson Creek .......... Wm. Melnel, R. 3, Jefferson; Henry Vogel,
R. 3. Jefferson ................. John Lieret, R. 2, Jefferson .........
Don V. Smith, R.  Lake Mills ................................................
ATALA 
COLD   SPRING ..... W. G. Marshall, R. 2, Whitewater ......... Win. E. Wilber,
R. 3, Whitewater ......... Herman Gsell, R. 3, Whitewater; Win. F. Lentz.
R. 3, Whitewater ............ Fern E. Lemke, R. 2, Whitewater ..... Clarence
J. Pester  . 2. Whitewater ....................................... COLD SPRIG

CONCORD     ......... E. P Spence, R. 8, Oconomowoc ......... George B. Kohlhoff,
R. 2, Sullivan ........ E. R. Sell. R. 3. Watertown; Richard Grimm, R. 2,
Sullivan ................ Roy A. Buske, R. 2, Sullivan ........ Walter Markey,
R.  Sullivan .................................................. CONCOR 
FARMINGTON      ..... Walter King, R. 4, Watertown .......... August Moldenhauer,
R. 1. Johnson Creek..Carlos Buske. R. 1. Helenville; George Geissler, R.
1, Johnson Creek ......... Otto Draeger, R. 1. Johnson Creek . Math. N. Biwer,
R. 3. Jefferson ........... i ................................ FARMNT 
HEBRON     .......... Ira Maxwell, R. 2. Fort Atkinson ......... Frank Schumacher.
R. 2, Fort Atkinson.Art Schumacher. R. 2. Fort Atkinson; Cecil Meracle, R.
1, Jefferson ......... Frank Mepham. R. 2. Fort Atkinson ...Martin Weggeman
 . 2. Fort Atkinson .........................................HEBRO 
IXONIA    ........... E. L. Henning, R. 3, Oconomowoc ........ Theo. Froemming,
R. 1, Ixonia .......... John Stafeil. R. 2. Watertown; Alex Degner, Ixona
..................... Herbert Degner, R. 2, Ixonta ........ Otto Strache,
R. 1, Ixonia .......................................................IXONI

JEFFERSON     ....... Aaron Wolfgram, Helenville ................Herbert
Wedi, R. 1. Jefferson ........... T. Payne Blodgett, R. 2. Jefferson; Nick
Schopen. R. 3. Jefferson...........Charles A. Feind, R. 3. Jefferson.:....:Clarence
Walther,  . 8, Jefferson ...................................... JEFFERSO

KOSHKONONG       .... Carlin Vosburg, R. 3, Fort Atkinson ....... Wm. P.
Mertsching, R. 3, Fort Atkinson..Win. Hackbarth, R. 3, Fort Atkinson; Henry
Yandry, R. 2, Fort Atkinson.....Henry Lalk R. 3, Fort Atkinson ...... Charles
L. Hausz,  , 4. Fort Atkinson ..................................... KOSHONOI

LAKE MILLS ....... W. C. Topel. R. 1. Lake Mills ............. Elmer Krull,
R. 1. Lake Mills ............. Wm. A. Engsberg. Jr.. R. 1. Cambridge; Walter
Crossman, R. 1, Lake Mills ...Raymond Lenz, R. 2. Waterloo ........ H. A.
Wilke, R. 1, bake Mills ......................................  ..LAKE MILL

MILFORD     ......... E. G. Menz. X  1, Lake Mills ............ Chas; F.
Schroeder, R. 1. Lake Mills ...... Julius Hornickle, Edwin Wollin, both R.
2. Johnson Creek ................. Frank Schaefer, R. 2, Johnson Creek..A.
J. Hamann, R. , Lake Mills .........................................  MIL
OR 
OAKLAND ......... Edwin C. Becker, R. 1, Fort Atkinson ..... George C. Weckler,
R. 1. Fort Atkinson ...George Stroebel, R. 1, Fort Atkinson; Victor Johnson,
Cambridge ............. W. E. Wagner, R. 1, Fort Atkinson .... John W. Porter,
C nbridge .................................................... OAKLAN 
PALMYRA     ......... C. M. Mason, R. 1, Whitewater ........... Elmer Redding,
R. R., Whitewater ........ Ernest Marsh, Clifford Pett, both R. 1, Palmyra...
...................... Frank Hayes, R. 1. Palmyra .......... Edward Brewin.
R. . Jefferson ................................................ PALMYR 
SULLIVAN     ........ Royal Hanf, R. 1. Helenville .............. Albert
Friedel. Rome .................. Charles Pagel. George P. Miller, both R.
1, Helenviile ..................... Clifton Garity, R. 1, Helenville ........
Walter H. Reed R.I, Helenville ..............................................
SULLIVA 
SUMNER     .......... C. M. Kirby. R. 3, Edgerton ............ Mrs. Margaret
Bunting, R. 3, Edgerton .... Fred Scherwitz, R. 3. Fort Atkinson; Carl 0.
Johnson, R. 3. Edgerton ....... Earl Draves, R. R.. Fort Atkinson ..... Peter
E. Aarback  3, Edgerton. ........ ................................ SUMNE

WATERLOO      ....... Ed. Radke, R. 3, Waterloo .............. Charles Menz.
R. 2. Waterloo ........... Charles Kurtz, Elmer Pohlman, both R. 3, Waterloo
...................... Orra Deppe. R. R., Lake Mills .......W. W. Kinyon.
R. I., Lake Mills..::......................................WATERLO 
WATERTOWN       ..... Hugo A. Dietzel, R. 4, Watertown ........ Herman Else,
R. 4, Watertown ......... Charles F. Teich, R. S. Watertown; Reinhold Kohlhoff.
R. 2, Watertown ....... Win. Wesemann, R. 4, Watertown .....E. F. Niemann,
R.  Watertown .......................................... WATERTOW 
VILLAGES                                                                
                                                    VILLAGE PRESIDENTS  
                                                                        
                         VILLAGES 
JOHNSON CREEK..Arthur W. Behlng ....................... Fred W. Pitzner ..........................
George 0. Wolf .....................................................Gustave
H. Trachte................Herman Droeder......................          
        .........................JOHNSON CREE 
PALMYRA ......... Orville Holcomb .......................... Ada Seamn .............................
Ambrose X. Cummings ........................... ..........................
Charles F. Grove ................................. PALMYR 
SULLIVAN     ........ Clarence  G. Friedel ....................... F. W .
Bartelt ............................ Charles  Gleichman  .........................................................
Dr. G. M. Lynch ...................... Theo. Kruser  ....... .................
. ...............................SULLIVA 
WATERLOO      ....... F. A. Buth ..........  ................. Harvey F.
Gehler .. ................... George E. Stube ..................................
......................... Elmer E. Gottschalk .................. E. J. McCracken
..................................................... WATERLO 
CITIES                                                                  
                                                            MAYORS      
                                                                        
                 CITIES (Wards Numbered) 
Carl Froinader (1). John N. Johnson (2). Emil Daugs (3). 
FRg.........................We.........................             J...............................................
Richard Bendig ....................... C. C. Netteshein (4              
       Norman J. Sidler (5). Herbert Cloute (6), 
J. V. Becker (7). Arthur W. Mussehl (8) ............................... FORT
ATKINSO 
Linus Spangler (1), Franklin J. Ladien (2). 
JEFFERSON     ....... Ed. A. Rindfleisch ..................... Ed. J. Kemmeter
..................... Lawrence J. Mistele ..............................
......................... Merrald H. Haag .................. Leo J. Neis
(3). Mttin Puerner (4) ......................................... JEFFERSO

LAKE MILLS ....... H. F. Kell ............................ Edna DeMerit ........................
L. F. Heitz ........................................................ A. E.
DeMerit .................... E. L. Millett (1). F.iA. Pirwitz (2), H. A.
Schmidt (3)...................-LAKE               L 
A. F. Mayer (1), George Shinnick (2), Gustav H. Hafemeister (3), Albert W.

WATERTOWN       ..... Alvin H. Stallman ........................ Louis A.
Knick ........................... Robert W. Lueck ..........................................................
.ouis Kronitz ......................... Maas. Jr. (4). Paul I. Knick (7).
William J. Kiesow (8), J. F. Prentiss (9), 
William McCaig (10, Albert Kaddatz (11), William Jones (12) .............
WATERTOW 
 
 

					
				
				
STATE OFFICERS 
Governor ................................. Philip F. La Follette 
Lieutenant-Governor ....................... Thomas J. O'Malley 
Secretary of State .......................... Theodore Dammann 
State Treasurer ............................... Robert K. Henry 
Attorney General ........................... James E. Finnegan 
State Superintendent of Schools ................. John Callahan 
LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS 
United States Senators ...... Robert M. La Follette, Jr.. Madison 
F. Ryan Duffy. Fond du Lac 
Member of Congress, 2nd District ...... Harry Sauthoff, Madison 
State Senator. 33rd District..Chester E. Dempsey. R. 1, Hartland 
Member of Assembly .......... Palmer F. Daugs, Fort Atkinson 
JUDICIAL AND COUNTY OFFICERS 
Circuit Judge ......................... George Grimm, Jefferson 
County Judge ..................... L. L. Darling. Fort Atkinson 
Register in Probate ...................... Laura Wittl, Jefferson 
Court Reporter. Probate, County and Juvenile. 
.............................Janet Bird. Jefferson 
Clerk of Courts.....................J. C. Brandel, Jefferson 
Deputy Clerk of Courts ........ Irving A. Sievert. Fort Atkinson 
County Clerk ..................... Elton G. Rice, Fort Atkinson 
Deputy County Clerk ............ Marjorie K. Kennedy, Jefferson 
Bookkeeper .......................... Helen A. Wollet, Jefferson 
County Treasurer ...................... W. H. Nevins, Jefferson 
Sheriff ............................ Joseph T. Lange. Watertown 
Under Sheriffs-Fred J. Lukas, Jefferson; Harry B. O'Brien. 
Watertown; Charles Cloute, Fort Atkinson; Roy       J. 
Schmidt, Jefferson; George E. Skalitzky. Waterloo; Walter 
A. Nadler, Lake Mills; Guy R. Graves. Sullivan; Ben 
Gilbertson. Palmyra. 
Motor Patrol ........................ Norman B. Hyer, Jefferson 
District Attorney ................. Harold M. Dakin, Watertown 
Register of Deeds ............... Arthur J. Gruennert. Helenville 
Deputy Register of Deeds ............... Maud Linder. Jefferson 
Clerk-Register of Deeds ....... Martha M. Daugs, Fort Atkinson 
Coroner ........................... August H. Kieck. Watertown 
Surveyor ................... Charles A. Rockwell. R. 1. Jefferson 
Superintendent of Schools...Mrs. Eva N. Bock, R. 2. Watertown 
Supervising Teacher .............. Mrs. Alice M. Volk, Jefferson 
Chairman of County Board .... E. F. Niemann, R. 8, Watertown 
Highway Commissioner ......... John A. Perry, R. 3, Watertown 
Clerk-Highway Commission .......... Marjorie Stark, Jefferson 
Divorce Counsel ................ Edward F. Wieman, Watertown 
Public Administrator .............. Edward E. Schultz, Jefferson 
County Nurse ..................... Ethelyn Town, Fort Atkinson 
Deputy Supervisor of Assessments ..... Walter M. Dick, Jefferson 
County 4-H Club Leader .......... Frank H. Everson, Lake Mills 
Court Commissioners-Paul H. Tratt, Fort Atkinson; 0. C. 
Hahn. Watertown; Lawrence J. Mistele. Jefferson; Harold 
W. Hartwig. Watertown. 
Jury Commissioners-L. B. Caswell, Jr., Fort Atkinson; Fred 
Schmutzler, Watertown; Ray 0. Fischer, Jefferson. 
Pension Board-H. W. Hoffman, Chairman, Fort Atkinson; 
Miss Gladys Mollart, Secretary. Watertown; Mrs. Irving 
J. Hibbard, Jefferson; William White, Waterloo; J. C. 
Murphy. Lake Mills. 
 
 

					
				
				
Park Commissoners-Herbert Cloute, Fort Atkinson, I year; 
John W. Porter, Cambridge. 2 years; Win. J. Kiesow. 
Watertown, 3 years; E. L. Millett, Lake Mills, 4 years; 
Clarence Walther. R. 8, Jefferson, 5 years; Otto Strache, 
R. 1, Ixonia, 6 years; Theo. Kruser, Sullivan, 7 years. 
Mediation Board-C. C. Nettesheim, Fort Atkinson; E. F. Nie- 
mann. Secy., R. 8, Watertown; Martin Weggeman, R. 2, 
Fort Atkinson. 
Soldiers' Relief Commissioners-August Henze, Watertown; Emil 
Kumbler, Lake Mills; Arthur Langholff, Fort Atkinson. 
Outdoor Relief ............. Paul S. Widman. Director, Jefferson 
Asylum Officers - Trustees and Relief Commissioners - 0. W. 
Schroeder, Watertown; Mrs. Agatha Fischer, Jefferson; 
Wm. F. Trieloff, Fort Atkinson; Superintendent, Paul S. 
Widman; Matron. Mrs. Katie Newton; Physician, Dr. 
J. C. Brewer, Jefferson. 
Tuberculosis Sanatorium   Trustees--Wm. A. Engsberg, Lake 
Mills; Dr. W. C. Becker, Watertown; Charles L. Brown, 
Fort Atkinson; Superintendent, Mabel I. Ryan. R.N.; 
Physician. Dr. A. A. Busse. 
Farm Drainage Board-Chairman, Charles Becker, R. 1, Fort 
Atkinson; Secretary, Don V. Smith, R. 1, Lake Mills; 
Otto Klausch0 R. 4, Watertown. 
JUSTICES OF THE PEACE 
Towns 
Concord ................................. Carl Stoltenberg. 1937 
Marvin Dobratz,   1938 
Farmington ............................. Edwin J. Richter. 1938 
Hebron ..................................... A. J. Carmon. 1937 
Ixonia .................................. Frank T. Krambs. 1988 
Jefferson ................................. Ray Nagle,    1937 
Edward Banker. 1938 
Oakland .................................. Lewis Severson, 1937 
Palmyra ................................... Melvin Mason. 1988 
Sullivan ................................... L. C. Notbohm, 1937 
Floyd Albertus, 1938 
Sumner ................................. John W. Robbins, 1937 
Watertown ............................ Paul G. Volkmann. 1938 
Villages 
Johnson Creek .............................. Gustav Baum, 1937 
Palmyra ................................. Russell J. Devitt. 1987 
Ralph H. Crerar, 1988 
Sullivan .................................... Frank Kellog, 1937 
Waterloo ................................... Albert Corder. 1938 
Cities 
Fort Atkinson ....................... Chauncey E. Masters. 1938 
Edwin W. Morgan.      1938 
Jefferson ............................... William Brandel,  1938 
Benjamin R. Burl, 1938 
Lake Mills .............................. C. A. Oehler,   1937 
B. H. Wodke,     1937 
Henry E. Michel, 1938 
Watertown ............................... Ferd. Schmutzler, 1938 
Watertown .................... Police Justice E. G. Buroff, 1987 
 
 

					
				
				
STANDING COMMITTEES 
Equalization 
McCracken, Johnson, Strache, 
Weggeman, Spangler, Porter: 
Hafemeister 
Sheriff 
Cloute. Kruser. Schmidt 
Miscellaneous 
Spangler, Biwer. Maas 
Petitions and Memorials 
Knick, Becker, Shinnick 
Buildings and Insurance 
Neis, Kaddatz, Mussehl 
Justices and Marshals 
Shinnick, Daugs. Markey 
Illegal Assessment, 
Delinquent Tax and 
Reforestation 
Smith, Knick. Cloute 
Bonds and Salaries 
Fromader. Pester. Ladien, 
McCracken, Brewin 
Asylum 
Kinyon. Puerner. Maas 
Sanitorium 
Prentiss. Aarbach. Sadler 
Poor 
Pirwitz, Johnson, McCaig 
Education 
Ewins, Droeder. Porter 
Compare County Orders 
Kruser. Ewins. Puerner 
Audit 
Mayer. Millet. Mussehl 
Legislative 
Chairman. Vice-Chairman 
and Prentiss 
Agriculture 
Brewin, Kinyon. Hamann 
Minutes and Printing 
Nettesheim. Jones. Schmidt 
Old Age Pension 
Walthers. Fromader, Kiesow 
Dance Hall 
Smith. Wilke, Wathers 
Approval of Bonds 
Chairman. Wilke, 
Hafemeister 
Highway 
Niemann. Hause. Reed 
Soldiers and Sailors 
Pester. Pirwitz, Jones 
Settle with County Oicers 
Aarbach, Sadler. McCaig 
Special Sewage Committee 
Mayer. J. V. Becker. Ladien 
Ways and Means 
Hamann. Markey, Neis 
Fort Atkinson News. Ine. 
 
 

					
				
				
WORKS PROGRESS ADMINISTRATION 
STATE OF WISCONSIN 
M. W. TORKELSON    ( 
ADMINISTRATOR                                        July 20. 193 
Date 
'TO: District Directors 
Supervisors of Operations 
You are hereby advised that a new Project Application, State 
Serial ________________, sponsored by the Wisconsin Conservation Depart-

6D-734 
mont 
,Md the Univeusity of Wisconsl 
and designated as Sponsor's Proposal                        providing for

General larnotadwercino                   aerfe        hog     hi, at a 
later dat, a nestlu   cen  am !b prepared~. This construction Inclidw 
plating and c1tivattM trm". construct winter !41j       hoper  for gm

and d~eveopet of p      mtnss  ee. 
has been received and is now approved by this office. The white #1 copy of

the Form 301 for this Project Proposal together with        copies of the

Form 306 relating thereto have been forwarded to the Director of the Division

of Operations for final approval of the Administrator and submission to the

Washington Office of the W. P. A. 
Carbon copies of this notification are being forwarded to 
Mr. 
Ralph Cona, Supervisor of Wild Lie Rt         & Puic. Hunting Ground

and Mr. Arthur Si. Hakn, Rsarc. MAistaxt, Univesity of Via., Kud1*sa, Wig.

who, as the Sponsor's field representatives, will be responsible for the

superintendence of this project on behalf of the Wisconsin Conservation 
Commission. 
Very truly yours, 
V. W. Torkelson 
Administrator 
By:, 
A. M. Keister 
State Supervisor 
Conservation Projects 
 
 

					
				
				
STATE OF WISCONSIN 
CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT 
MADISON 
WPA 
SUBJECT: File Copies of Project Proposals        Date:    l--  20, 1i3M 
TO: Xv.      A   m v, Sup       Wor  W111  Life  efuges 
Attached hereto are the Field Office file copies of 
the following WPA Projects sponsored by the Wisconsin Conser- 
vation Department: 
Sponsor's Project Assigned State     Assigned Work   Federal Funds 
Number         Serial Number    Project Number Authorized 
J  Tw,                        m        , _,,        ,_,__,      _ 
This is not an authorization to start work, but is sim- 
ply notice that the-above projects have been approved and funds 
authorized. Actual employment of labor and purchase of materials 
from Federal funds cannot be made until authority to start work 
is given by the District Director of the WPA District involved. 
File copies of approved projects are sent to your of- 
fice in advance of work authorization in order that you may make 
preliminary plans and contact the District Director's office re- 
garding arrangements to be made for assigning labor and procuring 
materials. The cooperation of Conservation Field Officers with 
the District Director's office in this regard will be necessary 
in order to adjust local difficulties likely to arise in getting 
projects under way. 
FO  1. DIRECTOR 
Supt. of Co-operative Forestry 
In Charge WPA Conservation Program. 
l4K: BH 
*as krI. Irba     . Rakn 
 
 

					
				
				
"wk. P. A. Form 801                                                
               Page 1 of 5 pages 
WORKS PROGRESS ADMINISTRATION 
PROJECT PROPOSAL 
Amount requested, $  2525                       W. P. A. Work Project No
.................................................. 
Amount approved, $                                  Serial No .   _-734 ------------
 Date .................... 
(Sponsor is not to write abovellne) 
Sponsor's proposal No. Jf4s__L_2                                Date of proposal
-.-J-- 1936. 
To: WORKS PROGRESS ADMINISTRATION OF -----. . dison               ---------------------
 --- W   Qn in. ------ 
(Local)               (District)           (State) 
1. Request is hereby made that the following proposal be reviewed and that
a formal application be made for an allotment of funds 
for this project under the rules and regulations of the Works Progress Administration.

From: -----n.           I      pt -------    ---------- -------- Da --------------
--- WinnM ai...-.. .--.. 
(SrUW~ship 8N,Range 13fity, town, village)     (County)             (state)

2. Location of project: Townshp 8NRange 14E-Lae _J-_ --- - ...  ..lOX_ an
-------- --ianonsin. ------- 
hip7N,~nge o  t.twvlae              (county)             (state) 
3. Description of project and character of work: 
General Conservation Work: General improvement and construction of game 
refuges thru which at a later date a nesting census can be prepared.    
      This construc- 
tion includes planting and cultivating trees, construct winter feeding hoppers
for 
game and developement of permanent covers. 
This project is not a duplication of any work proposed under official 
project 65-53-95, approved on President's Letter #280. 
4. Summary of estimated costs: 
Federal funds  Sponsor's contributions  Total 
item Of cost() 
Itmo  t(2)                                (3)               (4) 
Amount            Amount            Amount 
(Dollars)        (Dollars)         (Dollars) 
a. Labor: 
1. Unskilled ----------------------------------------------24000-...........
. -     .....-----------------------................ 40. 1_0-- -1__ 
2. Intermediate -------------------------------------- -----------------------...
.. . . .. .. ..----------------------------.----------------------- - 
3. Skilled- --------------------------------------------- ----------------------
----- -  -.. . . . . . ..------------------------ 
4. Professional and technical--------------------------------------------------------

SUBTOTAL (a) ---------------- 2400Q    -9 --------------------   - .2D..

b. Superintendence ---------------------- ---------------- -------  .o  7---
----  ----_ 
SUBTOTAL (a) plus (b) ----------5 --- 2   .... -_---- --__7 ... .. ----0
  .... - _ 
c. Material, equipment, and other costs: 
1. Material and suppies ........ .    5.00      0       840.00   19     
845.00    12 
1.---------uplea-- --------- ------------------ - ----------------- . . .
  . 
2. Equipment rentals  ----------------------------------------- 2048.00 
2048.00 
3. Other direct costs --            120.00      5      1200.00   27     1320.00
   19 
SUBTOTAL  (C) only ------------------ -----  __5 -- ---- _400 _0 .   - -----
Q 13_.0 _. .6.1._. 
TOTAL COST OF PROJECT ----------.25_25.0_ -  100 -- -.   - 69. - .3-..0_.0_.
100 
DISTRICT 
OFFICE 
 
 

					
				
				
W. P. A. Formn 801-Continued.                                           
                                  Page 2 of 5 pages 
5. Estimated man-months of work: 
(a) Relief workers paid from Federal funds, man-months -------------- 
(b) Total workers paid from Federal funds, man-months ----- 60 ----------
 --  SD.---------- 
(c)  Total workers paid  by  Sponsor, man-months -----------------------------------
 -    .-- - -------- 
(d)       Total man-months, all workers ---------------------------------------------
---- a& ------------ 
6. Estimated Federal expenditure per man-year of labor: 
Total Federal cost of project (item 4, col. 2, total) X 12=$ - 0--  -0--Q

Man-months labor (item 5(b)) 
7. Has this matter been referred to a public planning agency? ------ ! _
------- What is its recommendation? ---Aprored ---... 
- ----------- 3&.s-Lain-CQanser a~tin  _ D-par       ................e................--------------------------------------------

Name of agency? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8. Recommendations of other agencies having partial or technical jurisdiction
over project ................................................... 
----..------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

9. How and when would Sponsor proceed with this work under ordinary conditions
and how would it be financed?     i-. 
not be done without 1..            g    tive                       ......appr.priation
. 
10. Is the proposed work on public property? ---   ....       ............................-------------------------------------------------------------------

Does this project involve acquisition of (a) Land?  --------, (b) Easements?
----- Y1i ---- (c) Rights-of-way ? ............ 
Has this been done? ------- M----      At what cost? $ ---------- NQe -----...--------------------------------......---------------------

11. Was this project operated under a previous program? 
(a) C. W. A   ---------------- Project No -...............---------------------------
Percent complete ..................... 
(b) E. R. A- ---------- -.....   Project No  ---------------------------
Percent complete -----................. 
(c) Other (specify) -- -Ni  --.................................................................

12. Status of operating plans: 
(a) Are surveys completed? -  ..- L ------ If not, give completion date -----...................-
........................--------------- 
(b) Are preliminary plans completed? ------- Ye  ----- If not, give completion
date     - 
(c) Are final plans and specifications completed? ---- YBB ----.. If not,
give completion date ------ m ------------------------------- 
(d) By whom were the plans and specifications prepared? __Art    __J-_ _.kin
     ....----esearch--Assistant--... 
(Name)               (Title) 
13. Upon approval, how long before work at site can start? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- 
14. By whom will the work be superintended? _--ph Conway_Supv. of Wild  
            Life Refuges & Public Hunting 
Arthur    S. HawlW        Research Assisteff        )             Grounds

15. Estimated elapsed time from beginning of proposed work to its completion,
___ - 12 -      months. 
16. Will the amount requested on this proposal complete the work described
in this Project? ---- _Yes ---- If not, will the spon- 
soring  agency  assume  responsibility  for its completion?  ----   Yes .................................................................

17. Will operation or maintenance be required after project is completed?
------ N - ..... If so, what provision has been made? 
18. Will the utility of this project be dependent upon the completion of
any other public or private work?........-  No - If so, 
explain. Use additional sheet if necessary--------.-.........................................-----------------------------------------------

19.*Does this project involve: (a) Travel? --------------------- ....(b)
Rental of space? ....................... 
20.*If proposal is for a statistical survey or research project, are complete
specifications, copies of schedules, etc., submitted 
herewith?--         -------               -------------------- 
21.*If project involves compilation and tabulation of data, what provision
has been made for its publication? .......................... 
22. Justification: (A short, concise statement giving reason or necessity
for the proposed project, including any comments or further 
statements about the nature of the work. Use additional sheet if necessary.)

The results of this work will be very valuable in future plans for wild 
life propagation in Wisconsin. Causesof mortality among birds and animals
will 
be discovered and the results of changed environment will be used to the
benefit 
of hunters and fishermen in the entire State. 
xNOu.-Queestons ,9, 20, and 21 apply only to projects of a profesional or
service type. 
 
 

					
				
				
W. P.A. Form 801-Continued.                                             
   Page 3 of 5 pages 
23. Labor analysis: 
All labor needed should be listed under appropriate classifications. Monthly
earning rates--except superintendence and 
labor furnished by sponsor-must agree with Executive Order dated May 20,
1935. 
Man-months                        Amount (dollars) 
Occpational classifications of  -             Monthlyearnn_ 
persns  ~earning 
p nMale     Female   Total         Federal funds  TsrtaltrlT 
(1)        (2)   (3)     (4)     (5)     (6)      (7)        (8)        (9)

Unskilled:              xxxx    xxxx    xxxxx    xxx   xxxxxx     xxxxxx
    xxxxxxx 
-. .   -.. . . . .   .. ..   -.-.--...--.-...-.--.-.... .-.- ---.-. .--.
--.. . --... ---.. . --.. -. --.-. . --.-. - -.-. --- ------- ------- 
Laoer    I     060                   40      2400                 2400 
Intermediate:           xxxx    xxxx    xxxxx    xxx   xxxxxx     xxxxxx
    xxxxxxx 
------------ ---------- -- -  ---   ------  -----  -  --  ----------6 . .------
-f -   - -- - - ----------------------  
............... . ..  -  - -- ---.... .... . . .... ... . .... . .. --- ----
 .   -------. ....  - - . . . . .  ...   ----.. . .. 
.. . .. . . .. . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . ..T. . .
. . . . . ............... .. x. - - .. . .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. . . .0
. . 
-----------6 -0 -----  ----                                  ----   -   ----

---------...---.--------..---- -  -.x x .......................      .................

----. ---.-...- -- -- ---.- --.- -.---..-....- ----..- -- -- ---...-.- --
--.---. .--.- -. .- ---.. . . .- -.- -- - .. . . .   -  -- .. . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .   -- .... . . . . . .. . . . . .. ...... .. . ..

Skoia                xxxx    xxxx    xxxxx    xxx   xxxxxx     xxxxxx   
 xxxxxxx 
-.... . ........  . y  ho ----rnishe  thu.... ....: . F ( d a . ... -----

-~ ~~ -  -----------------  ---- -                                      
    ----- 
. . . . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . -  .. .
. . . . .. . . . . .. . . -  -- - - - - --. . . .. . . .... . . .. . . ..
.. . . ...- - -   -- - -  -   -- -- 
--------- ... ..- . .-------------- -.---.---- -.. . . .. .......       
      . .... .... ... 
.. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . -s----.-.-.-.-.-.--.- ---- - -----------.---.-.-.-.......
. . .......... . . .... . ......... 
SPoesinalndchnial  xxxx   xxxx    xxxxx    xxx   xxxxxx     xxxxxx     xxxxxxx

.. .. .. . .. .. .. . . . .. .. . .. .. . . . .. .. . .. .. .. . .. .. .
-  - ---.- -.- -.- -.-- --.-- --. .---- -.- -..-- -. .--.-- -- --.--- --.--.-
-.--.- -. .-- -.--- --- -- --- -.- -.-.---- --.-- -- -.- - .-.- - .--- 
...  -s  -- -- - -.   -------.  -.. .. -_ ...-.-. ... . .   . ..--.-_ ..
.. . . . . . . .. . . ..   0 0 .. . .. . ..3 0 . . . . 
--. ...- ...---....-...--..---.-- -.---.-. . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . .
. . . . . .. .. .. . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .. ..r
- 
. . .. .. .. . . . . . . .. .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. .
-  -- -- - -. . .. . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . .. . .. .
. . . . . . . .. . . 
Supritedece     .........  . _x ...... .........._._   x x  x x xx  500xx
   500 " 
------------------ ------nl t  ------ who   f-nsh d  thus  - -F d rl -- 
 (S o so-  -  ----  -  ------- ---  -  ----------  ---- 
 
 

					
				
				
W. P. A. Form n01-Contnued.                                             
           Page 4 of 5 pages 
24. Equipment analysis: 
Rental        Does rent-          Amount (dollars) 
Kind  of equipment (do not_____-_          _ _ -al                      
-_ _  _ _ _ _-_______ 
include small toolsor sun-                         of   rate  
dry equipment, which will Cspacity of units Rate r  Per hour, Period of e

be included under Item 26,-Z1ui-        dayor ertay  wages? 
"Other direct costs")            (dollars)    (hrs.. days (Yes
or no)    btions 
weeks)(esonobuenTta 
(1)          (2)     (3)    (4)    (5)    (6)    (7)      (8)          (9)
         (10) 
...... ----   .............--. _o-1 3  -. -8_0 __.  H r,_  2560  Yes    
   2048.        2048, 
-----k--Me    ,   qnp_ ._  __so ns I   ributi ,has  been  l..i b__ the University
of Wisconsin 
D[viaio_   L(_  _ _aDge ent3,. P._oQ.,_ l..9 1 _! ogpoId  in o a rzge_ed__A
_S,_ *  _ng,........... 
TOAL.. X.XXX X----                                                      
     !I- --------xx----X 
-------    -                                   --- x--------         2048.
          2048. 
25. Materials and supplies analysis: 
Amount (dollars) 
Description of matwrals  Grade  Quantity  Unit  Unit price  Federal funds
 Sponsor's contrlbu-  Tot 
tions 
(1)                (2)     (3)    (4)    (5)        (6)         (7)     
    (8) 
First Aid Kit                  A       1     eft,   5.00       5.00     
                5 .00 
Plantin     tc   trees                              240,                
 240.00        4Y0 
Plan tingP stock- 
-  m-   b_-        - --irda   ....................... ...  480.  -------------..
.  480.00  . 
Planting stock      fish                            120.,               .120.00
       0..00 
tiu 
*psL~tQ2ZQffip~p1     ~----------        -- -------- - P----------.O 
... . .. .. ... .. ... .. ... . .. .. ... . . ... .. ... .. . .. .. . ..
. .. .. I --- - - --- -- --- --  -- --  -. . . . . . ---  - - ----- - ----..
.. .. .. .. .. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ----- - - -
-- - - -   ---------------------- 
-- ----------------- -------  ---  - s----------------  -------  --------------
------------------- --------------------- 
TOTL------, X  X XXX I TOTALX  XI ------ 5   I0___ ___---* ------- 4*----

................................................. Ot direct costs,  ... .
t s  . . Ir  .. ( t  .. in  i). 
. . . ... .. ... .. ... .. ... .. . .. ... .. .. . .. . I. . . . . .  ..
.. . .. ...[  . .. . . . I.. ... .. ...I1  .. . . . .. ... .. .. . .. . ..
.. . .. ...tI... .. ... .. ... .. 
Amutons) 
()(2)                                   (3)          (4) 
0f ji e  and  field  su~ipj4_.l___ .........................................
0  .009o .... 1200~o,00o9_ 
i~m. f - . m. - em. 4;. ¢- --Pr- ' A - . --L-- -- - ------------- t
.,,_.S,__ w i_0 . 
__. a e a r a h .-_tsa l s .... ....---------------------------------------------------.--------------..........
...... . ...... ....... ...... 
T O T A L   ---- -----. -- -- ---.-..-- --.- ---- ---.--.- -- I .... ....
.... .... . .. .... .... .... ... 
 
 

					
				
				
W. PA. Form B01-Continued                                               
                      fooage eT of g~ Pagre 
27. Condensed work schedule and number of man-months each month: (Total man-months
should eqatua column 5, item 23.) 
Average number of workers each month 
Type of workers required  -                                             
                        Man-mo-t-- 
total 
1     2      a     4     5      0     7                 10     11    12 
Unskilled -------------------- --- .,_ 5 _£ _ £ . 5 ---- -- 
6  ...... 5 5  5  5  560 
Intermediate--------- ------ - - - - 
Skilled  ................................ ... .... . . ..... 
Professional and technical                             M7.  - -  -  ...-.
  ___ --7  ---  -          -    3 
Superintendence....... - __ A_...       ---------....--.....--... ---_....
-  ..X  -..           --......   _-___ ... 
TOTAL     . - --- I §t- -ft   -    ;,_ -      -  -   - 
28. Estimate of cost by items of work: 
Quantity    Unit                    Description of operation or feature of
work     Unit price  Amount (dollars) 
(1)       (2)                                 (8).                      
           ()       (675) 
(4) 
-------....--- ..-- ..----   -  ---   -----N e s tin a .- c e u s  -----------------------------------------------------.
.. . .. . . 7 6 7 .0 0 
Plnting__ & oultiyutiug -tee.s and shrubs                           
1534.00 
I   Brn ---          .    .     .      .       .     .     ..sus        
   771.00 
-Winter feeding.. prgrq,                                                
                 864.00 
-   -- -                               -----....-. . . . . . ..---------------------------------------------...............
.........................  1440100 
-       - -  -- -- - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - ------ --. -  - - - - - - - ------ - - - -- -- -  -- - -- -
- -- --- - - 
-------TOTA --os- o----- -RJc (tt- of--  cm-n temo 4,--page----)----- -----------
 ---------------140-------- 
2 . . . . . . . . . . . . F -SeAL  C  ------------ - - - - - --- - - - -.......
........ ... .. . ............... ..... ...... ---------..... 
This---------- is - to .cerify . -contrib---- utions  specifi.........................................d....
in  this-- ................. . p  o  th--s   pro .ect 
ne e...  . . . . . . . . ---- ---  -  -  -                      - _-_  -
__- - - - - -  ----------------   - _----- ----- ......... 
............. . . ..... ....... ....................................................................................................................
.................... .. 
Fis-------al --- o .-  .. B                                             
-                              -e 7 0- 
...... ...... .. .... (Typ.   or ---- --p- -..............................int...................................................
 --e ( a   (T---tle)--  (-------ate)----------- 
-..................................o................................................................................
C- --. 
..........................--..............................................................................................................
..................... 
The--------- s t--   co tie   n  th.  p o   hav   been--------hecked--------by----the----undersigned-------------and----are-----true------to----
 best------------  of--- his ---- 
an- ee....... - t is------   agree   t   th   W r ---o----ess----Admini--------ration------is---under------
no--- obligation---------to----co---  any-   roje................. . T. p

not..cover...work..for..which..local..funds..are..currently...appropriated,....or..work..g..ner...ly.included...in..
no..governmental...op...atio... 
Sponsor----- age ---t  I --------------- - ----------------------------------------------
 -------------------- 
TOTypo COT prin  PRE     of coum 4~~Z~                                  
    ---~ "~orsty  ~ 
..... .....................................................................................................
--  j nj il e 
30.o SOSOIN CERTIFICATE: 
IThe statements contained in this proposal have been checked by the undersigned
and are true to the best of Lis knowledge 
and belief. It is agreed that the Works Progress Administration is under
no obligation to complete any project. This projectwill 
not cover work for which local funds are currently appropriated, or work
generally included in the normal governmental operations 
of sponsoring agency, nor will it result in the displacment of regular employees
of this agency. The work proposed will be done 
in full conformance with all legal requirements. It is understood that Federal
funds will be expended by the United States 
Treasury only upon pay rolls and vouchers certified by the Works Progress
Administration; and that all operations will be in 
accordance with regulations prescribed under the Emergency Relief Act of
1935 and administrative orders and instructons issued 
by the Works Progress Administration. 
Sponsor's agent ..F.L G - ' ils n   - ....... ............................
. ----_-.-.--_   ..... j! Pt Q  ----------- 
 
 

					
				
				
UNIVERSITY Or WISCONSIN 
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 
MADISON, WISCONBIN 
07TMKNT OF AQMRCULTURAL ECONOMICS                        1532 University
Ave. 
May 29. 1936 
Mr. A. M. Kiester 
Works Progress Administration 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Dear Mr. Kiester: 
In accordance with your suggestion, I am sending 
you our carbon copy of the 1935 work project. This will 
enable you to identify it and as I understand it, to determine 
whether there is any chance for a temporary continuance pending 
action on a new application for the period after July 1. I 
would appreciate a word from you as to whether any temporary 
provision can be made. In any event Mr. Hawkins will call on 
you on June 5 for the purpose 6f making out the new application. 
Yours sincerely, 
Aldo Leopold 
Professor of Game Management 
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CONSERVATION PROGRAM 
SUBMITTED BY 
JEFFERSON COUNTY AGRICULTURAL COMMITTEE 
The work program might includd: 
1, Reforestration on county lands, Faville Grove Experimental Area 
and private lands (under an agreement with the owners). The 
plantings should be made with the following in mind: 
a. Erosion oontrol 
b. Farm woodlot demonstration (use of wastelands) 
a* Wildlife food and cover 
do Land beautification 
2. Forest soil type survey--this would prove a far-sighted ste 
toward planning any future planting programs. 
3. Stream impmvvements--restoration of environment suitable for 
fish and other forms of wildlife (erosion would be controlled 
at the same time). 
4. Restoration of early Jefferson County wildlife environment on a 
demonstration scale. 
5. Planting of experimental food patches. 
6. Game nesting census, and building of flushing bars* 
7. Miscellaneous: More specialized jobs by certain qualified workers. 
8. 
The plan calls for a crew of twenty workmen under a foreman, from 
April 15 to June 15. 
At least one truck would be needed for full-time use, not only 
to transport the men, but also to carry materials. 
It would not be feasable to undertake the project on a large 
scale unless a survey of possibilities were made, and a working plan 
drawn up. Certain departments at the University would be willing to 
cooperate in drawing up this plan. 
It would be advisable ind perhaps necessary to have an over- 
head from which to draw, for materials in an erosion project, and for 
certain other expenses. 
The plan is here merely outlined, but it is practical, and in 
accordance with the New Federal Soil Conservation Program. 
JEFFERSON COUNTY AGRICULTURAL COMMITTEE 
(Signed)     Edward Brewin 
W. W. Kinyon 
A. J. Hamann 
 
 

					
				
				
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DULCT       RE   HE 
Mcksi Nurery Cmpan 
MADIONWISCNSI   --WTEROO, ISCNSI 
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SUBJCT O ACEPTNCEAT HE FFIC OFTHEMcKA NUSER CO 
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W. G. M KAY               "CAPITAL STOCK 
PRESIDENT         ! 
W. E.WALKER                                                             
        -                     $125,000.00 
VICE PRESIDENT                                                          W
    " 
W. H. ORMAN 
SECY T  EAS. 
w. H. SPOHN 
. M.   RECTqKA                                                 FOR THEVORTHWES
                    ESABLISHED 1897 
0.RECTOR                                             MAIN OFFICE        NuRSERiES

MADISONWIS.      WATERLOOWIS. 
Apr. 16, 1936 
WE HOLD OURSELVES PREPARED TO REPLACE, ON SATISFACTORY PROOF, ALL STOCK THAT
MAY PROVE UNTRUE TO THE DESCRIPTION UNDER WHICH IT IS SOLD, OR, AT OUR OPTION,

TO REFUND THE AMOUNT PAID THEREFOR, BUT WE SHALL IN NO CASE BE LIABLE FOR
ANY SUM GREATER THAN THE AMOUNT ORIGINALLY RECEIVED FOR SAID NURSERY STOCK.

Mr. A. S. Hawkins 
Faville Grove Wild Life Area 
Lake Mills, Wisconsin 
Dear Mr. Hawkins: 
Not having heard from you since you picked up 
the landscape plan for the school project, we 
are wondering if the School Board wants us to 
place the order and go ahead with the proposi- 
tion. 
Please let us hear at your earliest convenience 
what decision has been made. 
Yours very truly, 
MO KAY NURSERY OMPAIY, 
Landscape       Architect. 
EAP 
BB 
 
 

					
				
				
.  KCAPITAL STOCK 
W. E. M  APRESIDENT 
w.E.WALKER                                                     $125,000.00

VICE PRIESIO ENT                     SA S  /D  R   O         12,000 
W H, GORMAN 
W. HSI'OFIN 
EIR A CTOD 
J. M. MC KARECTOR                     FOR THE NORTHWEST     ESTABLISHED 1897

MAIN OFFICE  NURSERI ES 
MADISON,WIS.  WATERLOOWIS. 
WE HOLD OURSELVES PREPARED TO REPLACE, ON SATISFACTORY PROOFs ALL STOCK THAT
MAY PROVE UNTRUE TO THE DESCRIPTION UNDER WHICH IT IS SOLD, OR, AT OUR OPTION,

TO REFUND THE AMOUNT PAID THEREFOR, BUT WE SHALL IN NO CASE BE LIABLE FOR
ANY SUM GREATER THAN THE AMOUNT ORIGINALLY RECEIVED FOR SAID NURSERY STOCK.

Faville Grove School District 
Lake Mills, Wisconsin 
Attention: SchoolBoard 
Coooerating with U' of W. 
Gentlemen: 
For the purpose of landscaping and developing the Faville Grove 
School grounds as a model school property, the McKay Nursery Cor- 
pany is hereby furnishing a landscape plan and will furnish free 
the nursery stock necessary to carry out the designated planting 
this spring. 
In consideration thereof, we would suggest that you follow and 
carry out the following instructions to the best of your ability 
in the preparation of the ground, the planting of the stock, and 
the after care that it should receive: 
First: Receive and heel in said nursery stock when notified by 
the YcKay Nursery Company that said nursery stock is ready for 
delivery. Said nursery stock can be heeled in a garden or some 
adjacent field until ready to plant. 
Second: Plow up the entire school grounds and properly grade and 
level them before any nursery stock is planted. After the work 
connected with the nursery stock is completed, the land will again 
be disced and harrowed snd seeded with a standard mixture of grass 
seed. 
Third: Follow the planting plan in laying out the planting oper- 
ations. 
Fourth: Dig holes of sufficient size to properly accept the par- 
ticular plant without crowding the roots. 
Fifth: If any of the soils are poor and not favorable to good 
plant growth, to haul out the old soil and refill the holes with 
good fertile corn land soil. In that case the holes rill have to 
be dug about two to three feet (2-3') wide and eighteen to twenty- 
four inches (18-2411) deep and refilled rith nev soil. 
 
 

					
				
				
Faville Grove School District                      February -,1936 
Lake 111ills, Wisconsin                            Page #2 
Sixth: Plant the stock properly, filling the holes with water tro 
or three times before finally leveling them off. 
Seventh: Cut baxck approximately one-third of the top growth of 
each olant at time of planting. 
Eighth: Immediately after planting, spade up the beds completely 
to a depth of four or five inches. 
Ninth: Scatter one or two loads of manure to a depth of two or 
three inches on top of the spaded ground throughout the bed of 
Thirty Honeysuckle 11orrowi along the west side of the grounds. The 
purose of this being to further fertilize the soil and conserve 
moisture in that bed, it being adjacent to a, row of large elm trees 
whose roots rill feed rather heavily on this soil. 
Tenth: Spade up these beds once a month thereafter throughout the 
rest of the summer in order to keep a soil mulch for moisture con- 
servation. 
Eleventh: Should it turn dry and hot for an extended period of 
time during July and August, haul in water to help keep plants 
alive. 
Twelfth: Set up in a conspicuous position on the grounds a "credit 
sign" of the McKay Nursery Company and be reasonably diligent in 
watching it that it is not defaced or removed. We will furnish this 
sign later. 
Thirteenth: Instruct the teacher of said school to be reasonably 
diligent in warning and watching the children that they do not break 
or harm the above planting for the first year or two until it gets 
established. 
Fourteenth: After the first summer the beds should be spaded two 
or three times per year for the general good growth of the planting. 
Fifteenth: Apply further fertilizer from time to time on any parts 
of the grounds where the plants do not seem to be growing up to oar. 
Very truly yours, 
MC KAY MURSERY COMPANY 
 
 

					
				
				
!C 
W. G. MD HAYCAILSTC 
PRESIDENT                                                         CPM  rC

W. E. WALKER 
vIce PRESIDENT                            7'  AV),R WJ  f$150          .0

W. H. GORMIAN$15000 
S EC-TR E.S 
O. H SAROm 
J. NI. NICAY                                                        ESTARLISHED
/897 
DI RECTOR 
....   MAIN OFFICE      NURSERI ES 
MADISON,WIS.  WATERLOOIWIS. 
WE HOLD OURSELVES PREPARED TO REPLACEO, ON SATISFACTORY PROOF, ALL STOCKTHAT
MAY PROVE UNTRUE TOTHE DESCRIPTION UNDER WHICH IT IS SOLD, OR, AT OUR OPTION,

TO REFUND THE AMOUNT PAID THEREFOR, BUT WE SHALL IN NO CASE BELIABLE FOR
ANY SUM GREATER THAN THE AMOUNT ORIGINALLY RECEIVED FORSAID NURSERY STOCK.

Sentember 16, 1935 
r. A. S. Favins 
F ille Grove ,.ildlife Area 
Lake ""ills, "isconsin 
Dear  r. Hawkins: 
Te have your favor of the 7th. I would m-nreciate it 
if you vould a dvise at once if you rill arrange to 
propery -olant and will arrange to see that the planting 
is nronerly taken care of on the nronosed contribution 
of stock for the school. 
Our Lsndscaoe Architect is very busy at this season of 
the year and re would like to have an understanding 
regarding the above. Te then rill -rrange to send our 
Landscane Architect over to look the school over. 
Kindly let us hear from you promotly. Address your 
corresnondence to '"-dison, Zicconsin. 
Very truly yours, 
MCKA~ YPS     C0i A "Y 
Jo., 
President 
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W. G. M- KAY                                                     CAP/TAL
STOCK 
W. E. WALHER  $1?5,000. 00 
VICE PRESIDENT                             41OG9,,1 $Z5000 
W, H, Go RMAN 
H. SF   P EA.                           ,           8) 
4. M. M   RT                            FoR THE NORTH  EsT     ESTABLISHED
/897 
01RECTOR 
=  _ MAIN OFFICE      NURSERIES 
MAOISONWIS.  WATERLOOWIS. 
WE HOLD OURSELVES PREPARED TO REPLACE, ON SATISFACTORY PROOF, ALL STOCKTHAT
MAY PROVE UNTRUE TOTHE DESCRIPTION UNDER WHICH IT IS SOLD, OR, AT OUR OPTION,

TO REFUND THE AMOUNT PAID THEREFOR, BUT WE SHALL IN NO CASE SE LIABLE FOR
ANY SUM GREATER THAN THE AMOUNT ORIGINALLY RECEIVED FOR SAID NURSERY STOCK.

Augu.st 29, 1935 
MTr. A. S. Hawkins 
Route #1 
Lake Mills, Wis. 
Dear Mr. Hawkins: 
Replying to your letter of the 13th instant. The writer 
wa.s away on a vacation, hence the delay in making reply. 
We rill have our Landscape Architect, when he harrens through 
Lake Mills, call on you and look over the school referred to 
in your letter. 
We understand that you would expect us to draw the plan and 
suprly the nursery stock, the University to do the planting 
and give the nursery stock the necessary care. It would be 
useless to plant out nursery stock unless it received con- 
tinuous care. 
7e would feel that, in case we carry out this program, it 
would be only just and fair that we be allowed to put up a 
small decorative sign stating that the landscaping and 
nursery stock were contributed by the 'cKay Nursery Comroany. 
We would be glad to hear from you further and if the above 
meets your approval we will have our landscape architect 
look over the school grounds and decide what might be done. 
Very truly yours, 
MC KAY NUSERY 001TANY 
President 
 
 

					
				
				
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W. G. Mq KAY                                                            
hbilCAPITAL STOCK 
w  PkgSWALER                                                            
     "          $125,000.00 
E WALK ER ESIREN                                              GRQ0WE   fOP
0/SOO 
VICE PRESIDENT                                                      ) 
W. H. GORMAN 
SZCY,.TREAS S'.                                     LA  ll5 
W. H. SPOH N 
DIRECTOR 
DIRECTOR                                       MAIN OFFICE      NURSERIES

MADISONWIS.    WATERLOOWJS. 
WE HOLD OURSELVES PREPARED TO REPLACE, ON SATISFACTORY PROOF, ALL STOCKTHAT
MAY PROVE UNTRUE TOTHE DESCRIPTION UNDERWHICH IT IS SOLD, OR, AT OUR OPTION,

TO REFUND THE AMOUNT PAID THEREFOR, BUT WE SHALL IN NO CASE BE LIABLE FOR
ANY SUM GREATER THAN THE AMOUNT ORIGINALLY RECEIVED FOR SAID NURSERY STOCK.

September 18, 1935 
} r. A. S. Hawins 
Fpvi!le (rove     Trildlife Ares. 
Take   .ills,     isconsin 
Deaxr IT. Hawkins: 
1e have your letter of the 17th and our Landscaoe 
Architect, Yr. F. A. Petrsnek, will rlan on                  seeing 
yTou Tuesdsav morning, Senteraber 24th, at pbout 9:00 
A. 
VWil   you please avise bv return n.l just where I r- 
Petranek     is to meet you, giving us detailed instructions? 
Very truly yours, 
IC YAY NITL.77F7     CO! PANTy 
Secretary 
 
 

					
				
				
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UNIVERSITY Or WISCONSIN 
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 
MADIBON. WISCONSIN 
DEPARTMENT OF ASRIOULTURAL ECONOMICS                                    
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COLLEEIT OF IAMUCLTRN 
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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL 9CONOMIOU 
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LWDVI Formn No. 10 
WISCONSIN EMERGENCY RELIEF ADMINISTRATION 
WORK DIVISION 
Requisition For Workers 
DAT- 
FROM MA&A0                    MADJ7RA        jEcT No3AJOLAEQUISITION
No.         . 
(LclGv         r ental  it 
To              --    -    -     -   -    -L                            
 W    DVSION 
(Work Secretary)                            (Relief 0It) 
supply workers for the following: 
MAN WEEKS SEX 
OCCUPATION             OF   M.          PLACE TO REPORT     TIME TO REPORT
 DATE TO REPORT 
24 HoURs oR 
4     F. 
(1)               34  (2)  (3)            (4)                 (6)       
 (6) 
----------------      - - -- ------ A--- -- -------- -------------------
---       ---- 
-------------------------------------- ------------------ ----------------------
---------------------- 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. .- - - 
------------------------------------------------------------------ 
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.............................----------------- 
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............................................................... ------- ------.--.-----------------------.........................................................--.--...-.

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........................          ....------------------------- ...--..................................................---..--.----------------------------------------

.............................------------------------ ----------   ------
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2 FOx LOCAL 
GOVERNMENTAL  UNIT                                          ......."For
Uni of Gover nment  .&* 
 
 

					
				
				
Examined  by ------------------------ 
Page 1 
L.W.D. Form 1A 
Political Unit _- Relie Unit 
Type of Project ......      I. No.. 
Date of approval                       -   signatuxeAPPRO VE            
                                           Director 
(Approving o~ser. W    k Div~soon Mtt. flmirge  y~ Reliet         D~iitaY
i 
(APPLICANT WILL NOT WRITB ABOVE THE LINE) 
Application for Approval of Work Project 
WISCONSIN EMERGENCY RELIEF ADMINISTRATION 
WORK DIVISION 
Date of application         _    _ 
1. Application is hereby made: 
.By: Local Governmental Unit,                                           
                          ----------------- 
To: State Emergency Relief Administration of Wisconsin 
For approval of the project herein described, under the rules and regulations
of the Work Division of the Federal and 
Wisconsin Emergency Relief Administrations. It is recognized by the applicant
that the approval of this project dos 
not constitute a mandatory claim for labor by the Governmental Unit. 
2. Name of local relief unit affected                                   
    -------------------------------------- 
8.  Type  of  project  -----------0-1.----.          ----. ------------------------------------..............

(Work, Administrative, Tool Wid Sundry, or Other, Specify) 
4. Description and location of proposed pro   iec        .J      -_     
                            _ 
- - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - -  - - - - -- -  - - - - 
In accordance with attached plans 
and specifications prepared by -..                                      
                  ----------------- 
(Name and title) 
This project to be supervised by __                           -         
          -..------------- 
(Name and title of responsible 1cal governmental oflcer) 
Estimates by        Approved by 
6. Proposed method of financing:                                        
           Local Gov. Unit      State E.R.A. 
(a) Emergency Relief Administration Funds (Total of $6) ---------------------
$           ..        . ---- 
(b )  L o ca l  F u n d s  -_  -- Yn2. 4_;, _ -Y                 . . ....
. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . ..     . 
(Other than reliefuds-  . 
(-------------------------------- -----------------------------------   
                     ---      - 
(d )  - - - -- - - -- - - - - - - -- - - - - -- -- - - - -- - - - - - - -
-- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- --- --.. .. .. -  -- - -- - - -. .. . ..
.. ...--   - - - - - - 
(e) -----------------------     -   ---------------------------------$----------------
----------- 
M    --------------------------------------------------- ----- -------- 
     $ ----------------- 
TOTAL COST OF PROJECT ---------------------------------.--.4......... 
For Governmental 
Unit 
 
 

					
				
				
Page 2 
ESTIMATED COSTS 
6. Labor cost 
OCCUPATION                       AvemgeNo.          RATEI 
(t4-t each group an kind of labor as clasjled in the IndU~tr;ta  If WV kere
 MAN-  PER  TOTAL COST 
Co   ins Wage Rate Schedule)     ....            II OURS   HUR 
+     (2)      (8)     () 
-----------------------------------                      ------    -    -------
----- 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

............. ----                                     ------          -----------------------------

7  Summary of Labor Costs: 
(a) E-mergencyR-li Admi-itrat  Fund- ---------- ---------- -------------
------- 
()---------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------$--------------

TOTAL LABOR COST               -------------------------------------------------$

 
 

					
				
				
-WNCONSIN EMERGENCY RELIEF ADMINISTRATION 
WORK DIVISION 
Project Personnel 
T6 YAZAdA,~.t~A~~I.                                    DATE - 
FRMLA-4  f --- ------------- W---ORK DIVISION 
(Work Secretary)                       (Relief Unit)  4 
assigned             so.        . .  . 
The following workers have been _rd r to Project No. E v fr----. --- -.--..

Sim 
NAME OF EMPLOYEE      M, or  CA=      EMpw.Oy  AS   MAX. Has.  RAT  MAY-
MONr 
(Give ist              ~nFirs)  F.  N zm  (Occu.ti         Han )A  mo 
,--------------- --          ------.-- ..........          .. .....  ...------

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---    ----------------------------------------------- -   --.-----  - ---
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..... .1 
' FOR LocAL 
Gov. umT                                                   .. &u- 
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -  -- - - - - - - -
-- - -   - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - -- -
- - - - - - - - 
 
 

					
				
				
1.tw.&) irm ALA. 
WISCONSIN EMERGENCY RELIEF ADMINISTRATION 
WORK DIVISION 
Project Personnel 
To 'P                                                         DATE---------

FROM'd                                                O ....K  DMSION 
(Work Secretary)                         (    Rel i  it) 
The following workers have been vn edtO Project          f.....--------------

SEX 
NAME OF EMPLOYEE        M. or  CASB        EMPLOYED AS    MAX. Hs. RAT  MAX.
Mowrm 
(Give Last Name First)  F.  NUMalD        (Occupation)   Ps  Mo.  Pin Ha.
 EAWza 
(2)                     ()             (4)           (5)    (G)      (7)

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- -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - --            
    -- - - - - - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   -
- - - - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
F  o-- - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - -
- - - - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
 
 

					
				
				
Industrial Commission 
WERA Form 1 
STATE OF WISCONSIN 
WERA-Industrial Commission 
1 W. Wilson St., Madison, Wis. 
Local Admin. Case No.                                                   
            Disability Report 
State Office Case No. 
1. Local Admin. -------------------------Project 
Employer    2. Office Address 
City or town -------------------------County 
3. Location of place where accident occurred 
4. Name of foreman 
Place       5. Witnesses:                              Addresses: 
6. Date of accident, the -----------day of ----------------------------------19
      at 
So'clock ---- M. 
7. Name of Injured person 
8. Identification No. 
9. Address: Street and No. 
City or Town 
Injured    10. Sex -------------Age ----------Married or Single 
Person     11. Occupation (type of work performed when injured) 
12. Assignment of hours per month 
13. Number of hours already worked this month 
14. Hourly wage rate -----------daily wage rate ------------weekly wage rate

15. Length of service 
16. Did injured receive full wages for day of injury? 
17. Describe fully how injury occurred 
Cause 
of 
Injury     18. Name of machine, tool or appliance in connection with which
injury occurred, if any 
19. Part of machine on which injury occurred 
20. Nature of injury (describe fully what part of body affected and result)

Nature 
and        21. Was member or part of member lost? 
Extent of  22. Did injury cause loss of time? 
Injury         If "yes" when did lost time begin  -------------------------------------------193---

23. Has injured returned to work9 
If "yes" on what date ---------------------- 193.... (yes or no)

24. Was medical attention provided? 
If "yes" on what date  -----------------------------------------------------193___

25. Physician 
(name)                                     (address) 
26. Hospital 
(name)                                      (adilress) 
Dated ---------------------------------19.... Signed 
Official title 
Address 
Instructions: Fill in all blanks. Use reverse side for additional information.
Fill out and send in this report (even if you consider 
injury to be trivial) to Local Works Secretary. 
 
 

					
				
				
Industrial Commission 
WERA Form I 
STATE OF WISCONSIN 
WERA-Industrial Commission 
1 W. Wilson St., Madison, Wis. 
Local Admin. Case No.                                                   
            Disability Report 
State Office Case No. 
1. Local Admin. -------------------------Project 
Employer    2. Office Address 
City or town -------------------------County 
3. Location of place where accident occurred 
4. Name of foreman 
Place       5. Witnesses:                              Addresses: 
6. Date of accident, the -----------day of ----------------------------------19
      at 
So'clock ---- M. 
7. Name of Injured person 
8. Identification No. 
9. Address: Street and No. 
City or Town 
Injured    10. Sex -------------Age ----------Married or Single 
Person     11. Occupation (type of work performed when injured) 
12. Assignment of hours per month   --------------------------------------------------

13. Number of hours already worked this month-- 
14. Hourly wage rate -----------daily wage rate ------------weekly wage rate

15. Length of service 
16. Did injured receive full wages for day of injury? 
17. Describe fully how injury occurred 
Cause 
of 
Injury     18. Name of machine, tool or appliance in connection with which
injury occurred, if any 
19. Part of machine on which injury occurred 
20. Nature of injury (describe fully what part of body affected and result)

Nature 
and        21. Was member or part of member lost?  ---------------------------------------------

Extent  of  22.  Did  injury  cause  loss  of  tim e?  ---------------------------------------------------------

Injury         If "yes" when did lost time begin  -------------------------------------------193---

23. Has injured returned to work? 
If "yes" on what date ----------------------193.... (yes or no)

24. Was medical attention provided? 
If "yes" on what date  -----------------------------------------------------193.--

25. Physician     -------------------------------------------------------------------

(name)                                     (address) 
26. Hospital-  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

(name)                                     (address) 
Dated ---------------------------------19..... Signed 
Official title 
Address    ------------------------------------- 
Instructions: Fill in all blanks. Use reverse side for additional information.
Fill out and send in this report (even if you consider 
injury to be trivial) to Local Works Secretary. 
 
 

					
				
				
Industrial Commission 
WERA Form 3 
STATE OF WISCONSIN 
WERA Industrial Commission 
1 W. Wilson St., Madison, Wisconsin 
ATTENDING PHYSICIAN'S REPORT 
Local Admin. Case No .... 
State Office Case No. 
1.  N am e  of  injured  person  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Present address---------------------------- 
3. Identification Number ............. 
4. On what project injured   ------------------------------------------------------------------

5. Date of accident --------------------------- 19 .... at -------- M. 
BC- Was first treatment rendered by you? ----------- When? ...........................

7. If not, by whom ---------------------------Address ................ 
8. When did you first treat claimant? ----------------------- Last treatment?
.... 
9. Who engaged your services? 
10. Was injured person removed to hospital? --------Name and address of hospital

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

11. State in patient's own words how the accident occurred 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

12. Give an accurate and complete description of the nature and extent of
the injury (State your objective find- 
in g s )  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - --- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

13. Is the claimant's present disability a result of the injury above described?
............. 
14. In your opinion was the accident as above described a competent producing
cause of the injury sustained? 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

15. Will injury result in (a) Permanent defect? ----------- If so, what?
---------------------------------- 
(b)  Facial or  head  disfigurem ent?  ----------------------------------------------

16. Is there any history or evidence present of pre-existing injury or disease,
and if so, what? ....... 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(Let your answer be specific) 
17. On what date do you think the injured person will be able to resume his
usual work? 
18.  On  what date  able  to  do  any  kind  of work? .....................................

19. I am a physician duly licensed in the State of Wisconsin, and graduated
in the year --------- from --------- 
---------------------------Medical College. 
-- ------------------------------Attending Physician 
Dated  -.. .-_---            .193__            Address  .......... 
This blank must be signed personally by the attending physician or if it
be a hospital case it may be signed by the superintendent 
if he is a registered physician, and has knowledge of the facts. 
 
 

					
				
				
Industrial Commission 
WERA Form 8 
STATE OF WISCONSIN 
WERA Industrial Commission 
1 W. Wilson St., Madison, Wisconsin 
ATTENDING PHYSICIAN'S REPORT 
Local Admin. Case  No .................. 
State Office Case No ............. 
1.  N am e  of  injured  person  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Present address---------------------------- 
3.  Identification  N um ber  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. On what project injured   -----------------------------------------------------------------

5. Date of accident ---------------------------  19    at-------- M. 
6. Was first treatment rendered by you? ----------When? 
7. If not, by whom ---------------------------   Address .............................

8. When did you first treat claimant? ---------------------  Last treatment?
-------------------------- 
9 .  W h o  e n g a g e d  y o u r  serv ice s  ?  . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
10. Was injured person removed to hospital? --------Name and address of hospital
------------------------ 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

11. State in patient's own words how the accident occurred 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

12. Give an accurate and complete description of the nature and extent of
the injury (State your objective find- 
in g s )) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -. I.- .- - -
- - - - - - - --- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

13.  Is  the  claim ant's  present  disability  a  result  of  the  injury
 above  described?  ------------------------------- 
14. In your opinion was the accident as above described a competent producing
cause of the injury sustained? 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
---------------- 
15. Will injury result in (a) Permanent defect? ----------- If so, what?

(b)  Facial or  head  disfigurement?  ----------------------------------------------

16. Is there any history or evidence present of pre-existing injury or disease,
and if so, what? ---------------- 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(Let your answer be specific) 
17. On what date do you think the injured person will be able to resume his
usual work? 
18.  On  what date  able  to  do  any  kind  of  work? ..................................

19. I am a physician duly licensed in the State of Wisconsin, and graduated
in the year --------- from --------- 
-------------------------Medical College. 
 -------------------------------Attending Physician 
Da.                    .    -193-             Address 
This blank must be signed personally by the attending physician or if it
be a hospital case it may be signed by the superintendent 
if he is a registered physician, and has knowledge of the facts. 
 
 

					
				
				
Page 8 
. Teamt, Truaks, and Other Major Equipment expense: 
CAPACITY RENTAL   HOURS   TOTAL COST 
KIND OP EQUIPMENT                    RATE.   DAYS 
DO NOT    OR 
(Group small tools and sundries under one charge.  INCLUDE  WEEKS 
List all other Equipment separately) (1)  OPERATOR OF USE 
_ _  __(  (3)  (4)      (5) 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------- 
---------------------------------------- ------- --'- -7------ ---------------------

Ttl----------------------------     ---       --       -     -  --- 
Totl--------------------------------------------------I---- 
9. Materials 
List each lan~d of material separately  UIT OF  NUMBER  UIJ~T  TOTALC(OST

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ __MEASURE  OF UNITS  PRICE 
F7----r-X---------------------------------------- ------------------- 
------------------------------ ------------ ------------ ------ 
---------------------------------- 
-- -    -  ---------------------------------- - ---------------- 
S-- - - - -- - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - -- ,-
- - - - - 
Total  ----------------------------------.-------------        2 Lq 00 
10. Other direct costs. 
(Describe any other, direct cost not included in Nos. 8, 9)  TOTAL COST 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------ -------- 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------- 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------ -------- 
T o t al.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .- -  - - - - - - - - - - - -
 - - - - - - - - 
 
 

					
				
				
Page 4 
1L Summary of Cost 
Labor  cost  (Total of N um ber  7) -------------------------------------------------
-- --.... 
Equipm ent  Expense  (Total of  N unber  8) .....................................................

M aterials  (T otal  of  N um h f :    _- .-.. ................---- ......-
---............................. 
Other Costs  (Total of Number  10) ---------------- I ---------       - 
           -------             -     -------- 
T O T A L   --- ----------  -- --- - - .... .... .... .... ....   -------------------------------.....
  - ---...---- 
12. The following questions must be answered: 
(a) Is this an uncompleted project under another program? ---------------------------------------------------

If so, give jurisdiction aind projeef identification  +                 
            Date started .............. 
(b)  If  not, when  will plans  be  ready?  ------.-          -------------------------------------------------

(c) How soon can work be started? --------- 7- - 
(d) Estimated number of weeks to complete project --------- 
(e) Is this project part of a larger plan or program? (Explain) --- _X  
                                     ... x__ 
18. Of the above  estimated  coat the...                            ---_,-_
*. _.-              - -  - -  ....... 
(Name of local governmental unit) 
is prepared to furnish when needed 
(Amunat of cash or value of mterial or services) 
This application is based on a careful estimate of the cost of the project
and is in accordance with the rules of the 
Federal and Wisconsin Emergency Relief Administrations. The work contemplated
is not included in the current 
budget.                        ,         ,, 
Acowedged by.                                               Signed ------
-                        Unit) 
...... --                 -------                            Tl e-      
                               0 
P. 0. Address------ 
AJrQ 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
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A Wildlife History of Faville Grove 
- I+ 
Arthur S. HawkinsW 
s of ear             Wisconsin gave little  *a to+ t*ldli 
re"  u    s ef te the iagination. Ooheen outaM    thent~     o~ 
uearliest records, dating back several centuiies, come not from 
Swritings, but from animal remains brought to light by archeological exaa~tion.

.xplor.rs, in their journals, have given us the earliest written infoation

about iwildlife. Muc~h later came the surveyors, some of whom geve ezcellent

I    accounts of the vegetation which they found a century ago. During the
pioneer- 
i.ng perid came letters, newspapers, and in a few cases jo~urnals, some of
*hic 
refer to the fauna or flora. Luckily the early pioneers inlcluded a few out

standing naturalists. Fortunately, to, some of the early settlers wh 
appreciated nature are still alive and can             'they saw to those
w 
will listen. 
The wildlife history of aville Grove     ..begin  with the anial bones taken

from the ruins of ancient Aztalan, oldest known Indian ciization in Wisconuin.

These bones, plus original land survey notes and such notable natural history

publications as those of  lien (1), Hoy (2). Cory (3), a Kin    (4), hve

greatly enriched the background for this paper. 
Sinc 1933 the University of Wisconsin has codce tu dies in wllf 
netn        (5),,/  feein (....) roen  daag   (9,";api        ebid 
  () 
#, 
 
 

					
				
				
-2- 
Much of the information here set forth is based on the recollections of 
early settlers in the Lake Mills area. To the members of these pioneer families

who enduredmn hours of questioning, I am ver7 grateful. I am especially 
indebted to Mr. Stoughton W. Faville, whose activities as a farmer-naturalist

began in the early sixties and without whose patient cooperation this paper

could not have been written. To Mr. John Hooper, whose journal and recollections

date back half a century, to Professor Aldo Leopold for his critical reading

of the mascript, to Dr. John T. Curtis for his suggestions concerning the

section on plants, and to Dr. A. W. Schorger for his suggestions concerning

the section on animals, I am also greatly indebted. 
Area Studied 
This report deals principally with 10 farms (2400 acres) now within the 
Faville Grove Wildlife Area. The area lies on the west bank of the Crawfish

River in the towns of Waterloo, ilford, and Lake Mills. Events of particular

importance, however, are traced for a larger area, roughly 10 miles in radius.

 
 

					
				
				
-3. 
C        in the Landscae, lS13-1939 
I have attempted to trace .the major alterations in the landscape from 
the days when the first settlers arrived to the present. Most pronounced
is. 
the change from no cultivation in 1S38 to almost complete cultivation in
1938. 
Agricul ture has maodifi ed every feature of the landscape, as is shown in
Table I. 
o  -F         1:  res21 show the parts ofFaville Grove in which these revisions
took 
plac kehe most important of x      are discussed in detail under the following

captions. 
Forests vs. OakOpenines 
Reference is made, in the following discussion, to "forests" and
to opn 
Both areas were more or less tree-covered. Forests, asAhere used, means a

rather dense stand made up of numerous tree and shrub species. T~he closed
cnp 
cast a shade too dense for sod; hence the ground cover was composed of nueros,'

herbaceous spec ies. The trees, being crowded., produc4straight and clean
boles. 
Openings were characterized by scattered trees and little or no us 
A heavy grass sod covered the ground. The trees had little competition from

their neighbors; hence spread outward rather than upward. Many gnarledbace

covered the massive boles. Old timers say that in the openings deer could
be 
easily chased on horseback, but the forest was too dese to see deer at an
  d 
much less cha s them on horseback. 
The forests near Javille Grove contained elm, ash, basswood, hcory    bl

cherry, oaks, soft and hard maple, ironwood., black walnut and aspen, but
the 
openings had. mainly bur, white and black oaks, a few hickori, and clump
 of 
red cedars on the gravelly knolls. 
A~ c entury ago *..- east &WA-.of the Crawf  a Riv er was a f ores t;
teWs 
an            .... , Since t e mzrimm width of the Crawfish River is 
- ads with similr terrain on both sides, the question arises:           
            e 
:+:+ +i,, 
 
 

					
				
				
Table 1 - Comparison between the 1939 and the 
19398 landscape at Faville Grove 
Per cent in     Per cent in 
Te                             183             193 
Oak openings                                         2 
Prairies                           -4                9 
Ts                                  11               1 
Acid bogs                            3          p05 
Sloughs and potholes                 2               1.5** 
Forests                              1               3 
Thickets                             1                * 
Agricultural land                   0              80** 
100             100 
*Gra,ee 
*Partily grazed 
A 
+  ++ ++ + + ++ +  'N 
++++ k 
++  *  * +         .  *++ +++ .N+               N 
+++ + +  +  +++  ++   +  i + il. .. . . ..... ..  . ...... 
+ i    ++  ++ ++  ++'+++  +++>++++  + +  *+++++   ** +  +  ++++ +  ++
+  ......  ++     +  + ++N  N++ + 
...N                                                                    
   N + ++++ +   +  ++  ++  + +    + + :   5! + 
+  +++  +5+++++  +++ ++ ++++  + +  ++  +++ . ...+  +  + * + . .    .. ...
..*++  +++++  . ..++ N'++++N+ 
+++...    : +++ :++   ++  +   ++ +++   - ++++++   ++  +  +++  + + ++++p+
 ++++++'N'  N  " 
++ +        +  : + + +: s + + : +    + + +  +  + +    + +   u +  +  +  +++
 * +  ++ + + ++ + : +: ++  +   + ++NN K@   + 3+f      N 
N+/+  N+>  N+5+  *  ,                                N'N'*+>+ -  +
 +++  + +  ++++  +  + ++++  ++  +   2 > ++  × 
4  N                                'N                'NN  +++  N  - 
NN'                   .......            N NNNN .....    'N'++ '+ +++ 
 
 

					
				
				
Fire is at least a partial answer. Large upland prairies lie to the 
west of Faville Grove. Periodically these prairies burned, and the fires

swept unchecked until stopped by natural barriers. The Crawfish River flows

at right angles to the prevailing westerly winds of the fire season; hee
n 
formed a natural barrier (         ). 
Of the tree species indigenous to this region, only mature oaks can witbr-

stand the heat of a prairie fire. Evidently this characteristic accounted

for the original establishment of oak openings. The role of fire can be de-

oak 
duced from -uerous/openings which have been protected against fire. These

fire-protected areas are of three types, (1) east sides of north-south 
streams, (2) "islands" which were never burned because of surrounding
fire- 
barriers, (3) areas which once burned but have been fire-free for nearly
a 
century. 
The forests east of the Crawfish seem to owe their existence to the fire

barrier presented by the river. Dr. John T. Curtis has found a similar 
forest along the east banks of the Rock and Fox rivers. Both have openings

on their west banks. 
Farmer's Island (see F1_4 ,) and Eagle Island (near Rook Lake) aeforests

which lay-west of the river, and hence in the path of prairie fires, but
te 
former was protected by a tamarack swamp, and the latter by a swamp and lake.

Both have the rich forestA characteristic of the east bank of the Crawfish.

Certain species found east of the river are lacking, however. One of these,

wahoo (       s),is extremely palatable to deer and rabbits andmasy have
been 
eliminated by over-browsing          heavy concent rations of gea 
4 Isd after fire had removed food from the surrouding area. The abse 
of another, prickly ash (hnthoxlum) can not be explained bn go     sof  
 e 
e.                      ..). 
... 
 
 

					
				
				
-o ema&n~na dam was built at Milford which flJoode about one-tenth 
Nof the Crawfish prairie. 12he other nine-tenths was affected by the hig~her

water table thus established and many prairie plants were drowned. 
WhnAmel-e*4- prices rose, the farmers decied that too much land 
was being was ted,-V flooding, so they had the dam removed., about 1683.

As the prairie dried out the grasses and sedges, willows and aspens, which

had gained a foothold after the prairie plants had drowned., spread rather
than 
retruated. About 1900, according to Mr. Otto Lang, large willow and aspen

thickets dotted the prairie. Some of these thikets have since been grubbed
out 
The most seriou~s damage to the prairie kmv ocuv5 during apeke-fL 
dry years *en farmers, apmsWforgetting that a wet spell will cane their 
efforts, break new prairie sod or pasture their cattle in new places. Wet

springs dis'courage these optimistic attempts. Wet summers prevent mowing.

Fellowing years when mowing is impossible, the prairie is burned to remove
, 
the dead grass. 
What effect has continued mowing on prairie plants?~ Even before the dam

was reoved, mowing was possible on the higher spots, if the horses were shod

witli marsh shoes to prevent miring. At present very little of the prairie

is left unmowed except da~ring wet years. I~t is reasona.ble to suppose that
the 
Th large permanent pastures which today border-the prairie are Caad 
thistle nurseries which provide a ready supply of seed to innocltp 4h newly

brokena   vir lands. .-A   I.1v 
Smtimes the farmer is not satisfied with the native grasses so he plats 
red. top, bluegrass, timothy or canary grass ll of xh4    compete with adotl

crow  out the native grasses.                             N 
 
 

					
				
				
I             A 
as a wri thing serpent. Costan wafr is beig wgdbetween nativegase 
and rr wildflowers on one side and inrdcen native wed on th*thr 
yeas.esecill 136, favored weeds and the moe tylly hg rii 
plan 84   rttlsnae mate (Bng) bu th  e umrof13 ruh 
eH                                           re 
C,,"7AIt 
A-A~~ Lorli 
Amorpha cnescens   imofa-aecn 
Andrpogo scoariu   gonfars, 
Aslpa ueoa tptsoru 
Botlu utpnCa             BtlSnb 
C-      iti   cros          a     u   s 
Peaotmmpup
	
				
Aeand dredge account for the shrinkage of man a tamrc      swamp in 
southern Wisconsin. Ulke cutting, howeer    driag     as occasionally 
created rather than destroyedI tamarack swamps. One excellent exampl of,

th~e creation of a tamarack swm by dringei the Gooe. Pond tsee 
It is c~ale Gos Pond because it once was a pond and geese once nested 
there. In 1954  ±1 rioa7nte~ated running a lietruhthe Goose 
Pond, but gave up when they "cou1dntt hit bottom." Mr. Faville
remebr 
that the. GosPn   in 1870 consisted of a ring of opnwater surudn        
a 
treeless floating Iuland of spanmad heaths. 
Tamraksbegan to spring up shortly after the pond was drained about 
1970. Toda, a dense stand of tamaracks coers what was one h      floating

bog. The stand La less dense~ than before the r~eet dogthwvr           o

in places aples and other tree an   rs   species ae   ecoahnao       h 
It will be not) tht the rmining tmarack swmsat Faville 
Grove suffered heavily through cutting and. draining. 
The general lowering of the water-table, already mentioecmid 
with athrog program of tiling, casdh         drying ou of nmru       ml 
-upland po-oe-   ne of these,4z   %a   h  RgedPac                 a 
wet eog ftthat a boat was ne.edd to retrieve themn duck         shtWit. 
Mr.Favll reemera that pitchr plants once grw in bZ59*P"h 
and that uk    nested there. Evidetl    the rawe    acAaste          yia

acid bog 
Draiageabot10,bogtahaysado                   awesadntls 
 
 

					
				
				
The farmer, in an effort to combat these weeds, bturned them. The inevitable

result was more and bigger weeds. The weeds grew so rak that even pheasants

4.nd quail would not use the cover. 
Since 1934 this area has been protected from burning. Result: goldenrods

and asters are replacing the ragweeds and nettles, and grass and brush are

in ta~rn replacing the goldenrods and aster. Two years ago (1937) 16phant

moved in. Last year 32 peasants and 25 rabbits were counted. Thus can 
waste areas sometimes be made useful by allowing the plant succession to
con- 
vert the vegetation from a monotype to a variegated covert. 
Miscellaneous Landscape Fetue 
Crawfish River. In 1839 the Crawfish River was narrower, deeper, and 
clear~er than it is today". A wide fringe of wild rice (izni) bordered

the river, which was in places almost choked by aquatic plants. Water- 
dwelling animals found an abundance .of excellent foods, and were themselves

plentiful. 
Evidently the water table was higher than now. A       the early years 
(of the present century    prairie sloagh which 1el fish thcgout the 
year now dries out every smer. The earlier e       f the dam at Milford 
on -the -river level hsalready been mentioned. 
About 1900 the river began to change. The wild rice and other aquatics 
and semi-a   tics disappeared, leaving a bare,       steam              
. 
to cause severe bank erosion. One farmer recalls cutting three swaths of

haybetween a certain willow and the river. This tree now has It exosed. 
roots....... by the stream. Siltng has been severe. In 1870 a boat.1 fee

long by 15 feet wieia loaded with 200 barrels of flo 
uP te rafih. A wite inpole 22feet long and 31nce inimee 
furnshe themai motve ower  Thre wre henplaces in terve    hr 
 
 

					
				
				
the polr was comelled to "bend down" to reach bottom. The late
Mr,- Scribner, 
who was cabin boy, described all these details to me. Today the main chnne

is lees than four feet deep during the summer Iand holes over six feet deep

are rare. 
Industrial Developet 
Hvn  reviewed the changes which have tae place in the ladsae, I 
shall smaize the economic activities which are directly responsible for 
these changes. 
Milig     The settlers' first needs were food and shelter. Bothoc~d 
for the clearing of land. Sawmills sprang up to satisfy the dean for 
building materials. Every stra   that could be harnessed had i ts sawmil
urn 
this period. Sawmill dams restricted fish movements, and this wae one of
the 
first direct effects of settleet on wildlife. Dams aso had the indiec 
ef fet (by raising the water levels) of markely altering both plant andima

Ariulture.  The clearing of the land changed the flora in fvro 
ligh-deandng plants which provide more food and cover for animals than th

plnt  that tolerate shade. Fenes arudcltivated fields t       epe44o 
*    res     offered places for tbvi light-deadn      lnst       rwak   
  xeln 
feeig    resting and nesting places as well as good travel lanes,*-*s 
avsm. Enire logs were used for fences at first, bu~t as theqre bcm 
less abudat, rails and stamps were used. Mr. Taville' s farm, like mot 
farms in this region, still had rail f'ecs in 1990. Mr.FrnMystodm 
tha hi  fahe's arminDode Cuny, where tres were scarce, had wire 
fn es a l a    90 
Wihth  ivil War      aeaboomin the wet mre.Teicnieo 
 
 

					
				
				
high prices caused farmers to work day and night to clear more land. Trees

were girdled by the wholesale. When they died, wheat was planted among the

stumpswhich presented no.,obstacle to the harvest for at this time wheat
was 
cut with a cradle. The inttoduotion of the stump-puller in the early seventies

permitted complete clearing of the fields. 
Dalrying, which had been important from the firsft, soon           the 
leading industry. The cultivated, ,Lan&4.a  pasture w- further increased
to 
meet the demands of more livestock. The advent of the wire fence in the 
nineties was another step toward modern clean farming. As Leopold (13) 
points out, no step in the history of agriculture was more-depressing to

upland game than this. The effect of the motor era and modern agriculture
on 
plants and animalsis too well known to need repeating. 
Hunting and Fishing. The family larder was at first heavily depe     t 
on wild plant and animal foods. Probably killing for the family larder had

little effect 'on game, but the later market hunting and commercial fishing

had a great effect. Further heavy losses can be charged to over-shooting

and over-fishing for sport. 
 
 

					
				
				
- 12, 
Chnes in PlntLfe, 1839-1939 
Certain plants which were abundant in 1939 are rare or abs ent today. 
Conversel~y, some of the plants which are common today were rare or did4
not 
o      in t  flora of a eenury a. A few ex       les of eaeh case are coidr

in some detail blw 
Thesegase  "sold" Favlle Grove to the pioneers. Here was an tblimited

supply of good. livestock feed free for the taking, so those moving westward.

stopped. 
The first settlers repore endless acres of "sab 24er-hig >bl.ejoat"

(evidently Andropoo furcats covering the Crawfish prairie.      In 1937 only
a 
few pathes of        ~bluejoint remaied,~ but in 1939,1 foloig          
  t 
smer, a marke inc            note in    1r        c          -I  abil   
t 
come back is shown by afil     hc    n13prdedon*Vx 
f                          The Andropgns have held1 up bette    hn aaagots

Wil      (Zizania) 
The ormr abndac f this plant, which was once an important food 
source both to ma and wildlife, is attested by a statent of Mr. on 
Heaysthat one winter in the early eigties, after the tee had formed, he 
harvested 4 loads of rice stems from about 10 acres and sold je   o   10
   e 
lod o  livestock bedding. This was in a widpread of the Crawfish calle 
MudLae, ea bbbleton. Twet-five years later the rioe was gone.M.Ot 
Lane ad M. Jhn ake remember mny rice plants which floated down therie 
S at a ben&, forming a dam.    y blame the       whi 
well establishedfor the destruction .f th               ie 
'.'S+                               + +:+:  ,   ++ , + ,7 ++ +:'++ :.:  ,:+
.+ .   ++ ( 
'S    : 5 +  "S.+   'S     555++ +     . k   .. . .   . . 
+  +   +++0                   +        ++  ++++ *  ++ 
>5555+; 
+,  +++t+'+. 8+++ "'+  ... +++  ..  ",  M' 
.  +  *  +  . ..... 
 
 

					
				
				
About 190, collectors found it profitealeto harvest ginssug (as) 
and golden seal (Hy drost1s). Mr. John Hooper kept careful reords of his

ginseng hunts from 1904~ through 1908 and has given me the use of these records

(see Appendix~) In 1937. 1 looke for ginseng plants in several woos which

are refe.rred to in the table, but found only a half-dozen plats. This 
excellent indicator of a rich forest has-been largely exterumaed, 
In 1939 the orchid faily was wll represented in the flora, both in 
species and number of individ4uals. It still is, but within the past decade
orchid 
have fared badly and have dwindled in nmabers at an alarming rate (Appedix)

How much of this declie i* due to picking and how muh to drought and habitat

changes is a matter for conjecture. 
Fri~e Gentian (Gentiana crinita). 
Dr Jh T. Curtis cuted abut 100         ai the artesian well on the 
-Crawfish prairie in 1934+. Non,
	
				
144 
r~eoved both from the area. A. few bird's-foot violets are still foundA near

Hop  Iae and the pasque flower still exists in small nubr at Springr'su 
Hil, nar Favi11e Grove. 
Among the native pla~nts which are considered. by mn to be undsirable or

weedy, poison ivy (hu  toxicodendron) heads the list.  Once uncomo west of

the riv~er, this plat has overrun many of the wood.. west of the r'iver within
the 
past 20 years. Peras this recent thriftiness is merely part of the succeso

between oak openings and the mixed hardwood forest. 
Wood nettles (I.apor tea) are evidently spreading end crowding oat desial

plant~s of the rich woodland~s in some instanes,~ but they wore a great pest,35

years ago.* I quote from Mr. Hooper's field notes dated June 12, 190~4; "The

wood nettles are growing in proftuion in the lower damp part of the woods."

(When collecting ginseng, Mr. Hooper says that he wore leatherlgig , which

came abv his knees, and a canvas coat (to avoid wood nettles';) 
The first weed to bother his crops, according to Mr. Favile was the wild

monn  lory (Cnoluu     seium), about 180. However, he had heard hisunl 
spea of killing a pthof Canada tbietleR      out 1I6. In 1997, Mr. Faville

made  special trip to Lake Mills to see for himself wbat,,qac grass     
e 
Fifty years later  #;levery farm In this region beas a serious quack andtisl

problem. Somfrers are beginning to worry 4about two weeds. whc have be 
introue r~cently: creeping jen     (Oonvolvulu. aress an       en    rs 
(Thasp arens).The former has not yet been fon at Favile Grov, but 
seeral pathe thirive less tha two mil3es away. The latter is now well 
ealse      on~ several fas in the area. 
 
 

					
				
				
/        ~                   15- 
Chan~ges in Animal Life, 1.S38-1939 
As in plants, the general trend in animals has been toward fewer species

and less individuals. Meanwhile a few new species have been added and in

some groups an increase in nuabers has taken place. As in plants, the 
greatest gains have been made by "weed" species such as English
sparrows, 
starlings, carp, Norway rate, and house mice.    a section d*vi>he 
Somers U- identified the bones, antlers, shells, and other 
hard parts of animals which he uncovered at Astalan. His identifications
are 
given in Barrett's Anient Aztalan (k). Atalan was the oldest Indian village

known to Wisconsin archeologists. The inhabitants of Aztalan had the unique

habit of cracking bones for their marrow. This habit, coupled with their

characteristic handiwork, has enabled                       more recent Indian

culture   c   that of the Aztalans. It is presed that animal parts uncovered

with the artifacts of the Aztalans came from animals indigenous to the region

at the time of the Aztalan culture, several centuries ago. 
Part of Somers' collection is housed in the Wisconsin Historical Library

at Madison. It is of great historical value, Unfortunately, Somers' identi-

fications were made at a time wn reference material was scarce; hence there

is some doubt as to their authenticity. Every effort should be made to have

the matrial which is' left re-identified. 
Birds 
Somers fa   the following bird bones at Aztalan: wild pigeon, quail, 
wood duck, black duck and reed bird. These species, except pigeon, arall-

present today  Ance the advent of settlement,           many species have
been 
lost. Kumlien and HoisterIs Birds o Wisconsin, covering the period 1844-1903,

i.            .... ..  .. ...     *                                     
     V 
 
 

					
				
				
deals largly with observations made In Jefferson County. No compaiable list

for the county has since appeared. Leading ornithologists agree that a few

of the records included in this manuscript are invalid. After discarding
these 
questionable records I have compared the number of species visiting or breeding_

in Jefferson County before 1903 with a similar suary for the period 1913-1938.

figues for the latter period come from the work done in neighboring Dan 
County by           Schorger           I have made a few changes inSchorer's

list to make it apply mw.a.specifically to Jefferson County. Whil crude,

the comparison which follows clearly indicates the downward trend in both

migrants and breeders. 
18441903          1913-3         Los 
Migrants plus breeders          316             260           56 
Breeders only                   171              120          51 
Of the 13 principal game and shore birds breeding at Favifle Grove since

183S, 4 have been lost, 5 have greatly decreased, 2 have held their own,
and 
2 have been introduced and become established (see Table 2). 
A summary of trends in various species ad groups is given in the following

paragraphs. 
al.     Table 3 ives 14 glimpses of the status of quail in Jefferson 
County during the past century. It presents a picture of alternating abnac

and scarc ity, many of the scarce periods following hard winters. 
One of the first settlers to reach this area was Mr. Elisha Keyes. In 
his ~   1 Keor  A  < eyes has this to say about quail in 139-39:i.  .nn

at the time, for the reason, as I supposed, that wolves and foxes destroyed
them." 
Cenceriing 1949950, Cravath (    writes: "Much sport was to be had in
the 
pursuit of smaller species of game such as quail... .thse were found in a

I could find no early  ettlers who recalled specific dates of quail a 
or scarcity except for the year /Iflmwhen a record severe winter so reud

 
 

					
				
				
*6*fe             Statu~s 189        9tate13           e k 
quiail              Uncommon           Uncommon        Occasional periods
of 
abnac in between~. 1 
bird- per 40ars in 
Pheasant            Noe.               ComnFrst birds seen loally 
about 1930. 1 bird4 per 
Ruiffed. Grouse     Como              NoeA single "wandrer" see

in winte of 196-7 
HugranNn                         Como            irst bird seen lcally 
Partidgeabout 1922. 1 bird. per 
Prairie Chicken     Abnat              RaeSteady decline aine10. 
26 birds couted in 197 
Canda Goos         Irregular          NnLat nested here about 
MalrdRgular                                 1 or 2 pairs hav~e attepe 
Coo              Unomo             to nest at 1avilleGrv 
each of pat3yer 
Bluewinged Tea    I omnRglar                            3 nets fon in 197

Unomon           (Pro. about average 
fo recentyer. 
Wood Duk                               None             Most cooin bredn

Como                        uck in 140 
Snpe-142PI11-Irelr                       One nest found in1939. 
WoodockReulr                          Prob. irreg.   Tugbros           nae

Upland Plovr       Common         V-   omo            25 bi~rds per section
In 
1933; 19 nests foud in 
1937 at Favi11# Giove. 
Pasege Pgon Irqg~a            one             Last birds seen locall 
Ar 
 
 

					
				
				
-17- 
th  quail tht a lasting impression was made. ZM      _D6Leopold in his Gm

Surey  f Wscosi      presents evidence of quail scarcity in Jefferson County

in 1902".03, 1917-19, and 192-3. In the field notes of M~r. Hope dated
1904 
is the information: .. .... quail hit a fence and was stunned. A boy picked
it up. 
I s'uggesteas quail As    scarce, better let it go." 
RI.a  isow, wh  began the winter feeding~ of game birds at 7avilI. Grv  
in 
199  unishes reliable data of relative audne between 1929 and 1933, after

which careful censuses were taken by the writer. 
Table 3 - Quil Pplations at Faville Grove, 1839-193 
Witer of          Cesu                 Remarks 
1$3 -3              screotin                      es 
195  0             13etiful            Qutin     ravath 
k"-plentifuli                      Testimony of severa, bat by sprin
   they 
IS201                                   ha  almost been wipe o4ut 
1920                scarce              Leopod 14 Game Surve of Wisconsin"

1332plentiful                      Zw isow   fe abu                tiqui
loares 
Island.     Ue 
193334     lenifu               faorab .Fwe  tha ig n   utstll 
193V-35   203                 Still   letifu,bu but b rng5i ha 
been winr-ille.4 
1935-36   211                 A favorse  redn     sesnrsutdi 
Prii  Chicei     Once the favorite and most abnat gm     bird in this 
Shrl  fter 190  the loca  fare noticed that each winter fewer chickens 
visited thi     orn fields. The first accurate ount of 100 birds. mae in
1933 by 
-fleow rpents only a fration of the nmesof chickens whc arereud 
 
 

					
				
				
to aveu heOCrawfish prairie in, the "old day." Since 1933 the prairie

chicken at YavUil Grove have had complete prtcio  n wne feig 
butt hav neverthles cotiue to decline. Now that the cce is on the up- 
owng, ilt will be possule, thog cnue, to determin if thehiken is 
oil ~ ~    a4 t~e-  u  rmrl i the trog of the cycl. 
In ddtin o ~eCrafsh prairie flock, the Lodo an th Waterloo 
P4:4' 
marses achhad A loc afe~th_ ,in 937 
oTablev~  br4 - Prarie hike Poultin at Fvll Grov     heer 
1910~ ~  como          Novalticaeshikg i n umb~er sinc 190. 
123          100           U ~ Jutwsin feedaing. stathen operte by iSa Ki

193        434.a 117 cok use "booing groWth*th ,ud.f ~ %~ 
1937# 3-0      t        12ois  cok use peooc gf ground. 
RufedGrose  Th Ra rtri$$  onse ved th  the prari chcen oaa 
faoit/lca hners    Onl wi~cethin te~ past 10 yera  the forthpll mmn 
of thsgadbr  en silda     ai    rv.Tels      eodfrteae 
was a< singl "wnee"se  eerltmsdrn h lt       itro   97 
Perhapsa tota of a ozen brds stil exis at Eale IsndsotofRcLae 
an '4'tmaaksap utws o      ail Gro      , latrmat  4nnrh 
 
 

					
				
				
ros were still comon in 1903-04. In his field notes, Mr. Hoper 
wrtes: 
May 16, 1903 - Foun partridge nest with 12 eggs. 
July 10, 1903 - Saw several broods of partridges. 
March 27, 1904 - Patridges are rmig 
September 12, 1904 S aw a few partridges. 
BRy 1920 grus were beomi~ng scarce; I estimate that the count at Faville

Grove waes than a dozen birds~. The last strongold of the.,grouse at 
lavfl Grove was on Farmers' Island from which they disapeare between 1925

Hungaian Prtrid e ol. Gustav Pabst released the first partridges in 
Wiscnsinin 1910, at his farm near Ocnmoo. These birds spread ou~t from 
this ad subsequent releases, and by 1922 had reached laville Grove, 20 mils

awy   Once established, the partridges incrase iuntil halted by the severe

winter of 1929-29, *hich killed mn birds. The pulation recovered ra~pidly,

however, adreached its highest level in 1933. Fewer Partridges were found

An 1934, but the~real drop came during the winter of 1935-36, whn5 pe~r cent

wite~r-killed. A poor breeding season follwed, but winter losses were nil

and the. folwn winter oenmB of 1937-38 showed an excellent stand of 
Table5  Hunaa Patig Population at Favi11. Grove. 
YearW Cesu        Remrk 
 
 

					
				
				
-20- 
P      tf. The eary spread of the pheasant was slower and less 
g    athan that of the partrige. P          t were first released the same

year, and the      place as the pries but hadreache                     le

Grove when the first local pheasant plantings were made in 1929. It is 
interestin to note,      er, that a few miles south of Faville Grove, the

frontier of advnoe had  lr ay reacied the Dane County line 
J~but for some reason had missed the northwest corner of Jefferson County,
in, 
~>       which Faville Grove is located. 
Mr. SWZiow has. in his files a receipt for 100) pheasanit eggs purchased

from the Moon Lae Gamne Farm in 192.9. Twenty-one birds were reaed, banded

withunnmbeed pira  chcke badsand released a mile west of laville 
Grve. In 1930, two pheasants, ban e  in this manner, were killed three 
mils from the point of release, south of Rock Lake. Two years later the 
first pheasant was seen at Javille Grove, on Farmers' Island; fou~r years
later, 
the first pheasant appeared at the Goose Pond, one and one-half miles north
of 
Farmers' Island; eight years later, a cockphantevdtlbned, Ksw 
was found dead a mile east of the Goose Pond. Phaats were by this time 
generally distributed thr out the area., 
In 1931 the Conservation Department awarded Mr. Xsow a prize of 25 
pheasat for excellence in winter feeding. These were 4*    eleased. a  ile

west of Javille Grove, and undoubtedly contributed to the increase shown
in 
Table 6. 
*       ut 1931 Mr. Harvey Zibbell released 16 pheasants four miles east

of Faville Goe. These were banded with numberedauiu band.s, but the 
only retr wa     ne fond dead during the following spring. A complete sumr

of pheasant releases made at Faville Grove is given in Table 7. 
+ ++  +  , . ..   + + : . ..+ + ++ +  +  + >  +  +'+ ++ ;+ + + + +  +
;+ + + ++ + +  +  ? . .. + + ++ +   +  +  +    +  ++ + + 
N                 N + 
NNN;++.++;;+   4+:;+  +:+  .,:;.  N;+;+ .++    ++ s:: ++  4   - :N++++  ..+
+    +  + ++++++"+ !;++  Y+ + 
 
 

					
				
				
Between 1935-39 the sportsmen of Leks Mille released over 500 pheasants,

and ote hanting organizations near Lake Mille have released as WA    mre

hence. it is no longer possibleq to trace the results of original plantings.

Mos.t of these phasants have been badd     but sportsmen have so far failed
to 
cooperate wholehartedly in rturning these bands when recovered. 
Tabl~e 6 Pheasant Populations at Faville Grove. 
Year        CnuReaks 
1929           0            21 brds liberated by A    -isow 1 mle west of

1934,   12          Allbirds found in 2 places, Parest Island and 
*First shooti~ng season. Reults-: 39 cocks shot Plus 3 hens and 2 eocks 
known to have been killed by hunting dogs., Hec the census before the hunt-

in season was abou~t the samesas in the previous year, 'and the sex ratio
was 
almost 1:1. 
Table 7 - heasant Releases at Psaville Grove* 
Spcis     DteNumber           Ae        Source      Banded?  recoverd 
Ripj~etee ha                 benles          btwen136 30~ 71938,Gmefrm N

Reeves***      X;r,93        11 bi9 t Q .   Gam  farm     Yes 
Rinne eeve  Jhants93 wer s       m# uixed hnTapsesn   Yes~ 3i oesi~~ 
Toal                        A11 
*39 widpesnswretapdadbnedi                 963,o wih4bnswr 
A tota          of 25*addpesnshsbe                 eesdbten13           
n   9 
"Bnd   reoee from4>~ dea  bid    oOt.1      9' 
 
 

					
				
				
Watefow. Wilenevr a$mia  astheneaby  oo Mash  the Crafish 
Jase. As  feyo a lewigd teal aho miol    d  s8till bree h~ eashoe 
4-of Mu        aehas recouinted some of his experiences. He rea     a fall
sb=*3q 
ist-  14Wwhen he killed over a thousand&ukAaukgu           o7   noedy

Ik Wod du wee hn the most abnat dche says, with mallards a close 
jsecond  Other species follwed in this order: widgeonan p&intail. bluewige

CA  --   VoOdrnwgd teal, re-eas        "blue bill5" baffleheads,
a fow canas-bck, 
4dtwo or threeCaad geese each year. Canvas-bcsbogt shg                s2

.fet a  c on th~e maket at Watertown, 15 cont. more than mallards. 
Mr. Mc~o eha  this to report about nesting: N1o4-hea4# and blue-bils 
eated at Mud4 Lake occasionally, but they may hae been cripples, unable to

ontinue north with the fligt." He fon mW wood duc nests, some in da

spni holes made by "large woodpeckers" (probably the p$ileated
wopce) 
e-a  at Milford preiouslymentioned, flooded& a wooded area calle Pricky

sh wapthus kl1in    the timber and creating a vey productive nesting area

frwood ducks. When a boy, Mr. Mc~overn shot a daewood duck from its pec 
e44.e a netin cavity in which the hen was incubating. The next day the hen

< I     t  ure    wihanwmt~hhh             loso.Ti contine until "abu
2. 
rn dor4Tody Kog's Pond is far land. 
!i~   i i  iiii~ i      i ii~ !   i !i   l~ i  i ii  iii!    ,  ii i'i!i
 ii i~i iiiii  ~i     ii~ i !!i~ i iiii ;i!!i !iiiii i~ ~    ii~i~i]   i
 iii     ~   ~   ]~   i~iiii~ ~ ii Ily a "   I -  I J  i'i~ i!ii!  iil
  ~i iii   ~    ! i !!~i liii    !~ !  ! i i i  i  i 
i~i~!iiiii ez!ii iiii~iiiiii~ ~! i                                    L e
e/!i)!! !!ii! iiii~ ! i!iiiii~~  i  !!!!!ii! i~ ~~~~~~!i ~i~ ~ !i! ! ~ ii
!!!~ !i ~i! ~   i!] !!    !!!i~ii~  !! !i !ii!ii! !iiii !   ~ ~i! i!i   i!i!!ii!!ii!iii~
i!!i!~ ii!!ii~iii~! i  ~   iiii~   ! ii~! !i 
! iiii i]iiiii~iiiiiiiiiiii il       ~i ii i~iiii!~i i~~ii   !i~i   i]i!i!i~lii
 ii~~i iii;iliiii'~ i!i~iiiii~1  X  )iii! !i_ !ii!iiiiili!iiii!_ t   Glikd
~~~   ~  , i iiiii [ii i~~~l iii ]i!ii  ~  i!i!i  iiii ~iii i ~ ~ ;  ~  
~iii!i iiiiiil i  i i!i! l   ! ii!~ ii ]i iii  ~! 
 
 

					
				
				
-2J37 
~o 
U k~j 
3w  ~ v~~J~W~            l~ 
A~c4-h~  ~          L*CO. 
e(C Le   Y' 
L/ 
'ev ")      ,U ,  
~~Av 
 
 

					
				
				
-~~                         -23                      -- 
4Rock Lake             *fav fte stopping-place for bluie bills, and still
draws 
large numbers.  Cavs-ak          fe4n large numbers at Lake Ripley, where
wild 
of  anv   ts X~lo'w Ite tawfshVale, btaccording to Mr. Mcoern,t 
seldom stopped at Mu    a.   Since 1935 1 have seen two small. flocks along
ti 
fligh  in.   Hope,       i pod, athog       only a few acres in ar ea, sea4

thisen ?Itet        uckj using the  pond during the entire sason may not
exceed 
Durin   th #pigfligts ofl936, 1937, ad 13 lptwsl               onso 
ducs. o 4a    oe  l  a, pod, an    ases njr       ville Grov an    aon4 
Crwih    ovr.                 Al l                       xflsT          
4Ia, 
-Uf -4  - 
KL                           ~Hope Lake, near Cambridge, produced the gre~t

variety of species, including a European widgo    seen 4aAril, i937. Several.

hundred Cana"a geese and a few flocks of snow geese were seen during
the census.. 
only record of a whistling swan was cane which spent several day~s 4a Schmidt'
a 
;z  nd, across the river/ from Faville Grove, J. Apri1?jl939.    Swans ur
. 
14  oYre shot in small numbers on Rock Lake. 
Miscellaneous Water Bids    Whit. pelicans were i!:Oycommon on Rock 
Lake, but, since 1913, when Mr. Kisow saw "about a dozen," none
have been seen, 
to my knowledge. Lesser loons are now common in spring, but no longr rein

to nest. The general opinion of the local naturalists is that the loons left

when cottages became too plentiful around the lake. One of the~ rarest birds

seen locally in many years is the Holboell' a grebe. Dr. Arthur A. Alien

recorded the calls of this bird at Hope Lake4j, Ma, 1937. 
 
 

					
				
				
/ 
~                     > (~( 
/      I 
*             A 
C ~t5 ~ 
/                      A/ / 
V 
L~ LZ&~Lt>/ 
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e~        ~ 
~2&&AA~. /      i  1 L       / 1/~'7V 
~      lC~a~ ~St~ 
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k~A ~/L ~{  1 -    {~ 
711 
c~     OC1~( 
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141~ ~ 
 
 

					
				
				
A coln   of blue herons have nested for many years in a tamarack swmp 
bordering London Marsh. Over 100 nests were counted in 1936. but how many

were in actual use could not be determined. 
I19258c       er   ..ed an Amri       egret at M. 
This  onpicof bird had not ben seen in th      egion fo may    ears   Thy

Twosmal witehernspreumaly  mmture 1ittle blues, were seen wit,'ru 
of Am   can egrets o August 3, 193.. 
Sadill cranes once passed over this reion regularly during iiation and 
\ occasionllystpe    to feed,j u   r.        baa seen none sinc   192.4.
  r red 
Seaver says that cranes once nested in the msh south of the Lae Mille depot.

The late Mr. M. Neupert told me that cranes once nested in the large msh
near 
De erf iel.d 
Passenger Pigeon. The last great pigeoni flight throg thi regi.on 
occurred in. 1871, the year of the huge nesting Lui *ent?&1-Wsni. Vi
~og 
,-"thoruhl covered most of th t~~        that the old timers WAm   
  bet 
from--esin in17, erWisa-a-Dls 
_   ttes that Armti    roats tho pgns travelled great distances to obtain

food.  The late Mr.,Nuprt told me that in 171 thousands of pigeons descended

on a recetlled corn field and pulled two or three bushels of sed. Corn 
is not plnted until after the pigeons are nesting. Did these pigeons come

of 
from the Wisconsin Dells "roost"?  If so, it implies a&   lng
range/at least 50 
miles. 
I fon no evidence that pigeons ever nested in. numbers near lavifl Grove,

the naetnesting being at Deerfield, 15 miles away. A small nesting, at the

(  . . ....    .              . ....  + +: +: .+ +,.+.:                 
 + k/ 
 
 

					
				
				
edge of the Waterloo Marsh, was recalled by Mr. Neupert, who remebred 
seeing the eggs. 
Mr. Hooper's father believed that the grudvegetation u~nder pgeon 
netig colonies was altred by the enriching effect of the gun, dead squbs,

and broken brnhs        e bse his theoryo a    woods near Deerfield whre

pieos netedan  ginseng occrred in abn     a. Ginseg~ was not fon    in 
the okoeig       west of the Crawfish River, preumuably because £ 1rest~
soi 
is  eeed  The woods at Deerfield~ was on  of the few pacs west ofth     Crawis

Rive where ginseng was fon. Th       conclusion was that the pigeons haM
  nrce 
the sienuhfor ginseng. 
Dr. Schorger h~-                        o  that according to the Watertown

Rpblican of Feray22        82   several flocks of pigeon   had rmahe&
  aelo 
10 miles north of Faville Grove. This is anexremely early arrival date, and

followed a m iU winte.W   iti a   decad  the flights of pigostruhti 
Ratr  an  Vultrs     In the pst Mr. Hooper has muted teflown 
hawks and owls, take locally: 3 goshaws, 4 barn ows_        nw   owls, 27swwe

owl, and 6 immture bal     eagles. The remainder of this dicsso       is
largely 
confnedto the present status of this gopbea         it has been difficult
to 
obtan cncrte evidence of its former status. 
nested fopr at least five years i Wol.lin's wod    ust east of Favil    
roe 
One or two pairs o red-tailed hawks nest regulaly on or near FvleGoe 
Marsh   awk  ae temsabnnt raptor. Five nests of this species were fon 
in 196   2in   97     n    in 199    Ter greatest abudac, in 1936, cors 
poddwith a heavy musopulation. q I hve also recorded the follown        
ak 
see drig  igatin betwee135 and13'.           dc hawks, 1     sryI1sap 
hinned hawk, 6 sparrow hawks, *_0Q rough-logged hawks (although only    
 were seen 
 
 

					
				
				
~26 - 
during the winter of 1937-398),'l bald eagl adult. Two or three Cooper' s

hawks have wintered at Faville Grove each year. 
The only owls which reglaly breed at Javille Grove are the screech 
and the gra horned, the former being the more commo. At least one great 
horned owl nst bas been found on the area each of the past three years. Tw

,ohe pairs were believed to be nesting nearby. Tw4.sts of thes sht-eared

owl were~ fon  on the Crawfish prairie in 1936, adin the same year a ns 
of the long-eared owl was found in a tamarack swm less than as mile west
of 
the area~. My only definite 1bard owl csvd       ",one I heard a mile
northwest 
of Taville Grove in 1937. Also in 193T I obtained a picture of a saw-whet
owl 
on the area. Snowy owls have been reported from Pailie Grove in 1904S and
19'31. 
On January 10, 1938, Mr. Irren 0. Buss and I saw a snowy owl in a tree overlokn

the ragweed patch. 
Short-eared owls> were first not iced by Mr. Hooper in 190 when several

appeared in the fall. He reports that they were again commn in 190>8.
1 fon 
several pairs throughout the year in 1935 and 1936, but saw ony,'tg short-ears,

bohnigrants, in 1937,~,-       Short-eared owls ifeed chiefly on meadow mice,

whchae abn    a aot evr four year. Pek   of mouse abudac fell in 
1~4   190 and 1936, yeas in which short-eared owls were commn     Both mice

and wlswere scarce in 1937, but in 1938 the mouse populat ion again started

upward.   he owls were seen on September 24, 1938, the most in two years.

It will be interesting to find out if medwmice and short-ae owls are agi

Tuke vultures haye seldom been seen in Jefferson County. Mr. Hooper 
muted a "buzzrd" whic was killed at Milford on April 24f, 1903.
Dr. Joh    T. 
Elnand I saw one at Favill. Grove 447      95 
 
 

					
				
				
27 
Invdr. Usually crosebills, gr'osbeaks, siki         northern shrikes, 
Bohemnian waxwinags, and snowy owls do not-~winter as far south as FaviJlle
Grove. 
When they do, I consider them invaders from the North. Likewise, visits by

red-bellied woodpee.rs, dickissela, tufted titmice an, until recently cardinals

might be termed invasions from the South or West. There is a third type of

0L,4 "ki 
invasion.,t by the exotic English sparrow and the starling. 
Thefied ntes and recollections of Mr. Hooper have proved. 4nvaluable in 
dating these invasions. Thus, in 1S8?73he recalls an abundance of croesbi
Ii,. 
,About 199 evening grosbek  were como until apple blossom time. In late 
Mach  194, Mr. Hooper watched a red orosebill build a nest on Farmers' Island,

but no eggs were laid. Both white and red ecwossbills and snowy owls had
been 
seen the preceding winter. Pine and evening g0s beaks and snowy owls were

recorde in 1903, and during the following spring, a sapsucker was found nesting,

_.W  south of its norl breeding gruds      ohemian waxwings appeared. in
abudace 
du~ring the winter of 1906, and a goshw was killed near Lae Mills. During
the 
ao-year period (1998-190) northern shrikes were rather comon, acrding to

Mr. Hooper. Not unil 1931 dIid northern visitors 2gi become noticeable. Ta

yeaBoe~l~n axwngsan  snowy owls were seen. Between 1936 and 1935 1 saw 
1 norhernshrie, 1snow  ow ,iskins, 6 evening grobeaks, aot 70 coon 
red pol, and 3 flocks of snow buntings. Lapland 3-t longspurs were seen 
throuhu    eac winter in flocks of several hundred. 
Of the southern and western invaders the dickcis eel appeared first. Er.

Hooper ollected the first dickcissel he ever saw in 1900. In 1911 he wrote:

"Swfirst red-bllied wodekr in 20 years."     The cardinal appeared
at Lake 
Mills in 1919, adwas follwe by the tuted titmose in 1924. 
)tokciBSels are at present very errtic in their visits. Altognt 
seen in 195they we comnin 1936', but scarce in 1937 and 1939.Drngti 
 
 

					
				
				
same period I           neither red-bellied woodpekers nor titice in 
this region. Cardinals are now present thrugout the year. The present 
count Ais9 about four pairs, at Lay:Pl9 a-Gr-ov-4 
The most proouce      isn is that of the two extios, English sparro 
and 3krop a trln. The sparrow arrived in April, 1873 according to Dr. 
Schorge. wh   on a not. in a Watetw      newspaper that 12 sparrw ha be 
libratd a Lae Mlls  Duingthe severe winter of 1929-29 Mr. opea 
foud  a    dead starling on his; barn floor. H. had it ount d. Both sparrows

ands 4tarlings hav  beome too rnmros and, now pests. 
Somers fudthe following ma       bones in the refuse heaps of ancient- 
Mztalaz: bear, raccoon, buffalo, moose, deer, fox squirel wood duck, rabbit

(several varieties), and wolf. 
Of these, the most quionable is moose. Smrdi~d not list elk, bat 
-.Ba~rrett, also working at Azt4la, fon         ools and trinkets mad from
elk bonesl 
and antlers. Xumlien fon buffalo remins at Lae Koshknong, 12 milesawy-, 
acording to.Rchorer  Rl so it. is probable that buffalo also occurred at

11. Frequently the extermination of plants or aimals *can be traced 
directly to the destrcton of the habitat by settlement. Jot so the elk, 
for its dmse pre-dated. the arrival of the first settlers. I have seen two

elk antlers wich were plowed up at 7.vifl. Grove and hae he~a abu otes 
t*1~        h~        l    t4     2    .~      f: 1i w95t               
 V 
whic-wea                            weroere  in the surunig  o 
..                  ..                >.              7 
Deer. Mr                        , N. F  r  s. t       d  o the west shore
of Rock 
,  a,,  i, n 1967   This is m latest deer record. The fi s     l,    A-,
ism, 
r.                                                     .. 
spa oi            de,   'but wtiadeaetewrrae               n   e   e   e........

sp'  f P"/  .31 
Ld  se rwralotgn;ahi                 ........ndteA a4            Ttthfllo

 
 

					
				
				
tc- 
L-4 
C' 
J6 
W 71 
 
 

					
				
				
AL,~                    r{-      7/5 
IZ~~~~e c~&  ~ C~< 6 1A~4 
J6                1 () 
/,  0 
 
 

					
				
				
-29- 
4iier range onct included tlhe open pr~.irie is siggested by a larg..tler

*               und in recently broken prairie, a mile from the nearest prairie
grove. 
2         3ear   One of Mr. McGovern's earliest recollections is that of
a bear 
.    which he saw killed about 1S65 by George Bleeker on the Haseli farm
near Waterloo. 
Mr. Cornelius Cooper told of a bear that was killed on the Madison road,
Lovr 
Smiles west of Lake Mills about 1947. Mr. Albert Aldrich heard his father,

Ki 
Swho was one of the earliest settlers at Faville Grove, tell about seeing

severa~l bear's near his home. Mr. Jeupert recalled that a neighbor had a
liveV 
bear in a cage, which he thought was picked up as a cub near Waterloo. 
B        Beaver are not mentioned by the earliest settlers. E idently 
the French and Indian trappers had been too thorough. Well-preserved remnants
- 
of several beaver dams can still be seen near Milford. Astride one of these

~  idams is an elm tree estimated to be 100 years old. Hence these beaver
dams4 
date back at lea'st to the early years of the lqtja century. 
Wolves. Early records seldom differentiate between timber wolves and coyotes
   . 
tome of the early reports, if accurate, certainly refer to timber wolves.

a.Wolves were abundant durng early,~ settlement dasadmd                 
lf    ieal 
for th~ae who raised sheep. War was declared on the wolves, and during the

S      period 1860-1900 791*eti became scarce. Then the wolves came back,
but to a 
A                                                                       
                 N 
- lesser extent. Organized wolf hunting again became a leading sport for
several 
years. A coyote was  l~     at FvleGrove about 1926. I have no records since..

Foxes. Foi many years the hunting of red foxes was a popular and profitablt

sport. Gray foxes were rare until about 1920 when they began to out-umber
red 
lfoxes. At present, gray foxes are common, but red foxes are extremely rare.

About 1900 a favorite winter sport at Lake Mills was a "handicap"
fox ehase. 
) When the ice became solid, a gray fox was taken out onto the center of
Rock Lake 
and released. Dogs which had been arranged in handicap style, depending on
their 
 
 

					
				
				
30< 
spee , were release af ter the fox had a god tart. The foz: usal rece 
th   ln     aea  of the dogs, and then climbed the nerst tree. The sponsor

of the chassad gSsood moe on entry f ees and still had his fox whe the 
c hase ended. 
/tis                 The last otters *isappeefrmteCaisabu193tth 
Kieth               a at Mifr was rmvd         Thywere nee      omn     nmn
    er 
ofappn Mr Mcoern caught onythree. About 192~ an otter was rpe 
at Mad Lkananother at Faville Grve 
Bocts. Most eary settler   in this reion. todo     ne~ ooe exper   ee 
with bobcats. Farmerst Island was one   favorite plc for bobcats. My last

reodi one shot by Mr~. Her Wolli one mile east of Faville Grove about 192

Posus.I av    only one early posu   reo@74--one tae by Mr. Ep   Wlsn 
about 1980. & next record i 1 929, whe Mr. Hrr Mason cagh a possm near

C  ambridge. Posum   sudeny becm     ommo between 1930 and 1936. Mr.Mao 
killed over a hu)re.Mre than two doz posm have been see orkle 
at laville Grove sic 192     Folowig the kin winter of 1936, the possum 
popuation sumaped, butI ,-i-pzreorng ." 
Othr Mmmas.I dobt that suk were ever moe      abudnta Favifll 
Grove than theyno are. This is due to five years of compte prteton. 
Mukrt an mink have inrae but sligtly, and wesels, raconadagr 
not at 41l. The failure of rcon      n   ik oices         spoal       npr

Squrres4 nrbbits have clal repne          o p  otion. The recn 
cyclwhch  oticebl lowered the poultons of these species in h       urudn

coutr di nt semto ffct herab 'its and squirels at ,laville Grove. 
Micean shrews. were at the peako  hi cyl in 935 an       alI96      u 
'a   l   ost ii il y  in  late iii 6-iiii wereisiill  scarce  at  the  egi
nni  1 939- 
44i                                                           ii 
i~~~~~i! ~~ ~     A t-4.~i~iii~iIi   - -' T     7 £  ]£t,.  >£;£
 A_~m£       iiii¢i 
iliii!ii  £!i111        ] !    G ! ]  G !      £! {   ==!   
   iii~iii11iiii!!iiii~i~~i!: <7iiUi ° 
i    i1 1  i   i  i i ii ii  i  i7 i ii iii  li i i! 1 il  i ii  ii~   i:
ii! i!  l~i  ii17i  :  i  iiiiii iii~~ii il  ii~~iiiii~iii!~ ili!7~i!i] 11
illli~ ~  i  i ii   i  iii  i TV  i 
=I- i=    i i   i i i= i;  i i  li l =   i i   !  . ...   ;  il   i ii  
i  i i   i~   ! i  .. . i .. .. . . .. .. .   i i  . .. .. . .4   kii + it
 4i i = i i     !   1 
 
 

					
				
				
-31 
Fish 
According to .oers, the refuse heaps at Aztaln contained bones of the 
following fish: pickerel, yellow perch, red horse, pike, sunfish (several

varieties), bullhead, muidsucker. 
Also at Aztal.an *  Barrett found an awl mae from thes pine of a seepshead

(Aplodtiatu).?Green found all of these fish except the sheepshead in a 
recet survey of' the Rock River drainage. 
Further evdec that the Idians did considerable fishing is a dam wthc 
they built near Milford. This was a V-shaped pile of stones placed in mid-strea

which forced the fish to pass next to the bank, thereby makinag them easier
to 
catch. Considerable labor was involved in building this dam, so it is safe
to 
concludeo that the fishing was goodeog    to warrant the trouble tken. 
The first settlers counated heavily on fish for food. The red horse 
(Moxo'stoma) was the maost important food fish. *,-Kys    nhshsoyo 
lake Mills, describes a fish rack which caugt the red hers. and "pickerel"

which were carried over the dam and left them stranded, high and dry. The
late 
Mr. Frank Scribner has told me of the fever-pitch excitement that accompanied

the red horse "ranu." The ra coincided with corn planting time,
and the 
flowering of the wild plum. Farmers from miles around gathered at the dam
in 
the Crawfish at Hubb3lston with wagons and dip nets. Some used "drive"
nets 
(seines).                                  AA night and man were thedune

brawls which acopned the fishing. Wagons were backed into the stream, the

more easily 'to fill them. Any kind of fish was taken. The fishermen cape

at the old saml duin the run. Eahyear they came with barrels and salt. 
Tefish were slit down the back, clne, an      akdin the brine. 
M.Albert Aldrich rmbesthe famr driving by with theirwaobxe 
filled~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ wihfs  ae2uin  h  pigrn 
 
 

					
				
				
claims to     av caght A525 ponsf    rte    tkthug       th ieo/atMad Lke,

The Crawis pRivrt   attaftm       otandnrtenpie             ech      e 
walleye pike (aeto rare at~ Mu      ake)o, lag-ot b    lack tbass sunfish

r  ok bas a few eels buleas bufladsvrl             id    fsces 
Tal 9O shw fth       nsadnmeso           ihfudi        h   ie    tpeet 
Karp, catfish ando& walee ike, al scarc rfaeti195 farenotre 
K     .oif th                                                           
           K i ish. 
Large catchesi iofiii  fish were also taken from Rock-lake in former y s
 O 
4Labo'        D    1937 a c      c      taken at Rc Lake shwe     tha 20
fisheimeni 
K K'~K4ent 9      hu    ihing bu   caugh  o    3 wall-eyed pikeiiii northern
i i.., 
15iiK blac  bass, 295 ili iiis   c K pi                                 
   4 pech  and 62 fis of othe kiiis, 
a  K o        i     pe 2of 
Carp.......   I 1 7 Mr..... Sribner caught a .p in th . fish iv..- thi 
{i   myi  ear i iest i i ii  iii i li =II ii ! 'cr  '>i  . Hope  r i 
hi s  f  bought 
S       cans'i  ofiI  carpi ! in adison and rleased them in Hooper's pond
(between 
Roc i ilii ~ ii iii iiiiIiiI~iiii L ake  and  the  Crawfishiii  River ).
 Byiiii  1904  carpii iwereiiii  abundan t,  asi-shownii !iiiiiiiiiiii !i
~iii il iii£i ~l il~~lii~iiiiii~iliiii~ ~ii i!IIi ~iil i  i iiiiiii
ii=ii ii  ii i ii !iiiliiii iiiilliliii i ii iii iii i!Ii 
byi!!~iiiii  Mr.]iiiiiii:  iiiiiii~lillilliii!i Hooperts  fieldiiii notes:
iii!i~i~ ii! i]ii l~~ iiiiiiiiilii~iiiiii;] iiil iii]W  liiIiL !  i~ iiii~~iii1illiiiil~i
]i'' 
Apri 25 - Bi ran of carp                   Spae 25       oscugtadsl 
i ~ ~ ~ ~  ~  ~  ~  ~  ~h e  m ii  iI  iIil ii iiiii ii  iii i5iiii a on
 fu~il l,.iii£!  i  Iiiiii  ~ii !!iEI      1lii£i ! 
ii ~ iiiii~~ IiiIi!i!iii!'~ii  iiiiM ayi iiiiiii  1 3iil~ i~i~  -  C a g
h  5 5iiili~il ,   c ariip .ii  ii iiiii!iIII~~i  i iii~iiiilii~iiiiiiiiiil
 [!ii!iiiii~i!iiiiii~ iiiiliiAi!i ~iii!ii~ iii  i~il ~iii   ,]iiiiiiiii~i£$¢![iiiiiii
 ii!iii~iiiiii!iiiiii~i=~i-iii  iiiii~ l 
£  ~ ~   ~   N ve b r -iiiii  Meni s!iell!i;i  ,.!ii ]ii  li i  i ii!1
i n~~i~ii! !;!lii ng iiii  iii  w i  Ri ve  caugh  ab u ai : li  toniiiII
IS ii11iiliii  ii 
iiiiili ~~~       ~    o  ca p  u  two  hauii i i  i   iiiiliiii!   !  i!i
 l  i!  = i  ii!iI  i  l.   l  i£iii£#iii!!  i  !i i ii  ! i
 i i ii 
i  ! i I   .. .. i   i  -~ i ! ! ;  ;!'-   i  I i i ili iii i   i  ! Ii £
 i = ......c.. . ...r pi Ii 
i~  ~~ewe 1...         an  196/r     reue to hays change th      ent ~ ..
iI~li i  !iii  iii ire appearance~ii .... 
of]    theiiiiiliiiiiiii~iliiiii  i ve  by eiiiiilii  iiili i natiiiii  i
ngiiiiil~iiiiiiiiii~iiilii thei ildiiI  rice  and  making  the  stream  muddy.
I~iiiiiiiiii!i iiii!ii i! ii1iiiiii~i!   = 
quot     Mr.ii1=[  Joh  Bad  e: !i  "Thei  car  used  to  fee  at  the
bi~iii iiiiii]iiNi~i  iiii! !i~i iIiilli!iliii iii  ili=ii~i ~iiiii!;ii iii
!!!i  ii~i  ii!iliii!iiigiibendi ( i ~ li the   Cr i sh ).iiiili!iiiIilii

....    r !!iiii~lliiiiil i  wh!ii~ii~ii i c  th e  carp hiadiiiii  cl ean
ed  outili  floate  down  to  th e biiii  [!i!i~iiiiii~iii  l~~ii ~lliliiiiiii~£=iii~ii
! iiiii~iiiiiiii li i!! ii~!ii!!ii~ iii li iiiI liiiii i!i!!! !iiiiiiiIiii
iiiiIiiiii-~l~l~~i i !!igi ieind  and  form ed 
 
 

					
				
				
a da.Abv                    the dam the water was sevral feet dee       
                                 but one ould wa 
beowi       with boots.              The waterused to b                 
     crytal cla. 
Some conception of the prsent status of the carp can begthered from 
wwy 
Black bass                   0                                 atfish   
                                  25 
Walee      ie51$                                                     Garfish
                                       14 
Total                                                            9,s 
*Moe  ulleas   whih          renottaulted) are tknby line fihermen      
                                                hn       n 
other       fKiii 
"Other rough fish" inclde b ffalo and                         
                suckers. 
iii il~ iii~i  ii  iill ii1 iliilii i  i iiiiiiiiiiili i  iliiiliii i iI~
i il~iililiiiiiil  ii!iiilii% iiiiiiliiii  %         %  ~iiii% li!  il!iii
 iliii!ii~ii  iii i!  !iiii~iii  ~ii ii  i  iiiiiiii~iiii~ l ii iiii~l~ iil
ii.iilKi  Ki 
il ~ iiiili!i=!ii iilii~ii~  i  iii: i£ ili iii~iii'ili ii~ ii i  :i~iiiii
iilii !iiiiiliiili iii ii'-iiii  iiiiiii~iil ~ iii  ~iiiiii~i iiiiliiililiililiiliii
iililiiiiiiiiiiil   iii~iiiiiiiii  ii~iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii[!i  ii  AE¢iiili!
 i   i i i ~    47i 
ii!i= ! iliii  iii iliii  !iiiii 11l  iii iii  i! i  iii  i  i~li!!i~iii
i  ~   i  i ii  i i    ~  il  L iiii  i   ]iii Ii  i  i  l  iliiiiii  i~l~ii
  !l I "i ! i!  +il~i iii !i=ii i; i!iii i' IIii  ! iiii  i iii  i ii
 ! ii !  i ii ~ liili!i!i!liiiiiil~  i  iili il  ii  i  i  i~I  i i i i 
i~  i~ !  ii! 
K                                                                       
                                                                        
 A      ] ............ii 
.......... ..iii ii ii!1i ~ i~ i~ii    i    ii .    i i     1 ;!)  ; =.=
=  ==.==== ==  ==A iiliiiii lii iii~~iil]! i~i i!i!ii i ! iiiii i i :lii
lii:: iliii~ il  iii' i~ i   iiIi i ; i i i] Ai 
=  = == === ====  = = = =  = i == ii i =! i ii! i i = != i i i li i i~ lii
l~ i. .. . . . .. . .... . . . . . .. . .. ..... . ...... ... . ..... . .
. ... ....... ..... ..... .. .... ... . .. ... ...... ..... . . .. .... .
. .   > =   = 
.   ...K i i ii i il i i i l   .. . . . . . . . . .i   ..               
                                                             ........ ..
................ . . .. .......... . .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . ..... . .

il~ !  i  !  i]!iii]iiiiiili  ii iii  !  i == , iliil ii~ ii , ii  i~ i!ii
 ii.... . ...i!  lililliiiiiii  ilii!!  liiiiiiii iiiiiii  i!i !!  ii ]E
!! i ! i  i!iill~ i:iii ii~ l  ,iiillii li   ii - i  i:£i~ i  =..................
!!liiiiii!i~ i =i=' I . ..   i!  i!i i l  iiil~ ii = i  ii ii iii1 % i! 1i
i1 1!i11i ! ii~ !iiiiiiili1 14 K i i i  i£l 
iiliiiiiliiiiiiliii i~i iii~ i!!iiii!ii~=;iilii!!iiiliiiiii  :     £
[4;     iiii~i~!!!iiiiii~iiiii iiii~ii~i !iiiiiiii~ii ! iiiiiiiiii!!!i iiiliiiiii
  iii  i [!iiiii L i~iiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 2K 
K t    Niiii    i    iii    £!              iii!    !i       l    
 ii                 i               ii        !!       l~i     iii     £
          i!           ii ili 
4 iili         ii:l                1=liii£ ii!!iiii    l~iiiiiiiii
 i iiiiiiiiiii~i illiii                                                 
                         ' ~  i;  i  i~ ii  l  !  iii iii iii:iii i !!-~
 ili i  ~ i i i~ 
ii: iiil I  ii]i  Q i      = i =i= ,  i  I [I i     ii~ili  il ! i  lil 
~  ~iiii;  iiiiii  iiiiii~ ii  ~iiiiilii~iiiiii i!  iiil!i  ] i  ~lilil~
liilii!  iiiiiiliiil~   li iiii!i  iiiiii~{:!ii!!  iii iiiiI!S lii!! I i
iiliii iiiil i~ iii i* iiiiliiiliiiiii  i iiliii!!li~i  iiliii  ii i~   l
iii  i! !ii  !iii  i A >iiii  l  I ii 
!!   ii  ii  iiii i  !~i  !ii!i!!i  i          i     ~     i            
 ii            !iiiiili~iliiii~iili  i~iiiiiiiiiliiiiii~ilii~iii!  ii  i4

!i i i  [  i  i    ]  li~iiliii  i~lil  i   i   ii    i i E; i i! Ii ii i
ii i il liii II I R ]   i ~ i  i  i  iii  i   W] !  i ii; ii ii  i i ! K
 
	
				
~33- 
Mashrattlesnakes Sstau     catsnt) were oncoe fairly comon in the 
Lodnand Waterloo marshs    About 1950, accrdngt. Mr. Faville, 70 or mor 
rattlers were destroyed as they were coming out of hibernation from a rocky
de.. 
The den was located a mile or two northwest of Javill, 
	
				
4,4                          4,4i4i ,44j'i ii"4 ,4,' ""4 "",i,4,il

3444 
i~  is) commonl fondi..cLk.... 
Invertebrates 
the!iii~ boa  load  and  wash-tub  fu lllil as   iilte  asi  190  Clam  hooks
 drdgs  and::::::::::: :!li~ii~~~i< 
rakes wer      th 
per o     wo   u  ofe 4-  uboa f load yielde nohig    Socale    Osls wer

als $i00 wort                     , 1h91              ... of the  bt pearls
brought 
as hig as$3, but one lot of 200t pea.lG& ot boht1   t       Wt      e

Betwe               ove-xlotto by clafshema an&vttm- lashv 
been al  b$35 extriae from the Crwfs Riter. 
Bees  Hoey  ees whch were inrodued fro Erp, were hee he 
i  !i iiiiii  ii!l i i !  £ in iiii 4ii  4,  4, 4i,  <4,  4,4, ii
 I 
the first. white settlers arrived.         andothersspeakofharvin 
hone at an early date.                                          .. 
4,                                                                      
 4,ii4,iliilii  i1 [Il ii i!iiiii11  ii!! i  1 i  ( ii   i 
44,  ii  ~ iIli]i         iil!illi iii   iii  iiilli  i Ii~ l i1iiIi  i!i
 i~   iI!!!ii i ii  ii!!i!!~~li 
4, 4i,4,                                                         4,  4,>iii
 i  ii iiiiii ii i7i, 
4,i:r iii   ii   !  7i!i~iiiilii il li i;: ii  i+ i  ......... ......................
 i4,  4,li i 
4,i!iiii!iii~ i!liii~ii= !ili.iliil  ii iii  ;1111 11iii   i li4,i  4, il
ii 
4,  4, i !7i <,i4,iiil   4,  4,4,>i~iiiiliiiiii~ iii ii ii 
ii£!i~iiiiliii~i77; ii7ii 44,i ........ 
 
 

					
				
				
V                    el 
 
 

					
				
				
- 35- 
Bibliography 
(1) Jumien, L. and Hollister, N. 1903. The Birds of Wisconsin. Bu.. Wis.

Nat. Aist. Soc., Vol. III, Nos. 1, 2 and 3, PP- 1-143. 
(2) Hoy, P. R. 1853. Notes on the Ornitholo of Wisconsin. Trans. State 
Agr. Soc., Vol. II, PP. 341-364. 
(3) Cory,Charles B. 1909. The Birds of Illinois and Wisconsin. Field Ms.

Pub. 131, Zool. Series Vol. IX, pp. 1-766. 
(4) King, F. H. 1883. Economic Relations of Wisconsin Birds. Geol. of Wis.

Surv. of 1873-79, Vol. I, pp. 4   61o. 
(5) Hawkins, Arthur ;. 1937. Hungarian fartridge Nesting Studies at Faville

Grove. Trans. 2d N. A. Wildlife Conf., pp. 481-484. 
(6) Hawkins, Arthur S. 1937,. Winter Feeding at Faville Grove, 1935-36. 
Amer. Midland Nat., Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 417-425- 
(7) Hawkins, Arthur S. 1937. Winter Feeding at Faville Grove, 1935-37. 
Jour. Wildlife Management, Vol. 1, Nos. 3-4, pp. 62-69. 
(8) Siegler, Hilbert R. 1937. Winter Rodent Damage to Game Cover. Jour. Mam.,

Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 57-61. 
(9) Game Management Division, University of Wisconsin. 1937. Game Bird 
Banding Manual. Mimeographed. 20 pp. 
(10) Division of Game Management, University of Wisconsin. 1938. Wisconsin

Pheasant Survival Study (1937-3g). Mimeographed. 10 pp. 
(11) Leopold, Aldo (and others). 1938. Wisconsin Pheasant Movement Study.

Jour. Wildlife Management, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 3-12. 
(12) Leopold, Aldo. 1937. The Effect of the Winter of 1935-36 on Wisconsin

Quail. Amer. Midland Nat., Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 408-16. 
(13) Leopold, Aldo. 1931. Report on a Game Survey of the North Central States.

eMadison, Wis. Pp. 614-66. 
ji  _ < Barrett, S. A. 1933. Ancient Aztalan. Bul. Pub. Mue. of City of
MIlwpzkee, 
Vol. XIII, pp. 1-602. 
Schorger, A. W. 1929. The Birds of Dane County, Wisconsin. Trans. Wis. 
Acad. of Sci., Arts, and Letters, Vol. UIV, pp. 457-499. 
17 k-6T Schorger, A. W. 1931. The Birds of Dane County, Wisconsin. Part II.

Trans. Wis. Acad. of Sci., Arts, and Letters, Vol. XXVI, pp. 1-60. 
4E-                          A Reminiscent History of the Village and Town
of 
Lake Mille. 
{j,(k1' Cravath, Prosper (and others). -1906. Early Annals of Whitewater,
1937-1967. 
Whitewater Fed. of Women's Clubs. Pp. 1-28 3 
 
 

					
				
				
......~cA-~c ~   PRING FLORA OFAP£}2     I$LAND 
LAKE MILLS  WISCONSIN. 
B.  E.B.Moore and Russell Sanford. 
KFarmer's Island" is located approximately twn a4:e horth of Lake 
Mills, Wis. on the       Grove G .....     .   Itconsists of a low 
wooded knoll rising a few feet above the surrounding bog. The portion 
included in this survey embraced about twenty-five acres of unpastured 
upland woods and a small part of the adjoining marsh, some of which is 
grazed. 
The flora of the "Island" is principally mesophytic; that of the

surrounding lowlands includes some characteristic bog species. 
Ulmus americana, Prunus serotina, Fraxinus americana, Acer rubra 
and Tilia glabra are the most common trees in the overstory, The forest 
as a whole consists of a group-wise distribution of age classes, with 
the 21-40 year class predominting. Cordwood has been taken out here 
and there, recently in the southwestern part of the area, and the 
resulting openings are at present in the herbaceous-shrub stage of 
succession. The soil is of the mull type, shows rapid decomposition 
of litter and a well-developed humic horizon. Maidenhair fern,- a 
common indicator of this type- Occurs frequently. 
The soil of the bog is made up of sedge-peat and supports various 
stages of the bog succession. Larix laracina and Rhus Vernix, a sub- 
climax association, occurs here, as well as thickets of Cornus stolon- 
ifera, Populus tremuloides and Salix spp. Dense stands of Urtica procera

in places, indicate the misuse of fire in the past. On parts of the 
lowlands, Maianthemum canadense appears as ground cover, usually under 
stands of Pobulus. 
The following species were collected and identified: 
 
 

					
				
				
-2- lake 11ills. 
Pinaceae 
Larix laricina 
Juniperus virginiana 
Cyperaceae 
Carex sp, 
cave-4. 
A.raoeae 
"risaema triphyllum 
liliaceae 
=max herbacea, var. pnlverulenta 
Polygonatum pnbescens 
Polygonatum biflorum 
;,.aianthemum danadense, vair. 
6milacina stellata 
Smilacina, racemosa 
Uvularia grandiflora 
Dioscoreaceae 
Dioscorea villosa 
Salicaceae 
3alirt sp. 
Popnl'us grandidentata 
Poplilus tremuloides 
Juglandaceae 
Carya ovata 
Betnlaoeae 
BetuTa pumila, var. glandulifera 
Cory1ns americana 
Ostrya virginiana 
Pagaceae 
,uercus alba 
,uerc-us rubra 
,uerous ellipsoidalis 
Urticaceae 
U177 americana 
Urtica procere, 
CaEyophyllaceae 
6tellaria Ion ifolia 
Ay-eo&,- ,q later-.'ftrA 
I 
Ranunculaceae 
2anunculus abortivus 
.  anunc-uliis septentrionalis 
-ianunc-ul'us reourvatus 
Thalietrium dioicum 
, nemonella thalictroides 
Hepatica americana 
Caltha paInstris 
Actaea rubre, 
Aquilegia canadensis 
Awl-emona 
 
 

					
				
				
-3-   Lake 1,.,Iills. 
Berberidaceae 
Podop =ylum peltatum 
Caulophyllum thalictroides 
-paveraceae 
3anguinaria canadensis 
Cruciferae, 
lepilium campestre 
Capsella Bursa-pastoris 
Erysimum cheiranthoides 
B&rbarea vulgaris 
Cardamine Douglassii 
2oripa Armoracia 
SaxifraZaceae 
Saxifraga penneylvanica 
2ibes Cynosbati 
-ibes gracile 
Ribes americanum 
Rosaceae 
I i yrus arbutifolia, var. atrop urpurea 
.I.yrns ioensis 
Amelanchier canadensis 
--melanchier humilis 
Crataegns sp. 
Fragaria virginiana 
Fragaria. vesea 
Potentille, cana& nsis 
Potentilla, norvegica, var. hirsuta 
Rubus v*-Iles  pubesce-,$ 
Rubus occidentalis 
Frunus serotina, 
Prunns virginiana 
Prunns americanum 
Legiminosae 
lathyrns ochrolencus 
Vicea americana 
Oxalidaceae 5 f'.. C fA 
oxalis ou"re 
Geraniaceae 
Geran'"um mac-ulatu*m 
, nacardiaceae 
- hus Ye.7rnix 
Hhus oxioodendro 
Rhus glabra 
Aceraceae 
. ,.cer rubra 
Vitaceae 
Farthenocissus vitacea 
 
 

					
				
				
-4-   lake Mille 
Tiltaceae 
7-ilia glabra 
Violaceae 
Viola mcullata 
Viola eriocarpa 
Araliaceas 
AraTlia 
Umbellif erae 
OsmorUza Claytoni 
Zizea a7area 
Sanio-ala marilandica 
Cornaceae 
-Corn-as stolonifera 
Cornus Baileyi 
Cornus alternifolia 
Cornus femina 
Oleaceae 
raxinus amerioana 
folemoniaceae 
Polemonium reptans 
Scrophulariaceae 
Veronica peregrina 
Rabiaceae 
---TaMum Apparine 
Caprifoliaceae 
-A   Eta   i 
iou-ioera tatarioa 
Lonicera dioioa 
Lonicera prolifers, 
Vib*urnum opulus, varo americanum 
Vib-arn-am lentago 
Viburnum affine, var. hypomalacum 
Viburnum affine, var, affine 
Sambuous canadensis 
Compositae 
Taraxicum offioinale 
Achillea Millefolium 
 
 

					
				
				
Extracts from the Ginseng Field Notes of Mr. John Hooper; 1904-08 
insenq--1904                               __Plants                    Seeds

July 28  First plants of season              River           -T 
Aug. 7                                            ?few" 
14  Built ginseng garden                                   617 
18  A few ripe seeds                    River 
21  Seeds ripe on ,t plants             River 4e4e         80        ? 
23  Seeds ripe                          illers' TZ;-     107 
26                                      Spitzers'-4        40-50   "few't

26  "land too low"--600 acres           Fred Albrecht'A    none

26                                      WollitzI' ee4S-     2 
26                                      Smiths' .         85 
27  Worked by someone else              Dams'            10 
(small) 
'    27                                      Bohnsacks'        2^67 
28                                      Vandres' 1zodt    none 
28                                      Zimmermans'         3 3 
28                                      StarWs'   -      112       125 
31                                      Smi ths' 1an skei 
Sillima's.      297        1t 
Sept. 4  171 old; rest yearling plants       Sillimars'        31d6     
-can 
full,* 
6   found bipgest roots I have seen 4 River .oods       1 160    W 'ome7-

(Gene got ------500 
8                                      Dams'            100 
8  mostly small (97 large)             near Steulkes ., 323 
8                                      River LiTs        15 
9  Goose Lake (Dane Co.)               Big            none 
9   . & S. of London                   Thompsons >t!T.    20 
11  River Wds, F.Miller"s', Favilles'?Smiths', Silliman573        some

12  Chas. Willin hillside 20 acres; .--anskO, Smith"   337  k-&44Hme

(Smi ths) 
12  Plants few & far between, all green as yet, as in summer 
15                            "Starks'                    f "few

small" 
; M. 
 
 

					
				
				
(cont' d.) 
No. 
Date 1904                           Woods             Plants   Seeds 
Sept.15 Near Grelton             S. of road            305      Xfew"-

16 -wmostly east of ridge"  Barichters'          280      $quite a 
1littl1 's 
16                          Barichters' V 3ene got  150 
17  *tows had run over wds;                     igarge 
had been well hunted.' Farmers'Island.      20 
25                          Ri ver  es           140 
27 'tone rotten root'*%     River 7T4oTs,        330      some 
30  Fn route to Camp McKinley 3 woods visited      85 
Plants yellow & down. 
Oct. 1   1 very large head(Yandres  ,Yandra, ToilinE 
River ',,, SmitI    Favill, Jianske, Schafer' 235  some 
2 Lowell via Richwood      Andrews'              467 
S. to Reeseville Bridge 
16 All plants yellow & down   River 'oods 
Total aver   5100+- for year 
1905                                                IS 
Iay  5 Put up shades; about          ,                            _ 
15 plants up Ei=fWM 
11  Paid $15. for 5000 seeds; plants coming up' fast, A few uhroled. 
15 Aboaft all up. 
21 ,i"found no ginsen"     .   River ;2 
June 11  Circuit L.illers, Favilles),Smiths', .Iansk&,  48 
Saw very few plants. _______R_______             n__         - 
A '.  5   ot  :  D i    L-'s..                         85 
July  2                             River  ds           80 
River a Zs         123 
16                             Dams'   ods        100 
22  -ds. F. of  ,,ilford   .   Bendils, Ziebell, 
Stark 'Foods       126 
27                             River              110 
29                             River              170 
31                             River 'Xs.         110 
31 About - dozen ripe seeds in garden; no seeds ripe in woods. 
Aug. 5 Picked 400 in beds. 
6                             River    .         180 
13 Few seeds ripe              Starks' ;s .j      132 
 
 

					
				
				
Table    (cont'd.) 
No. 
Date   1905                         Woods             Plants    Seeds 
Aug. 20   Seeds ripe                River Nds.        140 
23 Bought from Roy Newcomb probably frorn        24 
River Wds. 
Sept. 1 All day                     Brendels & Starks 192 
2 Half day                   River 'Nds.       121 
3                            River ;"ds.                 quite a 
Smith             1 112      little 
3      (                     Farmers' Isl.      45 
4                            Froelichs*        345       considerable 
/Gene had fine diggin,       ? 
6 Near Deerfield             Deerfield ds.    300      A'otsN 
noon-3: 30flM 
7  10:-4:30p4               Deerfield         480 
9  10:30-4:30                Deer field        468       Cons  (-*4 
11                            Froelichs'        155 
11 Bought 85 for 1.75         Barichters'        85       quite a 
____  from Roy Newcomb.                        205       little 
11 "I head had 64 seeds" 
14                            River Wds.        190 
17  Bought 100 roots from Fuller 
for 2.0); 79 from Newcomb--prob Riiver Wds. 179       bo, htAow 
24  ivade  ici 
S T              -                    River  'ds.       240 
1-25  B'ought from Fuller     River(prob.)       70 
28 Lade circuit; Plants mostly yellow;         340 
S me seeds still on. 
29 /23 lackin. of 10,000 for River ',ds. Smiths,245 
two years."              oposite Creek 
Oct.   1                            River '3ds, Tollin,l10    some 
Schafers' "ods. 
1906 
Aug. 12 No seeds ripe               Deerfield         540 
13 At4vel-                   River '7ds.       100 
Total to this date----------------------    900 
Bought 150 fro.] Fuller-- 2.50 
17                            Deerfield         450 
20                            River 7ds.        104 
Circuit 
25                            River 7ds. 
_  ollins '       185 
 
 

					
				
				
Table    (cont'd) 
No. 
Date    1906                         Woods            Plants   Seeds 
28                            Near Mud Lake    230 
29  Seed ripe in woods        Deerfield        450 
31 To Lowell by bicycle       Richwood         330 
Sept.   1                            fS. of Mittons   137 N. of home 
in big woods/.   293 
2                            Kuinmans' Wds.   470 
3                            Ri chwood        270 
16                            Richwood 
23 Some plants yellow.        Riv. ds. circ; 
except Yandres' 235 
30  Most of plants yellow     Circuit          200 
1907 
Oct.   7  Ginseng turning yellow 
1908/ 
M-ay  10 /coingn ffast. 
July  11 fseed well set\ 
Sept. 4 Got -bout 600 plants, mostly 2-3 yrs. old--Deerfieid 
Seeds ripe. 
Planted seeds ac'ain; ffound some places where I had sewed seed 
two years ago .--(31-4# seedlings in bunch) 
 
 

					
				
				
/~  L~7A'10 
Orohidaoae: past and present status at Faville Gtrove and Wollin's woods

8.oe  )Forer status                  1934 1935 1936 1937 1938     LoaalitZy

1Small yellow lady' s slipper Only 1 plant          I                   
             us F  al 
(Oypipedtu paxvi,,,foru)     ever reorded                               
  comnin near- 
at F. G.                                      by tamaoks 
2Large yellow lady's slipper  Comm,.on in all 
(C. parvklflorum pubesoens) upland woods    100+         0    0    0   10
  U t    and woods 
White lady's slipper          Ab ndant on 
3  C   andidum)              prairie       1000+.1000   0    55   80    0
  Prii 
S8howy lady's slipper         NeverStlloay 
(C. reginae)              recorded                                      
commotin lo ar. 
by tamaracks 
5Moocasin flower              Locally 
(C. aoaile)               commRon                        4     2GoePn 
6 Showy orohs 
(etabilis)         Common                                         ollin's
woods 
7 Green orohis                 Prob. 
(Habenaria bra teata)        common                                3    
   Favilie woo 
8H, hyprborea                  Common           -       /ttill fa:zly common
 Goose Pond 
(H. laora)                                                              
   Prairie 
lOWhite fringed orohis          Locally 
(H. leuoophaea)              common on             17   30 100    15  150
  Prairie 
porairlie 
luple fringed orohis                          A       - 
1   (H. psyAs)                  o   n         few               0    0  
     ollin's woods 
120alo-ogon pulohells         Never                                     
    Hope Lake 
recorded                                       rare 
13Ladies' tresses 
(Spiranthes oernua)          Abundant                   10  100         
   Prairie 
 
 

					
				
				
Forper(1)                        gtatus 19   1934 1935 1936 1937 1938   
 Loci' 
14Rattle      plantain                                         A        
      Faville Wood 
(ts pubesons                  Cmn                           few    0    0

15 L xge o)'alroot 
(Coralnlorrhiza maculata)     Abundant                  Still looally common
Upland woods 
16 Putty rot 
(Apleotrum hyemale)           Prob.                           75  75   75
   Wollin's woods 
locally 
oommon 
17                                J/Jk- 
*Taleoompiled by Mr. Stoughton W. Faville, Dr. John 'E      Curtis and the
author, 
(1)            abo ,,speotes have been reoorded and probably still can be
foud with     . 
6 miles of J'aville (Irow.  -I\                            t',1; 
T                      ~c 
 
 

					
				
				
-TTDIX Z 
"llants foimcl durinll- 1936 In Sectlon 19 of tile Crawfish 
collocto' by     Alawl, lrns and Identified by Dr 
No 1C. 
A,,:-,ropyron repens                 Galium boreale 
k-Tcst-ls alba                      ('entiana Andrevisil 
Allsma !'luntaLlo-aquatloa                  c.-inl-ta 
Amorpha canescens 
Andropogon fiircatus 
Andropo,-.on scoparius               Halenaria loucophaea. 
Anemone canadeyisis                  ilf lenlum w,)t,ir-nale 
Apoc, rom rallnal,'-num var. g-laberrinautl Hellant hnsq sp. 
P-sf-'Leplas incarnata             1-Tellopsis hicliantholes 
Aster novae-anEllae                 heiic-hera Richardsoni4vm- 
Aster n1losus                       I'llerochloe odorata 
YT)oxis h--'rsuta 
I-et-la rrmila varo Lla-,idul 
ITJetula Sa:idbergi                 Iris virglnica v-, 
Brasslea juncea 
Leersia oryzoides 
Cacalla tuberosa                    Lepachys pinnata 
Calanat,,rostis canac5ensis        Lettuca canaqensis 
Cardanlne b ,111-osa                Llatrls p-yonostachya 
-)nr- :lflora varo aronicola  Llthospermvur, canescons 
,,ini-ita r-aci.ilata               Liliur plMidelphAeun var. 
Irs lur. nrvcmse                      andinum 
I iim la--t eolatun.             LIllun michi ;anense 
Lobelia s-oicata 
Convolvulvus sepium                 Lycopus amoricanus 
Cypripediiin candidum              Lythrw i alatum, 
Dodecathoon Moadia                  717atri.ularia inodom 
7 ullcllium amndinaceien             entlia arvensis var* canadonsis 
nulus rirL,,ens 
Ecltlnoc ,.loa cmsEalli 
. c-lnochloa ll'. alterl           Nepeta, Gataria 
Eleocharis sp. 
Elymus Sp. 
var*           Oxalis st ota 
adenocolot(K                     oxypolis ri-jdior 
-Y-f:Uze 
Er I '-tron                         Panicum capillare 
i' ,,-Lor)'norun rl- : I stlfolium  Parilcun Scribnorianum 
0-              Parietar--la pennsylvanica 
upatorlUT'l -Jerfoliatnm           Parnassia caroliniana. 
-tiphorbia  !orollata 
Petalosteynum pi!rpureum 
 
 

					
				
				
Phalarls amndinacea 
Phloun Dratense 
Phlox p1losa 
PhysosteLja vir ,,Iniana 
Poa pratensis 
Polyt,,'onur. penri sylvan icurn 
PolyConum Persicaria 
lotentilla norvizica var. hirauta 
Pyenant'I'lemim virt iniamnn 
Radicula Nasturtium-aquatteum 
Roripa palustrIs 
Riidbeckia hirta 
Salix -'o.,-,,*2c)1La 
Saphonaria officinalls 
0-.Irmas atrovirens 
ScIrpus ve4e-dls   4&64 
Scrophularia marilandlea 
Seneclo aureus     -7 
Silphium laci-riiatum 
311T)hium terebirithinaceum 
Solidar-o ri,--lda 
Sonchi-i.s ole aceus 
SorGhastrur mitans 
parCaniuri Ii-irycarptun 
Spart'na pectimta 
-piraea alba 
,-)piranthes cernua 
Stacbys tonulfolia 
Iteironcma c1iiadriflorim 
Tradescantla. canaliclilata 
lw'alariana edulis 
ilerbascuir "Phapsus 
Verbascum f.lattarti 
%I 
..orbena hastata 
Vernonia fascicl'ilata 
"'cronica vlr -_ -Inica 
Viola micullata 
"izia aurea 
 
 

					
				
				
(n 
3 -7 
In addition to tl- e above V-st-, I have collected the 
f Ollowin- plants In 
tzi     4 
Aster -,.uri.iceus 
vulgaris 
Cerast!-Lmi vialcaLtim 
',]-l'obluri Ccloratun, 
(-maadensis 
:,Upatorl.-Lm, iirticaefoltim 
,,cntlana Pindrewsii 
,' eizn canadense 
I  -YpoNis -,)Iirsuta 
i-rnations biflora 
Latiica scariola 
TE)l-nq nipor 
Lololia s-- -philLtlca 
Lonicera lairsuta 
Lycopus unifloriis 
.,onothera ap. 
phiox nl-losa var. ful,,,-Ida 
T1O1y,--on1r!7 lapatqifolilm 
IPoly"',onum pennsylval-li CUT" 
sat-ittatinn 
aln-1 f olla 
Sarracenia purpurea 
I-'7nrtins pectinata 
opiranthes cernua (1938 only) 
Solida-o canadensis 
Snum siiave 
Ak" 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
LAND UTILIZATION DATA 
1. Name 44      yo                                         ae 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total)            (b) farmyard   L   ; Cc) orchard

3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total) 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack       ; (b) mixed hardwoods _      ; (c) oak 
openings   /2   ; (d) brush   /    . 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack   g.; (b) mixed hardoods       F   ; (c) oak 
openings  ;(d) brush         i. 
4. Total pasture acreage:    /        (a) boggy lowland pasture      ;(b)upl.

5. Wild hay meadow acreage        , (Mostly what grass?4          2     
       ) 
6. Tame hay acreage (total) 
(a) Alfalfa i..; (b) clover          (c) R. canary      ; (d) timothy 
(e) Juae grass       ; (f) mixed   I.- 
7. Cultivated land acreage (total)          (a) upland .41j;(b) blackland
       ; 
(a) corn'.     (b) barley j      (c) oats       (d) wheat      Ce) rye- 
(f) mi-ture of (          )          (g)(         ) sorghum 
(h) soybeans        (i) peas .-----Q) beans         (k) gardenT 
(1) other 
S. List worst weeds in order of importance 
9. Livestock: (a) cattle ____(b) horses .        (c) sheep       ( Cd) hogs

(e) chickens     & (f) cats       (g) dogs  -V 
10. About what percentage of farm is fall grazed:    " 
About  "       "      "    "   " "    plowed:

11. Unfarmed acreage: (a)swamx   _     (b) marsh      (c) pothole 
(a) fallow  -   (e) gravel pit       (f) rock outcrop 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game maaer 
1. Topography                     high elev. _            low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements       (a) food    _     (b) cover

4. ITo. of cover planting sites      (a) largest      (b) smallest _   Cc)
av. 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations:_     _   . Amount of feed used 
9. Game census: (a) quail _   (b) Hins     (c) Pr. chickens      (d) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
LAND UTILTZATION DATA 
1. Fame                                                  Date.....______
 Dt 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total)         ; (b) farmyard        ;'(c) orchard

3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total) 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack; (b) mixed hardwoods              ; (c) oak 
openings       ,7d) brush    J     . 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack   1'   ; (b) mixea hardwoods        ; (c) oak 
openings         ;(d) brush  
4. Total pasture acreage:   ,     L. (a) boggy lowland pasture .     ; (b)upl.
3( 
5. Wild hay meadow acreage         . (Nostly what grass? 
6. Tame hay acreage (total)   S 
(a) Alfa1fa4 . " (b) clover          (c) R. canary    ; d) timothy 
(e) Jwuie grass   -; (f) mixed 
7. Cultivated land acreage (total) /        (a) upland -   ; (b) blackld
; 
(a) corn       (b) barley -      (c) oats -     (d) wheat     (e) rye 
(f) mi:-ture of C            )        (g,(-        ) sorg__u  _     _ 
(h) soybeans   _     (i) peas       Q Ci) beans     (k) garden 
(i) other 
9. List worst weeds in order of importance             - 
9. Livestock: (a) catt le      (b) hoess       (c) sheep   _   (d) hogs 
   7 
(e) chicens        (f) cats       (g) dogs 
10. About what percentage of farm is fall grazed: 
About  "       If          "   " "    plowed: 
11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp       (b) marsh _      (c) pothole 
(d) fallow      (e) gravel pit       (f) rock outcrop __ 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game mlnier: 
i. Topography                     high elev.              low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements       (a) food     -    (b) cover

4. No. of cover planting sites       (a) largest      (b) smallest _    (c)
av._ 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. to. of feeding stations: _. Amount of feed used 
9- Game census: (a) quail ___ (b) Fs_      (c) Pr. chickens      (d) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
LAND UTILIZATION DA.TA 
1.Na e% .A k ~Date                                  J-\A3J 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total)         : (b) farmyard _       ; (c) orchard.

3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total) Q !     11 1 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack       ; (b) mixed hardwoods       ; (c) oak 
openings \o  d    (d) brush 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack         ; (b) mixed hardwoods  .e     (c) oak 
openings   j      d,) brush 
4. Total pasture acreage: jj        . (a) boggy lowland pasture L    ; (b)up.j

5. Wild hay meadow acreage           (Mostly what grass? _ 
6. Tame hay acreage (total)  ' O 
(a) Alfalfa , O  ; (b) clover tO    (c) R. canary      ; (d) timothy 
(e) June grass       ; (f) mixed        . 
7. Cultivated land acreage (total)        ; (a) upland __(b) blackla ;- 
(a) corn  -*4 q  (b) barley A   (c) oats  ,o   (d) wheat -      (e) rye 
_ 
(f) miLture of (                       (g  (        ) sorg m 
(h) soybeans        (i) peas vIC   (J) beans   WC.(k) garden 
(1) other 
9. List worst weeds in order of importance      i      iw a      Q     .

9. Livestock: (a) cattle .10,- (b) horses i     (c) sheep    i   (d) hogs
LO 
(e) chickens a      (f) cats      (g) dogs J 
10. About hat percentage of farm is fall grazed: I   ) 
About                                 -l"  "  " "  powed:
-4o 
11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp  __   (b) marsh        (c) pothole 
(d) fallow      (e) gravel pit       (f) rock outcrop_ 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game m   gr: 
1. Topography      ...._          high elev.              low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for ildlife improvemnts        (a) feed, _       (b) cover

4. No. of cover planting sites       (a) largest _     (b) smallest     (c)
av. 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations:_S. Amount of feed used 
9. Game census: (a) quail _   (b) Hans     (c) Pr. chickens __   (d) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
LAD UTIMZATIOI DATA 
1. Name A11&       1-     &1,1WrDate 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total) j6       ; (b) farmyard  ,   ; (c) orchard

3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total) 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack         ( (b) mixed hardwoods     ; (c) oak 
openings _     ; (d) brush 
Ungrazed:  (a) tamarack         (b) mixed hardwoods  16; (c) oak 
openings   ;(d) brush             . 
4Total pasture acreage:            (a) boggy lowland pasture ZJO (b)upl.L

5. Wild hay meadow acreage        . (Mostly what grass?                 
      ) 
6. Tame hay acreage ( oal) 
(a) Alfalfa    __. (b) clover        (c) R. canary      ; (d) timothy   
  ; 
(e) Juue grass       ; (f) mixed 
7. Cultivated land acreage (tot.-a)         (a) upTu)lad t       1   nd)

(a) corn LL__ _b) barley       (c) oats LQ(d) wheat           (e) rye 
(f) mi.ture of             U) ()(                 ) sorghum. 
(h) soyb-eain,      (i) peas        Q) beans        (k) garden 
(1)other 
9. List worst weeds in orier of importance 
9. Livestock: (a) cattle &      (b) horses  ,   (c) sheep  0    (d) hogs
  0 
(e) chickens A     (f) cats       (g) dogs Z 
10. About what percentage of farm is fall grazed: 
About  "       ,,    if   It   i      plowed: 
11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp       (b) marsh -      (c) pothole 
(d) fallow      (e) gravel pit -     (f) rock outcrop 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game mangLer: 
1. Topography                     high elev.              low elev.     
,, 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements   _   (a) food         (b) cover

4. No. of cover planting sites       (a) largest      (b) smallest _   (c)
av. 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations:         9. Amount of feed used 
9. Game census: (a) quail _   (b) Hans     (c) Pr. chickens _   (a) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
LAND UTILIZATION DATA 
1. Name                                                  Date 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total) .4      ; (b) farmyard .      ; (c) orchard
_.. 
3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total)      O 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack __   .; (b) mixed hardwoods   sp  ; (c) oak 
openings        ; (d) brush         . 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack   I n  ; (b) mixed hardwoods   j   ; (c) oak 
openings _      ;(d) brush         . 
4. Total pasture acreage:             (a) boggy lowland pasture Cp; (b)upl.jW

5. Wild hay meadow acreage        . (Mostly what grass? 
6. Tame hay acreage C(total)  &4L. 
(a) Alfalfa       ; (b) clover       (c) R. canary        (d) timothy 
(e) Juae grassy      ; (f) mixed, 
7. Cultivated land acreage (total)          (a) upland     ;(b) blackland

(a) corn L4   (b) barley   _      coats .$   (d) wheat       (e) rye 
(f) mi-Jture of (             )        (g)(         ) sorghum 
(h) soybeans        () peas   Qj.   (j) beans       (k) garden 
(1) other  ZAdA6 
9. List worst weeds in order of importanca 
.9. Livestock: (a) cattle 4"    (b) horses .      (c) sheep _____ !d)
hogs 
(a) chickens 4      (f) cats      (g) dogs   A 
10. About what percentage of farm is fall grazed: 
About  "       "      "    "    " "   plowed:

11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp       (b) marsh   -_   (c) pothole 
(d) fallow      (e) gravel pit __    (f) rock outcrop 
g) other 
To be filled in by     Mmanager: 
1. Topography                     high elev.              low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements           10(a) food   (b) cover

71. Io. of cover planting sites  _   (a) largest      (b) smallest _   (c)
av. 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations: ______   . A     tof feed used 
9. Game census: (a) quail _  (b) Bins     (c) Pr. chickens ( Cd) pheas. 
10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
LAND UJTILIZATION  iUESTIQNAIRU [9ht 1AY1Z      MZ  AUA 
( Please answer the fol ow   quest os       i    and corroutly as poss.ble).

t. Name of farm: 
2. Total acreage O    lfarm 
. Total acreage under ame management ( To be answered by game manager): 
4. Number of acres of ungrazed woodlan: _ 
a. Tamarack:     /0                 ,: 
b. Hardwood: 
5. Number of acres of grazed woodland:         0 
a. TaMaraekY                           Brshy._...      . 
b. Hrdwood:__     _____ 
6. Number of acres of Pas ture' lad 
7. Number of acres of wIld hay: 
8. Thine hay  c.re age: 
a. Alfalfa*                         *  Blue grass: 
b., Clover:f                           Mixed:          1in 
*. Res Canary:         j           5. 
d. Timothy:         0               h. 
9. Cash coZp acreage:00 
a. Peas:           1,              4. 
b. Beans:         J2_______ 
IQ. Farm crop acreage: 
a. Soy beans: 
b.                                 g. 
d. Oats: *. 
I, Number of acres of waste or fallow ground: ( What are the         mnat*

weeds on this, I-nd? e.g. Ragweed, bindweed. mustard, quak.-*Anr. 
A01. 
 
 

					
				
				
=TD UTILIZATION DATA 
1. Name                                         D~~~kfate~              
  i 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total)                          -t- ; (b) far(yard
____; (c) orchard I7 
3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total) 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack       i (b) mixed hardwoods _    _; (c) oak 
openings        TTd) brush 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack        ; (b) mixed hardwoods !     ; (c) oak 
openings          (d) brush        . 
4. Total pasture acreage:  3. (a) boggy lowland pasture 2            ; (b)upl.

5. Wild hay meadow acreage / $       (Mostly what grass? 
6. Tame hay acreage (total) I 
(a) Alfalfa /.    ; (b) clover   ;   (c) R. canary      ; (d) timothy 
(e) Jule grass _     ; (f) mixed 
7. Cultivated land acreage (total)          (a) upland      (b) blackland
I 
(a) corn I     (b) br ey    -   (c) oats       (d) wheat      (e) rye 
(f) mi::ture of (    4        )        (gT-         ) sorghum 
(h) soybeans   _     (i) peas       U) beans        (k) garden 
(1) other 
9. List worst weeds in order of importance 
9. Livestock: (a) cattle    -  (b) horses       (c) sheep        (d) hogs

(e) chicketis -     (f) cats      (g) dogs    - 
10, About what percentage of farm is fall grazed: 
About  I t            "    "   " "    plowed: 
11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp       (b) marsh        (c) pothole 
(d) fallov'     (e) gravel pit       (f) rock outcrop 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game manager: 
1. Topography                     high elev.              low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements _      (a) food _      (b) cover

4. No. of cover planting sites       (a) largest      (b) smallest __  (c)
av.- 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations:         9. Amount of feed used 
9. Game census: (a) quail _   (b) Hans _   (c) Pr. chickens __  (d) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
L.OD UTILIZATION DATA 
l. Name   iiDate                                                    ' 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total) j4.XL; (b) farmyard' Z        ; (c) orchard

3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total)        0 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack       ; (b) mixed hardwoods       ; (c) oak 
openings         .d) brush __  __/ 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack        ; (b) mixed hardwoods  ....   (c) oak 
openings       ; (d) brush 
4. Total pasture acreage:             (a) boggy lowland pasture    i;(b)upl.
-2 
5. Wild hay meadow acreage    4) .   (Mostly what grass?                
       ) 
6. Tame hay acreage tctal)    -O 
(a) AlfaLfa  ;..V; (b) clover        (c) R. canary      ; (d) timothy 
(e) June grass       ; (f) mixed        . 
7. Cultivated land acreage (total) 1g.; (a) upland         ;(b) blackland
      ; 
(a) corn       (b) barley  ,     (c) oats      (d) weat  C     (e) rye 
(f) miture of (            )          (g)(         ) sorghum. 
(h) soybeans         (i) peas  Ji  (J) beans       (k) garden 
(1) other 
S. List worst weeds in order of importance 
9. Livestock: (a) cattle       (b) horses        c) sheep       (d) hogs

(e) chickens       (f) cats   2   (g) dogs 
10. About what percentage of farm is fall grazed:      ; 
About  "       "           "   " "    plowed:  
L a 
11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp  __   (b) marsh       (c) pothole 
(d) fallow      (e) gravel pit       (f) rock outcrop 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game manger: 
1. Topography ......_high elev.                           low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements  _ a) food       _     (b) cover

W. No. of cover planting sites   _   (a) largest   _  (b) smallest _   Cc)
av._ 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations:         9. Amount of feed used 
9. Game census: (a) quail _  (b) Hans __  (c) Pr. chickens __  (d) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
LAND UTILIZAION DATA 
1. Name ____________Date 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total)           (b) farmyard iL    ; (c) orchard
    . 
3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total) 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack         (b) mixed hardwoods      ; (c) oak 
openings  1     ; d) brush   / 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack          (b) mixed hardwoods  (7 ; (c) oak 
openings       7(d) brush . 
4. Total pasture acreage:             (a) boggy lowland pasture      (b)upl.

5. Wild hay meadow acreage       .   (Mostly what grass? _______) 
6. Tame hay acreage (total) 
(a) Alfalfa       ; (b) clover      ( Cc) R. canary    ; (d) timothy    
 ; 
(e) Juue grass       ; (f) mixed        . 
7. Cultivated land acreage (total)  /      (a) upland     ;(b) blackland
      ; 
(a) corn       (b) barley    : (c) oats      d) wheat        (e) rye   /

(f) mixture of                        (g)            so rghum 
(h) sobeaus        (i) peas       (j) bns         (k) garden 
Ci) oe    a....easQ)beans 
8. List worst weeds in order of importance 
9. Livestock: (a) cattle       (b) horses      (c) sheep       (d) hogs .

() chickens       (f) cats      (g) dogs 
10. About what percentage of farm is fall grazed: 
About      "          "    "   " "   plowed:   
,1 
11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp       (b) marsh      ( (c) pothole 
(d) fallow      (e) gravel pit      (f) rock outcrop 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game manager: 
1. Topography                    high elev.              low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements      (a) food         (b) cover

4. No. of cover planting sites   _   (a) largest _    (b) smallest _ (c)
av.__ 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations:_    _    . -Amount of feed used__ 
9. Game census: (a) quail _  (b) Hans __  (c) Pr. chickens -- ( Cd) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
1. Name              LANDP UTTIZATION DATA       Dt 
1. Name IAILLLYLML             .                         Date 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total)           (b) farmyard .      ,,(c) orchard

3. Woodland acreage (on area) (t t_ 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack         (b) mixed hardwoods       ; (c) oak 
openings ______; (d) brush 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack        _ (b) mixed hardwoods       ; (c) oak 
openings        ;(d) brush _ 
4. Total pasture acreage: J__   ... (a) boggy lowland pasture   5   ;(b)up__

5. Wild hay meadow acreage    9   . (Mostly what grass?                 
       ) 
6. Tame hay acreage (total) -       * 
(a) Alfalfa .     ; (b) clover 4      (c) R. canary _   ; (d) timothy 4_;

(e) Juime grass _    ; (f) mixed _ 
7   ultivated land acreage (total)          (a) upland    heb) blackl]and

(a) corn    (f (b) barley oc        ats       (d) wheat       (e) rye  __

(f) mi-.ture of               )        (0-1         ) sorghum 
(h) soybeans        (i) peas        (j) beans       (k) garden 
(1) other 
g. List worst weeds in order of importance   . *. 44 
9. Livestock: (a) cattle       (b) horses       (c) sheep _     (d) hogs

(a) chickens 5'0 (f) cats        (g) dogs 
10. About what percentage of farm is fall grazed: 
About  "       "      "    "   " "    plowed:

11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp       (b) marsh       (q) pothole 
(d) fallow,7    (e) gravel pit       (f) roc       op 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game mam  er: 
1. Topography                     high elev.              low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements _      (a) food _   .... (b) cover

4. No. of cover planting sites   _   (a) largest   _  (b) smallest __  (c)
av. 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations:_    _    . Amount of feed used__ 
9. Game census: (a) quail _- (b) Hans _   (c) Pr. chickens __  (d) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
LANqD UTILLITN DAhTA 
1. Name(       Ai 0t   A    wyt 4                          Dae. 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total)   ;      ; (b) farmyad            (c) orchard
_   , 
3. Woodland acreage (on area) (ital) 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack -      )(b); mixed hardwoods      -, (c) oak 
openings _   ,      d) brush 
Ungrazed:   (a) tamarack         (b) mixed hardwoods        ; (c) oak 
openings d) brash                  . 
4. Total pasture acreage: 44SL. (a) boggy lowland pasture .           ;(b)uplo,..

5. Wild hay meadow acreage            (Mostly what grass?       _  __ 
6. Tame hay acreage .(;otal) 
(a) Alfatfa   | A ; (b) clover        (c) R. canary       ; (d) timothy 
_; 
(e) Juie grass _      ; (f) mixed        ._-3b             blclm 
7. Cultivated land acreage (totAl)            a) upln             baktm 
(a) corrn 30   (b) baley          c pats        (d) wheat        (e) rye

(f) mi-:ture of                         ( 'gK       ) sorghm 
() soybeans       '(i   peas        Q) beans         (k) garden 
8. List worst weeds in order of importancer 
9. Livestock: (a) cattle .      (b) horsesi..   (c) shp          (d) hogs

(a) chickens       (f) cats       (g) dogs 
10. About that percentage of farm is fall grazed; 
About           I f         I "  "     plowed: 
11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp        (b) marsh         c) pothole 
(d) fallo  _   (e) gravel pit        (f) rock outcrop_ 
(g) other __________ 
To be filled in by game manager: 
1. Topography _high elev.                                   low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements    _   (a) food     _     (b) cover

4. No. of cover planting sites        (a) largest       (b) smaliest _  
(c) av._. 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations:. Amount of feed used 
9. Game census: (a) quail _   (b) hins _   (c) Pr. chickens __   ( d) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
L~AND UTILIZATION DlATA 
1. Name                                                  Date &2az~l4
'1ZZ 
2. Acreage of (a) farm (total)         ; (b) farmyard       ; Cc) orchard

3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total) 
Grazed:    (a) tamarac        . (b) mixed hardwoods    __; C)oak 
openings      -<.7d) brush 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack,         (b) mixed hardwoods _   _; (c) oak 
openings     -,d) brush            . 
4. Total pasture acreage:    1        Ca) boggy lowland pasture  .    ;(b)up]

5. Wild hay meadow acreage        . (Mostly what grass? 
6. Tame hay acreage (total).      1. 
(a) Alfalfa         (b) clover       (c) R. canary _    ; (d) timothy 
(e) Juue grass ____; (f) mixed 
7. Cultivated land acreoge (total) L   h    (a) upland LO_ b) blackland 
(a) corn        (b) barley      C Cc) oats J   (d) wheat   -   (e) rye 
(f) mixture of                )        (g)-(        ) sorghum 
(h) soybeans   j     (i) peas       Qj) beans       (k) garden  Z/   IZ 
(1) other 
S. List worst weeds in order of importance --     As- a 
9. Livestock: (a) cattle _q  (b) horses _.. (c) sheep         (d) hgs, 
(e) chickens LAj (f) cats _- (g) dogs __ e 
10. About what percentage of farm is fall grazed: 
About          t"    "    "   " "    plowed: 
11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp _      (b) marsh _     (c) pothole 
(d) fallow      (e) gravel pit        (f) rock outcrop 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game manager: 
1. Topography                     high elev.              low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements       (a) food    _     (b) cover

). ITo. of cover planting sites _     (a) largest  _  (b) smallest _  (c)
av. 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations:_S. Amount of feed used 
9. Game census: (a) quail __ (b) Ruins _  (c) Pr. chickens __   (d) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

					
				
				
LALND UTILIZATION DATA 
1. Name                                                  Date          /

2. Acreage of (a) farm   0tal)    .    . (b) farmyard      _;   c) orchard
  - 
3. Woodland acreage (on area) (total) 
Grazed:    (a) tamarack       * b)mixed hadwoods          ; (c) oak 
openings   __   ; (d) brush        . 
Ungrazed: (a) tamarack        ; (b) mixed hardwoods     0; (c) oak 
openings            )brsh      .   . 
4. Total pasture acreage: sDA       . (a) boggy lowland pasture       (b)upl.
 -5 
5. Wild hay meadow acreage        . (Mostly what grass? 
6. Tame hay acreage (total) 
(a) Alfalfa       * (b) clover       (c) R. canary   _;   (d) timothy 
(e) Jule grass       ; (f) mixed 
7. Cultivated land acreage (total)   I   ; (a) upland .;(b) blackl and 
(a) corn        (b) barley L     c) oats       Cd) Wheat       (e) rye- 
(f) mi:ture of (            )          (g)-,        ) sorghum 
(h) soybeans        (i) peas ._     () beans        (k) garden   Z. 
(1) other 
9. List worst weeds in order of importance 
9. Livestock: (a) cattle jd    (b) horses .      (c) sheep      (d) hogs

(e) chickens /      (f) cats      (g) dogs 
10. About that percentage of farm is fall grazed: 
About  "       "           I f  " "   plowed:  A-   
 .L 
11. Unfarmed acreage: (a) swamp       (b) marsh       (c) pothole I Cc, 
(d) fallow      (e) gravel pit       (f) rock outcrop 
(g) other 
To be filled in by game manager: 
1. Topography                     high elev.              low elev. 
2. Soils (% of types & ph.): 
3. Acreage used for wildlife improvements   _   (a) food    _     (b) cover

4. No. of cover planting sites       (a) largest      (b) smallest _   (c)
av._ 
5. Plantings made: 
6. Survival data: 
7. No. of feeding stations: _. Amount of feed used 
9. Game census: (a) quail _  (b) Runs _  (c) Pr. chickens __  (d) pheas.

10. Nesting census: 
11. Ecological types (relative sizes); 
12. Misc. notes: 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
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41 
 
 

					
				
				
o et.       tplc 
t     _   :_ _ _ _ _        __ 
_&I 
k ~  2~ala ~ar            1 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
~r~ngtke  nast. t'on yaon .Te:'t r n  -'onntj L3  &1"t Cxr a c 
rn   c  7  2   Is zg   on 7  r  bc110   1~~ nr j.--t 
Arl   ani te  %a-c~e  I  Co.-Of.e  rn t  o  ~a.~ 
anRatig 'o-o      mi ~i   y ~wr~ 
inror t~h~o~~- 
Aproi  1ffitlo I 
Date aet ng eoar.                      PLX4 
P o a     ) l? 
wa t 
:exo~ Qui   tni~f~sal__l-..      _    %-- 
D&~t  'C-  ~ c ~  ----------~___ --V VJim.  10 /~ 
 
 

					
				
				
z>ftg Th toast toyasje.fera on Co uft y has fel  es 
oI~   r~a       e   bs 17n o2Ii~ r  Ws ~L 
ie tr e   o1 V 
and c v3tn  p  'nyu  am   3 answerigt   lvi 
inepanigbea 
e  a., 
HaDa 
i~~t crcp ~a7 S U  -: (~s 
 
 

					
				
				
C~AA~r~$47to~4i)7 
c~c&tIcn 0L ~ 
~ng tikf~ east t'~~o ~ .TekeL~son Oount~ k:a~ f~ ~t ~xtre~s 
~t 
v~ ~Li ~1 V~! & ~i~"         iZ '1 ay-               ii i 
'~ ~& I 
Th        ~ 
Uo~ ;L± ~2ie~ ex~re:~s in xxea~~x ~         t            ~ 
~Jat~Qz~l, ?~ cio not ~37pe~t yC ~O ~i&VL ~ "O~3p ~ A~A~ ~iit~ 
1 *~ ~1~'r~ ~ ~ m~ 
~~~p1~iting began 
Ap oz    ~A:t~it J~e 
~arwe~t rig begar. 
o~ ~a~e     (Da  ) 
~av 
inro4~. ~oJ~h~ o2 a~aL7a .~ay ~) 
D&te -c   n,   ~r'~ (~s~ ~    ) 
P    o             ~on   zac) 
4 ( ~ 
~.  ~.  ~.  k.J 
2   cr p       ~twe!    ~h 
~3J 
___________                           _               I5.~JO      ,yg'm.7O

~ 
Date ~ovs a    tu ne   o.i  o 
asture 
£~ate bc~1ve~2n ~x  th   ties 
~PP cut 
/ 
 
 

					
				
				
-  L17i 
L~e t1L~h  a~xut t  cuI.        0 
 
 

					
				
				
-&,, 
L~t 'Jg the 9+st tvo y+ .o. Jefferson Qount}/ has felt extre>es 
of +'+ :     uha     ;n~z +ev  bc~n d  1+lt++r  + i,  pass   -+ 
........ . g~a -.+++     t e:+ i.    L..... 
be tecllin  about the 2ol  6ntex ani .<6t   y                    t tc

bdo   L li %ese exr' e  in  :-eat=+: +  'e ;t t _ routine of jlat;h. 
anG &~tt~gC~.~3~  ~mur ]uiV7 answering ti ?loi~ 
qu stlonl ,;ou I.J[  +   -5in       to record K "   +tor4i.  in....

miatLon,  W~e do not expect  ou to have "ro +                    +'

Jr  - 
AproA. 'ci:Vht J~ae 1                                           -Ox 
Date harvesting begar. 
Pca/k of r~arvest (Pave) 
Apro. hegh     of ~Jalfaa lay i  Q- 
2tnc crop L&a  (o0etwec   +hat 
Dete oov ' are turned out to/ .x 
Diate been  ;hicL thistles             ..  . 
 
 

					
				
				
h~c~ion  1 P~rra  A< -21 
~vi~g te ust '4io yarsJe,~LsnGUt  a  &t~te~ 
or ~;e~4h~r ~ch S53  ~  fl~V~rbe  dul     at-~~: 
istl- or-,.  A+I  ~p&e~~~airi  ry  t  hy~U~ a 
ce r  t
	
				
asV6   ..   t'7    a--- 
u  m,,  as  ' y'  e.feson County as f~i t 
or         .   as r b            -    t 
:i atory  -               n r .I       i       ~w       M ~  Ii 
be  te Ul~n  abou t  te  coldi wife  and   .>ct   _vy   '  -r  f!    +

_c  er-,t  cf  97? 
io   i   '[e   e ex re'es  in.  eat>:er     t'    t  ,t > o  ~a 
and a~ve .jn h op  _n      U2u faom rv ansor t~ie  tol: : nc 
marion,  ,e o nt expect yc: to av£ e:act reoh  b   au 
bei 
--- Iz 
....    .  ..y          2 
>  Date  .ocing  Start.  (l~t  crop)                         / 
c e   fhi          (C atd  4 
..m- 
j> ~ e oov,;s  ax e t1 rne ct  o it  Zo          / 
art ce e t   ,~c   hite 
 
 

					
				
				
pr= 
+ Lfd i'P~             n~Ft 
~t~U~gt~e~~-t~  eo  Thwo  'ut  a  1ttc 
-r~~~        ~~] 1 els~nmrbc~±~1 
J~~i~~torv~7                 _ ~ ~ t~i$ I~y~l~  L  UL Z I 
~ ~ ~4-Z 
ho~ U  t~ei~ ev~!e~s in ~ea  ~.r~  >~  t ~ r'vA.  n  a~th 
 
 

					
				
				
hn V 
->  t-t  >'0s           ..i~  ye- Jo sn  ;L~t  s ~   ' 
7.'  asjne~ b~ 
*I4tr.~-     n~ao  5~~- ~  Levi 
be~~~~~~~~ -e~n   -t~   -~i -~L  - -~v -w -r - - 
2.Ce Afl 
 
 

					
				
				
CA            k 
I 
(VA /1~    ________________        ~to  to  o~  Fr 
~.1~tor~  ~            ~    ~-4W~r'5,t~ s~ I:  zay-~i~. LI~t~~ ~A11 ~ 
be telli v- a~ci~t t  ~Li ~xLWe: aw~i ~ 1C~ ~1 4 
~ ~-< i: 
tOW ~    ~          ~2~3 ifl ~   A            PT~'~C.           g 
aI~d  r~r~g    cz'zp~    ~ ~x. I~?   L-7 ar.swerLn~ ti~ ffIu~L~ 
~  ~ ;~i   ~    ~    -~    to record t~I~ h~~toz~~2 
23at~Qfl, ?~ d~ not ~xp~ct ~ to !~ave ~xa~t  ~Q A~1 t 
Qr~ ~ 
bE~m 
- 
Ap o 
D~t ~& ~2t~n~ e a. 
S'-/                                                       /      _________

Pa~ of ~a~ie~ (Dave)                        -             ________________

&                               I) ~ 
~iay 
Aprot~ o2~t~ ~ 
Pe~d o~ ia~L~g ~~or 
~L        ~r:            1- 
2n~ crop t~ (tw~~La~ 
-4 
cr~   ~ron~ 
~      sne~                        / 
___________________________ AL 
Dt~te a   a ~e tv~ ne  o ~t ~o 
t~ate b~e~n ~it~ tr~i3tIes~e  ______________________ ___________ 
ar~ c~t                                      __________  ___________ 
 
 

					
				
				
t"'.n 
7              n, 17-1 
je! 
i   cio    rict                                       V 
AdL)                                                                    
                                     0-0 
Of     -If      gt 
C r 
n,: , D  Z 
 
 

					
				
				
jg Y  4' 
-70, 
 
 

					
				
				
/ I 
~       ~A{     'NYV-'t~'A'                 o~ I~r rra2L2..2~~ 
w~ the uast t' o V~Cs Je~fk.o1~'ht o ~aI2a ~ay ~2 
Dta       r               ~o) 
Pe   o  raK       ~on(                                       -V 
-r          -~     -~) 
2   cro        ~ 
b           A   ~, 
k                     C 
Dtocc' aet'u~edo~i 0 
r t~ ~e 
~a e   o~we~n   ±c~  a  t                                 ( 
ar~ cut                                                              (V 
 
 

					
				
				
~~~~~~~~  t  attov~sJ~eSon Sounty -as  t2xr's 
~I~tory.                            crt~~i  ray-vlie n."~ zu ol 
L~e Yelin- a  wt the YcDA      note 1r~ Y nct  7n~  7:~ j  n 
LQ   ~e   ex, uI~      pmro le ~t Pcrnitlyc ny pla~vl 
a&M  av"tr  acaps on your fymr? 17answ rfn 
s o not w "1~  ycc -n Kbv  -ran 7e W.    1~    L 
Ip o  'jan~ j at                                       --- ---  - ---- 
* /* 
Late Lr Vw n  Arc(1" thi  p) -z 
 
 

					
				
				
II 
Pa 
	
				
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RIsi ij R~nt         m9 
~e 
j.1Mjj-     is  __nale fr  hCsorta Dpr ta  ,o 
fr  rvt  m~re  tcnmrWpie.  ~-t  t*  oemete 
obambof  vrtdo  Stnd   a oa.vpawi 
-ee u"sokm~rta  -  2yw  nIyu    stasm 
32a  fs bas tw to.tecmf  t tin  spt.  ftr# oI 
a"n sosm  Obeu  Vpau  nfnAtorWRbh  asattWl 
frst   -fwto  h  asfl  o*kebI.  e  ev  atWsO 
ne /b lme  sfalsue ftedawo  f~th~s. 
MEAN U12T                     >1tePt~tdMG  rMMSwt  0Iw 
 
 

					
				
				
IdMJMr OWO  AI ~mlgJb-  s " ob  a 
W&U~ mawwrnn~wd 'V a*On' Oror/ 
Is s aome o ** tte,00 elopu wa m W ON" t 
UWma oo =t& mA o IAOAW Ma* mdw IO WV.o 
Autlmpw 
(S)WAG  l- in  fr~~tfo  U f 
(b) PMW pdrt* 
son* adawsis I WXA 
O~w =lf* awVwle uMCM170 qA~GLV oom pt 
orlt %Vo*a mad-olm mro i Iq ow t vms 
now "I* awln a w"WilyWketl~ 
AW n ~a uSI14BMWset-s~g adw* jWbsom~m t 
to$i      fsK  o  h 
MK Eg"A        es"w xt2Yi 
 ra  opmA =fm ~ A f,  idtte&U 
 
 

					
				
				
Sel  ov4 ie whN  Asrh alsa wOPtodOw 
th  OA* w w s u teWN4* ldW6Ia nt$OO         0 rm 
voorm f= als Ioil m*madsoft at-plmtlf I*asaw04 ma = bo 7b 
&M4o Oade I4 
M13mzhjj xrmpuntin rn an=oft an x%4rtpA* s >m we
	
				
pa'4 ss  weaat  otoa  p  a  A*  owv w  ag 
ea  sp.u                              4'ol 
4am& s4 "4 
nrms ~ ~ ~  4 U4 los  nLw  U  'bs oo  vm 
am  ww  sr  *odtoprrw~sibreig m  I t  UWO  Ot ~d4a 
u~asONOU~g m* t sobmwImt olylogoWANIVA 
r~wlmw  d Sa  0 lp~m  I  losh-my 
WI AM'AAIg&w 
fte e pamw n "m ' i i owwodm 4ta* ampoba wwok ft* = 
Us 4m dW*t                 Ax:U  b 0~%Ww"  rw 
lwat"t'km       tlsassrwpatt"d 
Is O4tb go nau N;.W I" o        <>t 
NWM nu be* as m - -1 Imat me -4'na W  a Sod AU44 
om Iow *ne*lam"an aw wu IsIs s UOat he trO4 
1 "It so*=visataw          '4it4 
Ne gamo otwobhm t46 'aw*AV 
.4tm  A4atf so vi4d k" 0n 
(2)             44r pos                 4>44o "  0U  W"Mt4wt4*
 t 
(3 Is4 mt o 4h utoVt  dt  61 
M InAwww oto. g                 "aoftIO 
to t"b~mA 
0)44  oil la  4asu  to 4oduo  tau tr(mm  S 
*0 *bwmcws>V mIx*  t  prn) 
in4a        sow~w   wtm 
lam Too% for a~4I' U9UOm    44 oWOotsWW 
 
 

					
				
				
an pw auy *U %bd& asir oa~ 4Lthinsmi 
ftvwv" xd edar r sowAMjmlw am spAs, n&, 
#aV1UP-d rsw~nma ttm pl ao.fe mrrtase 
Wvnso~  MIbf*U4 tdnw1%ss 
Um Is fli* bw ow  w sel"W ft %ustorras 
diset M *VWM14km hw* t"W 4cdamw1. ll* 
 
 

					
				
				
nit 
Uil Adiditr           $on seleftm                         a"       
  ft*t not U now 
utiv*                      ADM      1"W           *7      Ikl$t    
                 *A" 
Idto Pbw           xxxximm                                              
       xxxxm       Ourmto 699"WM 
XXX= 
*4 War                        xxxxxxx      xxx3tx                     MAA%06
               ApVU    onX 
UMMMA MAAAA^AA.W*W    30cam 
,lute 22ft"                                     444 ---  Mmxwa 
xxxxxxx                             xx3m           x9XXOM 
Amstrim Pt"                                Xw=                     
   xcm 
sww $Wwn                                      23MCCtt=                  
  sxxxxu 
 
 

					
				
				
~~ ~# 1 2. 13T                        .> 
Prefsm Amot of AV Wis wrrie ove th* posibilit ta 
noiw**.  ft possl speie .in qusto ar Aeocrdbei I tw 
".Yam !"s hoa.w to k      sI thm, w epM it 
D. RoIS to A.S .Is St ax 0.e .* riggs. 01.1 
*my 19* UnitMvsity of   t Wsomaim, ft o   torvice 
los  some avsblei to tf seti W stctesst watga 
-unculjtivtlnan map & th voti wth sial. refom"W to wood 
tostoh ale& ou in the inty rofso PasUt ml Ul aske to 
chock ~te veeion p mStions shul bo seted whore td o 
wsto be  tete ary tprsn. 
fte    1*x se Is wt fo tIse sations m  itr r.a 
to   . *1. use nexts yeart .to1          i 
st p~rw on the~       *xaom  1eet rIs avalale to 03aito 
 
 

					
				
				
*jWlufectms hic fo.11w. It ow. h.-o, U b o ls.*r." if 
farer wewlig 
Th oprimtsoud.o cure bea r ~t o £ xbwr ofyas 
 
 

					
				
				
Ono. of the strong agrnoieal trends 2.a Wiscosina today is towr the 
conversion of mshes to   ana  gras. A basie move is iseting this trLt 
is to deterine the food ad cover vlue of caar  grss to the vaiou    Sw 
birds ad, if possible, als.o to deer. 
Th  first step is to test the teo& in hopers, both pue   ad in mixture.

~Ts Job is assge   to faville Grove for next winter. Th   attached letter

to lnbfaar 1*14A   deals with & sm    of so". 
the second stop is to leae soe  vao    staig to observie its apret 
value by tracks ad to check the  observations by stomach*. 1~rm       so

this sort are asigned for nex winter to lavtille Grove ad to the Lesh Groek

are  (Rewr Potter fams).- I an mer that both Mr. Potter ad the Eilf rd 
Ne@ow far  (lrofesr MabUl) wuld cooperate by leaving a smal    stand uncut.

he ver value ca be determined by observing the use of unct caar, 
graed Oaa, ad out caar wherever avsilable. 
As to doer, the herd on h Leach Greek marsk to said to have comus- 
trated en caar   early this spig     J~aestro could veify this next spring

ad also look out for other eyldsaoes of Talus to door. Sh.k of X.A. 
has the opinion that caar   is valable deer feed, ad whoever has a alue 
to see him miht tiA out the besis for this opinion. 
After dettringing the food ad cover value of caar, it ist probable 
that further wr will be tons in cooperation with Profssor Ainodt on the 
question of how to modify caar platings in the interest of wildlife, 
including their possible ase as firebreaks in imrshes. Agonm    is net pro-

meting caay as a cash crop, but only as a valuable adjuct to other hsy, 
A.L. 
 
 

					
				
				
June 22, 1937 
Dear Pof **o   on   t 
In a tak with Prfso A11d reently, I oueeet        tha 
of *"1  gra   s te field   I wsoad lik.t es~t em   o  the so~d 
by feedn  it In hopper alon   thes enra  line* of the attachd 
M   b  Raftas. 
The pupso of this letter is to oaki *thorVo      coul . I 
so eee aopu   or soeother aget interest inaa j       Sme, to 
donte th  seed for th~   toot.   I think I coul   mk  a prtt go 
tet wit  90 pas, aM uigt be able to do somethng with 25 pvas. 
The tests wmA be* aus net      stev. hw*    to" of the 1937 aM 
wuof core, 'be p     el, tt ifnt *   olb Iel an  If the 
gras  "taint Its vab1siit failyI wl, w might be able to use 
left-ver 1936 teed. Thr ar, of acro        no fun& for thexprot 
OthewiseI      14al itt be bthrin  yo for a sorc.o   se..  If'. 
think yu al    01t us soe, or If you have wW suetions anho 
I might got sea*, will yv    a e v1 iov 
Than youfo our o      orawtion. 
Your  siorey 
Aldo Lepl 
Pfessor of swm 1aasaa 
 
 

					
				
				
July 15, 1937 
11emo for Fassett 
Curtis 
Aamodt 
Fluke 
Dickson 
All Game Students 
Gentlemen: 
One of my students, Lyle Sowls, has began an ecological 
study of tick trefoil (Desmodium grandiflorum). As you know, this 
is highly palatable bird food which we believe disappears from 
woodlots when they are grazed. 
No one, however, has ever checked this assumption, and 
we are now looking for a -piece of woods well stocked with trefoil 
into which livestock has recently been turned or is about to be 
turned. We would then like to observe the actual process of dimin- 
ution of the trefoil, if it takes place. 
The purpose of this memo is to request that you keep a 
look-out for such an area, particularly if easily available from 
Madison. The Arboretum will be used as a base datum, that is, a 
well-stocked area which is not being grazed. 
Aldo Leopold 
 
 

					
				
				
UNIVERSITY OP WISOONSIN4 
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 
MADISON. WISCONSIN 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECOOMICS                   December 27, '35 
Dr. S. A. Wilde, 
Soils Department, 
University of Wisconsin 
Dear Doc; 
Will 'vou kindly check the following tree list for Faville 
'Grove Area? If 0.K., please send the approved letter to Mr. Leopold, 
7f not,(or if any additions), kindly send it back to me. 
The following are recommended as being almost certain of 
success on this area: 
1. Norway Spruce(Picea excelsa)--far surpasses white spruce in 
this part of Wisconsin. v                L44       L2    . 4 
0 t .easons: More rapid-growing, 144w "e e;' of         - . 
Q±n1tJ-x.L&, cheaper. V 
Faults: Subject to certain diseasesV" 
Source: (2-4 yr. transplants)  fL   VI'sey 
2. Blue Spruce(Picea pungens)--should be h adaptable to 
,-aville Grove and excellent game cover.v 
Fault: Not raised for dlstributionn State Nursery. 
3. Red pine(P. resinosp)--excellent game cove ._a       . 
"   be successful on area;    A   a    ,Ai 
Virtues: Resistant to frosts and drought;    n  tatnd cv r 
shading, does well as open wind-brepks; easily obtaine  If omo 
nurseries, one of most ornamental species V 
Fault: Usually unsuccessful on neutral or alkaline soils. 
4. Austrian Pine(P. austrica)--Good gsme cover, highly ornameh- 
tal, drought resistant; best reaction neutral or slightly 
acid. 
Fault: Not obtainable in state nursery--seed available 
5. White cedar(Thuja occidentalis)--Probably one of the best 
bets on prairie soils("Clyde")in the well watered places-- 
especially  near Artesian wells. Can stant alkaline reaction 
6. Red Cedar(Juniperus va.)--without doubt the best bet on the 
esker knolls. Grazing-resistant. Invades boggy pasture. ,# 
7. Creeping Juniper(J. communis)--A native plant in the tama- 
rack swamps. Some ecually good growths are found on esker 
knolls. Grazing-resistant.    ./ 
8. Mugho pine(P.   ugho) --excellent coveL, size evenwhen mature 
Recommended by r. Geo. K     , of Nekasa Edwards,,as being 
very adaptable uxder most conditions.                      - 
9. Scotch pine(P. sklvestl)--is a possibility but is not re- 
9.  comended (one fair old tre, now on area)                  4 
10. ,White birch(Betula paperif'era)--should live on north slopes 
11,or under  odo_ moisture conditions.                 ,--IjJde 
11.) European AlderL-Highly recommended as stream bank strengthe 
ber.   Becomes a      rather than shrub--seed available. 
 
 

					
				
				
UNIVER.ITy Or WSUCONIN 
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 
MADISON. WISCONSINLI 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECOOMCS2 
Si. '/Roxbury Poplar- 7-9    e~Wbh per yea plp     wood)- da    bl 
l. Hawthorn--excel ent cover, food(for grouse) 
1.  B. locust--food bolster                   ,-4. 
l&   Walnut--native to area 
Iq. Dwarf sumac--(Rhus copalina rabbit fo. 
l. There are also num rous shrbt          of considerptio #       W, 
.,  __   Mountain ash, some on area--excellent food 
I hope you and Mrs. Wilde had a very pleasant Christmas 
and will have a very prosperous New Year. 
Sincerely yours, 
-AA, 
u W-nA.3 
Lt U.'t- 
 
 

					
				
				
Organization of Plantiang develooment 
L    Hillddbrant farm: 
A(1) Check food Datch site. 
0?) Ren',ant zravel ott knoll. 
(3) Check <1antinas of weed natbh across from gravel pit. 
(4)       fence line plantings on NE corner of woods. i# wf 
marsh Alantings SE of woods. 
(6)        -t-&o  na cs t  . 
(7) Check fence lines. 
Ben Berg farm: 
(1) 
(2) Check olanting. 
(3)           1       11 
(4)   "           ) look over possible food sites. 
Repair feeder. 
S. W. Faville ( Lower farm): 
(1) Check lantings. 
( 3   )   "   ".     AA - 
(4)   "" 
(5)   "      " 
( Consider possible food patches). 
(6) Check plantings.    C          y- 
(7) Possible food patch. 
(6) Qheck plantings. 
(9) Cheek fencing results. 
(10) Check olantings. 
(11) Check plantings. 
W. W. Kinvon: ( Lowe farm): 
(1) Posiible development: consider feeding station. 
(2) Check plantings. 
!3 )   " 
(5)     ": onsider furthur improvement. 
( 6)   "                 ti It 
(7) -onmider food patch, planting somewhere in region. 
(7  oqdrfoo    patch 
 
 

					
				
				
Alilford Me!dow /( Lower farm): 
\ (t) Check nl~nt1ngs. 7C     HI 
(4)    ti" 
(5)    "      "    . 
(6)    "      " 
(7)    "      " 
I!tt 
(to)    "           . 
(ii)    " 
 12) Consider fence line improvement. 
13) Plnt logwood inl willow clumn. 
(14) Consider-birch slantings. 
i1lford ieadows ( Upper farm): 
(1) Fence woods, plant 1/? dozen birch in each corner, 1/2 doz. 
grape, 1 doz. plum, I doz. hazel. 
(2) Consider fencing popple with permission of leaser. 
N. B. Entire upper area to be planted in Reed-Canary trass 
within year or two. 
IT. W. Kinyon farm ( uoer): 
(1) Food natch ( corn suggested): 2 acres. 
I dozen birch in extreme NE corner. Willows plantings along 
river. 
(2) Possible food patch instead of (1): corn. 
(3) Plant 1/? dozen birch on high spot, leave nesting cover on 
fence row to South. 
(4) 1/2 doz. birch, sand-bar willows, grape tangle over tree; 
leave grassy fence to east and plant a few birch. 
5) Improve along ditch. Consider food patch. 
16) Willow and dogwood plantings, grape tangle, birch clump, 
and consider fencing. 
(7) Leave fence rows uncut. 
(8) Check cover Improvement. 
(9) Plantings along river. 
(10) Spruce clump. 
(1I)Leave uncut. Possible lanting of willows along river. 
Lyn Faville  farm: 
(1) 
Consider imorovement from ond to river. 
( )...                                                        . 
 
 

					
				
				
Sunt ary of PlantinC Develoment on Faville Grove Game Preserve 
Wi. Hildebrandt 
s () 'To plantinjs for cover.  String barbed wire around trees to keen stock
from 
pronoed ho-per station for pheasants. (Later a food patch protected by fencing
is 
propose d.) 7 
(2) a. Fence off north side of gravel :it from cattle passage. Plant this
bank 
with plum and hazel, Plant south baf with a few Dlum out of cattle reach.
Fence 
off northeast-facing hillside, inclosing cedar and creeping junipers for
nesting 
and cover. 
b. Plant cedar on ban. of south-facing shelf. 
c. Plant bollarce yellow willows alo _ fence out of cattle reach. 
d Fence off corner. Plant soruce indbrea- s1on<' Y-S fence. 
" (3) Plrag     o    fr-e on northwest side. 
i                           locs   for         Plant strace. Plant two rose
clumps in front. 
Fence off marsh. Plant pollarded yellow illows an! dogwood. 
3nt  sruce elu s as indicated in blue print. 
/    Strengthen with cedar.   FlJnk with plum. 
Develop grae tangles by cuttin   favorable border trees. 
Free ulberwj of vines and heavy shade. 
3en Berg 
(2) Plant barwillowfringe. Plantyelowillowand d 
' (3)    cda                                                          Fence
off' corer. 
Plant sprace clump. 
(14) Plant windbrea   of spruce and cedar in half moon northwest of feeding
station. 
Dleveg  grape tnTes 
el1 ~   tangles. 
" (1) Cut common wrillows (4) for Tape tangles. Plant yellow willows
and dowoods in 
1.clumps. 
-(2) Develop grape tangle                       h 
Plant spruce clump. 
a. Plant sruce cl-uMp. 
b. Plant rose around old stone pile. i--     (',IA        * 
a. Plant yellow willow and dogwoods in cluamaps along northeast margin omosite

ure sent willows. 
b. Fence off corner. Plant spruce. 
4(5) Plant spruce clu7p.   Develo -rape tgales' at bor er of woods1   wt
S..     ), 
 
 

					
				
				
(   P) Fence corners. Plant creeping juniper under new fencing to keen cattle

from molesting nestinE ground. Plant rose in corners and between j-uiper

pi antings. 
D -lant baJ willows near or at bottom of draina-e ditch to chec.: ban: erosion.

(li  Cut trees for brush and to let in li-t for ground cover. Plant sprace
and 
rose along north margin. 
iY. Y. Kinyon 
\y       () Establish feeding station for quzail covey. Pence if necessary.

"!,(2) a. Plant spruce clibmr at corner. Allow7i grape to run over jun
 --ile. 
3) Plant sruace clumn in corner. Fence off corner from stock. 
(h) Plant spruce clumm along- fence north ofashy spot. 
Plant two cl-os of yellow willows and dogwoods on west margin of low 
gro-und. Plant at least 25 yards aoart so as not to so'ol this as a cmail

and Hungarian roo sting groud. 
(i . Plant sandbar 
willows in old snken hole to the -outh. 
"'J( 6) Plant spruce i-indbreKsL inside north fence as shown on blueprint.
Plant rose 
c!ump s. 
Milford :eadows 
(1) a. Plant windbreal: semi-circle of s-or-ce south of new fence, as indicated
on 
ma.  (12 spruce) 
b  Plant clup of 6 spruce as shown. 
C Samre as (b). 
(2) C-t dorn two rillows, m.'e freme for, and plant grape. Plant dogwood
around 
tangles. 
(3) Pile brush on dum'. Plant grapes to run over this. 
. Plant cedar and soruce rindbreakL around north side. 
-i(l) Fence off corners.                .A fA             C..A 
Plant pollarded yellow willowyand strqnthen ith dom;'od. 
" (5) Cut 2-3 ma les and make    grape frnes from them. Plant ra-es.
Plant 
yellow willows an,! strenthen with dogwoods. 
'(6) Plant spruce c      a   install feeder. 
 
 

					
				
				
V (7) a. Plant a few do-oods in fence corner of seep. 
b. Fence off by stringi.s rire from fence around oazs. 
Plant tvo semi-circle c>'rms of spruce. Strengthen cll fence.Larea with

dogwood, hazel, rose patches. Develop one grape tangle. Permit space 
between clIurs for blie~rass nesting cover. 
--J(8) Plant windbre7  of sprace around north and west sides. Plant rose
clumps 
on flanus. 
-A%(9  a. Plant cedar windbren!: alon, north and -est side of !noll. 
b. Plant two clumps of s)race as indicated on man-about !Q in north clun

and 60 in south clrn. Plant dogrood and rose patches so th of south 
clizap. Plant         fla/  ens of sane cl-n. Plant dogwood and rose 
in stone nile. 
__i 
(10) a. Plant two s-roice in fence corners as qhown on io. 
b. Plant sprnce clu'np (6 trees). 
c. Same as b (6 trees). 
d. Fence off corner. Plant 12 oollarded yellow willows and strengthen with

dogw oods. 
(11) a. Plant 25 pollarded yello willow-s. 
b. Fence off corner fro-- -razini cattle. Plant spruoce in north triangle

between old fence and river. Plant cottonwood in front of and south 
of the sormce for shade trees. 
'c. Plant near river edge all sandbar willows beginning at spruce clump in

(b) to 10(d) to root bind ba. 
_AL 
44C 
_4 C.4 
 
 

					
				
				
7 
~                 44~ ~Th(( YXJ~   $tt~ (   (7     A           ~WS     (7~<~
)K~~ 
?~   >1 
%~A4J /~ 
,   vf    6                ~( ~(    ~    7~ ~((t~ ~    ~. A           1 
~L 6~( 
I 
A 
,~ /6  iZ"~ 6>                                      ~-1df 
C~t   -4                             ( 
/ 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
Section--S.                 er- 
Map No.--l               Sujec- 
Date--                  Remarks- 
330' 
'II 
T; F 
ti 
'                                   l~ 
_1_1 
| a 
___'_"___       ,/ 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLE GROVE SURVEY 
Section--E                            Weather--                      1"
   330t 
Map No.--2                            Subj ect-- 
Date--                                Remarks--                      1 "

Name-- 
Il 
4 
/                                 7'( 
"It                           I 
,  __L...                                 __                            
  ' 2 
IA- , 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLE GROV-4 SURVEY 
Section--E                    Remarks-- 
Map No.--3                          30 
Date-- 
Name--                              N 
Weather-- 
Subject-- 
I                           I 
II 
,I 
It        I 
 
 

					
				
				
33 
V~j 
 
 

					
				
				
Se~i ,C, r, -  E-f Gl'k \e G & ve.  LAY V e 
C1 
I'                               4 
Ljjj 
 
 

					
				
				
( '   0, , - L' P.      Fav  Ake Q, ove SLiy V 
Mo N                             j-- -  -9 
b-)  tk 
7 ,                                 (su 
rl o ry-, a - 
A? Cp' 
J 
lit 
D c 
 
 

					
				
				
If        / 
N 
I                                  - 
/               / 
_____________________                     2           /4 
7;            >1 
2               /             ~c l 
K 
I--       / ----A 
7        N 
I 
N 
£U.~LkAJL4                   I       / 
 
 

					
				
				
PFLVIIJLE GROVE SUJRVEY 
Section--W 
MAp No.--3 
Dat e-- 
Name-- 
Weather-- 
Subject - 
Raarks-- 
1" = 330' 
6'3 
. .2 
x\\ . 
~i 
.  ..  . y r                 4 
1// 
// 
!  t                , 
I        I                I 
I                         II 
*   I   ..  .      I 
------------- --------------------------1-- 
4, 
 
 

					
				
				
i: I 
CAv\~ e       M Cke 
Ii 
 
 

					
				
				
se'toN -., 
CT. a"                                                     / , 
Inth 
F.I 
_             I            I 
.                        .  . ... 
 
 

					
				
				
?AV~IL GRQnSUVE 
Section--W                          Sab3 ct- 
Map No.--6                          Weather-- 
Date-Rmrk- 
Name~- 
-33 -T 
,I L( 
J  II) 
 
 

					
				
				
?AYILIE GRQT;R FARM3 
Otto Lange Pamr 
Date-                              Section--N 
Name--                             Map No.--ll 
Weather--                           Sbject- 
Remarks-- 
------ cil 
A 
_                      I 
1 1           I 
I             I                 i 
I                 I      1 
iiI 
 
 

					
				
				
PL.ANTM1G PROJECT SHEET 
Area:                  i 
Project  number:         .      Farm:      ,,,,,__,_ __________ _________.

Amount of land: 
Type of soil: 
When planted:               11/. 
Number of plantings: 
Norway spruce                            Birch 
Yellow  willow  ........___... .___,/___ 
Red-osier dogwood ____......                    _ 
Plum 
Grap e  . ...... .... . .. .,,1 
Viburnum opulus __......... 
Viburn   ___ 
Rose 
Mulberry__________________ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items). 
1. Fence row:                     I . Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 1 . Roadside: 
3. Woods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
.Field corner:                   16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Food. patch:                   1S. Rocky field: 
7. PonZ. border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
S. Pooo. patch shelter            20. Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pilet                     2. 
11. Old foundation:                2 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of smner: 
193.4: 
1935: 
1936:  ./.. 
1937:- 
 
 

					
				
				
~-V- 
S.  .,..- 
-            .. :  4   . . . . ... . ..... 
.~.    . . ....,.......  .. o 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTI1MQ PROJECT SET 
Area: _-__t 
Project number:        ar. arm:                  /   (c          7 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil: 
When planted:       Lthy     / I    -]i/ 
Number of plantings! 
White spruce   4     4)                    Popple 
Norway spruce                              B Birch 
Yellow willow ___      __    ___,                         _   __ 
Red-osier  dogwood  .    ..  . .                  ___-___-____,,_ 
Plum  _,__    _-__      _ _   _                                      -,,

Grape       ..  .   ...     . 
Viburnum opulus        .... 
Viburnum 
Rose 
Mulber    __ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Pence row:                      13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                  14. Roadsids: 
Woods corner:                   15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                   16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                        17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food. patch:                    19. Rocky field: 
7. Pon2. border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
S. Foo. patch shelter              20, Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                      21. Winter cover: 
9. Stors pile:                     22. 
10. Junk plle                      2 
11, Old foundation:                 N: 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of suimner: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936:                    . 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
S                   ... ~~~~~........ ....... .'... 
.A.> 
 
 

					
				
				
PLAINZ!G PROJECT SHEET 
Area:          Al- 11 
Project number:      5.         Yarm:          ....    /       j 
Amount  of  land:  ..... . ... _, _...     ... 
Type of soil: 
When planted:            i 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                             Popple 
Norway spruce                            Birch 
Yellow  willow  __....... _________       / 
Red-osier dogwood _ 
Plum               ..... 
Grape -       __ 
Viburnum opulus ..... 
Viburnum __ 
Rose  __   _   __           __, 
Mulberry  . .  .  .... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadside: 
. Woods corner:                   15. Farm improvement: 
.ield cornert                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Yood. patch:                   18. Rocky field: 
7. Po'n?, border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
8. Pood patch shelter             20, Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pile, 
11. Old foundation:                2 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Yield 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of sumer: 
193.4: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
				
				
t                  FA I=J G-ROVE SUR7VEY 
Y   Section--8E                       Weather- 
fap No.--l                       Subject- 
Date--                            Remarks$-- 
i    330'                                                              I

11 flI 
LA t 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING ROTECT SIMT 
Area:             - / 
Project number:      /    .      ?arm:          /1 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil: .... 
When planted:       ...      .      ... 
Number of plantings: 
White sprvce     ..    ..      y)         Popple    ...    .._ _ 
Norway spruce                              Birch 
Yellow  willow    . . .  .A___.                    ..__.. 
Red-osier dogwood _---                            .......      .... 
Plum 
Grape  _ _    ...  ..  ..                          ...        . ... 
Viburn=I opulus                                    - 
Vibu rc__ 
Rose 
Mulberra                                                 ....__ _ _ __ _
_   _ _ _ 
Type of pl artlng (check all necessary ite): 
1, Pence row:                      13. Ropluesuent: 
2. Meadow corner:                  14. Rads d : 
o. ods corner:                    15. Parm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolihouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Foo. patch:                    IS. R c) field: 
7. Por,. border:                   19" G70ape tangle: 
S. Fom catch shelter               20. Nasting cover: 
an,. c ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stoim pile:                    22. 
I0.       pile:                    23. 
11. Old foundation:                 N. 
12. Erosion prevention:             25,, 
a. Creez 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937:. 
 
 

					
				
				
iTye~' o..ll 
1Red--O s, er doymoad 
Ros~e 
Type of p'ia-Ig (oheoL a1l.~c~' 
,  ods corner;               13.     luy.-ourovem-3iit: 
4, Fi~eld corne-              tG,            bjpht.s  roemont 
12.                             17,o Vrevetlon  -cv::3n 
7.  e                      19 
11, R±73r 
a,     --ee            -   -   -    - 
Ccr-±*tuor of t"2,-.3 at and o ci amar: 
1931";__                                                   __ 
1935:  -              ~-                -   -   -   -- 
1336;     ~     -                         ________ 
19371     ___ 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SHEET 
Area:               §7  / 
Project number:      )   .     Farm?  ...           // 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil:           - 
When planted:             -, - 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                            Popple 
Norway spruce                           Birh_________irch 
Yellow willow /_________,______                            " 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus ..... 
Viburn:__M 
Rose 
Mulberry  , _  _  _....... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                    13. Replacement: 
2, Meadow corner:               1N. Roadsid3: 
, Woods corner:                  15, Farm improvement: 
V    Field corner:                 16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Food, patch:                  1S, Rocky field: 
7. Pon'.. border:                19. Grape tangle 
8. Food patch shelter            20, Nesting cover: 
ani c-ver:                   21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                   22. 
10. Junk pile'                    2. 
11. Old foundation:               N: 
12, Erosion prevention:           25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of ummer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936:                  ; /A     C 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLAIT T ING PR0J=CTSIE 
Area:UA/ 
Project numbers     2             Farm:         !         ! 
Amount  of  land:    ............___.... 
Type of soil: __      __      __     __     __      __"_"_    
            _ 
When planted: 
Number of plantings: 
White sprace                     1-Popple_______ 
Norway sprce      'jI                      Birch, 
Yellow willow _    ______ISZ 
Red-osier dogwood _ 
Plum  __  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  __                     _  _  _  _   _ 
Grape ,, 
Viburnum opulus 
Vibu u       .    .... 
Rose 
Mulberry_ 
Type of planting (check all necessary 1t4s) I 
1. Fence row:                       13. Replacement: 
2, Meadow corner:                   1 . Roadsid3: 
Woods corner:                    15. Farm improvement: 
SField corner:                     16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                         17, Feeder cover and shelter" 
6. rood patch:                      18. Rocky field: 
7. Pon border:                     19. Grape tangle: 
8. Foo patch shelter               20. Nesting cover: 
and cover:                       21. Winter cover: 
9. Stors pile:                      22. 
10. Junk p1le:                       20 
11. Old foundation:                  2 . 
12. Erosion prevention:              25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of smer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936:                               V 
1937:                 3U 
 
 

					
				
				
-        ~            C                                 C 
4 ifg 
/1?.    ~if.ififif if*  p 
-( 
~ .~- 
-/1 
-4         if, 
*                if                  *~if~if~if     -if.         ..     
     I                                      /.~t 
*                      if                            I, 
1~.     _I/t                                         I 
C 
C                IT.                       >if~      if.            -if..

~frZif1~ 
3.W,                          ) 
if if............if 
fif~if                               -~ - )iuv 
J.X           ST...                                                  .  
/..6 
/                  ~ 
ififSi~        -                                  I> 
VJ        ~/          ~,                'Vr- . if if~I .~:ir: I 
if                            if...z       ~      '4J                 if'.

_               2     .~ 2..... ~...... ifif         'if...-.   ~ 
-I 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SWB 
Area:          J§    7 
Project number:                 Farm: ....... 
Amount  of  land:                       ........._ . 
Type of soil: 
When planted: 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                               r__Popple 
Norway spruce  ..    .   .....           Birch 
Yellow willow ___________I__                                ._. 
Red-osier dogwood _,.                           _ 
Plum 
Grape                                                      . ... ........

Viburnum opulus 
Viburnum __________                               _______ 
Rose' 
M tlb erry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid3: 
, Woods corner:                   15, Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food. patch:                   18. Roclhy field: 
7. Pon2 border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
S. Fooa patch shelter             20. Nasting cover: 
ani c ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Store pile:                    22. 
10. Junk plle:                     23. 
11. Old foundation:                2 . 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLE GROVE SURVEY 
Secon--E                                                    -: 
Map No.--5                                                 -        '1. 
Date-- 
Name--                                           --": 
Weather-- 
Subj ect-- 
Remarks-- 
I   /   : 
/* 
/      1 
3/              \ 30  I 
.                    ) 
'  ,i  /  . / .. ... ........ . . . ... . . . 
4.,...... 
-           -!] 
 
 

					
				
				
PLAN~TIN~G PR03XCT SHEET 
Area:             E      - 
Project number: .,                Farm: *.          &..X 
Amount of land: ____            ____           . 
Type of soil: 
When planted: ____           ____ 
Number of plantings: 
White  spruce      .. ...__, _ _           Popple  ..... .._      _ 
Norway spruce ....._Birch 
yaeloxi willow                  ~_______ 
Red-osier dogwood ,,,____ 
Plum  _   _   _  _   _   _   _                       _   _   _   _ 
Grape              . 
Viblrant opulus 
Viburxn___________________ 
Rose _        ____ 
Mulberry   ,_   _  __,___                                _    _   _ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                       13. Replacement: 
2, Meadow corne±:                   14. Roadsidwe 
Woods corner:                    15. Farm improvement: 
Field cornert                    16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5- Nursery:                         17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Food patch:                      18, Rocky field: 
7. Pond. bcrder:                    19. Grape tangle: 
9. Fooa patch shelter               20, Nesting cover: 
and c;ver:                       21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                      22. 
10. Junk p1le- 
11. Old foundation:                  2. 
12. Erosion prevention:              25. 
a. Creek 
b, Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SMT 
Area:            5 
Project number:     Z    1.Pr:                >1 r/c m/ 
Amount  of  land: . .. ... ......,_ 
Type of soil: 
When planted: 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                             Popple 
Norway spruce                            Birch__, 
Yellow willow            ....                   _ 
Red-osier dogwood       _ 
Plum 
Grape  ..        .     . .... . 
Vibarrnim optulus 
Vibunm, u 
Rose 
Mulberry_ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 1 . Roadsid3: 
. oods corner:                  15. Farm improvement; 
Field cornert                  16. Schoolhouse improvement; 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food. patch:                   19. Rocky field: 
7. Pond. border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
9. Food patch shelter             20. Nasting cover: 
ana c~ver:                     21,. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                    22. 
10. Junk p1le2 
11. Old foundation:                2 . 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of smmer: 
1934: 
1935: 
,1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
Grove Sw.iv 
-Je- 
Re v~rr~ -      'C~~ilk 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PRWZCT SEET 
Area:        kV 5 
Project number:      L.         Farm:           W/ k      '
	
				
PLANTING PROJECT SHET 
Area: _     _   _   _   _    _     _   _ 
Project number: ___        .      Farm:                     .- 
Amount of land:  
Type of soil: 
When  planted:  __ __ _,_........ 
Number of plantings:      7 
Whi-te spruce                               Popple 
Norway spruce     "      _Birch_                       _    _    _ 
Yellow willow _                             i_____. 
Red-osier dogwood. ,..... _ 
Plum 
Grape -    _    _     _, 
Viburnum opulus_ 
Viburm___ 
Rose  __   _________, ________,,,,,_ , 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                       1. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                  1. Roadsid3: 
Woods corner:                    15, Farm improvement: 
SField cornert                   16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                         17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                      18. Rocky field: 
7. Pon-. border:                   19. Grape tangle: 
8. Foo& patch shelter               20. Nesting cover: 
and cover:                       21. Winter cover: 
9. Store pile:                      22. 
10. Junk pile.                        23, 
11. Old foundation:                   2 . 
12. Erosion prevention:               25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of sumner: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
. .       . .. . 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PRoJECT SHEET 
Area: _ 
Project number:                 Farm: 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil: 
When planted:                           7 7> 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce ........  ..    _Popple 
Norway spruce ....._Birch 
y      willow          2_                                 _ 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum                        ...... 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus _ 
Viburnum 
Rose 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     15. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid3: 
. Woods corner:                   15, Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Foo6. patch:                   19. Rocky field: 
7. Pond. border:                  19. Grape tangle" 
9. Fooo. patch shelter            20. Nesting cover: 
and clver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Store pile:                    22. 
10. Junk p1le.                     2. 
11. Old foundation:                N: 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of smmer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
e4  e Y- -~         ew vv  K  s - 
Ccr~ 
'\ IA 
'I"it 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PRECT SKEET 
Area:            §    7 
Project number:                  Farm: -.__ 
Amount of land;                  ..... 
Type of soil: 
When planted: __     __     __/_ 
Number of plantings:   S 
White spruce                              Popple________ 
Norway spruce     ........ _____         Birch_     ....    __ 
Yellow willow______________ 
Red-osier dogwood       _ 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburnun opulus 
Vibuxriwxm  ,    _       __ 
Rose 
Mulberry  . ........ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                      13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 1i. Roadsid3: 
3  Woods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
. Field corners                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter. 
6. Pood. patch:                   18. Ro cky field: 
7. Pond. border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
8. Foo6 patch shelter             20. Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                    22. 
10. Junk p1le2 
11. Old foundation:                 N: 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934:. 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SIEET 
Area:               t 7 
Project number: ____....         Farm:  /______________- 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil: 
When planted: __________________ / 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce _     _    _   _Popple 
Norway spruce ___.....                    Birch 
Yellow willow _ 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum 
Grape  __......           ... 
Viburnum opulus ......_                               __._ 
Viburn  _       __m 
Rose 
Mulberry                    _ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
V1 . Fence row:                      13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadside: 
, Woods corner:                   15, Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                   16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Narsery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Food. patch:                   iS. Rocky field: 
7. Pone,. border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
S. Food patch shelter            20, Nesting cover: 
ana c~ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                    22. 
10. Junk p1le:                      2 
11. Old foundation!                 N: 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of sumner: 
193 1: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
TAVILL3 GRV   SUVE 
Sectio                                  Rmarks-- 
gap No.--6 
Date-- 
Nrame- 
Weather-- 
Subject-- 
// 
4              - 
-        ~            ./ 
-                       -1 
 
 

					
				
				
PLATIN~G PROJECT SHMT 
Area:                 6 
Project number:      / .       Paxm:                      2 
.Amount of land:                         ..... 
Typ e  of  soil :             .  ... ..... ........ ... 
When planted:           ,                  - 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce _________                  Popple 
Norway spruce .....   ____              Birch 
Yellow willow _ 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum                     . 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburrm 
Rose 
Mulberir ... ..              . 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                    13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner"                14. Roadsid3: 
Woods corner:                 15. Fam improvement: 
Field cornert                 16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                   1S. Rocky field: 
7. Pond. border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
S. Fooo. patch shelter           20, Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                    21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile"                   22. 
10. Junk pOleo.- 
11. Old foundation:               N 
12. Erosion prevention:           25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of simmer: 
1934:.. 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SHEET 
Area:           § , 
Project number:         .       Farm:         2       °  /i<   iQ,

Amount  of  land:  ... ..... .... 
Type of soil: 
When  planted:   ....________...... 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce   ........                 Popple 
Norway spruce ......       .            Birch___, 
Yellow willow 
Red-osier dogwood    "_'________ 
Plum                    . .. .. 
Grape __ 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburniwm_ 
Rose 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                    13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                14. Roadside: 
Woods corner:                 15, Farm improvementi 
Yield cornerr                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food. patch:                  1. Rocky field: 
7. Pon,. border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
9. Food patch shelter            20, Nesting cover: 
and c;ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                   22. 
10. Jun - p1le2 
11. Old foundation:                N: 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
193,:. 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT S=ET 
Area:        5    6 
Project number:          o      Farm- ,                    /b   A 
Amount  of  land:          ...   .. .. .  ....,. 
Type of soil: 
When planted:      < ,           . 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                            Popple 
Norway spruce      .                    Birch 
Yellow  willow.......______                     _  __ 
Red-osier  dogwood  ........... .              _     _    _ 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburnum 
Rose 
Mulberry    ,_, 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                    13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                14. Rsadsid3: 
Woods corner,                 15. Farm improvement: 
. Field cornert                 16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5- Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter' 
6. Food patch:                   iS. Rocky field: 
7. Pon? border:                 19, Grape tangle: 
S. Poota patch shelter           20. Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                    21. Winter cover: 
9. Stune pile:                   22. 
10. Junk ple:                     2 
11. Old foundation:                2. 
12. Erosion prevention:           25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance. 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PMTfTG PREL   CT SHEET 
Area:          F 
Project number:                 Farm:        21 r i     //7YJ ' 
Amount of land: 
Type  of  soil.  ... ...... 
When  planted:  ...... _ ___ ____, _ _- _ 
Number of plantings:    I 
White spruce     -?                     Popple 
Norway spruce B____-___                 Birch_.....       __ 
Yellow  willow .. .. ..___i__,__.. 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum 
Grap e  . .......... .._,....._ _ 
Viurrnu-m  opulus  .. .......... .. 
Viburn-m 
Rose 
Mulberry                                        ........ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence rowr.                    13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                1. Roadsids: 
: Woods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and sheltert 
6. Food. patch:                  18. Rocky field: 
7. Ponui'. border:               19. Grape tangle: 
8. Foo. patch shelter            20. Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stope pile:                   22. 
10. Junk pile;                     2 
11, Old foundation:                2. 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer" 
1934: 
1935: 
1936:  . . .    ,              _ 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
.-.,..                         ......... . 
/            ",,             , -  ..         . 
p 7                 "i?    yi  "j 
Th.    I                                  .. .:::   >.r- 
.      ..",, .... .. ...   ,, 0... 
" .Ji .. 
'l ':')(2- "  : . . . 
, .         ,.               / 
.  t*            ,  .  A- . 
Ii    d :: ('          ... ..... .. .... . ... 
/2- 
,x;',;:/ % 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SHET 
Area:         67 
Project number: .-,    ...      Farm:        >1    p {, 
Amount  of  landt  .. ..........          ........_ . 
Type of soil: .           o,  
When planted: ....._,_____,______,__,,_ 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce ......_,,,  ___            Popple 
Norway spruce                            Birch 
Yellow  willow    .... .... ...___ 
Red-osier dogwood _____.._..1                              . 
Plum 
Grap e - ___. ..... .. .... ..... 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburnm 
Ro se                                           ...... .... 
Mulberry  .......... ... . . . . . 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1, Fence row,                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                1. Roadside: 
. Wods corner:                    15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Food, patch:                  1. Rocky field: 
7. Pond. border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
S. Fooa patch shelter             20. Nesting cover: 
and cver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Store pile:                    22. 
,0r. Junk pile2 
11. Old foundation:                N: 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
M&W 
omm, 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
FA71'LLE GCROVE SURME 
Section--E                          Weather--                      lit  330'

N~ap No.--2                          Subject~- 
Da'te--                              Remarkw- 
Nlame-- 
IleI 
 
 

					
				
				
PLZTING PROJECT SMET 
Area:               2 
Project number:         .       Farm:         ...     ",( 
Amount of land:                           ...... 
Type of soil: 
When planted:       '/2 7 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce          ....              Popple 
Norway spruce                 .Birch_____ 
Yellow  willow  ___ __ ___ __ _                 ....  __ __,, 
Red-osier dogwood                              _   ____ 
Grape  ..  .     . .. .   .... 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburnuim               ,,,   , 
Rose 
Mlbberry   .... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                1 . Roadside: 
Woods corner:                    15. Farm improvement: 
Field cornert                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Poo& patch:                   IS. Rocky field: 
7. Pond'. border:                19. Grape tangle: 
8. Foo. patch shelter            20, Nesting cover: 
and c;ver:                    21. Winter cover: 
9. Storne pile:                   22. 
10. Junk pile: 
11. Old foundation:                2 
12. Erosion prevention:           256 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934-: 
1935: 
1936: 
§                               . .   .    ..1937:.. 
 
 

					
				
				
PW    ITG PROJECT SMET 
Area:                 2 
Project number: ,                Farm:  ,__    __._....... 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil: ,. 
When planted:   4x              h 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                               i__Popple 
Norway spruce       .I                    Birch.....___ 
Yellow willow _______                             ______ 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum 
Grape- 
Viburnum opulus 
Vibunravm 
Rose .... 
Mulberry         ,___ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2, Meadow corner,                 1. Roadsidw: 
3. Woods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
4 Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5- Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food. patch:                   18. Rocky field: 
7. Pone border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
S. FooA. patch shelter           20. Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pile, 
11. Old foundation:                 2 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
193 .:    . 
1935: 
1936- !4   f 
1937, 
 
 

					
				
				
bc~~ 
~    '4           ... 
~                                4 
.~ ~ ~. 
,.........~, .~                                                      ~. 
- ~.... ......... 
A 
,~.' ~,. 
9< 
...                 .                          ,   ,.       . 
,.         .                                 .  .  ~. 
4 j.qvQ/           *.*       ,       .                        v     ~ 
.  .                  '  '    .  .  . 
,';v.*" v 
. ..   ..,,,.,.,            -,                                   I 
 
 

					
				
				
PLTING PROJECT SHEET 
Area:            Z.:, z 
Project number:    -            Farm:               J ... 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil:        jL- - I 
When planted:           i./      7 
Number of plantings: 
White  spruce  ............____. _      Popple 
Norway spruce                           Birch 
Yaklew willow ,,____________ 
Red-osier dogwood        ' 
Plum             . ... .. . 
Grap e  ......._    .  .... . .. 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburnmi 
Ro se 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                    1 . Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                14. Roadsid3: 
. oods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17, Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                   19. Rocky field: 
7. Pond. border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
S. FooL patch shelter            20, Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                    21. Winter cover: 
9. Store pile:                   22. 
10. Junk p1let 
11. Old foundation:                2. 
12. Erosion prevention:           25. 
a. Creek 
b, Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance 
Condition of trees at end of smner: 
1934:. 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
.\. 
I .. ..... .... 
/1. K 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
/AVILLE GROVE SURVEY 
Sect ion--E                    Remarks-- 
Map No .--3 
Date--                              3301 
Name--                               N 
Weather--                            A 
Subject--                                                             t_
       _ 
Itt 
i)I 
ill 
II 
II 
'II 
II 
I, 
 
 

					
				
				
MPATING PROJE1CT SIMET 
Area:                3 
Project number: .               Yarm:        ic        .:  /I    A   t 
Amount  of  land:  . ........... 
Type  of  soil"  ............. 
When planted: 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce __,_._-______               Popple 
Norway spruce     ....___,,,, _          Birch_       _       _ 
Yellow willow ___             _ 
Red-osier dogwood ......                 I_______" 
Plum                       ..... 
Grape - 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburnn__ 
Rose 
Mulberry           ,, 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1, Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid3: 
Woods corner:                  15, Farm improvement: 
Field cornert                  16, Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                    18. Rocky field: 
7. Pon2. border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
8. Food patch shelter             20. Nesting cover: 
and cover:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Store pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pile2 
11. Old foundation:                N: 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Yield 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936:                           t- 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
i 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SHET 
Area: 
Project number:          .     Fam: 
Amount of land:  
Type of soil: 
When planted: 
Number of plantings: 
White  spruce  ...... .......           Popple 
Norway spruce                           Birch 
Yellow willow 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum 
Grape - 
Viburnn opulus ___ 
Viburnr-Lm 
Rose 
Mulberry_ 
Type of planting (check all necessary itaes): 
1. Fence row:                   1. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:               1. Roadsid3: 
W #oods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                 16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Yoo6. patch:                  19. Rocky field: 
7. PonC. border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
S. Food patch shelter            20, Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                    21. Winter cover: 
9. Store pile:                   22. 
10. Junk pilet                    23, 
11. Old foundation:               2 . 
12. Erosion prevention:           25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934- 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SHEET 
Area:  ... . .. 
Project number:     ._         Farm: 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil,.* 
When planted: ...................... 
Number of plantings: 
White  spruce  ...... ..... ... ..      Popple  ..... ..... 
Norway spruce                           Birch, 
Yellow willow 
Red-osier  dogwood  . ...._.... 
Plum                    , 
Grape . 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburnuan_                                    _ 
Rose 
Mulberry        ....  .. .  ..... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Pence row:                    15. Replacement: 
2, Meadow corner:                Il. Roadside: 
Woods corner:                 15- Farm improvement: 
,Field corner                 16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food. patch:                  18. Rocky field: 
7. Pon,. border:                19. Grape tangle: 
S. Food patch shelter            20, Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                   21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                   22. 
10. Junk p11e2 
11. Old foundation:               N. 
12. Erosion prevention:           25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of w'mner: 
1934--: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLAX2TING PRDJgCT SHO~T 
Area: 5i I            p PIC 
Project number: .         .      Farm:* 
Amount of land: ]~      A      ~   3 
Type of soil:              / AJ       /f                             Q 
When planted:      LUiL    2      /  3? 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce      ........ __             Popple 
Norway spruce                             Birch 
Yellow  willow  .. .._.....                  I; 
Red-osier dogwood _ 
Plum _    _  _   _   _  _   _                       _  _   _   _ 
Grape -          i    .   -4_-_                               _ 
Viburnum opulus 
Vibu.rn  _ 
Rose __                     ,                    _ 
Mulberry  ... . .  . ... .. ..   ,_, 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                      13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                  N. Roadside: 
W #oods corner:                    15. Farm improvement: 
Field cornert                   16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                        17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food. patch:                    iS. Roc4 field: 
7. Pond. border:                V 19. Grape tangle: 
8. FooL patch shelter              20, Nesting cover: 
and clver:                      21. Winter cover: 
9. Stolle pile:                  V22. j..     j ..  1        / 
10. Junk pile:                      2 
11. Old foundation:                 N, 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935:. 
1936:                       A      . 
1937:. 
 
 

					
				
				
,                                          -...  .A                     
      N , 
.f 
.               .  ............................. 
 
 

					
				
				
V 
~cAvl\\e Cyov~. S'~vveq 
L~e&tWex - 
S        j -~-.-' 
ii 
II 
II 
II 
*1 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N, 
II 
~~-~II 
'7                           II 
<'                          II 
I, 
II   ______________  _______________________________________________________

I: 
If                              SI 
/ 
/ 
/ 
~1K~" ~.. 
~o > 
ill 
;t 
C, 
1111 
II 
-_-                               7' 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SEI{ET 
Area:        . 
Project number: _               Farm: _     _     _   _     _   _     _ 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil: 
When planted: 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce _     _   _   _             Poppl e 
Norway spruce ........irch. 
Yellow willow ________.....                                 __ 
Red-osier dogwood    .....                I 
Plum                    .... .... 
Grape                  ....... 
Viburnum opulus ...... 
Viburnum 
Rose 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid3: 
. Woods corner:                   15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Foo6. patch:                   1S. Rocky field: 
7. Por, border:                   19. Grape tangle: 
S. Food patch shelter             20, Nesting cover: 
ani c ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stcrs pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pile:                     2 
11. Old foundation:                2. 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
 " River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of omner: 
1934: 
1935:. 
1936: 
19371 
 
 

					
				
				
PLATING PR0JFCT SHEET 
Area:              pKY 
Project number: II                anu:              / 
Amount of land: .    ....._                  . 
Type of soil: 
When planted: _____________ 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                              Popple 
Norway spruce _-_                         Birch 
Yellow willow                             /,______ 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburn-om opulus__ 
Viburnum_ 
Rose 
Mulberry_ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2, Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid3: 
3. Woods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                   16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:"                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Voo6. patch:                   19. Ro cky field: 
7. Po-n  border:                  19. Gre pe tangle: 
.oo6 patch shelter               20. Nesting cover: 
ani cIver:                    21. Winter cover: 
9. Stops pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pile! 
1I.. Old.. foundation:              N: 
1-2. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
9. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
9     371. 
 
 

					
				
				
PLA IJTG PROJECT SET 
Area:             t< 
Project number:                  Farm:                  ( 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil: - 
When planted: -*..          _._ 
Number of plantings:     7 
White spruce            .                 Popple 
Vorvmy spruce _____/     ___              Birch 
Yellow willow _   _.....                               . 
Red-osier dogwood _     __                             _    I 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus   _       __                               _ 
Viburnium 
Rose 
Mulb er:-,     "_.                                             ... 
Type of pla-ting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                      15. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 N. Roadsid3. 
. Woods corner:                   15. Farm improvement: 
94. Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5 -Nursery:.                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                    1S. Rocky field: 
7. Pond border:                   19. Grape tangle: 
. . Foo% patch shelter             20. Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:..                  21. Winter cover: 
9.    a~v pile:                   22. 
10. Junk ple: .. 
::111. 01,dfoundation:               2 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a.  Creek 
b. Field 
. .  River 
Dat es&qf maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
'935: _ 
1936: ____ 
193 :     *- 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SIEET 
Area:          //i 
Project number:                  F ... . Farm: ___            __ 
.Amount  of  land:   ...    .....   ..__ _ .,_ . .,_ . 
Type  of  soil:                                           ........   .......__
_ 
When planted: 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                              Popple 
Norway spruce,                            Birch 
Yellow willow _ 
Red-osier dogwood     ..    .... 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburmu opulus ___ 
Viburnum 
Rose 
Mulberry  ....._.. .    . .  ...... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                      13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                  1. Roadsid3: 
. Woods corner:                    15. Farm improvement: 
Field cornert                   16. Schoolhouse improvementz 
5. Nursery:                        17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                     18. Rocky field: 
7. Pon. border:                    19. Grape tangle: 
S. Food patch shelter              20. Nesting cover: 
ani c~ver:                      21. Winter cover: 
9. Stops pile:                     22. 
10. Junk p1le,.                     2. 
11. Old foundation:                 N: 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SBEET 
Area:          / ,,# 
Project number:        P. Farm:               f 
Amount of land:                           . 
Type of soil: 
When planted:           /1 
Number of plantings:    I [ 
White sprce    ,    _      _           Popple 
Norway spruce                           Birch 
Yellw willow J~~ 
Red-osier  dogwood  , _........... 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus ,____...... 
Viburxim 
Rose _ 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row,                   13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                14. Roadsid%" 
Woods corner:                 15, Farm improvment: 
Field corner:,                16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Foo6. patch:                  18. Rocly field: 
7. Pond border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
8. Foo. patch shelter           20, Nesting cover: 
and c-ver:                    21. Winter cover: 
9. Stors pile:                   22. 
10. Junk pile:                    2 
11. Old foundation:               N: 
12. Erosion prevention:           25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
.,.,.  ,     ..i     ".. 
S1'  -..b ." 
..            . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
IIM GROVE SURVJT 
6eotion-W                                abjecot-- 
map Yo..-6                                Wahr 
Date-Remark- 
Name- 
I  j  &     I1 
- A 
 
 

					
				
				
PLAITING PROJECT SHEET 
Area: 
Project number: ,,L, .' __.     Farm:            '" i C  7 ¢-<'i

Amount  of  land:  ......                ...._ * 
Type of soil: 
When planted: ..!. 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                             Popple 
lo rway spruce-...           .           Birch 
Yellow  willow  ,,_...._______,__ 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum 
Grape       _, 
Viburm-n opulus       .... 
Viburn   __ 
Rose 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                1. Roadside: 
Woods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                   1. Rocky field: 
7. Pon,.. border:                 19, Grape tangle: 
8. Yoo. patch shelter             20, Nesting cover: 
and cver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                    22. 
10. Junk p1le,                     2 
11. Old foundation:                2. 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
193)4: 
1935: 
1936:                      . 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
PLAITIInG PROJECT SKEET 
Area: _     _     _      _, 
Project number! ?__     .._arm: ... 
Amolunt of land:                          ....... 
Type of soil: 
When  planted:  ........_       _ _ _ 
Nuber of plantings: 
White spruce    -ffifj   <22    /        Popple 
Norway spruce                            Birch_......... 
Yellow willow 
Red-ozier  dogwood  ...._   __....... 
Plum 
Grape      ,,,_- 
Viburnum opul_-   _ 
Ro se. 
Mube, _7_ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Pence row:                     13. Replaceent: 
2, Meadow corner:                 14. R,-ds-d): 
Woods corner;                 15. Fa-:-m improvement: 
Pield corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement! 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Poo patch:                    18. ThRcJ field. 
7. Pori, border:                  19. G..ape tangle: 
8. Pow, oatch shelter             20. Wasting cover: 
an 7 c~ver:                    21. Winter cover" 
9. Stvr,  pile'.                  22, 
10. Junk pi12ie 
11. Old funLation:                2 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Pield 
C. River 
Dates of maintenance. 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
.K              . 
... 2 ] ' ..:.*.  .r.                       . -   .,, , 
*    2  . Z ;    , .,,,.: .. 
 
 

					
				
				
PLATrIT PTROJ3' SMET 
Area: 
Project numbert _    _   .arm: 
Amou.t of landt 
Type of soil:    _ 
When plated: . 
Number of plantings:      / 
White spruce        30                  Popp!e    ........ 
Norway spruce   ,B irch 
Yellow  willow       ..._________,__..                     ... 
Red-osier  dogwood  ...._._ ..... 
Plum 
Grape         .. 
Viburnum opulua     ._  _. 
Viburnaa                                            _ 
Rose 
Mulb eri                   .____ 
Type of plart ng (check all necessary items): 
1. Pence row:                   Ilo Roplace-ent: 
2. Meadow corner:                14. R,-.,u sIdI; 
Woods corner:                 15. afl1 2ovY3ntt 
Pield cornert                 16. 3choolhotLse improvement: 
5- Varsery:                      17. Feeder cover and she.ter' 
6. Po.6 patch:                   1. R, ci! field: 
7. Por. brder:                 19, C-ape tangle: 
S. Fo,. catch shelter           20, Wasting cover: 
an' cver.:                   21. Winter cover: 
9. St~n  pile:                   22. 
10. Junk  ?ie: 
11. Old faundation;              2 , 
12. Erosion prevention:           25e 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935; 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
............r.~r * 
"<                                                 .$.V '~    ~ 
..................................... 
* n... *~ f ~ 
.~ 
A. 
r 
I 
I 
/ 
.  .            . . 
*            .             ~          .....*... 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTIIG P],ROECT SET 
Area,:           14/ ( 
Project number! .                Fa:               / 
Amoixat of land_ 
Type of soil_ 
When planted: ..._    ,____ 
Number of plantings:      C) 
White SPrUCe 6                            Popple 
Norway spruiee'                          Birch__________ 
Yellow willow ________ 
Red-osier dogwood                                ....... 
Plum 
Grape.     .. . 
ViburnixL opulus     ... 
Vibu. ,,                  ...___ _ _ _                 _ _ _ _ 
Rose ...  . ... _ ..        . 
Mulb e?'       _________ 
Type of plat.n'g (check all necessary items): 
1. Pence row:                     13. RJl±cenent: 
2, Meadow corner:                 14.  <6d s d.); 
.Woods corzer:                15- Fu l m improvement: 
.ield corner:                   16. Schoolhouse improvement' 
5. Numre.y:                       17. Feeder cover -Lnd sheltet 
6. PoJ, patc.:                   15. ,"c!  field: 
7. PoI,. border:                  19  G19 Pe tangli" 
8. o    o. -tch shelter           20, Wasting cover! 
an' ,:ver:                     21. Winter cover" 
9.  St,.&   pile.,                22. 
10. Junk   i2j. 
11. Old f,.undation:                2. 
12. Erosion prevention:             25, 
a. Oreek 
b. Pield 
c. River 
Dater of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of sumer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937:.                     .  ... 
 
 

					
				
				
P q 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SMTEE 
Area:       V\i -- 
Project number:                   m .  Yarm: ___ ___     _     _.... 
Amount of land: . 
Type of soil: ______________________________ 
When planted:            2 J 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce      ....._      ,            Popple 
Norway spruce ....                         Birch 
Yellow willow ___       __     __                       __    __ 
Red-osier dogwood                       __l 
Plum 
Grape  __,, _ __, _ __. _ __, _ ,_, 
Viburnum opulus        .... 
Viburr    _ 
Rose _ 
Mulberry          ..     .   ..... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items),: 
1. Fence row:                       15. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner"                  14. Roadside: 
Woods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                    16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                        17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Pood. patch:                    IS. Rocky field: 
7. Pon . border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
S. Poo& patch shelter               20, Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                      21. Winter cover: 
9. Stons pile:                      22. 
10. Junk pile;                       2 
11. Old foundation:                  N: 
12. Erosion prevention:              25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of sumner: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936:                           / , 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
YAVILLE GROVE SURVEY 
SeotIOU--W 
MaP No.--3 
Nae- 
Weather- 
Rearks-- 
1" =330' 
.14. 
:23 
N                                 tw 
-E: 
 
 

					
				
				
PWTTIIG PROJECT SHEET 
Area:             . 
Project number:                 P U  Farm:               / 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil:                    ft?~        4        Ci7               
    I 
When planted:   '   .       - .. -i rt. 4,              A     --       -

Number of plantings: 
White spruce                              ir___Popple 
Norway spruce                            Birch 
Yellow willow ________..._ 30 
Red-osier dogwood         .....__5-_i 
Plum  _____...._____________           C. 
Grape 
Viburn'Un opulus     ....    . 
Viburnx 
Rose 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                1. Roadsid3: 
. Woods corner: 01                15. Farm improvement: 
Field ornert                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                   1. Rocky field: 
7. Pond. border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
8. Food patch shelter            20, Nasting cover: 
and clver:                     21. Winter cover:r 
9. Store pile.:                   22. 
10. Junk pile:                     2 
11. Old foundation: 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of smmer: 
193 ': 
1935: 
1936:  ,I 94 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
c   7* 
if 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT S=ET 
Area: _     _   _   _   _    _   _   _ 
Project number:        .          Farm:         K 
Amount of land:  
Type  of  soil:  ___  __   __   ___... ..__           __   __   ___   __
  __ 
When planted:                     :3  ;                        Z 
Number of plantings: 
Whitespruce                  Popple .........       . 
White spru1ce .i.ch..._____________ 
Norway spruce   ...     .___Birch 
Yellow  willow  ....   .  .....                          2. 
Red-osier dogwood ___________                                    , 
Plum   ,                                       +Ll      , 
Grap e  . .. . ...... .  ._ ._  - 
Viburnum opulus       ,_                                         _ 
Viburnm 
Rose 
Mulberry          ..    ... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Pence row:                      /13. Replacement# 
2. Meadow corner:                   14. Roadsid3: 
. Woods corner:                    15. Farm improvement% 
Field corner?                    16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                         17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch: 1 1S. Rocky field: 
7. Pond border:                    19. Grape tangle: 
9. Yooo. patch shelter              20, Nasting cover: 
and clver:                       21. Winter cover: 
9. StCDs pile:                      22. 
10. Junk pile:" 
11. Old foundation:                   2. 
12. Erosion prevention:              25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of sumer: 
19344 
19354: 
1936 .. 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
A 
A~ 
0               L~. 
* ..  .. .                 -~'       C 
* -V 
I 
* *'.*~*.**...,...: 
I 
at1 
:~c!C A~. * * * 
*  V.  .         *                .  ,  . 
. 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SBMT 
Area: _ 
Project number:          ...    Faxm: _,_,_,_____.. 
Amount of land: __      _*__             _ 
Type  of  soil:  . .. ... . . . .. ..... 
When  planted:  . ....... . ..... .__ . .... 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                             Popple 
Norway spruce                            Birch 
Yellow  willow  ... ..... . . 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus    ........___ 
Viburn rn  ......... .. ...... . .___                   ____ ___ 
Rose                      ... ...__                  _   _    _ 
Mu lb erry  .. .... ... ........_... . ... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Pence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 1 . Roadsid3: 
. Woods corner:                  15. Fam Improvement: 
Field comer:                   16. Schoolhouse improvement' 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Pood patch:                    18. Rocky field: 
7. Pomn. border: P                19. Grape tangle: 
S. FooL patch shelter             20, Nasting cover: 
and c~ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Sto]Ja pile:                   22. 
10. Junk plle2 
11. Old foundation:                N: 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
193-: 
1935: 
1936:   ., 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
(\ 
.  . . .. ...                                - .. 
.. . 'i . . ..            . *  ...  - . i.  .i. :>1 '* ' . :..  ' ,- 
i ft  t      . ...                    .  ,        .  ... . 
2-~I 11w1~y 
_ _  )                      ,if) 
I 
!               +°, . 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SEE1T 
Area:          " 
Project number: _               Farm:         /      I   >. 
Amount  of  land: , .... ....... ..... .... .... 
Type of soil: 7    I 
When planted: ___               _ 
Number of plantings: 
White  spruce  ..... .. .__ _ .         Poppl e  ........ 
Norway spruce                           Birch________ 
Yellow willow _                         /k3* 
Red-osier dogwood    ,_   _ 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus 
Vibrnuam 
Rose 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Pence row:                    13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                1 . Roadsid3: 
. Woods corner:                 15. Farm improvement: 
Field cornerl                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                      17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Food. patch:                  1. Rocky field: 
7. Pond border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
9. Food patch shelter            20, Nesting cover: 
ana clver:                    21, Winter cover: 
9. Stons pile:                   22. 
10. Junk pile: 
11. Old foundation:                2 
712. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLAITTING PRW0ZCT SHXT 
Area:               3 2 
Project number: _     _   ,      Farm:             >.     . 
Amount  of  l ad:  .. ...               ... ....._ . 
Type of soil:        e-       l           ( }-    & &/o   V   I 
When planted: (J~        , 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce               (a              Popple 
Norway spruce                 _            Birch 
Yellow willow ____________ 
Red-osier dogwood  4___      ._                                         
2-. ___________ 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus       .......... 
Viburnum 
Ro se  ,,,_,_,,           _ _ ,,,, 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items)- 
1. Fence row:                      13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                  1. Roadsid3: 
Woods corner:                   15, Farm improvement: 
, Field corner:                       16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5, Nursery:                        17. Feeder cover and shelter* 
6. Food patch:                     1. Rocky field: 
7. Pon,2. border:                  19, Grape tangle: 
S. Food patch shelter              20. Nasting cover: 
and csver:                      21. Winter cover: 
9. Stone pile:                     22. 
10. Junk p1le: 
11. Old f oundation: 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
193.4: 
1935:      .         -      "L 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SI-T 
Area:              - 
Project number: _   _    .      Farm: 
Amount  of  land: . _.......                . 
Type  of  soil:                    .,_..  ... .. .. _..... .. 
When planted:                        2 
Number of plantings:    -J                   .. 
White spruce .opp........_____opple 
Norway spruce      ...       ,irch 
Yellow willow _,             "_____________ 
Red-osier dogwood __.____..._ 
Grape  . ___ __... .  _  __*   ....________ 
Viburnum opulus.... 
Viburmn__ 
Rose 
Mulberry   ,_, 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Pence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid3: 
3. Woods corner:                    15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                    iS. Rocky field: 
7. Por,, border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
S. Foo patch shelter             20, Nesting cover: 
and c~ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stors pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pile:                     2 
11  Old foundation:                2. 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
193.4: 
1935: 
1936:,, 
1937:- 
 
 

					
				
				
'1 
,       /  .7. 
j.I.i.  . .                                  N 
. . 
~           .    .  ,  .     . .  - 
............. 
S.-.-.......,. 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SEET 
A rea :  ... .. . _ _ ,/ _.... _ _ _ __.... . . 
Project number:          .      Farm: _    _   _   __      _   __      _

Amount  of  land:          ...    ... ...  .. 
Type of soil: 
When  planted:  .  ............. .. . 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce ___________               Popple 
Norway spruce"_____-_                   Birch 
Yellow willow __ 
Red-osier  dogwood      .......... ... 
Plum 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburn   _m 
Ro se 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid3: 
Woods corner;                  15, Farm improvement: 
SField corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6, Food patch:                    18. Rocl7 field: 
7. Pond border:                 19. Grape tangle: 
8. Food patch shelter             20. Nesting cover: 
ani c ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stens pile:                 pA22.   >       ei 
i0. J unL pIle: 
11. Old foundation:                N: 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SIMET 
Area:          k 
Project number:                 Faxm:/ ( -"1 
Amount of land: 
Type of soil: 
When planted: __________    ,,______,_ 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                             Popple 
Norway spruce                            Birch 
Yellow willow                 ,              .        / 
Red-osler dogwood       ""____                  ...... 
?lum __  _ _ _ _ _  _ _ _ _ ___                     _ _ _ _ _   _ 
Grape  .   .. ..._.... 
Viburnum opulus    ,,_,__,__,___ 
Viburaun 
Rose 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid3: 
. Woods corner:                   15. Farm improvement: 
Field cornerl                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter" 
6. Food. patch:                   18. Rocky field: 
7. Pond. border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
8. FooL patch shelter             20. Nesting cover: 
and c-ver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. Stons pile:                    22. 
10. Junk p1le:                     2 
11. Old foundation:                N: 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936:_ 
1937:, 
 
 

					
				
				
E~4Y~Li~& C~Qv 
~r~~'40'~-  DQNe-              rThr~e 
*1 
I 
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/ 
- - 
~'r ~        I 
ole 
- - -  -- -- , 
- - 
" 
- 
7 
U 
( 
U 
LI                *1 
C 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANITING PROJECT SHEET 
Area:F             s 
Project number:       /   *      Farm: __._              ___      ___. 
Amount of land:                            .... 
Type of soil:     ..-" 
When planted:            ' 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce ........._Popple 
Norway spruce                             Birch., 
Yellow willow _________ 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum _.                                          _ 
Grape _____ 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburrrm_ 
Rose 
Mulberry  ,.           . .... ... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items), 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid: 
Woods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
Field cornert                   16. Schoolhouse improvement$ 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                   1. Rocky field: 
7. Pone border:                   19. Grape tangle: 
8. FooL patch shelter             20. Nesting cover: 
ana c.ver:                    21. Winter cover: 
9. Store pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pile: 
11. Old foundation:                 2 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of smmer: 
193-: 
1935: 
1936:         Lf    )c"-   '               - 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
_________                            / :                 .              
.       ., 
K 
p..  *..                               *     . A.. 
U: 
* :. . 
V. 
4, ., 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANT2  PROJECT SHEET 
Area:                    , 
Project number: ___     .....    Faxm: 
Amount of land:  
Type of soil:'____                                                _ 
When planted:             C,      1 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                              Popple 
Norway spruce _______                     Birch 
Yellow willow ___________. 
Red-osier dogwood 
Plum 
Grape  ....         . 
Viburnum opulus 
Vlburna  _ 
Rose 
Mulberry  . ... .... ....... 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid: 
. Woods corner:                   15, Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                   16, Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food patch:                    18. Rocky field: 
7. Pond. border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
S. Foo. patch shelter             20, Nesting cover: 
and cover:                     21, Winter cover: 
9. Store pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pile, 
ll. Old foundation:                    2. 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creak 
b, Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936: 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PROJECT SHZET 
Area:         ....   Z/_...._     __ 
Project number:     \3          Farm: _     _    _    _    _    _    _ 
Amount  of  land:  . . ..... ..... . .... 
Type  of  soil:  .............. ... .. 
When planted:                    I 
Number of plantings: 
White  spruce  ........ __... __         Popple 
Norway spruce ______     ......          Birch 
Yellow willow _______                     
	
				
PLANTING PROJECT SHEET 
Area: ________________ 
Project number:     4L    .      Farm: _________________ 
Amount  of  land:     .. ... ....... .... .. .._ . 
Type of soil: _    _   _   _    _   _    _    _   _   _   _     _   _   
_ 
When planted:                ,t 
Number of plantings: 
White spruce                              Popple ___________ 
Norway spruce                             Birch 
Yellow willow        ......___                          J J , 
Red-osier dogwood 
P lu m                   ... .. . ... . 
Grape 
Viburnum opuluas   ,_   __ 
Viburni:m 
Ro se                    ..... .. 
M tlb err___ 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                      13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                  i . Roadsid3: 
Woods corner:                   15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                   16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                        17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food. patch:                    18. Rochy field: 
7. Pon'. border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
8. Food patch shelter              20. Nesting cover: 
ana c~ver:                      21. Winter cover: 
S Stops pile:                      22. 
10. Junk ple. 
11. Old foundation:                 N: 
12. Erosion prevention:             25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of mmner: 
1934 : 
1935: 
1936:           i7           ,, #w<  '    ( 
1937., 
 
 

					
				
				
ft 
 
 

					
				
				
PLANTING PRO3CT SM 
Area:                   . 
Project number: 5              Farm:                          , .... .. -

Amount  of  land:  ... .. .  ..  ..     _    . 
Type of soil: 
When planted:.,.~ 
Number of plantings:    3 
White spruce                             Popple 
Norway spruce                            Birch 
Yellow willow _,                                      1 I 
Red-osier dogwood           _                   _- 
PKum 
Grape 
Viburnum opulus 
Viburnum 
Rose 
Mulberry 
Type of planting (check all necessary items): 
1. Fence row:                     13. Replacement: 
2. Meadow corner:                 14. Roadsid3: 
Woods corner:                  15. Farm improvement: 
Field corner:                  16. Schoolhouse improvement: 
5. Nursery:                       17. Feeder cover and shelter: 
6. Food, patch:                   IS. Roc4c field: 
7. Pond border:                  19. Grape tangle: 
8. Food patch shelter             20. Nesting cover: 
ana clver:                     21. Winter cover: 
9. StoIe pile:                    22. 
10. Junk pile: 
11. Old foundation:                2: 
12. Erosion prevention:            25. 
a. Creek 
b. Field 
c. River 
Dates of maintenance: 
Condition of trees at end of summer: 
1934: 
1935: 
1936 :                  ..... .. .. 
1937: 
 
 

					
				
				
ir 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
-ik 
9                44 
 
 

					
				
				
hlk*   IFIIL  W  mm  :  -   1931 
_00    1000   U*OP2 
2-2~, 2-   224         M11 du 
Nrayo  111-           3.*mto&Rd i 
Pift -~u                     PU*   Nr  patJdo 
Ar1mr Smii         700     100?   30            0 
wt4       w9 W45                 5 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
BurneZy Order for 1935 
Stu enat       Ih.fa.      Nw     Pin   Red Cear' Red Oak Jack Fiae 
(Ws.Ap   is Nis-Rapids    (Mw         Ria    .    0po 
lkhorn"     Wad*                         1,000                     
                  1,000 
Riley       Hohbaux                      2,000           200            
             2,200 
Faville 
Grove       %as                           950           200             
            1,150 
University 
Faa.       Smith                          50            50100 
Leopold 
Farm***    L.pold           1,000         500            50        500  
    500     2,550 
1,000        4,500          500        500       500     7,000 
*In chare Lyle Sowls 
**To be paid for by' I. H. labie 
***To be paid for by Aldo Leopold 
 
 

					
				
				
April Ii, 1,38 
~(Pla tig dete) 
1938 TREE PLANTINGS 
IA1   Norway rie, 2 -2 stock 
MaiA Nursery: 
Pi e replaced --------- 110 (273 livi g) 
Srruce replaced           20 (1C4 li.i  g 
Red cedar replaced ----    5 (  1 living) 
New settings -----------50 
T    Total trees planted in W ii aursery 
Along rim of woods: 
Pi e replaced ---------   2 (  C living) 
Spruce replaced-i ( 14 l-ii-g) 
etti    ---------- 
-- Total trees ulnted    lo-L ril of woods 
ErosioJ ditch S. of Cole Pond: 
Ssttigs---------- 12 Total trees plai~ted 
East of Faville Covibarn: 
No. 1: 
New settings ----------12 Total trees ll;ted 
No. 2: 
New settigs i----------  11 Total trees plaxted 
APRIL 12, 1938 
S il triangle: 
Siruoe rerlced ------------26 
Pixe Teplaced- ---------------1 
New setti~cs ---------------    1 
S'!'oal. trees olanted 
Tri-farm ILprove eet: 
Spruce repl ced ------------35 
Piae replaced- ---------------7 
Nardvood replaced ---------- 5 
New settings ---------------   1 
48 Total trees planted 
East of W.W.KiAvon bldjs.: 
Spruve replaced ------------   9 
Pine reolaced --------------    1 
T' Total trees planted (All as replecerexts) 
erg'S woods, S.E.: 
Spruce repl7ced-7 
Pie replaced--------------      6 
New settings--------------- 1 
T- Total trees plated 
 
 

					
				
				
April 11, 1938 
(PlL 'wig date) 
1938 TREE PLANTINGS 
All Norway Pire, 2 - 2 stock: 
Goose Pond StstioA 3: 
Pire replaced ---------1 
New settings -----------10 
TT Total trees planted 
Goose Pond Corner, ICO yds. north of station 3: 
Fine replaced --------- 
Spruce replaced -------4 
"- Tbtal trees planted   All as replace eats) 
IT.K.Rocky Knoll (Half way from. C.P. to i ouse); 
Pine replvced --------- 24 
New settings.. 
7  Total trees planted 
N. end of H.K. Woods: 
Pine reolaced ---------3 
Spruce replaced -------7 
New settings ----------15 
T  Total trees planted 
Otto Larige Sta. 1: 
Spruce replaced          4 
New settings- -----------3 
7 Total trees pivted 
80 yds. N. Otto Lante Sta. 1: 
Spruce replaced ---------4 
Otto Lange N. E. Cormer: 
Spruce replaced -------5 
New settings -----------9 
T Total trees planted 
S-m.Lot Sta.l1: 
Pipe replaced ---------6 
Hardwood replaced ----- 12 
Spruce replaced -------35 
New settings ----------13 
66 Total trees planted 
Sn.Lot S.E. rocky knoll: 
Juwipers replaced -----  6 
Creepers replaced ----- 11 
flew setti3s--- 
2U- Total trees pl~ated 
 
 

					
				
				
A April 9, 1938 
(Pliti  date) 
1938 TREE PLANTINGS 
All -orwvy Pine, 2 - 2 stock: 
Berg 'four acres: 
Pie replaced ---------6 
Juaiper replaced ------7 
Spruce replaced -------17 
0 Total trees set out as replaceients 
New settings ----------6 
7  Total trees planted 
Perg'Lrape-tangle hill: 
Pine reola ced ---------1 
Spr uc  replaced -------7 
8 Total trees planted (All as replacecent) 
Cole Poud: 
Pine relaced---------     4 
Spruce renace------- -- 22 
"W Total trees planted (All as replacects) 
Erosion ditch so>lth of Cole Pond: 
Spruce repl ced -------5 
Junipoer replacted ------ 1 
-- Total trees planted (All as repl;,-(efects) 
Hillside plot east of erosion ditch: 
Snruce replaced ------   9 Total trees planted 
ilikeys_~ave-pit kloll; 
Pine replaced ---------8 
Creemors replaced -----13 
Jmnripers ------------- 30 
Spru ce ----------------  39 
- Total trees Planted (All as replaceents) 
R @edPateh, North-east: 
Pine reaced ---------     4 
Spruce reobaced --------34 Total trees planted (All as -eplacements) 
Junk Pile hill: 
Spruce replaced------ 
Creepers reclaced--------8 
Junipers replaced-.....-6 
713 Total trees planted (All a:s replace-nents) 
STri       e: 
Spruce replaced-39 
Pine replaced -----------12 
Hardwoois replaced .... 28 
New settingls ----------10 
P  Total trees pl nted 
 
 

					
				
				
April 12, 193S 
1938 TREE PLATINGS                            (Pla tig date) 
Stile' s Creek; 
Snruce replaced        -  7 
?ie replaced ......-.   6 
H- rdwood replaced     -  1 
-T Total 1-wee  rplcd [1 replaceet 
APRIL 16, 1938 
Hiokey's gravel-pit knollt (All Red Cedar froa MoKays) 
Spruce replaced -------1 (6 livig) 
Red cedar replaced --- 1 10 living) 
Creepers replaced .....-1     1 livig) 
Pine replaced ----------1 ( 3 living) 
New settis ---------- 
7-0 Total trees planted 
APRIL 18, 1938 
SLisow't-! r        :  (All Red Cedar fro- .cKays - 2-2 stock) 
Spruce replaced -------124 (691 living) 
(Replaced 81 trees i 3 west rows, 33, 26 & 22; 20 ia east row; 2i in
2 Ifrok 
east side) 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
Milford Meadows farm: 
Area 1. Triangular patch in second field east of Smith lot, 
at extreme end of M. M. lane. 
Norway Pine                Cedar                  Spruce 
OK-- 5                    OK-- 0                 OK-- 5 
Dead--O                   Dead--O                Dead--O 
Remarks: 
Sod very heavy; luxuriant growth of thistle; 
One-eighth of its possibilities as a planting; 
Both Norway and spruces eaten back for 
successive winters; fence posts OK but fence 
in poor shape; Triangle is four rods to a side; 
(area pock-marked, no trees); entire planting 
poor. 
Area 2. East of above triangle and north along fence. 
Norway Pine                Cedar                  Spruce 
OK-- 30                   --                     OK-- 27 
Dead-- 2 (1940)           --                     Dead--O 
Remarks: 
Spruce poor--a few 3A footers; entire 
planting wide-spread and poor. 
 
 

					
				
				
Otto Lang farm: 
Area 1. Corner of north field and Schroeder pasture. 
Norway Pine               Cedar                  Spruce 
OK-- 16                  OK-- 0                 OK-- 9 
Dead-- 0                 Dead--O                Dead--1 
Remarks: 
Sod not so heavy; three spruce better 
than three feet tall; few forbs; fence 
needed on two of three sides, but OK. 
Area 2. Between east field and east pasture, along 
pasture fence. 
Norway Pine               Cedar                  Spruce 
OK-- 3                   OK--                  OK-- 3 
Dead--O                  Dead--O                Dead--1 
Remarks: 
Fence poor--cattle got in--so pastured 
short, but no damage done to trees by 
brouse or trampling. 
 
 

					
				
				
Otto Lange farm: 
Area: In wooded knoll, east of old dump pile. 
Norway Pine                Cedar                  Spruce 
OK-- 3                    OK-- 0                 OK-- 15 
Dead--O                   Dead--O                Dead-- 0 
Remarks: 
Again located near feeder and "rabbit 
rubbish pile", but trees here best of 
all planting, two at least five feet 
tall; sod medium, brush and forb 
encroachment on upper (s) end. 
 
 

					
				
				
Four Acres: 
Norway Pine               Cedar                  Spruce 
OK-- 20                  OK-- 14                OK-- 16 
Dead-- 2 (1940)          Dead-- 1               Dead-- 1 
Remarks: 
Room for more scalping; trees vary in 
growth. 
 
 

					
				
				
INVENTORY OF COVER PLANTINGS--FAVILIE GROVE 
Ben Berg farm: 
Area 1. Between lane and pasture, west of building. 
Norway Pine              Cedar                  Spruce 
OK-- 7                  OK--7                  --- 
Dead--I (1940)          Dead--O                --- 
Remarks: 
No fence (not needed); sod heavy; forbs 
light; space for more planting. 
Area 2. South of west field, between woods and west field. 
Norway Pine               Cedar                 Spruce 
OK-- 45                  OK-- 0                OK--li 
Dead--22 (1940)          Dead--O               Dead--l (1940) 
Remarks: 
Sweet clover, wild lettuce and forbs very thick; 
no cedars on knoll of south-west corner; 
no live plantings in line fence running east 
and west. 
Area 3. Small knoll south corner of woods. 
Norway Pine               Cedar                  Spruce 
OK-- 5                   OK-- 0                 OK-- 1 
Dead--O                  Dead--O                Dead--i 
 
 

					
				
				
Stelse farm (old Hildabrant farm). 
Area: on side hill just east of the east field and 
facing M. M. hay field--south of gravel pit. 
Norway Pine                Cedars                 Spruce 
OK-- 15                    OK-- 47                OK-- 0 
Dead-- 9 (1940)            Dead or                Dead--O 
12 (1939)             dying--2 
Remarks: 
Sod choking small cedars; fence toward 
pasture OK--toward fields poor; space 
for more plantings. 
 
 

					
				
				
1001 T 
dP4 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
4w 
Mast Count       Ungrazed Wood Lot 
Quadrat No.            Acorns        Hickory Nuts       Total 
1                    34                               34 
2                    54                               54 
3                    32                               32 
4                    22                               22 
5                    36                               36 
6                    38                               38 
7                    15                               15 
8                     2                                2 
9                     0                                0 
10                     0                                0 
11                     1                                1 
12                     1               2                3 
13                    21                               21 
14                    50                               50 
15                    44                               44 
16                    49                               49 
17                     9                                9 
18                   16                                16 
19                     4                                4 
20                     2                                2 
21                    12                               12 
22                     9                                9 
23                    11                               11 
24                    20                               20 
25                    28                r              28 
26                    14                               14 
27                     0                                0 
28                     0                                0 
29                     0                               0 
30                     0                                0 
31                     3                                3 
32                     2                                2 
33                     1                                1 
34                     7                                7 
35                    31                               31 
36                    71                               71 
37                    13                               13 
Totals     652                2            654 
 
 

					
				
				
~4 
ho.    0 
2. 
ti4 
 
 

					
				
				
Lc -4-1A 
c\cv 1j 
11  c4tU ) 141 
 
 

					
				
				
44     CJl ((Z 
; l Ic. 
N(o4J0 
CIr 030J             A 
 
 

					
				
				
0 
U.                    4 
0 
*4 
/ 
44                      0 
o           ~T1 
'~1                                         (0 
I 
hI 
13               9 
0            gf 
C 
34-                                        1            'CI 
C)           (4 
1%                   B. 
~C41~iA1 
 
 

					
				
				
12 
IAI 
 
 

					
				
				
51                          C?  -c 
//     0 
-,  ~zi>               Il      0 
'4 0 
/ 
K 
C 
(2 
(~L~ 
C 
N(~   ~c~V  '~      ~ -~ 
#LUC I 
I 
ciAA 
K            ~#K 
U 
N  A~J~ 
 
 

					
				
				
Ungrazed Wood Lot 
r~~a~-L4 Ia  I 
Quadrat No.              Acorns        Hickory Nuts         Total 
1                      34                                 34 
2                      54                                 54 
3                      32                                 32 
4                      22                                 22 
536                                                 36 
6                      38 ..                              38 
7,                     15                                 15 
8                       2                                  2 
9                       0                                  0 
10                       0                                  0 
11                       1                                  1 
12                       1                 2                3 
13                      21                                 21 
14                      50                                 50 
15                      444 
16                      49                                 49 
17                       9                                  9 
18                     16                                  16 
19                       4                                  4 
20                       2                                  2 
21                      12                                 12 
22                       9                                  9 
23                      11                                 11 
24                      20                                 20 
25                      28                                 28 
26                      14                                 14 
27                       0                                  0 
28                       0                                  0 
29                       0                                 0 
30                       0                                  0 
31                       3                                  3 
32                       2                                  2 
33                       1                                  1 
34                       7                                  7 
35                      31                                 31 
36                      71                                 71 
37                      13                1_ 
Totals      652                 2             654 
19 4 t a                  "" "                        -  -

3).-JA 
 
 

					
				
				
Lif 
I /   ) 
10 
VlA 
I     ID 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
IJ-o   NE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB              j t44  . 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Date                                    --------L J   --~ 
Locality Q- - - _- 
Weather/           /_                            ... 
Species            No.      Species           No. 
1 Lesser loon --------56 29 Ring-necked duck __ 
2 Holboell's grebe ------- 30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck- 
4 Pied-billed grebe --- -6- 32 Lesser scaup duck-- -  -§ 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye __ - 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant,     34 Buffle-head --------4- 
7 Great blue heron    12. 35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret ------36 White-winged scoter ___ 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter------- 
10 Eastern green heron --- 38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron-    19 Hooded merganser 
,12 American bittern __     40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern _  41 Red-br. merganser   _ 
14 Whistling swan ------   42 Eastern goshawk 
'15 Common canada goose_,_ 43  Sharp-shinned hawk -__ 
16 Lesser snow goose-- ___ 44 Cooper's hawk 
17 Blue goose -----------45 Eastern red-tld. hawk=$_ 
18 Common mallard - 2.D     46 North. red-shlb hawk_-- 
19 Common black duckO (     47 Broad-winged hawk- -_ 
20 Gadwall ------           48 Am. rough-leg. hawk -__ 
21 European widgeon         49 Golden eagle .......... 
22 Baldpate                 50 Northern bald eagle- 
23 American pintail    1 -6 51 Marsh hawk -__-_ A 
24 Green-winged teal        52 Osprey 
25 Blue-winged teal i d     53 Duck -hawk .......... 
26 Shoveller ---------- -   54 Eastern pigeon hawk -_- 
27 Wood duck ---------    - 55 East. sparrow hawk   --- 
28 Redhead ------------- 56 East. ruffed grouse. 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species           No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken m_   97 Red phalarope 
58 Pr. sharp-tld,. grouse ..  98 Wilson's phalarope __. 
59 European partridgeO__    99 Northern phalarope 
60'Eastern bob-white-_ ___-100 Herring gull -2-- -," 
61 Ring-necked pheasant(A2  101 Ring-billed gull -- 
62 Little brown crane- ___ 102 Franklin's gull ...... 
63 Sandhill crane ------- 103 Bonaparte's gull-,- 
64 King rail -------------104 Forster's tern 
65 Virginia rail ----------105 Common tern 
66 Sora rail ------------106 Caspian tern------- 
67 Yellow rail ----------107 Black tern 
68 Florida gallinule -_ ---  108 East. mourning dove__! 
69 American coot           109 Yellow-bilI'd cuckoo --- 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo --- 
71 Semi-palmated plover-- 111 Barn owl----------- 
72 Killdeer ------- - L;A'-O 112 East. screech owl- 
73 Amer. golden plover     113 Great-horned owl-- 
74 Black-bellied plover-   114 Snowy owl--------- 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl_-_ 
76 American woodcock       116 Short-eared owL .--... 
77 Wilson's snipe _-_ 3- 117 Long-eared owl------ 
78 Long-bi-iled curlew- ----  118 Saw-whet owl------ 
79 Hudsonian curlew -      119 East. whip-poor-will _ 
80 Upland plover ---  U 3  120 East. night hawk . 
81 Spotted sandpiper ---  121 Chimney swift------ 
82 E. solitary sandpiper -- 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird --- 
83 Western willet -------123 E. belted kingfisher .1 
84 Greater yellow-legs0 J-  124 Northern flicker -_ _X 
85 Lesser yellow-legs_  3-0 125 N. pltd. woodpecker --- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper -..  126 Red-bell. woodpecker --- 
&7 Wh.-rump. sandpiper     127 R.-head. woodpecker J- 
88 Baird's sandpiper       128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker9' 
89 Least sandpiper -------129 N. hairy woodpecker--- 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpeckerJZ 
91 Long-billed dowitcher ___ 131 Eastern kingbird 
92 Stilt sandpiper -------132 Arkansas fkingbird 
93 Semipalm. sandpiper --- 133 N. crested flycatcher 
94 Marbled godwit ------  134 Eastern phoehe___ 
95 Hudsonian godwit-_ ___ 135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher-- 
96 Sanderling ------------136 Acadian flycatcher --- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
137 Alder flycatcher - .-.  177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher --    178 Bohemian waxwing --- 
139 E. wood pewee ------   179 Cedar -'waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher --- 180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark --- 181 Migrant shrike 
142 N. horned lark- ..  . - 182 Starling ......... --- 
143 Prairie horn. lark  .ek  183 White-eyed vireo-. 
144 Tree swallow    Y  _L, -_ 184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow -------185 Yellow-throat. vireo --- 
146 Rough-wing. swallow ___ 186 .Blue-headed vireo- - - 
147 Barn swallow -- L)__Y._187 Red-eyed vireo 
148 N. cliff swallow -      188 Philadelphia vireo,   -- 
149 Purple martin -   ---  189 East. warbling vireo___ 
150 Northern blue jay- _    196 Black & wh. warbler--- 
151 Northern raven -----191 Prothonotory warbler __ 
152 Eastern crow  ____ _t_-192 Gold.-winged warbler--- 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee     193 Blue-winged warbler_- 
154 Tufted titmouse         194 Tennessee warbler-. 
155 White-br. nuthatch -e_ 195 Orange-cr. warbler ___ 
156 Red-br. nuthatch - _    196 Nashville warbler -.. 
157 Brown creeper - LI)   - 197 N. Parula warbler 
158 West. house wren- .   . 198 East. yellow warbler--- 
159 East. winter wren -- 199 Magnolia warbler - - __ 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 ,Cape May warbler.... 
161 Carolina wren ------   201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler--, 
162 Prairie marsh wren ___ 202 Myrtle warbler-      Ato_ 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren--- 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler--- 
164 Eastern mockingbird_--  204 Cerulian warbler    --- 
165 Catbird ------------   20,5 Bl'kburnian 'warbler__- 
166 Brown thrasher          206 Chesnut-sid. warbler__- 
167 Eastern robin ---- -    207 Bay-breast. warbler 
168 Wood thrush             208 Black-poll' warbler 
169 East. hermit thrush(L I 209 North. pine warbler --- 
170 Olive-backed thrush     210 West. palm warbler -__ 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush     211 Ovenbird 
172 Willow thrush ------   212 North. water-thrush___ 
173 Eastern bluebird - - - 213 Grin'l's water-thrush___ 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher --- 214 La. water-thrush.    . 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet--  215 Kentucky warbler -.. 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet O_  216 Connecticut warbler --- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            NO.      Species             No. 
217 Mourning warbler-       244 North. pine siskin 
218 N. yellow-throat .      245 Eastern goldfinch 
219 Yellow-br. chat-------246 Red crossbill --      - 
220 Wilson's warbler - _ -  247 Red-eyed tw      ... 
221 Canada warbler--    --- 248 E. sava   h sparrow _ _ 
222 Amer. redstart ------249 E.      '...  pao w 
223 English sparrow __   - 250 Leconts sp r           w 
224 Bobolink-------- ----251 E. Hensl' sp'r 
225 Eastern meadowlarkA' 252 Nelson's sarow 
226 Western meadowlark__V 253 East. vesper sparrow----- 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird__ - 254 East. lark spar w    -ow 
228 Giant red-wing .    . -  255  Slate-colored junco - 
229 Orchard oriole ------  256 East. tree sparrow   k6 
230 Ba ltmore oriole __ ___257 E. chipping sparrow -- 
231 Rtty blackbird -- kk 258 Clay-colored sparrow --- 
232 Brewer's blackbird - -   259 East. field sparrow _ 
233 Bronzed grackle --      260 Haris's sparrow -- --- 
234 Eastern cowbird -- .4< 261 White-cr. sparrow 
235 Scarlet tanager ------262 Gambel's sparrow --- 
236 Eastern cardinal (}) _-_  263 White-thr. sparrow -- - 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak- ___ 264 East. fox sparrow- 
238 Indigo-bunting ------  265 Lincoln's sparow 
239 Dickcissel _---....   --66 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak -       167 Miss. song sparow 
241 Eastern purple finch_  268 Lapland longspur - 
242 Can. pine grosbeak --- 269 East. snow bunting    --- 
243 Common redpoll -- -......................... 
Additions 
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - -. . - - - - - - - - - - -   - 
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -. . . - - -   - - - - - - - - - -
- - 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Date 
Locality -------i 
Weather          2_    --------- 
Species            No.      Species 
1 Lesser loon ----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe -------- 30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck- 
4 Pied-billed grebe  ...   32 Lesser scaup duck-. _< 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant-     34 Buffle-head 
7 Great blue heron - -     35 Old-squaw  ........... 
8 American egret ------36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron __   38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron-     39 Hooded merganser 
12 American bittern - --    40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern    41 Red-br. merganser 
14 Whistling swan ------42 Eastern goshawk 
15 Common canada goose___ 43 Sharp-shinned hawk 
16 Lesser snow goose-- --- 44 Cooper's hawk         V 
17 Blue goose ----------   45 Eastern red-tld. hawkL 
18 Common mallard - - - - kK 46 North. red-shld. hawk_--_ 
19 Common black duck     __- 47 Broad-winged hawk  -- - 
20 Gadwall -------------48 Am. rough-leg. hawk      --- 
21 European widgeon         49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate-    -   --     50 Northern bald eagle. 
23 American pintail __      51 Marsh hawk ___   -_ 
24 Green-winged teal--      52 Osprey 
25 Blue-winged teal __ 2-3 53 Duck hawk- 
26 Shov~ller                54 Eastern pigeon hawk    - 
27 Wood duck -     -        55 East. sparrow hawk _V- 
28 Redhead ------------    56 East. ruffed grouse- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species            No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken-     97 Red phalarope 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse __  98 Wilson's phalarope -- 
59 European partridge       99 Northern phalarope__- 
60 Eastern bob-white- ---  100 Herring gull 
61 Ring-necked pheasant_L 101 Ring-billed gull ...... 
62 Little brown crane.     102 Franklin's gull 
63 Sandhill crane          103 Bonaparte's gull-- 
64 King rail ------------104 Forster's tern 
65 Virginia rail --------  105 Common tern 
66 Sora rail ---------- --106 Caspian tern 
67 Yellow rail ----------107 Black tern -------- 
68 Florida gallinule --    108 East. mourning dove_ 
69 American coot           109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo - 
71 Semi-palmated plover--- 111 Barn owl 
72 Killdeer -----------   112 East. screech owl 
73 Amer. golden plover     113 Great-horned owl-- 
74 Black-bellied plover-   114 Snowy owl 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl_-- 
76 American woodcock   --- 116 Short-eared owl ...... 
77 Wilson's snipe --------117 Long-eared owl 
78 Long-billed curlew-- ----118 Saw-whet owl------ 
79 Hudsonian curlew    - -  119 East. whip-poor-will -__ 
80 Upland plover ---------120 East. night hawk 
81 Spotted sandpiper ----- 121 Chimney swift-------- 
82 E. solitary sandpiper_-V 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird --- 
83 Western willet -------123 E. belted kingfisher 
84 Greater yellow-legs-    124 Northern flicker - - 
85 Lesser yellow-legs-- --2  125 N. pltd. woodpecker 
86 Pectoral sandpiper_ --  126 Red-bell. woodpecker -- 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper -   127 R.-head. woodpecker - - 
88 Baird's sandpiper       128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker- 
89 Least sandpiper -    -  129 N. hairy. woodpecker_ 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpeckerk 
91 Long-billed dowitcher --- 131 Eastern kinpbird - -_- 
92 Stilt sandpiper -------132 Arkansas ikingbird 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper --- 133 N. crested flycatcher  ;' 
94 Marbled godwit ------  134 Eastern phoebe.    .. 
95 Hudsonian godwit-- ___ 135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher-- 
96 Sanderling -----------136 Acadian flycatcher --- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
137 Alder flycatcher        177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher ---r- 178 Bohemian waxwing --- 
139 E. wood pewee           179 Cedar waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher -- 180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark      181 Migrant shrike 
142 N. horned lark---       182 Starling ---- 
143 Prairie horn. lark- _V  183 White-eyed vireo    --- 
144 Tree swallow-184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow ---- ---185 Yellow-throat. vireo -, 
146 Rough-wing. swallow -   186 Blue-headed vireo_ - 
147 Barn swallow--          187 Red-eyed vireo       V 
148 N. cliff swallow -   . 188 Philadelphia vireo_ 
149 Purple martin           189 East. warbling vireo_1 
150 Northern blue jay-      190 Black & wh. warbler- 
151 Northern raven    ---  191 Prothonotory warbler .36 
152 Eastern crow  ____ ----192 Gold.-winged-warbler-V 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee  -  193 Blue-winged warbler_["_ 
154 Tufted titmouse __-     194 Tennessee warbler- 
155 White-br. nuthatch _f   195 Orange-cr. warbler   __ 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warbler- -- 
157 Brown creeper           197 N. Parula warbler --7 
158 West. house wren- X     198 East. yellow warbler_ . 
159 East. winter wren-      199 Magnolia warbler - 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 Cape May warbler- 
161 Carolina wren           201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler- 
162 Prairie marsh wren      202 Myrtle warbler-    H7 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wrenYV 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler_- 
164 Eastern mockingbird--- 204 Cerulian warbler -- 
165 Catbird ----- ------205 Bl'kburn'an warbler- 
166 Brown thrasher _      /- 206 Chesnut-sid. warbler_.L 
167 Eastern robin -----kl- 207 Bay-breast. warbler    _ 
168 Wood thrush ------_ ?08 Black-poll warbler    _V_ 
169 East. hermit thrush     209 North. pine warbler --- 
170 Olive-backed thrush     210 West. palm warblerk' 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush -1" 211 Ovenbird --------- 
172 Willow thrush _     _   212 North. water-thrush - - 
173 Eastern bluebird    -' 213 Grin'l's water-thrush... 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher _- 214 La. water-thrush__ 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet___ 215 Kentucky warbler- 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet ___ 216 Connecticut warbler,- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
217 Mourning warbler-       244 North. pine siskin  --- 
218 N. yellow-throat _      245 Eastern goldfinch   _ 
219 Yellow-br. chat      Z_ 246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler    'L 247 Red-eyed towhee _ - 
221 Canada warbler--        248 E. savanah sparrow 
222 Amer. redstart --V      249 E. gr'hop. sparrow _2i. 
223 English sparrow  -     250 Leconte's sparrow -.. 
224 Bobolink ----------    251 E. Henslow's sp'row___ 
225 Eastern meadowlark _V 252 Nelson's sparrow ..... 
226 Western meadowlarkZ 253 East. vesper sparrow.i 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird- -  254 East. lark sparrow --- 
228 Giant red-wing ..     255 iSlate-colored junco _- 
229 Orchard oriole        o 256 East. tree sparrow --- 
230 Baltimore oriole     Y 257 E. chipping sparrow__7 
231 Rusty blackbird--- ----258 Clay-colored sparrow_ 
232 Brewer's blackbird-     259 East. field sparrow --- 
233 Bronzed grackle -      260 Haris's sparrow ...... 
234 Eastern cowbird - -  K_261 White-cr. sparrow   --- 
235 Scarlet tanager         262 Gambel's sparrow - 
236 Eastern cardinal -      263 White-thr. sparrow 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak-      264 East. fox sparrow -.. 
238 Indigo-bunting     1    265 Lincoln's sparowv. 
239 Dickcissel ----------  266 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak - --   267 Miss. song sparow 
241 Eastern purple finch___ 268 Lapland longspur - 
242 Can. pine grosbeak      269 East. snow bunting 
243 Common redpoll 
Additions 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin         / 
D a te  - - - - --   - - - - - - -  ; - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Locality ----------- 
Weather 
Species            No.      Species            No. 
1 Lesser loon -----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe ------- 30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck- 
4 Pied-billed grebe --- - - 32 Lesser scaup duck- -K 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant-     34 Buffle-head 
7 Great blue heron -- ',_ 35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret ------36 White-winged scoter 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron _iK  38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron-     39 Hooded merganser 
12 American bittern -- - _"_40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern --- 41 Red-br. merganser_ 
14 Whistling swan ------   42 EaStern goshawk 
15 Common canada goose--    43 Sharp-shinned hawk --- 
16 Lesser snow goose---     44 Cooper's hawk    - 
17 Blue goose -----------45 Eastern red-tld. hawk-- 
18 Common mallard -     -46 North. red-shld. hawk--- 
19 Common black duck-       47 Broad-winged hawk -.. 
20 Gadwall                  48 Am. rough-leg. hawk 
21 European widgeon         49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate--------- -     50 Northern bald eagle- 
23 American pintail   __&   51 Marsh hawk --------- 
24 Green-winged teal---___-52 Osprey 
25 Blue-winged teal _      53 Duck hawk 
26 Shoveller -------------54 Eastern pigeon hawk 
27 Wood duck ---------      55 East. sparrow hawk - 
28 Redhead ------------    56 East. ruffed grouse- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species           No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken-     97 Red phalarope 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse    98 Wilson's phalarope - - - 
59 European partridge --- 99 Northern phalarope --- 
60 Eastern bob-white- ---  100 Herring gull 
61 Ring-necked pheasant-_,  101 Ring-billed gull ...... 
62 Little brown crane  --. 102 Franklin's gull ....... 
63 Sandhill crane ------- 103 Bonaparte's gull   --- 
64 King rail -------------104 Forster's tern 
65 Virginia rail -------- 105 Common tern        V 
66 Sora rail ------------106 Caspian tern 
67 Yellow rail ----------107 Black tern --------V 
68 Florida gallinule -_ _'" 108 East. mourning dove__P_" 
69 American coot -----    -_ 109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo -_Y-' 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo - k- 
71 Semi-palmated plover__- 111 Barn owl----------- 
72 Killdeer -----------J_ 112 East. screech owl 
73 Amer. golden plover --- 113 Great-horned owl- 
74 Black-bellied plover  --- 114 Snowy owl--------- 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl--- 
76 American woodcock   --- 116 Short-eared owl ------ 
77 Wilson's snipe --------117 Long-eared owl 
78 Long-billed curlew- ----  118 Saw-whet owl------ 
79 Hudsonian curlew        119 East. whip-poor-will 
80 Upland plover ------   120 East. night hawk - 
81 Spotted sandpiper-- v- 121 Chimney swift        V 
82 E. solitary sandpiper_-  122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird --- 
83 Western willet --------123 E. belted kingfisher 
84 Greater yellow-legs_ i_ 124 Northern flicker - 
85 Lesser yellow-legs- -  --- 125 N. pltd. woodpecker --- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper  ___ 126 Red-bell. woodpecker - I 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper --- 127 R.-head. woodpecker 
88 Baird's sandpiper ....-128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker-- 
89 Least sandpiper -------129 N. hairy woodpecker-_ 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpecker'-. 
91 Long-billed dowitcher -  131 Eastern kinprbird  _ 
92 Stilt sandpiper ---------132 Arkansas kingbird 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper __- 133 N. crested flycatcher :k 
94 Marbled g dwit ------  134 Eastern phoebe- 
95 Hudsonian godwit-- ___ 135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher__ 
96 Sanderling -----------136 Acadian flycatcher --- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species             No. 
137 Alder flycatcher        177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher ---178 Bohemian waxwing --- 
139 E. wood pewee ------    179 Cedar waxwing - 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher -  180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark      181 Migrant shrike 
142 N. horned lark__,       182 Starling 
143 Prairie horn. lark-     183 White-eyed vireo    --- 
144 Tree swallow -------   184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow -------    185 Yellow-throat. vireo - 
146 Rough-wing. swallow -  . 186 Blue-headed vireo_ -_- 
147 Barn swallow -     -   187 Red-eyed vireo 
148 N. cliff swallow    2 - -  188 Philadelphia vireo- 
149 Purple martin    - 189 East. warbling vireo 
150 Northern blue jay-      190 Black & wh. warbler-v 
151 Northern raven          191 Prothonotory warbler_ 
152 Eastern crow -   --     192 Gold.-winged warbler--- 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee     193 Blue-winged warbler_- - 
154 Tufted titmouse __-194 Tennessee warbler- _Yk 
155 White-br. nuthatch -    195 Orange-cr. warbler 
156 Red-br. nuthatch    --- 196 Nashville warbler- - 
157 Brown creeper -------197 N. Parula warbler 
158 West. house wren- -_    198 East. yellow warbler__V* 
159 East. winter wren-      199 Magnolia warbler - 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 Cape May warbler    --- 
161 Carolina wren           201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler_ 
162 Prairie marsh wren      202 Myrtle warbler-- - 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren__!.- 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler- 
164 Eastern mockingbird--- 204 ,Cerulian warbler-- 
165 Catbird -------------205 Bl'kburnian warbler_ _ 
166 Brown thrasher --       206 Chesnut-sid. warbler - 
167 Eastern robin -     -   207 Bay-breast. warbler - - 
168 Wood thrush -   -  -- 208 Black-poll warbler _- 
169 East. hermit thrush     209 North. pine warbler 
170 Olive-backed thrush -   210 West. palm warbler- 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush     211 1Ovenbird 
172 Willow thrush           212 North. water-thrushV 
173 Eastern bluebird -    A 213 Grin'l's water-thrush__' 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher -1- 214 La. water-thrush._ 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet___ 215 Kentucky war blr- 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet -_- 216 Connecticut warbler - 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
217 Mourning warbler     V  244 North. pine siskin 
218 N. yellow-throat -      245 Eastern goldfinch  -- 
219 Yellow-br. chat ---     246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler ... 247 Red-eyed towhee         V 
221 Canada warbler- ..      248 E. savanah sparrow - 
222 Amer. redstart ...      249 E. gr'hop. sparrow _l_ 
223 English sparrow __      250 Leconte's sparrow   _ 
224 Bobolink ------------251 E. Henslow's sp'row_:_ 
225 Eastern meadowlark__K 252 Nelson's sparrow-     --- 
226 Western meadowlark-_S_ 253 East. vesper sparrow_-" 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird'-- 254 East. lark sparrow ___ 
228 Giant red-wing -         255 iSlate-colored junco --- 
229 Orchard oriole _     -  256 East. tree sparrow ___ 
230 Baltimore oriole_ -kj_ 257 E. chipping sparrow-_Z 
231 Rusty blackbird--- ---258 Clay-colored sparrow__,, 
232 Brewer's blackbird-     259 East. field sparrow 
233 Bronzed grackle  -      260 Haris's sparrow ...... 
234 Eastern cowbird _- _    261 White-cr. sparrow   _ 
235 Scarlet tanager ------262 Gambel's sparrow - 
236 Eastern cardinal        263 White-thr. sparrow   _ 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak- 1( 264 East. fox sparrow- 
238 Indigo-bunting          265 Lincoln's sparow. 
239 Dickcissel ----------  266 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak        267 Miss. song sparow   _ 
241 Eastern purple finch--- 268 Lapland longspur - 
242 Can. pine grosbeak      269 East. snow bunting --- 
243 Common redpoll 
Additions 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Localit             -                                 a-L 
J:.                            Z     -.   -- 
Weather     /WL  +-- 
Species            No.      Species             No. 
1 Lesser loon ------- -   29 Ring-necked duck   -/ 
2 Holboell's grebe ----    30 Canvas-back-     -    L 
3 Horned grebe ----- -    31 Greater scaup duck- 
4 Pied-billed grebe --- -Y  32 Lesser scaup duck- - 
5 White pelican ---        33 Amer. golden-eye __   L 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant- --'- 34 Buffle-head -------_- 
7 Great blue heron -_- Z ,5 35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret ------   36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter ...... 
10 Eastern green heron      38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron --   39 Hooded merganser 
12 American bittern -   _   40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern -_-  41 Red-br. merganser 
14 Whistling swan ------   42 Eastern goshawk 
15 Common canada goosetm 43 Sharp-shinned hawk 
16 Lesser snow goose- --- 44 Cooper's hawk 
17 Blue gose -----------45 Eastern red-td. hawk_,L 
18 Common mallard - - -  L_ 46 North. red-shld. hawk-- 
19 Common black duck- -- 47 Broad-winged hawk- --- 
20 Gadwall                  48 Am. rough-leg. hawk --- 
21 European widgeon - -1- 49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate--------- -      50 Northern bald eagle- 
23 American pintail _       51 Marsh hawk 
24 Green-winged teal__ _-    52 Osprey............... 
25 Blue-winged teal -_      53 Duck hawk 
26 Shoveller -----------LL 54 Eastern pigeon hawk ___ 
27 Wood duck -----------55 East. sparrow hawk --- 
28 Redhead --------------56 East. ruffed grouse- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species           No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken- _5   97 Red phalarope .... 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse     98 Wilson's phalarope --, 
59 European partridge  _     99 Northern phalarope --- 
60 Eastern bob-white-_ -5   100 Herring gull -...  _ 
61 Ring-necked pheasantL9. 101 Ring-billed gull - 
62 'Little brown crane  __102 Franklin's gull ..... 
63 Sandhill crane -------  103 Bonaparte's gull   --- 
64 King rail     __-        104 Forster's tern 
65 Virginia rail ----------105 Cormn tern         __- 
66 Sora rail ....-106 Caspian tern------- 
67 Yellow rail ----------  107 Black tern--------- 
68 Florida gallinule -_ -   108 East. mourning doveS. 
69 American coot    .    109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo -__ 
70 Piping plover --------   110 Black-bill'd cuckoo 
71 Semi-palmated plover--- 111 Barn owl ----------- 
72 Kilid- -------          112 East. screech owl - 
73 Amer. golden plover _    113 Great-horned owl-. 
74 Black-bellied plover.    114 Snowy owl --------- 
75 Ruddy turns ne--- ----115 Northern barred owl--- 
76 American woodcock        116 Short-eared owl ------ 
77 Wilson's snipe ------.    117 Long-eared owl------ 
78 Long-billed curlew- ---  118 Saw-whet owl-...... 
79 Hudsonian curlew -       119 East. whip-poor-will 
80 Upland plover ----- -    120 East. night hawk - 
81 Spotted sandpiper- - L  121 Chimney swift------ 
82 E. solitary sandpiper___ 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird --- 
83 Western willet -------   123 E. belted kingfisher _ 
84 Greater yellow-legs_ -  124 Northern flicker - - - 
85 Lesser yellow-legs_ - -7 125 N. pltd. woodpecker -__ 
86 Pectoral sandpiper_ -t 126 Red-bell. woodpecker 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper      127 R.-head. woodpecker  / 
88 Baird's sandpiper -      128 Yellow-bell. sapsuckerI 
89 Least sandpiper  ..... 129 N. hairy woodpecker__. 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpeckeri 
91 Long-billed dowitcher --- 131 Eastern kingbird - 
92 Stilt sandpiper -------  132 Arkansas lkingbird --- 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper 1-- 133 N. crested flycatcher-_- 
94 Marbled gdwi t------- -134 Eastern ph e_ _ 
95 Hud    n   godwit-_ ___ 135 Yellow- 11. flycatcher-- 
96 Sand ling -------- ---   136 Acadian flycatcher --- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
137 Alder flycatcher -----  177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher __ ___-178 Bohemian waxwing --- 
139 E. wood pewee ------   179 Cedar waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher   180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark      181 Migrant shrike 
142 N. horned lark ------ 182 Starling--------- 
143 Prairie horn. lark -L   183 White-eyed vireo-. 
144 Tree swallow       A    184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow -          185 Yellow-throat. vireo --- 
146 Rough-wing. swallow     186 Blue-headed vireo -.. 
147 Barn swallow------I     187 Red-eyed vireo 
148 N. cliff swallow     J  188 Philadelphia vireo. 
149 Purple martin -     _   189 East. warbling vireo___ 
150 Northern blue jay- _    190 Black & wh. warbler--- 
151 Northern raven          191 Prothonotory warbler 
152 Eastern crow-....       192 Gold.-winged warbler-__ 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee _  193 Blue-winged warbler--- 
154 Tufted titmouse __ ___-194 Tennessee warbler- 
155 White-br. -nuthatch .A  195 Orange-cr. warbler 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warbler. 
157 Brown creeper   -- - - 197 N. Parula warbler -__ 
158 West. house wren....   198 East. yellow warbler--- 
159 East. winter wren- 9    199 Magnolia warbler - 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 Cape May warbler... 
161 ,Carolina wren ------  201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler-__ 
162 Prairie marsh wren --- 202 Myrtle warbler-     -I- 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren_--  203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler--- 
164 Eastern mockingbird --  204 'Cerulian warbler   --- 
165 Catbird -------------205 Bl'kburn'an warbler_-_ 
166 Brown thrasher    - -  206 Chesnut-sid. warbler --- 
167 Eastern robin---- _   207 Bay-breast. warbler 
168 Wood thrush ---          08 Black-poll warbler  -... 
169 East. hermit thrush Y-i 209 North. pine warbler -__ 
170 Olive-backed thrush ___ 210 West. palm warbler -__ 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush --  211 'Ovenbird ......... 
172 Willow thrush           212 North. water-thrush- - 
173 Eastern bluebird -      213 Grin'l's water-thrush-__ 
174 B.-gray gnateatcher     214 La. water-thrush.    . 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet- L  215 Kentucky warbler -.. 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet -, 216 Connecticut warbler 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
217 Mourning warbler.... 244 North. pine siskin    ___ 
218 N. yellow-throat        245 Eastern goldfinch   _ _ 
219 Yellow-br. chat ------246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler - -    247 Red-eyed towhee ..... 
221 Canada warbler ------ 248 E. savanah sparrowS- 
222 Amer. redstart -------249 E. gr'hop. sparrow 
223 English sparrow  _- _   250 Leconte's sparrow. 
224 Bobolink ---------     251 E. Henslow's sp'row___ 
225 Eastern meadowlark-     252 Nelson's sparrow-- 
226 Western meadowlark- 1   253 East. vesper sparrow._ 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird_-  254 East. lark sparrow --- 
228 Giant red-wing          2 --  255  Slate-colored junco , 
229 Orchard oriole ------  256 East. tree sparrow 
230 Baltimore oriole        257 E. chipping sparrow--- 
231 Rusty blackbird_- L     258 Clay-colored sparrow_ -- 
232 Brewer's blackbird- ..  259 East. field sparrow 
233 Bronzed grackle __   -- 260 Haris's sparrow_.    . 
234 Eastern cowbird   -   261 White-cr. sparrow   --- 
235 Scarlet tanager ------262 Gambel's sparrow_ 
236 Eastern cardinal - _/__263 White-thr. sparrow 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak- .  . 264 East. fox sparrow- 
238 Indigo-bunting ------  265 Lincoln's sparow. 
239 Dickcissel ----------  266 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak        267 Miss. song sparow 
241 Eastern purple finch--1 268 Lapland longspur 
242 Can. pine grosbeak --- 269 East. snow bunting 
243 Common redpoll ..... 
Additions 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST'. 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Date                        --I- J   --- -- --- -- --- -- -- 
Weather                    -     -     --L 
Species            No.      Species             No. 
1 Lesser loon -------     29 Ring-necked duck _ 
2 Holboell's grebe--- ....30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe   -    v-l  31 Greater scaup duck- 
4 Pied-billed grebe --- 1   32 Lesser scaup duck--. 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye     p  / 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant.     34 Buffle-head -------- - 
7 Great blue heron --     35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret           36 White-winged scoter -__ 
9 Little blue heron---     37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron ,q 38 Ruddy duck ------ 
11 Bl-crd. night heron'  J  39 Hooded merganser 
12 American bittern-_V       40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern --- 41 Red-br. merganser   - 
14 Whistling swan ------   42 Eastern goshawk 
15 Common canada goose --   43  Sharp-shinned hawk ..... 
16 Lesser snow goose-_ . . 44 Cooper's hawk ---- -- 
17 Blue goose -----------45 Eastern red-tld. hawkk. 
18 Common mallard _      _ 46 North. red-shld. hawk:_g 
19 Common black duck.       47 Broad-winged hawk-.V 
20 Gadwall -----------V      48 Am. rough-leg. hawk 
21 European widgeon         49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate ------------    50 Northern bald eagle. 
23 American pintail -    1  51 Marsh hawk-_---   _- 
24 Green-winged teal__,     52 Osprey .............. 
25 Blue-winged teal _       53 Duck hawk 
26 Shoveller ------------54 Eastern pigeon hawk --- 
27 Wood duck -----------55 East. sparrow hawkV, 
28 Redhead ------------    56 East. ruffed grouse-'--- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species            No. 
57 Gr. prairie chickens 2_  97 Red phalarope 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse ___  98 Wilson's phalarope  4. 
59 European partridge V-    99 Northern phalarope 
60, astern bob-white--     100 Herring gull- 
61 Ring-necked pheasant- ._ 101 Ring-billed gull_ 
62 Little brown crane .... 102 Franklin's gull ----.... 
63 Sandhifl crane -------  103 Bonaparte's gull-. 
64 King rail ------------104 Forster's tern 
65 Virginia rail ----------105 Common tern    -   - 
66 Sora rail ------------106 Caspian tern 
67 Yellow rail -----------107 Black tern   _--I_ 
68 Florida gallinule _- -_K 108 East. mourning dove+__ 
69 American coot -----   109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo --- 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo --- 
71 Semi-palmated plover--- 111 Barn owl............ 
72 Killdeer ----------- -i  112 East. screech owl - _/-, 
73 Amer. golden plover     113 Great-horned owl-- 
74 Black-bellied plover.   114 Snowy owl 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl__. 
76 American woodcock       116 Short-eared owl --... 
77 Wilson's snipe   --   117 Long-eared owl....... 
78 Long-billed curlew-- ----118 Saw-whet owl------ 
79 Hudsonian curlew        119 East. whip-poor-will ___ 
80 Upland plover .     _   120 East. night hawk 
81 Spotted sandpiper-  -L 121 Chimney swift ___ - 
82 E. solitary sandpiper:-.-L 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird _ 
83 Western willet          123 E. belted kingfisher -.57 
84 Greater yellow-legs_- ,_J- 124 Northern flicker _- 
85 Lesser yellow-legs_ :_/ 125 N. pltd. woodpecker --- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper--" 126 Red-bell. woodpecker --- 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper _   127 R.-head. woodpecker'_/_, 
88 Baird's sandpiper -     128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker.J.J 
89 Least sandpiper -------129 N. hairy woodpecker-__ 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpecker-_g 
91 Long-billed dowitcher   131 Eastern kingbird 
92 Stilt sandpiper         132 Arkansas kingbird 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper -  133 N. crested flycatcher -- 
94 Marbled godwit ------  134 Eastern phoebe___ -. 
95 Hudsonian godwit-- ___ 135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher-.. 
96 Sanderling -----------136 Acadian flycatcher --- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species           No. 
137 Alder flycatcher        177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher -----  178 Bohemian waxwing 
139 E. wood pewee ------179 Cedar waxwing _.J. 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher   180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark __  181KMigrant shrike       7 
142 N. horned lark ------ 182 Starling --------- 
143 Prairie horn. lark_- __. 183 White-eyed vireo-. 
144 Tree swallow  __    _L  184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow-....       185 Yellowthroat. vireo _ 
146 Rough-wing. swallow --- 186 .Blue-headed vireo .. 
147 Barn swallow ___ ---  187 Red-eyed vireo 
148 N. cliff swallow -__LA  188 Philadelphia vireo. 
149 Purple martin .      &  189 East. warbling vireo___ 
150 Northern blue jay] -6- 190 Black & wh. warbler $5 
151 Northern raven          191 Prothonotory warbler -- 
152 Eastern crow  ....L     192 Gold.-winged warbler__-- 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee L.&/ 193 Blue-winged warbler --- 
154 Tufted titmouse  ---   194 Tennessee warbler- 
155 White-br. nuthatch . -_ 195 Orange-cr. warbler -__ 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warbler. 
157 Brown creeper ___,5_197 N. Parula warbler -__ 
158 West. house wren- ,2!   198 East. yellow warbler--- 
159 East. winter wren-: J_ 199 Magnolia warbler -... 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 ,Cape May warbler  ___ 
161 Carolina wren ------   201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler- 
162 Prairie marsh wren --- 202 Myrtle warbler-. , 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren--- 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler,_Z.L 
164 Eastern mockingbird--- 204 4Cerulian warbler   --- 
165 Catbird ------------   205 Bl'kburnian warbler--- 
166 Brown thrasher _   J  206 Chesnut-sid. warbler--- 
167 Eastern robin ------   207 Bay-breast. warbler --- 
168 Wood thrush --------208 Black-poll warbler    -__ 
169 East. hermit thrush --- 209 North. pine warbler 
170 Olive-backed thrush -   210 West. palm warbler V. 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush -   211 Ovenbird-  -_- 
172 Willow thrush ------   212 North. water-thrush___ 
173 Eastern bluebird _ -_J 213 Grin'l's water-thrush___ 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher     214 La. water-thrush.. 
175 E. gloden-cr. kingleti_  215 Kentucky warbler- -.. 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet 2   216 Connecticut warbler_-- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.       Species            No. 
217 Mourning warbler.        244 North. pine siskin  ___ 
218 N. yellow-throat         245 Eastern goldfinch  V 
219 Yellow-br. chat          246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler         247 Red-eyed towhee -   - 
221 Canada warbler ------ 248 E. savanah sparrow _,. 
222 Amer. redstart ------    249 E. gr'hop. sparrow JtL_ 
223 English sparrow _2 _"   250 Leconte's sparrow- 
224 Bobolink -------4       251 E. Henslow's sp'row(l- 
225 Eastern meadowlark1_J  252 Nelson's sparrow- - 
226 Western meadowlark,   253 East. vesper sparrow-- 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbirdLJ'- 254 East. lark sparrow --- 
228 Giant red-wing    _ __ 255 Slate-colored junco  __2 
229 Orchard oriole ------   256 East. tree sparrow -. 
230 Baltimore oriole -.---  257 E. chipping sparrow.,LP 
231 Rusty blackbird ------ 258 Clay-colored sparrow-._ 
232 Brewer's blackbird- ___ 259 East. field sparrow 
233 Bronzed grackle -.-V.c   260 Haris's sparrow ...... 
234 Eastern cowbird          261 White-cr. sparrow 
235 Scarlet tanager ------262 Gambel's sparrow- 
236 Eastern cardinal V     _ 263 White-thr. sparrow 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak-       264 East. fox sparrow. 
238 Indigo-bunting ------   265 Lincoln's sparow__   -- 
239 Dickcissel -----------266 Swamp sparrow __V LQ 
240 Eastern grosbeak         267 Miss. song sparow    _W 
241 Eastern purple finch   _ 268 Lapland longspur     - 
242 Can. pine grosbeak -     269 East. snow bunting --- 
243 Common redpoll ..... 
Additions 
-  -  - - - -   C  -_      _ - - - - 
- - - - - - - - - - 
_~ ~    ~~        ~^ k _          i,    ,, f___" 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Date                      --------- -/- 
Locality                  -- - -  - --        - - -  - - 
Weather -                    i 
Species            No.      Species              o. 
1 Lesser loon -----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe ------- 30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck- --_ 
4 Pied-billed grebe ------32 Lesser scaup duck-- 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant-     34 Buffle-head 
7 Great blue heron         35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret           36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron- -     37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron    Z 38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron  -    39 Hooded merganser 
12 American bittern dC-     40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern -  41 Red-Jbr. merganser 
14 Whistling swan           42 Eastern goshawk 
15 Common canada gooseV4L$ 43 Sharp-shinned hawk 
16 Lesser snow goose-- ----44 Cooper's hawk 
17 Blue goose --------- --- 45 Eastern red-tld. hawkE-1-71 
18 Common mallard    ~      46 North. red-shld. hawk--- 
19 Common black duck -..   47 Broad-winged hawk -.. 
20 Gadwall -------------48 Am. rough-leg. hawk-- 
21 European widgeon_ -      49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate     J  f4   iL  50 Northern bald eagle- 
23 American pifitail 6 //_  51 Marsh hawk- 
24 Green-winged teal'.      52 Osprey 
25 Blue-winged tealA    L   53 Duck hawk 
26 Shoveller -- -        _  54 Eastern pigeon hawk 
27 Wood duck- --,4 55 East. sparrow hawk _ 
28 Redhead -------------56 East. ruffed grouse- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species           No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken-'    97 Red phalarope -- -- 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse --  98 Wilson's phalarope !__ 
59 European partridge 1--   99 Northern phalarope --- 
60, Eastern bob-white  Y   100 Herring gull- 
-61 Ring-necked pheasant-z  101 Ring-billed gull 
62 Little brown crane.     102 Franklin's gull ....... 
63 Sandhill crane ------- 103 Bonaparte's gull-  --- 
64 Xing rail               104 Forster's tern------- 
65 Virginia rail (____  7Z 105 Common tern........ 
66 Sora rail -----------  -  106 Caspian tern-  - 
67 Yellow rail ----------107 Black tern 
68 Florida gallinule ----- 108 East. mourning dove- 
69 American coot ---------109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo  _ 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo --- 
71 Semi-palmated plover--- 111 Barn owl----------- 
72 Killdeer ------------   112 East. screech owl  . 
73 Amer. golden plover --- 113 Great-horned owl-,- 
74 Black-bellied plover  ___ 114 Snowy owl--------- 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl__- 
76 American woodcock       116 Short-eared owl ------ 
77 Wilson's snipe,         117 Long-eared owl 
78 Long-billed curlew -    118 Saw-whet owl------ 
79 Hudsonian curlew -      119 East. whip-poor-will __. 
80 Upland plover           120 East. night hawk 
81 Spotted sandpiper- -L   121 Chimney swift 
82 E. solitary sandpiper- -__ 122 Ruby-th. hum'kbird --- 
83 Western willet -------123 E. belted kingfisher J 
84 Greater yellow-legs -.. 124 Northern flicker 
85 Lesser yellow-legs_- _.  125 N. pltd. woodpecker --- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper_     126 Red-bell. woodpecker 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper     127 R.-head. woodpecker x 
88 Baird's sandpiper -     128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker 7 
89 'Least sandpiper -------129 N. hairy woodpecker-J 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpecker_. 
91 Long-billed dowitcher - -  131 Eastern kingbird - 
92 Stilt sandpiper -------132 Arkansas 1ingbird 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper --  133 N. crested flycatcher 
94 Marbled godwit          134 Eastern phoebe- -' 
95 Hudsonian godwit-- ...135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher-- 
96 Sanderling -----------136 Acadian flycatcher 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
137 Alder flycatcher        177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher S.*.   178 Bohemian waxwing --- 
139 E. wood pewee ------   179 Cedar waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher -- 180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark      181 Migrant shrike 
142 N. horned lark---       182 Starling    _-      - 
143 Prairie horn. lark  2- 183 White-eyed vireo-. 
144 Tree swallow            184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow--    --185 Yellow-throat. vireo - 
146 Rough-wing. swallow --- 186 Blue-headed vireo .... 
147 Barn swallow  ____ ..;- 187 Red-eyed vireo 
148 N. cliff swallow  ....---188 Philadelphia vireo. 
149 Purple martin -    -    189 East. warbling vireo-,: 
150 Northern blue jay-.     190 Black & wh. warbler-L 
151 Northern raven -------191 Prothonotory warbler __ 
152 Eastern crow ---------192 Gold.-winged warbler'-" 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee     193 Blue-winged warbler_ - 
154 Tufted titmouse ....-194 Tennessee warbler- 
155 White-br. nuthatch      195 Orange-cr. warbler - - 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warbler 
157 Brown creeper ------   197 N. Parula warbler 
158 West. house wren-     - 198 East. yellow warbler- I 
159 East. winter wren-      199 Magnolia warbler -  / 
160 Bewick's wren           200 ;Cape May warbler- -.. 
161 Carolina wren ------   201 Bk.-thr. blue warber 
162 Prairie marsh wren 2-   202 Myrtle warbler - - - 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren LLL 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler_- 
164 Eastern mockingbird--- 204 ,Cerulian warbler-- 
165 Catbird ------          205 Bl'kburnian warbler 
166 Brown thrasher -    _   206 Chesnut-sid. warbler,.,, 
167 Eastern robin _-_---207 Bay-breast. warbler --- 
168 Wood thrush --------208 Black-poll warbler     --- 
169 East. hermit thrush --- 209 North. pine warbler 
170 Olive-backed thrush     210 West. palm warbler 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush      11 'Ovenbird - 
172 Willow thrush ----212 North. water-thrush 73 
173 Eastern bluebird - -- 213 Grin'l's water-thrush___ 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher --- 214 La. water-thrush .... 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet___ 215 Kentucky warbler   --- 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet  _ 216 Connecticut warbler_-- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species             No. 
217 Mourning warbler- -..   244 North. pine siskin 
218 N. yellow-throat _      245 Eastern goldfinch - 
219 Yellow-br. chat ------246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler        247 Red-eyed towhee - 
221 Canada warbler ------ 248 E. savanah sparrow-' 
222 Amer. redstart   -  _  249 E. gr'hop. sparrow 
223 English sparrow -_ _-    250 Leconte's sparrow. 
224 Bobolink -------- -     251 E. Henslow's sp'row_"- 
225 Eastern meadowlark__    252 Nelson's sparrow-- -- 
226 Western meadowlark_4    253 East. vesper sparrow- - 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird-_- 254 East. lark sparrow --- 
228  Giant  red-wing  .      255  Slate-colored  junco  --- 
229 Orchard oriole -------256 East. tree sparrow __7 
230 Baltimore oriole -_ _e- 257 E. chipping sparrow_,: 
231 Rusty blackbird ------ 258 Clay-colored sparrow 
232 Brewer's blackbird- -..  259 East. field sparrow  e- 
233 Bronzed grackle -       9 k 260 Haris's sparrow .... 
234 Eastern cowbird -_    _ 261 White-cr. sparrow 
235 Scarlet tanager ------262 Gambel's sparrow     / 
236 Eastern cardinal        263 Whitehr. sparrow 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak_  I4  264 East. fox sparrow_--- 
238 Indigo-bunting ------  265 Lincoln's sparowi _ 
239 Dickcissel ------- ----66 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak - --- 267 Miss. song sparow    4_ 
241 Eastern purple finch--- 268 Lapland longspurA 
242 Can. pine grosbeak ___ 269 East. snow bunting 
243 Common redpoll 
Additions 
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - -

 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB           f    0 I  , 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Date Jk1"Lta.Y-   ±I   -----------=------- 
Locality                   ----- -   -      - - 
W eather                    ------------ ------------- 
Species            No.      Species            No. 
1 Lesser loon ----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe ------- 30 Canvas-back      ------ 
3 Horned grebe ....-.      31 Greater scaup duck-,_ 
4 Pied-billed grebe _,     32 Lesser scaup duck- J1 _ 
5 White pelican            33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant..    34 Buffle-head 
7 Great blue heron -- _YL 35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret ------36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron --- 38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron - . 39 Hooded merganser 
12 American bittern __ _ _ 40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern _  41 Red-jbr. merganser 
14 Whistling swan           42 Eastern goshawk 
15 Common canada goose--- 43 Sharp-shinned hawk 
16 Lesser snow goose-- --- 44 Cooper's hawkE_. 2   - 
17 Blue goose ---------    45 Eastern red-tld. hawk-_ 
18 Common mallard -         46 North. red-shld. hawk--- 
19 Common black duck.... 47 Broad-winged hawk      --- 
20 Gadwall --------------48 Am. rough-leg. hawk --- 
21 European widgeon         49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate -          4    50 Northern bald eagle-, 
23 American pintail .3._-Y2 51 Marsh hawk _          f 
24 Green-winged teal-       52 Osprey 
25 Blue-winged teal      _  53 Duck hawk _- 
26 Shoveller _,          Ji)54 Eastern pigeon hawk ._ 
27 Wood duck -----------55 East. sparrow hawk 
28 Redhead ------------    56 East. ruffed grouse- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species           No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken- __I  97 Red phalarope   ..... 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse    98 Wilson's phalarope ___ 
59 European partridge --    99 Northern phalarope 
60 Eastern bob-white_      100 Herring gull------- 
61 Ring-necked pheasant-Ii 101 Ring-billed gull-, 
62 Little brown crane- ___ 102 Franklin's gull ....... 
63 Sandhill crane ------- 103 -Bonaparte's gull-- 
64 King rail -------------104 Forster's tern 
65 Virginia rail -------L_ 105 Common tern 
66 Sora rail -----------V  106 Caspian tern------- 
67 Yellow rail --------    107 Black tern -------L" 
68 Florida gallinule  &J   108 East. mourning dove-V 
69 American coot3   P-  109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo --- 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo --- 
71 Semi-palmated plover-   111 Barn owl 
72 Killdeer --------1-    112 East. screech owl 
73 Amer. golden plover     113 Great-horned owl -- 
74 Black-bellied plover..  114 Snowy owl--------- 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl_-- 
76 American woodcock       116 Short-eared owl --... 
77 Wilson's snipe (")_  -A'l 117 Long-eared owl------ 
78 Long-billed curlew- --  118 Saw-whet owl------ 
79 Hudsonian curlew  -     119 East. whip-poor-will 
80 Upland plover fr 2   120 East. night hawk - 
81 Spotted sandpiper-- _y7v 121 Chimney swift------- 
82 E. solitary sandpiperL/_ 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird 
83 Western willet          123 E. belted kingfisher,.--& 
84 Greater yellow-legs:5    124 Northern flicker -- 
45 Lesser yellow-legsL '_-   125 N. pltd. woodpecker --- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper-A  126 Red-bell. woodpecker 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper -   127 R.-head. woodpecker - V 
88 Baird's sandpiper       128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker.- 
89 Least sandpiper - I-    129 N. hairy woodpecker-' 
90 Red-backed sandpiper_-- 130 N. downy woodpeckerV " 
91 Long-billed dowitcher --  131 Eastern kingbird  V 
92 Stilt sandpiper -------132 Arkansas ikingbird 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper -  133 N. crested flycatcher- 
94 Marbled godwit          134 Eastern phoebe_& #-., 
95 Hudsonian godwit-- ...135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher_- 
96 Sanderling --------     136 Acadian flycatcher --- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species             No. 
137 Alder flycatcher .....-177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher  _     178 Bohemian waxwing --- 
139 E. wood pewee --------179 Cedar waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher --- 180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark --- 181 Migrant shrike 
142 N. horned lark ------ 182 Starling               t 
143 Prairie horn. lark- t '3 183 White-eyed vireo-. 
144 Tree swallow -   --     184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow ------_ 185 Yellow-throat. vireo _4 
146 Rough-wing. swallow      186 Blue-headed vireok  L 
147 Barn swallow            187 Red-eyed vireo -    - 
148 N. cliff swallow        188 Philadelphia vireo.... 
149 Purple martin---      _- - 189 East. warbling vireo-_:- 1 
150 Northern blue jay- _!_ 190 Black & wh. warbler_.J 
151 Northern raven -----   191 Prothonotory warbler __ 
152 Eastern crow -      -   192 Gold.-winged warbler--- 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee _ . 193 Blue-winged warbler & 
154 Tufted titmouse         194 Tennessee warbler. _L_ 
155 White-br. nuthatch      195 Orange-cr. warbler -_ 7 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warbler- 
157 Brown creeper           197 N. Parula warbler 
158 West. house wren- __t 198 East. yellow warbler-mk 
159 East. winter wren   - -  199 Magnolia warbler -_-L 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 Cape May warbler -. 
161 ,Carolina wren          201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler 
162 Prairie marsh wren -    202 Myrtle warbler_ ---- 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren_!ei 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warblerV 
164 Eastern mockingbird_-   204 Cerulian warbler-- 
165 Catbird -       -        2.5 Bl'kburn'an warbler_,'- 
166 Brown thrasher -     -  206 Chesnut-sid. warbler-!-,- 
167 Eastern r-bin        X  207 Bay-breast. warbler 
168 Wood thrush              ?08 Black-poll warbler  -2L- 
169 East. hermit thrush -_  209 North. pine warbler -__ 
170 Olive-backed thrush - _  210 West. palm warbler -! 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush     211 Ovenbird --     -   __ 
172 Willow thrush _--212 North. water-thrush- I 
173 Eastern bluebird - _   213 Grin'l's water-thrush-_- 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher -   214 La. water-thrush.     . 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet__: 215 Kentucky warbler- 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet --  216 Connecticut warbler 
 
 

					
				
				
Species             No.      Species             No. 
217 Mourning warbler- -      244 North. pine siskin   _L 
218 N. yellow-throat .... 245 Eastern goldfinch - 
219 Yellow-br. chat          246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler         247 Red-eyed towhee     - 
221 Canada warbler- -1- 248 E. savanah sparrow- 
222 Amer. redstart   --- __ 249 E. gr'hop. sparrow _K- 
223 English sparrow -- - J-  250 Leconte's sparrow- - - 
224 Bobolink -------- -     - 251 E. Henslow's sp'row_'. 
225 Eastern meadowlark-!- 252 Nelson's sparrow- 
226 Western meadowlark-.i 253 East. vesper sparrow-.- 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbirdl .  254 East. lark sparrow --- 
228 Giant red-wing -255 'Slate-colored junco, 
229 Orchard oriole ------   256 East. tree sparrow 
230 Baltimore oriole __ --  257 E. chipping sparrow_' 
231 Rusty blackbird ------- 258 Clay-colored sparrow_< 
232 Brewer's blackbird       259 East. field sparrow _ 
233 Bronzed grackle          260 Haris's sparrow 
234 Eastern cowbird _        261 White-cr. sparrow    _ 
235 Scarlet tanager -- --   262 Gambel's sparrow -... 
236 Eastern cardinal       - 263 White-thr. sparrow _ 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak- @     264 East. fox sparrow- 
238 Indigo-bunting -   -  -265 Lincoln's sparow__ 
239 Dickcissel ----------   266 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak -       267 Miss. song sparow    _aL 
241 Eastern purple finch--- 268 Lapland longspur 
242 Can. pine grosbeak ___ 269 East. snow bunting --- 
243 Common redpoll 
Additions        ( 
- - - - - - - - - - --- - 
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Date    aA4L------------ 
Locality -              -            -.. 
Weather 1A- -                              ----------- 
Species            No.      Species           No. 
1 Lesser loon -   -      _ 29 Ring-necked duck __ IaL 
2 Holboell's grebe         30 Canvas-back   -        - 
3 Horned grebe AL  t       31 Greater'scaup duck  dov-t 
4 Pied-billed grebe __ - I.e_ 32 Lesser scaup duck -- 
5 White pelican ----- ---  33 Amer. golden-eye __ -O 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant- --- 34 Buffle-head ---------_ 
7 Great blue heron -- 1(,4l 35 Old-squaw  ........... 
8 American egret ------   36 White-winged scoter ___ 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron --- 38 Ruddy duck-------- 
11 Bl-crd. night heron- ___4   Hooded merganser 
12 American bittern __ f-  40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern --- 41 Red r. merganser    - 
14 Whistling swan           42 Eastern goshawk 
Common canada goose_-        43 Sharp-shinned hawk -__ 
16 Lesser snow goose-- --- 44 Cooper's hawk 
17 Blue goose---------     45 Eastern red-tld. hawk4_v 
18 Common mallard - -       46 North. red-shld. hawk --- 
19 Common black duck-       47 Bro   w   ed hawk --.. 
20 Gadwall ------------     48 Am.       I . hawk 
21 European widgeon         49        egle 
22 Baldpate ---------.. -1  50 N   h ern bald eagle_ 
23 American pintail -- _4   51 Marsh hawk -... 
24  Green-winged. teal__  ta  52  Osprey  -- ....... ... 
25 Blue-winged teal __      53 Duck hawk 
26 Shoveller ---------      54 Eastern pigeon hawk --- 
27 Wood duck ---------      55 East. sparrow hawk --- 
28 Redhead -------------56 East. ruffed grouse-,--- 
kAA 41/ 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species            No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken  LZ  97 Red phalarope 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse    98 Wilson's phalarope --- 
59 European partridge _'i   99 Northern phalarope ___ 
60-Eastern bob-white-___   100 Herring gull 
61 Ring-necked pheasantL_ 101 Ring-billed gull_  - 
62 Little brown crane- ...  102 Franklin's gull ....... 
63 Sandhill crane ------- 103 Bonaparte's gull-- -I- 
64 King rail -------------104 Forster's tern------- 
65 Virginia rail ---------105 Common tern 
66 Sora rail ------------106 Caspian tern------- 
67 Yellow rail ----------107 Black tern 
68 Florida gallinule  - -  108 East. mourning doveJ? 
69 American coot -        109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo --- 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo --- 
71 Semi-palmated plover-   111 Barn owl----------- 
72 Killdeer -----------..  112 East. screech owl 
73 Amer. golden plover     113 Great-horned owl-- J._ 
74 Black-bellied plover.   114 Snowy owl---------- 
75 Ruddy turnstone--- ----115 Northern barred owl_-- 
.76 American woodcock    L  116 Short-eared owl--- 3? 
77 Wilson's snipe -------4  117 Long-eared owl------ 
78 Long-billed curlew-- ----118 Saw-whet owl 
79 Hudsonian curlew  -      119 East. whip-poor-will 
80 Upland plover   -_   j 120 East. night hawk - 
81 Spotted sandpiper-- ----121 Chimney swift 
82 E. solitary sandpiper -- 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird - 
83 Western willet -------123 E. belted kingfisher  .2 
84 Greater yellow-legs_    124 Northern flicker -_ _LO 
85 Lesser yellow-legs_- JQ 125 N. pltd. woodpecker--- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper- ZO 126 Red-bell. woodpecker 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper --- 127 R.-head. woodpecker _I 
88 Baird's sandpiper       128 Yellow-bell. sapsuckerd 
89 Least sandpiper ------ -29 N. hairy woodpecker-_: 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpeckerJ 
91 Long-billed dowitcher --  131 Eastern kinprbird 
92 Stilt sandpiper-------  132 Arkansas 1kingbird_ 
93 Seni-palm. sandpiper -- 133 N. crested flycatcher - 
94 Marbled godwit------ 134 Eastern phoebe---- 
95 Hudsonian godwit-_ ---135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher-- 
96 Sanderling ------------ 136 Acadian flycatcher --- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
137 Alder flycatcher        177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher        178 Bohemian waxwing 
139 E. wood pewee ------   179 Cedar waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher --- 180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark --- 181 Migrant shrike ..-. 
142 N. horned lark---..     182 Starling --------- 
143 Prairie horn. lark- LW7 183 White-eyed vireo.   . 
144 Tree swallow  -I_ 184 Bell's vireo.......... 
145 Bank swallow -------185 Yellow-throat. vireo --- 
146 Rough-wing. swallow __.  186 Blue-headed vireo .... 
147 Barn swallow ---- _J_ 187 Red-eyed vireo....... 
148 N. cliff swallow_ ....-188 Philadelphia vireo .... 
149 Purple martin ___       189 East. warbling vireo___. 
150 Northern blue jay-. -. 190 Black & wh. warbler--. 
151 Northern raven _---- 191 Prothonotory warbler _- 
152 Eastern crow  ---- _ 192 Gold.-winged warbler--. 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee _L_ 193 Blue-winged warbler--- 
154 Tufted titmouse __ --- 194 Tennessee warbler.. 
155 White-br. nuthatch J.__ 195 Orange-cr. warbler 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warbler.. 
157 Brown creeper -   -    197 N. Parula warbler 
158 West. house wren ..     198 East. yellow warbler....- 
159 East. winter wren- -..  199 Magnolia warbler    _,_ 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 Cape May warbler. 
161 :Carolina wren          201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler--- 
_162 Prairie marsh wren -     202 Myrtle warbler ---- 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren--- 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler--. 
164 Eastern mockingbird_--  204 Cerulian warbler-.. 
165 Catbird                 205 Bl'kburnian warbler___ 
66 Brown thrasher     .- 206 Chesnut-sid. warbler__-- 
167 Eastern robin ____-- -  207 Bay-breast. warbler --- 
168 Wood thrush ---------208 Black-poll warbler     ___ 
169 East. hermit thrush 1 _r 209 North. pine warbler 
170 Olive-backed thrush -   210 West. palm warbler___ 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush     211 Ovenbird............ 
172 Willow thrush ------   212 North. water-thrush.. 
173 Eastern bluebird - _Lf 213 Grin'l's water-thrush.. 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher --- 214 La. water-thrush. 
175 E. gloden-cr. kingletLL  215 Kentucky warbler- 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet VP_ 216 Connecticut warbler 
 
 

					
				
				
Species             No.      Species             No. 
217 Mourning warbler- --- 244 North. pine siskin 
218 N. yellow-throat .....q45 Eastern goldfinch - 
219 Yellow-br. chat          246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler ....     47 Red-eyed towhee 
221 Canada warbler--- ..   248 E. savanah sparrow J__ 
222 Amer. redstart -------249 E. gr'hop. sparrow       L 
223 English sparrow    - _-C.- 250 Leconte's sparrow- 
224 Bobolink -----------    251 E. Henslow's sp'row.__ 
225 Eastern meadowlarkLr 252 Nelson's sparrow-- 
226 Western meadowlark- - 253 East. vesper sparrow-.( 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird_.   254 East. lark sparrow   --- 
228 Giant red-wing--        255 1Slate-colored junco  "O 
229 Orchard oriole ------   256 East. tree sparrow 
230 Baltimore oriole ------257 E. chipping sparrow --- 
K31 Rusty blackbird---         258 Clay-colored sparrow_--- 
232 Brewer's blackbird-        259 East. field sparrow  &?- 
233 Bronzed grackle -_    *. 260 Haris's sparrow--- 
234 Eastern cowbird --    _  261 White-cr. sparrow,- 
235 Scarlet tanager -------262 Gambel's sparrow - 
236 Eastern cardinal - --- 263 White-thr. sparrow - 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak_       264 East. fox sparrow. 
238 Indigo-bunting ------   265 Lincoln's sparow.     . 
239 Dickcissel ------- ----d66 Swamp sparrow --- 
240 Eastern grosbeak -        267 Miss. song sparow   L3_ 
241 Eastern purple finch4_] 268 Lapland longspur- JA 
242 Can. pine grosbeak -     269 East. snow bunting --- 
243 Co mon redpoll 
-7~e42/Ad itions 
- - - - - --.-                  - --.-    - -  - --.- 
-                   o-         - - - 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin 
De--------  --------- -------------------------- 
Locality  _ J--- -- --   ----------------  -_ 
--  -- - - - -- -- -- -- --I -- -- -- -- -- --  -- -- 
W eather        - - - -I- - - - - -- - - 
Species            No.      Species            No. 
1 Lesser loon -----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe ------- 30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck- 
4 Pied-billed grebe ------32 Lesser scaup duck-- 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant.... 34 Buffle-head 
7 Great blue heron -- _._ 35 Old-squaw............ 
8 American egret           36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron      38 Ruddy duck ......... 
11 Bl-crd. night heron-     39 Hooded merganser - 
12 American bittern -      40 Amer. merganser __ 
13 Eastern least bittern    41 Red-br. merganser . 
14 Whistling swan           42 Eastern goshawk 
15 Common canada goo-&      43 Sharp-shinned hawk 
16 Lesser snow goose- --- 44 Cooper's hawk I2A     L 
17 Blue goose -----------45 Eastern red-tld, hawk- 
18 Common mallard - -      46 North. red-shld. hawkA 
19 Common black duck-       47 Broad-winged hawk . 
20 Gadwall                  48 Am. rough-leg. hawk _ 
21 European widgeon .       49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate---- -in-ai50 Northern bald eagle.. 
23 American pintail         51 Marsh hawk --- 
24 Green-winged teal--      52 Osprey ............. 
25 Blue-winged teal     L   53 Duck hawk     _ 
26 Shoveller-      ---     54 Eastern pigeon hawk 
27 Wood duck -----------55 East. sparrow hawk -... 
28 Redhead       -          56 East. ruffed grouse- -.- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species            No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken- tI  97 Red phalarope 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse  -  98 Wilson's phalarope ___ 
59 European partridge 4     99 Northern phalarope -__ 
60 Eastern bob-white_ -_   100 Herring gull- 
61 Ring-necked pheasant  - 101 Ring-billed gull--- 
62 Little brown crane.     102 Franklin's gull ....... 
63 Sandhill crane -------  103 Bonaparte's gull-  --- 
64 King rail -------------104 Forster's tern------- 
65 Virginia rail         - 105 Common tern------- 
66 Sora rail     --- ---  106 Caspian tern ------- 
67 Yellow rail ----------107 Black tern 
68 Florida gallinule       108 East. mourning dove-- 
69 American coot           109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo --- 
71 Semi-palmated plover    111 Barn owl ----------- 
72 Killdeer   ---------   112 East. screech owl - 
73 Amer. golden plover     113 Great-horned owl-- 
74 Back-elhed plover-    114 Snowy owl--     --- 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl--- 
76 American woodcock       116 Short-eared owl-- J- 
77 Wilson's snipe- -       117 Long-eared owl 
78 Long-billed curlew-- ----118 Saw-whet owl 
79 Hudsonian curlew -.-.-119 East. whip-poor-will 
80 Upland plover .         120 East. night hawk 
81 Spotted sandpiper  3    121 Chimney swiftest- __ 
82 E. solitary sandpiper-, 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird --- 
83 Western willet ------- 123 E. belted kingfisher 
84 Greater yellow-legs_    124 Northern flicker -_ 
85 Lesser yellow-legs_'!   125 N. pltd. woodpecker --- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper- /   126 Red-bell. woodpecker 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper -   127 R.-head. woodpecker _' 
88 Baird's sandpiper -.   128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker- 
89 Least sandpiper ------ 129 N. hairy woodpecker-h_ 
90 Red-backed sandpiper -  130 N. downy woodpecker    _ 
91 Long-billed dowitcher -  131 Eastern kingbirdf '- 
92 Stilt sandpiper -------  132 Arkansas iing-bir4_ 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper -  133 N. crested flycatcher 
94 Marbled godwit          134 Eastern phoee.. 4_ 
95 Hudsonian godwit-- ...135 Yellow-hell. flycatcher-- 
96 Sanderling -----------  136 Acadian flycatcher --- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
137 Alder flycatcher .....-177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher .....-178 Bohemian waxwing 
139 E. wood pewee ------   179 Cedar waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher -- 180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark      181 Migrant shrike ___ 
142 N. horned lark--- ----182 Starling ---------  
143 Prairie horn. lark-     183 White-eyed vireo-. 
144 Tree swallow-           184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow --- --- 185 Yellow-throat. vireo --- 
146 Rough-wing. swallow-JA  186 Blue-headed vireo- - - 
147 Barn swallow  ..i       187 Red-eyed vireo 
148 N. cliff swallow        188 Philadelphia vireo. 
149 Purple martin -         189 East. warbling vireo. 
150 Northern blue jay: /    190 Black & wh. warbler_.? 
151 Northern raven .....-191 Prothonotory warbler-- 
152 Eastern crow   L.       192 Gold.-winged warbler_-- 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee     193 Blue-winged warbler_-- 
154 Tufted titmouse ..... 194 Tennessee warbler. 
155 White-br. nuthatch   _  195 Orange-cr. warbler _ 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warblerA1[ 
157 Brown creeper  >       197 N. Parula warbler ___ 
158 West. house wren-,      198 East. yellow warbler-' 
159 East. winter wren- .  . 199 Magnolia warbler -.. 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200  Cape May warbler--___ 
161 Carolina wren ------   201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler--- 
162 Prairie marsh wren --  202 Myrtle warbler --- 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren--- 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler___ 
164 Eastern mockingbird-._ 204 Cerulian warbler-- 
165 Catbird  /     ___      205 Bl'kburn'an warbler___ 
166 Brown thrasher -        206 Chesnut-sid. warbler --- 
167 Eastern rabin           207 Bay-breast. warbler --- 
168 Wood thrush 1-- --- ?08 Black-poll warbler      -__ 
169 East. hermit thrush,- 909 North. pine warbler 
170 Olive-backed thrush -   210 West. palm  warbler 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush --- 211 iOvenbird --IF-    4 
172 Willow thrush ------   212 North. water-thrush___ 
173 Eastern bluebird - __-_ 213 Grin'l's water-thrush,-_ 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher ___ 214 La. water-thrush- 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet_-  215 Kentucky warbler- 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet   _ 216 Connecticut warbler 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species             No. 
217 Mourning warbler-       244 North. pine siskin    -- 
218 N. yellow-throat        245 Eastern goldfinch - 
219 Yellow-br. chat ------246 Red crossbill -----.... 
220 Wilson's warbler - -    247 Red-eyed towhee -.-- 
221 Canada warbler ------ 248 E. savanah sparrow -_ 
222 Amer. redstart          249 E. gr'hop. sparrow 
223 English sparrow    _7 250 Leconte's sparrow. 
224 Bobolink -------- -   - 251 E. Henslow's sp'row_-- 
225 Eastern meadowlark--   252 Nelson's sparrow     --- 
226 Western meadowlark_-    253 East. vesper sparrow-,- - 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird-   254 East. lark sparrow   --- 
228 Giant red-wing --- -    255 iSlate-colored junco, 
229 Orchard oriole ------  256 East. tree sparrow 
230 Baltimore oriole-_,---  257 E. chipping sparrow- 
231 Rusty blackbird --- ---258 Clay-colored sparrow-__ 
232 Brewer's blackbird - . 259 East. field sparrow --- 
233 Bronzed grackle         260 IHris's sparrow ...... 
234 Eastern cowbird -------261 White-cr. sparrow 
235 Scarlet tanager --.    262 Gambel's sparrow . 
236 Eastern cardinal -      263 White-thr. sparrow - 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak-    ! 264 East. fox sparrow- - - 
238 Indigo-bunting ------  265 Lincoln's sparow . 
239 Dickcissel ---------   266 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak - __   267 Miss. song sparow 
241 Eastern purple finch--4 268 Lapland longspur 
242 Can. pine grosbeak --- 269 East. snow bunting 
243 Common redpoll           ........ 
Additions 
-------------------        - 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Date             f &---- --  - - - - - - -  --  --- - 4- 
L ocality  __--                  - ....-..... .-- 
W eather  ----- ----- ---- ----- ----- ---- 
SpCies'           No*      Species            No. 
Species 
1 Lesser loon ----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe ------  30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck.... 
4 Pied-billed grebe    __  32 Lesser scaup duck-, 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant - . 34 Buffie-head ---- - 
7 Great blue heron --- --  35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret ------   36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron   --- 38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron.... 39 Hooded merganser 
12 American bittern ---40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern/   41 Red-br. merganser 
14 Whistling swan ------   42 Eastern goshawk 
15 2Common canada goose_--  43 !Sharp-shinned hawk --- 
16 Lesser snow goose-- --- 44 Cooper's hawk 
17 Blue goose -------- -    45 Eastern red-tld. hawk-- 
18 Common mallard     - --  46 North. red-shld. hawk- 
19 Common black duck    --- 47 Broad-winged hawk . 
20 Gadwall -------------48 Am. rough-leg. hawk      --- 
21 European widgeon         49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate ------------    50 Northern bald eagle- 
23 American pintailI'- _ ~51 Marsh hawk--------- 
24 Green-winged teal---     52 Osprey 
25 Blue-winged teal'    --- 53 Duck hawk 
26 Shoveller _      Y   .W  54 Eastern pigeon hawk --- 
27 Wood duck -----------55 East. sparrow hawk --- 
28 Redhead ------------    56 East. ruffed grouse.. 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species           No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken- -    97 Red phalarope -... 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse     98 Wilson's phalarope J 
59 European partridge ,      99 Northern phalarope -- 
.o60 Eastern bob-white_--    100 Herring gull 
61 Ring-necked pheasantJ-i 101 Ring-billed gull- 
62 Little brown     e-      102 Franklin's gull 
63 Sandhill cr              103 Bonaparte's gull- 
64 King rail          --- 104 Forster's tern-------- 
65 Virginia ra       _-V    105 Common tern 
66 Sora raI ------ 1       106 Caspian tern 
67 Yellowi _ail            107 Black tern ___-- 
68 Florida gallinulo2   (   108 East. mourning dove--- 
69 Americai~ coot    L ~    109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo:'$7 
71 Semi-palmted plover -    111 Barn owl----------- 
72 Killdeer -------------   112 East. screech owl . 
73 Amer. golden plover      113 Great-horned owl .. 
74 Back ellied plover-    114 Snowy owl--------- 
75 Ru   y turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl--. 
76 American ,wodcock         116 Short-eared owl --- 
4.77 Wilson's snipe--------   117 Long-eared owl    -- 
78 Long-biled curlew-- ----118 Saw-whet owl 
79 Hudsonian curlew      _  119 East. whip-poor- il 
80 Upland plover--------_   120 East. night hawk     - 
781 Spotted sandpiper         121 Chimney swift ----- 
82 E. solitary sandpiper--- 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird  - 
83 Western willet -------123 E. belted kingfisher 
84 Greater yellow-legs_ -   124 Northern flicker . -- 
85 Lesser yellow-legs- ----  125 N. pltd. woodpecker 
86 Pectoral sandpiper -  . 126 Red-bell. woodpeker -__ 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper      127 R.-head. woodpecker -__ 
88 Baird's sandpiper - -    128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker-- 
89 Least sandpiper - ---129 N. hairy woodpecker--- 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpecker_ 
91 Long-billed dowitcher --  131 Eastern kingbird 
92 Stilt sandpiper -------  132 Arkansas ikingbird --- 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper     133 N. crested flycatcher --- 
94 Marbled godwit ------   134 Eastern phoebe- 
95 Hudsonian godwit--. ---135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher-- 
96 Sanderling -----------   136 Acadian flycatchr  -- 
et                   J                            -7 I 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species             No. 
137 Alder flycatcher ....---177 American pipit 
438 Least flycatcher __  K  178 Bohemian waxwing --- 
139 E. wood pewee     _'q    179 Cedar waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher   180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark __   181 Migrant shrike z.      _ 
142 N. horned lark ------ 182 Starling ---------- 
143 Prairie horn. lark -I. 183 White-eyed vireo.      . 
144 Tree swallow -------   184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow-      -     185 Yellow-throat. vireo --- 
146 Rough-wing. swallow -   186 Blue-headed vireo- 
147  Barn  swallow  ---- ---  187  Red-eyed  vireo  --- --- 
148 N. cliff swallow --- --- 188 Philadelphia vireo  --- 
149 Purple martin        k  189 East. warbling vireok 
150 Northern blue jay- -    190 Black & wh. warbler- 
151 Northern raven .....-191 Prothonotory warbler -_ 
152 Eastern crow  _--192 Gold.-winged warbler___ 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee _c  193 Blue-winged warbler--,. 
154 Tufted titmouse __-     194 Tennessee warbler- 
155 White-br. nuthatch      195 Orange-cr. warbler 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warbler- -.. 
157 Brown creeper --------197 N. Parula warbler 
158 West. house wren-       198 East. yellow warbler-,' 
159 East. winter wren -.   199 Magnolia warbler    _ 
160 Bewick's wren ......-200 Cape May warbler- 
161 Carolina wren ------   201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler-2- 
162 Prairie marsh wren _    202 Myrtle warbler        J', 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren_--  203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbleri!4 
164 Eastern mockingbird_--  204 Cerulian warbler-- 
165 Catbird  _---205 Bl'kburn-an warblerA- 
166 Brown thrasher -------206 Chesnut-sid. warbler..S_ 
167 Eastern robin -  --207 Bay-breast. warbler -__ 
168 Wood thrush --   -    -  08 Black-poll warbler  ___ 
169 East. hermit thrush  __  09 North. pine warbler 
170 Olive-backed thrusl?"I  '210 West. palm warblerL 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush -   211 Ovenbird "    ' 
172 Willow thrush ------   212 North. water-thrush___ 
173 Eastern bluebird - -    213 Grin'l's water-thrush___ 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher --- 214 La. wa r-thrush     __ 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet___ 215 Kentucky warbler- 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet     216 Connecticut warbler 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species             No. 
217 Mourning warbler-       244 North. pine siskin   ___ 
218 N. yellow-throat"   L__ 245 Eastern goldfinch - 
219 Yellow-br. chat         246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler        247 Red-eyed towhee 
221 Canada warbler ------ 248 E. savanah sparrow .._ 
222 Amer. redstart _-   -   249 E. gr'hop. sparrow _ ,_ 
223 English sparrow __-     250 Leconte's sparrow- ... 
224 Bobolink -----------   251 E. Henslow's sp'row_-_ 
225 Eastern meadowlark_ -- 252 Nelson's sparrow- 
226 Western meadowlark - 253 East. vesper sparrow_- 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird' -  254 East. lark sparrow _ 
228 Giant red-wing --- ---255 iSlate-colored junco _ 
229 Orchard oriole ------  256 East. tree sparrow ___ 
230 Baltimore oriole -_ _f. 257 E. chipping sparrow_ 2 
231 Rusty blackbird----- --258 Clay-colored sparrow___ 
232 Brewer's blackbird- -..  259 East. field sparrow -' 
233 Bronzed grackle -------260 'Haris's sparrow .. - 
234 Eastern cowbird -------261 White-cr. sparrow,' 
235 Scarlet tanager .    -  262 Gambel's sparrow 
236 Eastern cardinal      - 263 White-thr. sparrow''--, 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak_- _   264 East. fox sparrow- -.. 
238 Indigo-bunting L   J    265 Lincoln's sparow.     . 
239 Dickcissel ----------  266 Swamp §parrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak        267 Miss. song sparow    _ 
241 Eastern purple finch-_ 268 Lapland longspur -... 
242 Can. pine grosbeak --- 269 East. snow bunting --- 
243 Common redpoll ..... 
Additions 
------- ---......... ---_-------- --- 
- - - - - - - -J :   - - - - - -   - -   - - - - - -. . . . . . . . . . .
. - - - -  - _ 
- - --     - - -  - 
-   - - - - - - - -       - - - - - - - - 
L                -          ----- 
-              - - - - - - -- - - - - --8 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
D~ ~~LMadison, Wisconsin 
D ate  --- --   -  V_-      - -  - - - -  - - - - -  - - 
Locality 
W eather                                  ------------- 
Species            No.      Species             No. 
1 Lesser loon ----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe ------- 30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck- 
4 Pied-billed grebe -    ' 32 Lesser scaup duck- 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant.... 34 Buffle-head  .......... 
7 Great blue heron -_       35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret ------   36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron  -_ 38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron-     39 Hooded merganser - --- 
12 American bittern -i _-   40 Amer. merganser ..... 
13 Eastern least bittern    41 Red br. merganser - 
14 Whistling swan ------   42 Eastern goshawk 
15 -Common canada goose___ 43 Sharp-shinned hawk-- 
16 Lesser snow goose-_---44 Cooper's hawk 
17 Blue goose -----------   45 Eastern red-tld. hawkA1 
18 Common mallard ---- - 46 North. red-shld. hawk--- 
19 Common black duck.... 47 Broad-winged hawk -.. 
20 Gadwall -------------    48 Am. rough-leg. hawk 
21 European widgeon -..    49 Golden eagle 
-22 Baldpate ------------50 Northern bald eagle. -- 
23 American pintail         51 Marsh hawk -------_ 
24 Green-winged teal_-      52 Osprey ------------- 
25 Blue-winged teal   -   53 Duck hawk------- --" 
26 Shoveller ----------     54 Eastern pigeon hawk - 
27 Wood duck -----------55 East. sparrow hawk 
28 Red       ............ 56 East. ruffed grouse- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species           No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken.     97 Red phalarope 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse    98 Wilson's phalarope --- 
59 European partridge -    99 Northern phalarope --- 
60 Eastern bob-white__     100 Herring gull------- 
61 Ring-necked pheasantP_ 101 Ring-billed gull ...... 
62 Little brown crane.... 102 Franklin's gull ....... 
63 Sandhill crane ------- 103 Bonaparte's gull   --- 
64 King rail --------- ---104 Forster's tern------- 
65 Virginia rail ---------  105 Common tern 
66 Sora rail ----------    106 Caspian tern 
67 Yellow rail             107 Black tern--------__ 
68 Florida gallinule __ -4  108 East. mourning dove__-- 
69 Americ-an coot ---------109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo 21 
71 Semi-palmated plover-   111 Barn owl 
72 Killdeer -----------   112 East. screech owl 
73 Amer. golden plover -...113 Great-horned owl-- 
74 Black-bellied plover-   114 Snowy owl--------- 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl--- 
76 American woodcock --- 116 Short-eared owl ---.... 
77 Wilson's snipe --------117 Long-eared owl....... 
78 Long-billed curlew- ----  118 Saw-whet owl-------- 
79 Hudsonian curlew - ..119 East. whip-poor-will- 
80 Upland plover ----  V  120 East. night hawk - -f 
81 Spotted sandpiper- -.    121 Chimney swift  .   _ 
82 E. solitary sandpiper -- 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird  V 
83 Western willet          123 E. belted kingfisher_ 
84 Greater yellow-legs-    124 Northern flicker -  _- 
85 Lesser yellow-legs_ -_   125 N. pltd. woodpecker- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper- --- 126 Red-bell. woodpecker --:- 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper    127 R.-head. woodpecker _' 
88 Baird's sandpiper .     128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker-. 
89 Least sandpiper ------129 N. hairy woodpecker-_ 
90 Red-backed sandpiper -  130 N. downy woodpeckerV 
91 Long-billed dowitcher   131 Eastern kingbird- ___ 
92 Stilt sandpiper-------  132 Arkansas ikingbird --- 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper __ 133 N. crested flycatcher -_ 
94 Marbled godwit -------134 Eastern phoebe--- --- 
95 Hudsonian godwit-- ..    135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher_- 
96 Sanderling ------------ 136 Acadian flycateher 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.,     Species             No. 
217 Mourning warbler- _      244 North. pine siskin    7 
218 N. yellow-throat - _° 245 Eastern goldfinch - 
219 Yellow-br. chat   -  &] 246 Red crossbill ..... 
220 Wilson's warbler   --- 247 Red-eyed towhee     -- - 
221 Canada warbler ------- 248 E. savanah sparrow -f 
222 Amer. redstart -------249 E. gr'hop. sparrow _ 
223 English sparrow __ --    250 Leconte's sparrow- 
224 Bobolink--------,- 251 E. Henslow's sp'row_ 
225 Eastern meadowlark-E    252 Nelson's sparrow     --- 
226 Western meadowlark_  253 East. vesper sparrowkJ_ 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird--- 254 East. lark sparrow --- 
228 Giant red-wing ....      255 iSlate-colored junco --- 
229 Orchard oriole ------  256 East. tree sparrow -__ 
230 Baltimore oriole -_ - I  257 E. chipping sparrow--- 
231 Rusty blackbird--- ----258 Clay-colored sparrow_-- 
232 Brewer's blackbird.      259 East. field sparrow  _ 
233 Bronzed grackle __ _' 260 Haris's sparrow ...... 
234 Eastern cowbird _       261 White-cr. sparrow 
235 Scarlet tanager     __7-262 Gambel's sparrow -.. 
236 Eastern cardinal   - - -1263 White-thr. sparrow --- 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak- -1   264 East. fox sparrow- ... 
238 Indigo-bunting  -..V    265 Lincoln's sparow_ 
239 Dickcissel --------    266 Swamp sparrow- 
240 Eastern grosbeak        267 Miss. song sparow 
241 Eastern purple finch___ 268 Lapland longspur 
242 Can. pine grosbeak --- 269 East. snow bunting --- 
243 Common redpoll ..... 
Additions 
-~    -            - 
--------c--                    ------i 4- - - - - 
7)             ;                          -- 
-    -  - 
 
 

					
				
				
DANE COU4TY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin. 
Date _W                        -__ 
Locality  _ -__ --_ --_-_ 
Weather                              +     ------- 
Species            No.      Species            No. 
1 Lesser loon -----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe ------- 30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck 
4 Pied-billed grebe ------32 Lesser scaup ducl1,1$ 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant.     34 Buffle-head 
7 Great blue heron  _   _ 35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret ------   36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron --- 38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron -.  39 Hooded merganser 
12 American bittern ..      40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bitter*fZ_ 41 Red-hr. merganser   ___ 
14 Whistling swan ------   42 Eastern goshawk 
15 Common canada goose_--   43 Sharp-shinned hawk --- 
16 Lesser snow goose- --- 44 Cooper's hawk 
17 Blue goose -------- ---  45 Eastern red-tld. hawk- 
18 Common mallard- _  -5   46 North. red-shLd. hawk_-- 
19 Common black duck- -.-   47 Broad-winged hawk- ___ 
20 Gadwall -------------48 Am. rough-leg. hawk 
21 European widgeon         49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate                 50 Northern bald eagle- 
23 American pintail .....-51 Marsh hawk 
24 Green-winged teal-- ----52 Osprey ----------- 
25 Blue-winged teal         53 Duck hawk 
26 Shoveller       ......-54 Eastern pigeon hawk-- 
27 Wood duck -----------55 East. sparrow hawk 
28 Redhead ------------ 56 East. ruffed grouse. 
T-           _ 
 
 

					
				
				
Specis            N        Spec               No. 
'7 Gr. prairie chicken-     97 Red phalarope 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse    98 Wilson's phalarope 
59 European partridge       99 Northern phalarope --- 
60' Eastern bob-white-,  -00 Herring gull ........ 
61 Ring-necked pheasant-    101 Ring-billed gull ...... 
62 Little brown crane  ___ 102 Franklin's gull 
63 Sandhill crane------- 103 Bonaparte's gull-    --- 
64 King rail - ----- ----- 104 Forster's tern 
65 Virginia rail Lt     _L 105 Common tern........ 
66 Sora rail ------------106 Caspian tern . 
67 Yellow rail -----------107 Black tern 
68 Florida gallinule       108 East. mourning dove_ 
69 American coot ....      109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo 
70 Piping plover --------110 Black-bill'd cuckoo A'_ 
71 Semi-palmated plover--- 111 Barn owl 
72 Killdeer -----------  112 East. screech owl 
73 Amer. golden plover     113 Great-horned owl- 
74 Black-bellied plover.   114 Snowy owl 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl- 
76 American woodcock        116 Short-eared owl_-- -_ 
77 Wilson's snipe f     -  117 Long-eared owl 
78 Long-bi-lled curlew--- ---118 Saw-whet owl------ 
79 Hudsonian curlew        119 East. whip-poor-will 
80 Upland plover _..'      120 East. night hawk 
4 81 Spotted sandpiper- *-   121 Chimney swift 
82 E. solitary sandpiper --  122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird  1 
83 Western wiliet -------123 E. belted kingfisher 
84 Greater yellow-legs -..  124 Northern flicker - 
85 Lesser yellow-legs-- ----125 N. pltd. woodpecker--- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper --  126 Red-bell. woodpecker_-_ 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper     127 R.-head. woodpecker _ 
88 Baird's sandpiper       128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker__ 
89 Least sandpiper -------129 N. hairy woodpecker-_ 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpecker_ 
91 Long-billed dowitcher - -  131 Eastern king-bird 
92 Stilt sandpiper-------   132 Arkansas  ingbird --- 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper -__ 133 N. crested flycatcher _ 
94 Marbled godwit -  ---  134 Eastern phoebe-. 
95 Hudsonian godwit .   .  135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher__ 
96 Sanderling ----------136 Acadian flycatcher -__ 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species             No. 
137 Alder flycatcher __ k _ 177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher  _4  -178 Bohemian wa ing_ 
139 E. wood pewee ___---179 Cedar waxwing  Z__ 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher   180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark --- 181 Migrant shrike   -- - 
142 N. horned lark ------ 182 Starling---------- 
143 Prairie horn. lark .... 183 White-eyed vireo-. 
144 Tree swallow -------   184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow -    -  -185 Yellow-throat. vireo _2 
146 Rough-wing. swallow _    186 jBlue-headed vireo_ 
147 Barn swallow   .....    187 Red-eyed vireo .    - 
148 N. cliff swallow V   e  188 Philadelphia vireo -.. 
149 Purple martin --------189 East. warbling vireok 
150  Northern  blue  jay - -V' 190  Black  &  wh. warbler --- 
151 Northern raven    ---   191 Prothonotory warbler -_ 
152 Eastern crow  _---L   192 Gold.-winged warbler--- 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee ,k   193 Blue-winged warbler_-- 
154 Tufted titmouse __-     194 Tennessee warbler. 
155 White-br. nuthatch   K  195 Orange-cr. warbler 
156 Red-br. nuthatch .    . 196 Nashville warbler. 
157 Brown creeper           197 N. Parula warbler --- 
158 West. house wren- -     198 East. yellow warbler._x- 
159 East. winter wren- -..  199 Magnolia warbler - -.-- 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 Cape May warbler.... 
161  Carolina wren ------  201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler--- 
162 Prairie marsh wren A  202 Myrtle warbler-_ 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren--- 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler--- 
164 Eastern mockingbird--- 204 Cerulian warbler-    --- 
165 Catbird                 205 Bl'kburnian warbler___ 
166 Brown thrasher __-_--206 Chesnut-sid. warbler__,'_ 
167 Eastern robin-     -     207 Bay-breast. warbler --- 
168 Wood thrush ------      208 Black-poll warbler  --- 
169 East. hermit thrush     209 North. pine warbler --- 
670 Olive-backed thrus __ 210 West. palm warbler-.-- 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush     211 Ovenbird 
172 Willow thrush           212 North. water-thrush-- 
173 Eastern bluebird -....- 213 Grin'l's water-thrush___ 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher     214 La. water-thrush.     . 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet--- 215 Kentucky warbler -.. 
176 E.                      216 Connecticut warbler 
761 E.    " k. 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species             No. 
217 Mourning warbler- --- 244 North. pine siskin - - 
218 N. yellow-throat      _ 245 Eastern goldfinch  _ _ 
219 Yellow-br. chat ....    246 Red crossbill ........ 
2,0 Wilson's warbler        47. Red-eyed towhee -_ _ 
2  Canada warbler- -----248 E. savanah sparrow -_ 
222 Amer. redstart --   ---- 249 E. gr'hop. sparrow -L- 
223 English sparrow __      250 Leconte's sparrow_     7; 
224 Bobolink ----------k    251 E. Henslow's sprow- 
225 Eastern meadowlark__X 252 Nelson's sparrow- 
226 Western meadowlark-___ 253 East. vesper sparrow-E, 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird--- 254 East. lark sparrow   --- 
228 Giant red-wing --- -     255 Slate-colored junco --- 
229 Orchard oriole ------  256 East. tree sparrow - . 
230 Baltimore oriole_- _4' 257 E. chipping sparrow-', 
231 Rusty blackbird--- ----258 Clay-colored sparrow_-. 
232 Brewer's blackbird- -..  259 East. field s  rrow __ 
233 Bronzed grackle --      260 Haris's sparr   __ -  _- 
234 Eastern cowbird - -      261 White-cr. spa Ow   --- 
235 Scarlet tanager -    -   262 Gambel's spar w - --- 
236 Eastern cardinal         263 White-thr. spa ow_ 
4237 Rose-br. grosbeak_ [     264 East. fox sparr w 
238 Indigo-bunting-   --    265 Lincoln's sparo   -.. 
239 Dickcissel              266 Swamp sparrow - -_ 
240 Eastern grosbeak -... 267 Miss. song. sparo_ 
241 Eastern purple finch-_ 268 Lapland longspur 
242 Can. pine grosbeak --   269 East. snow bunting- 
243 Common redpoll --.........         ..........----  - 
Additions 
 
 

					
				
				
A            OUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by     (>4 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB          , 
Madison, Wisconsin 
D ate                        ---------- 
Locality W                             L'         Lit 
W eather               -  -   ----------! 
Species            No.      Species             No. 
1 Lesser loon ----------29 Ring-necked duck -_       _ 
2 Holboell's grebe ------- 30 Canvas-back 
3 Horned grebe ------     31 Greater scaup duck   --- 
4 Pied-billed grebe .  ...i  32 Lesser scaup duck-- 4% 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye -- 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant-     34 Buffie-head -------- 
7 Great blue heron -_ 12±  35 Old-squaw 
8 American egret ------36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron   -- 38 Ruddy duck-------- 
11 Bl-crd. night heron-      39 Hooded merganser -- 
12 American bittern _ *-)" 40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern --- 41 Red-hr. merganser 
14 Whistling swan           42 Eastern goshawk 
15 Common canada goose--- 43 'Sharp-shinned hawk --- 
16 Lesser snow goose-- --- 44 Cooper's hawk 
17 Blue goose -----------45 Eastern red-tld. hawk__-_I 
18 Common mallard -_ - *   46 North. red-shLd. hawk--- 
-49 Common black duck-L      47 Broad-winged hawk- 
20 Gadwall -------------48 Am. rough-leg. hawk 
21 European widgeon -       49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate ----------      50 Northern bald eagle- 
23 American pintail __ f.I  51 Marsh hawk -------- 
24 Green-winged teal--      52 Osprey 
25 Blue-winged teal  3_     53 Duck hawk 
26 Shoveller ------------54 Eastern pigeon hawk --- 
27 Wood duck ----------- 55 East. sparrow hawk 
28 Redhead ------------     56 East. ruffed grouse. 
~4 k 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species            No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken- -  97 Red phalarope 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse    98 Wilson's phalarope 
59 European partridge -     99 Northern phalarope 
60 Eastern bob-white---   100 Herring gull - 
61 Ring-necked pheasant.i 101 Ring-billed gull------ 
62 Little brown crane .... 102 Franklin's gull ....... 
63 Sandhill crane -------  103 Bonaparte's gull-  --- 
64 King rail -------------104 Forster's tern------- 
65 Virginia rail ----------105 Common tern------- 
66 Sora rail ------------106 Caspian tern------- 
67 Yellow rail ----------107 Black tern 
68 Florida gallinule       108 East. mourning dove__-V 
69 American coot -_        109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo --- 
70 Piping plover           110 Black-bill'd cuckoo 
71 Semi-palmated plover--- 111 Barn owl----------- 
72 Killdeer -----------.  112 East. screech owl 
73 Amer. golden plover     113 Great-horned owl- 
74 Black-bellied plover-   114 Snowy owl 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl-.- 
76 American woodcock       116 Short-eared owl ------ 
77 Wilson's snipe ------  117 Long-eared owl------ 
78 Long-billed curlew- -----118 Saw-whet owl------ 
79 Hudsonian curlew        119 East. whip-poor-will 
80 Upland plover --------120 East. night hawk - 
81 Spotted sandpiper-- --- 121 Chimney swift------ 
82 E. solitary sandpiper- - 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird --- 
83 Western willet -------123 E. belted kingfisher . 
84 Greater yellow-legs_ J  124 Northern flicker - - 
85 Lesser yellow-legs.-_ -   125 N. pltd. woodpecker 
86 Pectoral sandpiper  .- 126 Red-bell. woodpecker 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper     127 R.-head. woodpecker -I- 
88 Ha  's sandpiper -      128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker-- 
89 Least sandpiper -------129 N. hairy woodpecker-_ 
90 Red-backed sandpiper-_ 130 N. downy woodpeckerlV 
91 Long-billed dowitcher --  131 Eastern kingrbird -... 
92 Stilt sandpiper-------   132 Arkansas jingbird 
93    i-palm. sandpiper --  133 N. crested flycatcher 
94 Marbled godwit ------  134 Eastern phoebe-__ - 
95 Hudsonian godwit-- ....135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher-- 
96 Sanderling -----------  136 Acadian flycatcher 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
137 Alder flycatcher        177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher        178 Bohemian       ing 
139 E. wood pewee ------   179 Cedar waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher   180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark      181 Migrant shrike 
142 N. horned lark ---      182 Starling----------- 
143 Prairie horn. lark- _-v_ 183 White-eyed vireo   --- 
144 Tree swallow -------   184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow -------185 Yellow-throat. vireo 
146 Rough-wing. swallow --- 186 Blue-headed vireo.. 
147 Barn swallow -------187 Red-eyed vireo ..... 
148 N. cliff swallow -----188 Philadelphia vireo   --- 
149 Purple martin ------   189 East. warbling vireo --- 
150 Northern blue jay-   4  190 Black & wh. warbler --- 
151 Northern raven          191 Prothonotory warbler _- 
152 Eastern crow -------    192 Gold.-winged warbler.- 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee __  193 Blue-winged warbler--- 
154 Tufted titmouse __-194 Tennessee warbler.. 
155 White-br. nuthatch      195 Orange-cr. warbler -_- 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warbler- - -- 
157 Brown creeper .     .   197 N. Parula warbler 
158 West. house wren.       198 East. yellow warbler-. 
159 East. winter wren-      199 Magnolia warbler -.. 
160 Bewick's wren --------200 ,Cape May warbler    -- - 
161 Carolina wren ------   201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler_-_ 
162 Prairie marsh wren --  202 Myrtle warbler ....... 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren--- 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler_--- 
164 Eastern mockingbird_-   204 Cerulian warbler-- 
165 Catbird ------------   205 Bl'kburnian warbler-. 
166 Brown thrasher          206 Chesnut-sid. warbler-_ 
167 Eastern robin----      207 Bay-breast. warbler 
168 Wood thrush --------208 Black-poll warbler    -_- 
169 East. hermit thrush --- 209 North. pine warbler -... 
170 Olive-backed thrush --- 210 West. palm warbler --- 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush_--  211 Ovenbird 
172 Willow thrush ------   212 North. water-thrush___ 
173 Eastern bluebird -      213 Grin'l's water-thrushi_ 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher -   214 La. water-thrush. ...._ 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet_'- 215 Kentucky warbler --. 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet --- 216 Connecticut warbler 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species             No. 
217 Mourning warbler ...     244 North. pine siskin  ___ 
218 N. yellow-throat -   . 245 Eastern goldfinch 
219 Yellow-br. chat ------246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler - --   247 Red-eyed towhee 
221 Canada warbler ------ 248 E. savanah sparrow 
222 Amer. redstart -------249 E. gr'hop. sparrow     ___ 
223 English sparrow __ - V_ 250 Leconte's sparrow- --. 
224 Bobolink -----------   251 E. Henslow's sp'row_- 
225 Eastern meadowlark-V   252 Nelson's sparrow-- 
226 Western meadowlark--- 253 East. vesper sparrowVl/_ 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird-  254 East. lark sparrow 
228 Giant red-wing-     _    255 iSlate-colored junco -V 
229 Orchard oriole ------  256 East. tree sparrow _ 
230 Baltimore oriole .....-257 E. chipping sparrow__- 
231 Rusty blackbird- - _k._ 258 Clay-colored sparrow    -- 
232 Brewer's blackbird- -    259 East. field sparrow -- - 
233 Bronzed grackle      k- 260 Haris's sparrow 
234 Eastern cowbird          261 White-cr. sparrow   __ 
235 Scarlet tanager         262 Gambel's sparrow -.. 
236 Eastern cardinal -.-.-263 White-thr. sparrow 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak   -_- 264 East. fox sparrow- - 
238 Indigo-bunting ------  265 Lincoln's sparow - 
239 Dickcissel -----------66 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak -_ -    267 Miss. song sparow   -"- 
241 Eastern purple finchJ__  268 Lapland longspur -_( 
242 CaA. pine grosbeak --- 269 East. snow bunting -- 
243 Common redpoll ..... 
Additions 
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-. . . . 
 
 

					
				
				
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14 
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Census of Ladies tresos ( Spiranthes oirnua) Sept. 24, 1938. 
. Bradt pasture. This heavily grazed patbpue    has 202 plants In a sap 
space 150 x 210 feet. To the south, east and west there are very few plat

td, but to the norbh there was a heavy cocentration. 
2. N.W. of prairie willow road This Is In the heart ofthe heaviest stan.

Of Silphium terebinthnaceum. A strip 60 x 387 feet had 600 plants. 
3. Booming ground. Open area directly north of the blind, included a 
strip 150 x 360 feet and had 96 plants. 
4. Bast ofthe N. end ofthewill'ow road. The following three counts 
run east to the gate by the spring. In pasture. 8 paces wide. 6 plants. 
5.                                 X .. of fence. 8 paces wide.59 plants.

6.     .                            N. of temporary road. A strip 8 paces

Wide had 59 plants. 
7. W. of N. end of willow road. 75 x       feet. 329 plants, 
8. Mowed field west of cornfield. None. 
9. Upper prairle, off area N. of cornfield. 75 x     feet. 23 plants. 
10, Strip east of praire 40, 45 x   feet. 48 plants. 
11. N. of area. 1934- ornfield. rested sines. 90 x 660 feet. 37 plants. 
 
 

					
				
				
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I '! 
NBSTIIG RECORD SHT             i                      Y4:/L 
Locality                                                                'A
47 "   i 
Date foundc 76 1 .                                      /'d fns 
By whom found 
M ap   n um b e r             ..... . .... ..... .. . .. . . . . .. . . .

N  mb er  of  e s ......... .__ .........        ............ 
Egs clean or dirty                                   __                 
   '_ 
Female flushed from nest: 
direction                                         _     _      __ 
distance she flew                 _ 
acted as though injured 
Distance to dust bath                                               A 
Distance to gravel                    St I                              
     A 'k ?" 
Distance & direction from 
nearest grainfield 
kind & height of grain            _ 
Distance from roads or trails      j 
much used?                  ._._ 
General Conditions Prevailing:            / 
a. Slope (direction & degree)     1     / 
b. Distance from ooening         ,,      ___       _ 
C.  Type  of  opening  ,,_                  __......            ....... 
d. Distance from and size of 
-nearest cover improvement     t 
e. Type of cover                     _             _ 
f. Ground cover near nest 
(heavy, mod., scant)           .      _     _    ___                 _  
   _ 
g. Vegetation 
. (species around nest)           _ 
h. Destruction factors: 
cause 
date 
i, No. fertile e  s  .....gs__-                   _..__/_._/ 
Specific Cover 
a._Hayfield                                                         ______

species of hay                                                ____      
..  .. 
species  of  weeds            "  _ _ _  _  _   _ _  "__'  '_.....__.....

height of nest cover-- 
b. Fencerow or roadside                  / 
distance to edge                                        I 
type of "edge"                             . 
species  Tithin  '    of e     st   _        _               ......... .

c. Distance to good winter cover......... 
d. Recheck data 
Remarks: 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
NTESTING RECORD SHEET 
Locality/rci            E     AV 
Date found           Kind of nest                    __ 
By whom fodu_                              _   _  _                    _
  _  _   _ 
Map n=ber 
Number of egs 
Eggs clean or dirty                  _               _    _     __      
_  _     _ 
Female flushed from nest: 
direction                                         __     _   _   _   _  
 _    _ 
distance she flew                  j              _._" 
acted as though injured__                                _   _  _   _   _
  _  _ 
Distance to dust bath 
Distance to gravel                            'C                        77

Distance & direction from 
nearest grainfield     .__ 
kind & height of grain 
Distance from roads or trails 
much used?                         ,,J        .t...i 
General Conditions Prevailing: 
a. Slope (direction & degree) 12 .. 
b. Distance from opening 
c. Type of opening 
d. Distance from and size of 
nearest cover improvement      I!                                    ...

e. Type of cover                          _ 
f. Ground cover near nest                  /,                           
 _ 
(heavy, mod., scant)             ____ 
g. Vegetation 
(species around nest)                           _ 
h. Destruction factors:                                                1

callse 
date                             2/L-v 2.k 
i. No. fertile eggs                 __________"_ 
Specific Cover3)                           J 
a. Hayfield                                         _ 
species of hay                _ 
species of weeds              __ 
height of nest cover 
b. Fencerow or roadside 
distance to edge                                             I 
type of "edge"               I                                _,___

species within 8' of nest                               c      _____________

c., Distance to good winter coverI                 _      _      _     _i

d. Recheck data 
Remarks: 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLE GROV QUAIL UN 
June 30, 1937, 8:25 o'clock, 1/10 mile S. of Glassel's barn, about 
35 yds. North of Ferry's woods, on the East side of county highway G, a 
quail was flushed from her nest of 8 stained eggs. 10' South of nest, from

under a barbed-wire fence, the male quail flushed simultaneously, both birds

flying North about 40 yards. The bank at the nesting-site is gravell about

l0 from the eoge of the road the bank is 7' high, making a 70% slope, Bank

covered with sparse vegatation of June grass, a little sweet clover, old

sweet clover stalks, and dry oak leaves. Directly East of the bank was an

open pasture bordering the roadside. Across the road to the West was a bog

pasture and swamp. 
Directly above the nest on the edge of the bank, and near a fence post, 
were the scattered remains of at least four more eggs. Striped gophers were

suspected of taking 'an egg a day", for the remains of each broken egg
shell 
observed was different. One egg was broken open at one end and all of the

contents removed with the membrane still intact. A second egg, which looked

older, had more shell removed from an end and the membrane eaten away. The

other two shells were broken up in small pieces, locally scattered, and all

trace of membrane eaten away. It was very evident that all the eggs were

not taken from the nest on the same day. 
The nest was made of fine grass and oak leaves. It was harmoniously 
blended with its environment and located at the base of two large, dry 
sweet clover stalks. 
On July 1, a 'dummy nest" of 5 pheasant eggs was made about 5' North

of the quail nest and about on the same level as the quail nest. At the top

of the bank, and 3 South of the quail nest, near base of a fence post, an

other "dummy nest" of 6 hungarian eggs was placed. The hun eggs
were in 
close proximity to the point where the broken quail eggs were observed. 
Another quail egg had been removed from the nest on this day leaving only

7 eggs in the quail nest. The old bird was not observed at any time after

this on the nest. 
On July 6, a predator (Skunk suspected) visited and broke up the quail 
nest eating all the eggs.  The pheasant eggs were all crunched and mouthed,

and were found beneath a pile of June grass and gravel which had been dug
up 
and scratched on top of the "Dummy nest". 4 of the hun eggs were
close to 
and in the dummy nest, with one egg directly below the nest on the bank*

At the bottom of the bank, directly below pheasant plant, the predator had

dug in the bank leaving very vague tracks in the sand and gravel. 
On July 10, another dummy nest was made using 6 hun eggs in the old 
quail nest. On July 23, 2 hun eggs were missing from dummy nest by post.

One egg shell and broken up pieces of membrane were scattered at top or 
bank where the first broken egg shells of quail were found. Directly be-

neath nest on bank was found the other shell, without membrane, having one

end and a little of the side missing or eaten away. Striped gophers sus-

pected. No further interuption or predation up to August 5. 
 
 

					
				
				
IESTING RECORD SHEET 
Lo cal ity                          I 
Date found   7/i      Kind of nest                 ____________ 
By whom fo und 
Map  nmber                                                           ____,.__.....

Number of egs 
gs clean or dirty 
Female flushed from nest: 
direction________________ 
distance she flew                                         ..... 
acted as though in ured           .   .....     ....._ 
Distance to dust bath 
Distance to gravel 
Distance & direction from                  /           / 
nearest grainfield               /    ' 
kind & height of grain           j 
Distance from roads or trails                     7_ /_                 
    ______ 
much used?                                      - 
General Conditions Prevailing: 
a. Slope (direction & degree)          .. 
b. Distance from opening            _______ 
c. T ye of opening                 " 
d. Distance from and size of 
nearest cover improvement 
e.  T& e  of  cover         ,,__..._ 
f. Ground corer near nest 
(heavy, mod., -scant) 
g. Vegetation                      j      ~                           ______

(species around nest)          -              7ff 
cause 
date 
i. No. fertile ems 
Specific Cover 
a. Hayfield                                                  -   C 
species of hay                                _____ 
species of weeds_______ 
height of nest cover                           _____ 
b. Pencerow or roadside 
distance to edge                    _e': ,C 
type of "edge" 
species within 8, of nest ,I _                                     _..._,_.1

c. Distance to good winter cover       ________ 
d. Recheck data                                                  1~ 
Remarks:                                                                ./

I         ~    ~I 
A                                        ( 
 
 

					
				
				
oc yNESTING RECORD SHW                          7 
DaefudKind of nest,________                                      ______ 
By whom fouAdI I                               'i    '__'__             
       _   _ 
Map number                                                            _______

Number of eggs 
Egs clean or dirty                                   __ 
emale flushed from nest: 
direction 
distance she flew                                 _               _ 
acted as though injured 
Distance to dust bath                _               _                _ 
Distance to gravel_                                  _ 
Distance &.direction from 
nearest grainfield            _ 
kind & height of grain__ 
Distance from roads or trails 
much used? 
General Conditions Prevailing: 
a. Slope (direction & degree)         ?0 
b. Distance from opening 
c. Type of opening                  _____                  _/___' 
d. Distance from and size of 
---nearest cover improvement 
e. Tpe of cover                     ___ 
f. Ground cover near nest                          ' 
(heavy,_mod.,_scant)             ______                          ______ 
g. Vegetation             .                                             
     c  b 
(species around nest)                                                   /
1 "        / /  > 
h. Destruction factors:                                                 
             . 
cMa1se 
date 
i. No. fertile eggs 
Specific Cover 
a. Hayfield                             51 
species of hay                 _              __ 
species of weeds               _              _      _[_             _  
  _ 
height of nest cover 
b. Fencerow or roadside 
distance to edge 
type of "edge". 
species withing' of nest      _______,___ 
c. Distance to good winter coveri      ,_      '_                   __....

d. Recheck data 
Remarks: 
 
 

					
				
				
NESTING RECORD SHEET                             / 
Locality     k/{)L       J    "             WII 
Date found 7/76 31 lind of nest 
By whom fouzfd 
Map number                           _     _    _   ......__ 
Number of egos                                                       ________

Xggs clean or dirty          ...... 
Iemale flushed from nest:                                               
  1 
direction                        j    lA_ 
distance she flew                 _    _  _   _  __......       ._ 
acted as thouEgh injured___ 
Distance to dust bath                                       ,_ 
Distance to gravel                      ....__ 
Distance & direction from                                           I

nearest grainfield .___......____ 
kind & height of grain 
Distance from roads or trails                                       I 
muc h  used?                                     _ _ _ __......_        
    _ 
General Conditions Prevailing:'/                I 
a. Slope (direction &         degree) .... I 
b. Distance from opening________ 
c. Type of opening   .....__________. 
d. Distance from and size of 
nearest cover improvement       _______i______ 
e. TYve of cover                                   _     ___            
     _ 
f. Ground cover near nest 
(heavy, mod., scant)                            ______ 
g. Vegetation                                              (    /,,_ . 
(species around nest) 
h. Destruction factors: 
d a t e   ....               .    ...            . . . ...    _ _ _... .
....... . 
i.  No .  fertile  eggs   ' " ,. .....                  .... _     
  ... ............ 
Specific Cover 
a .  Hayfield  o.........                                          .... 
species of hay                                                          ..
  .. 
sp ecies  of  re eds                I_         ........... ............ .......

height of nest cover                 _ 
b. Fencerow or roadside                 - 
distan ce  to  edge              ... ............ .... . . . . ... ... 
type of "edge" 
species within S' of nest. 
c. Distance to good winter cover', 
d. Recheck data                                                         
ie 
Remarks: 
.                  . . .. ..... ..     ' 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVUIJE GTOVESUFTE 
gcin-EWeather~-                                             e, 
D a t e ~   1 9 3 7          R e a r s 
1"  330' 
I llt 
VL 
A. .. 
tit. 
ILI 
_ LL 
-Tvi1l i 
Com -14 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILUE GROVE SURVEY 
Section--E                          Weather--                     1"
  330' 
Map No.--2                           Subject-- 
Date-- 1937                         Remarks--                     N 
Name-- 
lei' 
oak-hioke. 
--      *   'Woods/ 
Bog          514                 Tilled for 
pasture      5' weed 
oontrol 
'/~ I. /                                                        w;   +,+

C'                                                             10   Corn

K  leaf 
+" '++   ++I                                               A    +, +
,+ + 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLE GROVE SURVEY 
SectiQrr-tRmrs 
Date-                      3301 
Name--  Milford Meadow              NI 
Weather-                                                '~;    r   ' 
Subject- 
I,, 
Q                                                  41 
I' 
.41                                  44 
7,  'h 
r4    ''' 
 
 

					
				
				
,AVILUE GROVE ,UVEY 
Section--W 
Map No.---3 
flat e-- 7/19/37 
Name-- B. Berg 
Weather-- Clear, hot 
Subject-- Census 
Remarks--first area mapped 1937 
i" = 330' 
Mixed hardwoods 
....                     t,..  brush 
~Nurser&ICn 
Mixed         Food 
hardwoods     \  Patoh                                         8 
Upload _,_                                       -' 
>6 ood- 
.      . . . ...     POND" 
Corn 
-  f"".... .K.7 7_T, 
i                 .    \  tX                     , I 
_____ __  ii                                                     __-______

 
 

					
				
				
Cc Df)-                                        we. L  YL2.  r 
rF~4D4 Dc~e-1937                                4R e Z, 
5f L 
1# 4 
Barl e 
J, i 
 
 

					
				
				
cav%Oe Cyove SL&Vve.                9' 
e    7/29/57 
?etvi11e Woods 
Oat 
My                       Cor 
Bar..  y-~-'s~ 
6,1v 
Barley 
E~ 
 
 

					
				
				
*               rAVILE GRCVE SURVEY 
MapI~o--                       3    IAA1'              - 
Dlate~  1937& 
Name--Mlford Xeado*s                        . 
Weather-- Cloudy, rain 
Subject-- Cover mapping &Census 
Remarks~- 
/Cor 
)     cop 
CL--             Up/L 
Cornm 
7' \Oats- 
''I 
 
 

					
				
				
DOte- - 1937 
Re r~o-r ~-ch rn e                 W.W. Kinyon 
~  I     - 
Corn 
IIle 
 
 

					
				
				
FVLIGROVE SURVY 
Section--4                             Remarks--  
map No. 
Date-- 1937 
Name-- S.W.Faville and Milford Meadows 
Weather-- 
Subject-- Census and cover mapping          3 
;: ..,;          ak hickor 
~woods  _ _  _ 
:.:/-Oak                             hickory 
)"Bi 
/,                                            Cover\. 
Patch 
'Corn 
,, :,,Triane 
4a' 
 
 

					
				
				
mp i,_6                                 Weather~- 
IaMA H, KinyOn 
I  >
	
				
necwr) t4                                         e~v St\ct ive 
ale      19 37                  -                       v~is 
(\cQn'e-Nyvi1e, Kinyon SL 
iokor 
1401, 
 
 

					
				
				
.1937 
Y-10 r e--Kiyon  Lnge  Faill   U  j rCA~~ 
9emay , 
4    jak  hay 
ICor 
C             o nW    1  .1',, I i[ 
4 A 
Wil hV 
ell' 
 
 

					
				
				
Fo, vile qcov-.:.uvq 
-ok-i_ - 81/5/37,  e.c- C, 
Oak hieory 
woods 
Thstles 
i , .     . . . . 
 
 

					
				
				
Date-- 1937                         Section--N 
Name--Otto Lange                    Map No.--11 
Weather--                           Subject-- 
Remarks-- 
10ornry         ckory 
%4 
hickorIy 
,s ,                             Woods             Oako hickory 
¢   oroaf"           G... 
 
 

					
				
				
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4' AA                  -~ 
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                                              I 
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7FA717,E GRO/ET SURVT-:' 
setion-SE                  Weather- 
Date-                        Remarks- 
1"  33WF'                      4                rL4 
oo,4 
'I                                       4  ,-, 
/i              u -t 
i~1 --y- 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLE GROVE SURVEY 
Section--B                        Weather--                   1"1  330'

kap No.--2                        Suabj ect--                    4 
Date~- 11i39                      P4arks- 
Nme~       .  f4j8J    I4L~      4he~ee.d 
dl~~~~C nI,-__                    _   _    _  _ 
+                   f 
.t...... . .                                 .. 
'P6-%~ A1 
Y        I 
~~vL~4 
fi DOT 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLE GROVE SUVE 
Section-s                    Remarks- 
Map NO,--3                    lit   30 
Date--                             330 - 
Name- 1Uo-         t~   v          N 
Weather-                           1 
Sixbj ect-- 
-~s u 
4  4C, 
j4~7           ~C 
 
 

					
				
				
L'AVIILJE GROVE SURVYY 
Section--W 
Map NO.--3 
Date~- Iq*                   u'            I + 
Name--s   iiACT    ( 'tI 
Weather-- 
Subj ect-- 
Rwnarks-- 
lit= 330' 
C,1 6 
r a 
7-7-1&,. VU                                                         
        To 
IPIG 
 
 

					
				
				
S   D Q ek        f  .  a lV  < 
E~~~LP-  71L§.V  LJa~er 
4. 
0 
 
 

					
				
				
F-o,,vtGo, Il- Via 
77- 
N'N 
Po~4aats_3 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVXLLE GROVE SURVY 
Section-B 
map No.--5 
Dlata-  9~7~~ 
N~ame- 11iAfrAI'ou*A4.( 
Weather- 
Subj ect- 
Remarks--                           7. 
/1 
I Ike$ 
%  .-2 
A'/ \ 
 
 

					
				
				
-Dte -e - WA 
b I 
UAL                                If% 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLM GROVE SURVEY 
Seq!ton--E                                Remarks-- 
Map ko.--6 
Date--   935 
Name-Fa fv~     I  1 M.  
Weather-- 
Subject--                                  "   3bo 
f A 
 
 

					
				
				
7AVILLE GROVE SURVEY 
Sectio;i--W                                SubJect-- 
map  o.--6                                 Weather-- 
Date-- 
Name-~ ~   ~ Kf . fta %Rears 
M4                       1e 
,V , 
1. 
 
 

					
				
				
D ecr~i - E-            FCA'w'O\  CGyO~i StAYVe 
-D\cAZ~ -  1013K~~j' 
I 
--IV 
 
 

					
				
				
-~ -C- - 
kr'e -                  TK'e r- k 's 
N                                   _ __ _ _ 
'WFI 530' 
v* 0. 
tv 
 
 

					
				
				
1938'                                                                   
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_       13U V- ve 
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0-1, rn a V, K  S - 
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2. +u r -e- 
fV 
 
 

					
				
				
FAYIILL GROVER&U 
Otto Lang~e Pam 
ftather- -Suabjeet- 
/; I Ckowry, 
 
 

					
				
				
4)                     FA71LLE GaOVE SURVEY 
j: ?$ci-S                       Weather-- 
Map No.--1                      Subject-- Crop Map, 1939 
Date--                       Remarks-- 
l    330'                    Name--Milford Meadows, Hildebrandt 
ii                            II 
i, ~M        xe  Grains....... ,. 
"       1    2      i     .......... 
. 
Sua 
Grass...   :   .. .                              ( !j      "  7... 
14* 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLE GROVE SURVEY 
Section--E                       Weather--                   1" = 3302

Map No.--2                        Subject-- Crop Map, 1939 
Date--                           Remarks--                   N 
Name-Faville, Milford Meadows, 
H ildebrandt 
1'                                                              q 
Pasur 
"If 
flmottimothy 
Ragweed 
J ....    Patch 
/i7 
'4W 
Pasur 
i7 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLI GROVE $URVY 
Section--E                  Remarks-- 
M4ap ITO.--3                1.f1 
Date-                            330' 
Name-- Milford Meadows, FavilleN 
Weather- 
Subject-- Crop Map, 1939 
'~~~... .... . :. . .  i: 
~   ~    ~   ~   I V        .. 

	
				
1hYILLE GROVE SURVE~Y 
Section--W 
Map No.--3 
Date-- 
Nme--Berg, Hildebrandt 
Weather-- 
Subject--Crop Map, 1939 
Remarks-- 
1" = 330' 
Li                              - 
Corn 
I  7,                                                   \ -,-.. , 
Corn 
I        I                 41                           - - 
I°    'I                             -, . -.......~   -       -- 
I                           I , 
*Cole 
Corn                                                           - 
77 
 
 

					
				
				
~~-    Dc~e-             r)Orre2'avi-1eO,1 Kassibt *1e--i-Crop Map, 1.939

Milford MadoW~e CA Y   - 
]k 
 
 

					
				
				
~: I 
~BLAKC~  Or - op map, 1939 
0A e 
Ile 
Corn 
P. \1')-1 ,. L 
11     Corn 
nCorn 
,-:3  ,-.. 
. ' 
Corn 
 
 

					
				
				
FAVILLE GROVE SURVEY 
Section--E                                                             -
    - 
Map No.--5 
Dame--M"f ord Meadows                              7               
  V 
Weather-- 
Subject--Crop Map, 1939                 .      f 
Remarks-- 
"  ¢.f  ...-../.. ...           J 
J             .  . 
)110 d-RA 
Af 
CCorn 
-r                                 t -  r- 
iOr 
 
 

					
				
				
c~vi1\e  Ove   SLA'Ve 
-A                         e- - crop Map.. 
Re  r K -                               -h~~ Kassube, 5tockel, laville 
Corn 
I        cat-tails 
If I 
Coria 
_4  J 
CornI 
I                             jI 
 
 

					
				
				
FAILE GROVE SURVEY 
Section--E                            RoarB- 
Map No.--6 
Date~- 
!Name--MiJA'ord Meadows, Faville 
Weather~- 
SuabJect-- Crop Map, 1939                  b 
 
 

					
				
				
2A.YXLIZ GROVE SURVY 
Section--W                             Subject--Crop M~ap, 1939 
map No.--6                             Weather~- 
Date-Rmrs 
ae-- 5tookel, Brandt 
I  it 
7_7 
pkt I I 
tai 
txt 
 
 

					
				
				
5 ecr-I  - E-          v'f Oc~\' c&'fov'c SLAve 
(\t~-Favil1e, Kassuf*eAW e CA -Crop Map* 1939 
Corn 
AlfI al a 
Mixed Ha 
 
 

					
				
				
Ze ctor) -~ L-.P  FavO\\e wove 
ron-avle    tceue j-Co Map, 1939 
~      rI /0- 
clover                  Oornf     1'6r 
I  Id 
I.I 
t IA 
.1         1d 
1Hay 
 
 

					
				
				
I ivy 
In\ 
-4       4 
St oolel 
Faville 
lf.ord Meadow. \.                                            .... 
-e -- ------Ma o.       9 
ubJect" Crop Map, .939 
 
 

					
				
				
FaVJle   A Lo ves  veL 
L- cA                   c, J-Crop gap 19 
ry) cr                   Y Q me -Mi1f Ord Mead?wq  - 
Brandt 
 
 

					
				
				
JAV IL3 GOVE FAFU 
Otto Lange Paiim 
Date--                       Section-'N 
Name-- Lange, Brandt         Map No.--11 
Weather--                   Subject-- Crop Map, 1939 
Renarks- 
orr 
s I 
)S 
*I1                                     1 
1 = "           I 
t                               nay '*v 
3\\ 
'" + "'...... "--Corr           . 
 
 

					
				
				
N~~0 S~r) -u  F30t QoySfve 
'I 
- ec.A.- Orop  Map,  1939 
Wil  Hay, \.              il  a 
W                 il 
Old  Field    [ H            y* 
r 
) 
Wld HayHN 
Wildd Hay 
 
 

				
      
      
				
				
				
				
				
				
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Conservation                                                            
                           s 
Voted 
Action Begun 
by Assembly. i 
Assemblyman Gruszka Hurls 
Charges of Irregularities at 
Department in Asking for 
Probe 
From The Journal's Maft3on Bureau 
Madison, /Wis.-Following a sharp 
attack by Assem4lyriian Anthony 
Gruszka, Mosinee, the assembly 
Wednesday adopted 'a joint resolu- 
tion for aninvestigation'of the con- 
servation department by three ZS- 
semblymen aild two senators. 
The investigation, according to the 
resolution, is demanded by criticism 
of the department personnel in its 
method of administering conserve- 
tion laws, alleged unwise expendi- 
ture of funds for recreational adver- 
tising purposes, charges of duplica- 
tion of administrative efforts, al- 
leged irregularities in the construc- 
tion and use of fire lanes, miscel- 
laneous charges relating to admin- 
istration of the forest crop law, en- 
,forcement of gamelaws ' sineged ir- 
regularity' in' the acti-ilties, of con- 
bervation department personnel. 
-;7 
ersity. He said that the depart- 
-frm-" M. Immell, former commis- 
i   mentwantedtoex an      a .,gynotte 
sion chairman, and Dir ctor EL W. plant by   4rdmsing i6re land from 
0       YV   -    -         _ _p 
t M_ 
ment -8 
I&nt by 
MacKenzie,                        Pete MacKenzie,,father of: the direc- 
"With the millions It sperift. h  tor. Re'eharged that.H. B. Kellogg,

conservation department a h o u I d manager of the farm, purchased its 
have becom  one of I the most popular silver foxes from his own fox. ranch'

of :*Ate functions," he 4aai 
id' "Its at Antigo. He dem&ndad h pr6b6 
failure, is due to three things-in- of prices paid by 1he farm for ani- 
ability to distinguish between its mals and. supplies- 
own money and property and that     "It Is charged thit a privite fire

belonging to, the publici-the Attempt lane road was built at an approxi-

by Zen.'Immell and Director Mac- mate cost of $30,006 out of WPA and 
Kenzie to organize a conservation conservation funds," Gruszka con ,

political machine and lack of back- tinued. 'Tater this road was blocked

ground th ' at would enable It to un- and just recently the supreme court

derstand people and work with upheld the blockade, to the disgu9t 
them."                             and detriment of the taxpaying pub-

The political machine probably lic, which is entitled to use this and 
caused the greatest public outcry, he any other road built and maintained

said, charging that within the de- with twtpayers' funds. 
partment it was made plain that          sed by LnmeWp, Friend" 
employes must "join up or else." 
"Under this procedure," Gruszka    "The work   on this road
was 
went on, "the veteran superintend- started In October, 1935. After its

ent of fisheries, B. 0. Webster, while, completion, the general public was

still retaining his title, had his all- 'denied the right to travel it, because

thority taken over by new men 
brought in from the outside. The the conservation department deemed 
real head of the fisheries division, it necessary to close it and, permit

I am led to believe, is now a man only chdice friends to use it, such 
named Sprecher, with no fish expe_ as Martin J. Gillen, awealthy New 
rience of any kind, who was one of Yorker, who is a close friend of Gen.,

Gon. 1mmell's flunkies.           Immell. I charge that, the director 
of the commission isresponsible to 
Attacks Floynetb  Farm       the people of Vilas county and the 
"Although holding the title of as- people of the state for obtaining
a 
sistant, superintendent of fisheries, one sided easement that blocked- it

Mr. Sprecher at no time took any highway which belongs tothe pelo- 
examination other than for a clerical ple." 
position., And yet, some people have  Chairman Frank N. Graass of the 
guts enough to talk about civil serv- conservation co mmittee, 'said that

ice.,,                            the committee felt that the situation 
. Gruszka charged that the'Poynotte was so beclouded with rumors that 
game fairn has beeh of so little use the -commission could not fun  ction

that the logisjature established a successfully, and it desired# doubts 
service for fur farmers in. the uni- cleared up. 
 
 

					
				
				
				
				
				
				
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Common Loon                       &/    Red-breasted Merganser      
   -XA.    Buff-breasted Sandpipe     _ 
Red-throated Loon                       Turkey Vulture           A....  
    .  Hudsonian Godwit 
Holboell's Grebe           I            Eastern Goshawk       W     4jt 
    c  Sanderling 
Horned Grebe                              '  Sharp-shinned Hawk         
            Avocet 
Pied-billed Grebe                            Cooper's Hawk              
            Red Phalarope 
Black-capped Petrel                     Eastern Red-tailed Hawk         
  .    Wilson's Phalarope 
Trinidad Petrel                         Northern Red-shouldered Hawk    
 b"     Northern Phalarope 
White Pelican                           Broad-winged Hawk               
W   _   Parasitic Jaeger 
European Cormorant                      American Rough-legged Hawk      
 I"    Glaucous Gull 
Double-crested Cormorant                Southern Bald Eagle,            
       Iceland Gull 
Great Blue Heron                       t     Marsh Hawk                 
      V     Great Black-backed Gull 
American Egret                           "   osprey .-;x )         
 4        if L_  Herring Gull 
Eastern Green Heron .,                 Duck Hawk            l./s' L     
A_    Ring-billed Gull 
Black-crowned Night Heron         /     Eastern Pigeon. Hawk            
       Laughing Gull 
American Bittern                        Eastern Sparrow Hawk            
       Bonaparte's Gull                 f 4 
Eastern Least Bittern 11 C.L ,          Eastern Ruffed Grouse           
       Little Gull 
Wood Ibis                               European Partridge              
 V     Atlantic Kittiwake 
Eastern Glossy Ibis                          Eastern Bob-white          
            Sabine's Gull 
Whistling Swan                               Ring-necked Pheasant       
      V     Forster's Tern 
Common Canada Goose                     King Rail                       
 V     Common Tern 
American Brant                          Virginia Rail                   
 V     Arctic Tern 
p    Greater Snow Goose        4.Sora                                   
             Least Tern 
Blue Goose                              Yellow Rail                     
       Caspian Tern 
Common Mallard                    k     Purple Gallinule                
       Black Tern 
Red-legged Black Duck                   Florida Gallinule               fL
    Briinnich's Murre 
Common Black Duck                       American Coot                   
 J/    Rock Dove                         V 
Gadwall                           4     Semipalmated Plover             
  ,    Eastern Mourning Dove 
European Widg                           Kil er,                         
k1     Passenger Pigeon 
Baldpate                         I ""   American Golden Plover
                 Yellow-billed Cuckoo 
American Pintail                  K     Black-bellied Plover            
       Black-billed Cuckoo 
European Teal                           Ruddy Turnstone                 
       Barn Owl 
Green-winged Teal                      '     American Woodcock          
            Eastern Screech Owl "7 
Blue-winged Teal                        Wilson's Snipe                  
 v'    Great Horned Owl                 K" 
Shoveller                               Hudsonian Curlew                
       Snowy Owl                        R. 
F    Wood Duck Slft     ,,V                  Upland Plover              
       V    Northern Barred Owl                / 
Redhead             It                       Spotted Sandpiper          
     j      Long-eared Owl   X    C,   A*    x, 
Ring-necked Duck                        Eastern Solitary Sandpiger      
to     Short-eared Owl 
Canvas-back                             Western Willet                  
       Saw-whet Owl 
Greater Scaup Duck                           Greater Yellow-legs        
     VO'    Eastern Whip-poor-will 
Lesser Scaqp Duck      /1           "   Lesser Yellow-legs         
      V      Eastern Nighthawk 
American Golden-eye             . T    American Knot                    
      Chimney Swift 
Barrow's Golden-eye                          Purple Sandpiper           
            Ruby-throated Hummingbird 
Butle-head yejL                       Pectoral Sandpiper                
      Eastern Bolted Kingfisher 
Old-squaw                               White-ramped Sandpiper          
        Northern Flicker 
King Eider                              Baird's Sandpiper               
L      Northern Pileated Woodpecker 
White-winged Scoter                     L e ast Sandpiper               
 i     Red-bellied Woodpecker    L. 
Surf Scoter                             Red-backed Sandpiper            
       Red-headed Woodpecker 
American Scoter                         Eastern Dowitcher               
 I-"    Yellow-bellied Sapsucker 
Ruddy Duck                           *  Stilt Sandpiper                 
        Eastern Hairy Woodpecker        j' 
Hooded Merganser                        Semipalmated Sandpiper         1
       Northern Downy Woodpecker        j13 
American Merganser               FL.1 Western Sandpiper                 
        Arctic Three-toed Woodpecker 
 
 

					
				
				
......... .... . 
 
 

					
				
				
Eastern Kingbird                        Yellow-throated Vireo           
       Summer Tanager 
Northern Crested Flycatcher '-          Blue-headed Vireo               
         os Eastern Cardinal 
Eastern Phoebe                          Red-eyed Vireo                  
_      Rose-breasted Grosbeakb 
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher 0             Philadelphia Vireo              
       Indigo Bunting 
Acadian Flycatcher                      Eastern Warbling Vireo          
       Dickcissel    L- 
Alder Flycatcher                        Black and White Warbler         
       Eastern Evening Grosbeak 
Least Flycatcher                  t     Prothonotary Warbler            
       Eastern Purple Finch              ____ 
Eastern Wood Pewee                      Worm-eating Warbler             
       Canadian Pine Grosbeak 
Olive-sided Flycatcher                  Golden-winged Warbler "    
       '    Common Redpoll                   _____ 
Hoyt's Horned Lark                      Tennessee Warbler               
  ,    Northern Pine Siskin 
Northern Horned Lark              v7    Orange-crowned Warbler          
       Eastern Goldfinch                 .__ 
Prairie Horned Lark                /    Nashville Warbler               
 t     Red Crosshill 
Tree Swallow                      y       orernParua Warbler            
        White-winged Crossbill /o 
Bank Swalow'                            Eastern Yellow Warbler          
L,-"    Red-eyed Towhee                     " 
Rough-winged Swallow              V"    Magnolia Warbler           
            Eastern Savannah Sparrow          £/' 
Barn Swallow                      V"    Cape May Warbler      A"
               Eastern Grasshopper Sparrow       V' 
Northern Cliff Swallow                  Black-throated Blue Warbler     .
      Leconte's Sparrow 
Purple Martin                    kI     Myrtle Warbler                  
       Eastern Henslow's Sparrow 
Northern Blue Jay                    '  Black-throated Gray Warbler     
       Nelson's Sparrow 
Eastern   Crow                            Black-throated Green Warbler  
  !/     Eastern Vesper Sparrow 
Black-capped Chickadee                  Cerulean Warbler W              
 i.    Slate-colored Junco 
Tufted Titmouse    *.                   Blackburnian Warbler            
a7"    Eastern Tree Sparrow                   , 
White-breasted Nuthatch           v     Yellow-throated Warbler         
       Eastern Chipping Sparrow 
R-edhreasted Nuthatch     4,/t,4 I        Chestnut-sided Warbler        
  ___    Eastern Field Sparrow             j7 
Brown Creeper                    j      Bay-breasted Warbler            
 w-    White-crowned Sparrow             V 
Eastern House Wren               j7     Black-poll Warbler              
w,""   White-throated Sparrow 
Eastern Winter Wren   L-,        jf     Northern Pine Warbler           
       Eastern Fox Sparrow               ____ 
Carolina Wren                           Northern Prairie Warbler        
       Lincoln's Sparrow                 V, 
Prairie Marsh Wren               V"     Western Palm Warbler       
      V     Swamp Sparrow 
Short-billed Marsh Wren           V     Yellow Palm Warbler             
       Eastern Song Sparrow 
Eastern Mockingbird    £                Oven-bird                 
        "' Lapland Longspur 
Catbird                                 Nort   n Water-Thsh             
v'    Eastern Snow   Bunting 
Brown Thrasher                          Louisiana Water-Thrush          
                         14 La           V 
Eastern Robin                     7-    Connecticut Warbler             
                             C614      , 
Wood Thrush                       V     Mourning Warbler                
           pt 
Eastern Hermit Thrush             j7    Northern Yellow-throat          ____

Olive-backed Thrush                     Yellow-breasted Chat    A 
Gray-cheeked Thrush                     Hooded Warbler 
Veery                                   Wilson's Warbler                
 .. 
Eastern Bluebird                   _    Canada Warbler,                 
         _    _    _    _     _    _ 
Greenland Wheatear                      American Redstart 
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher                   English Sparrow 
Eastern Golden-crowned Kinglet    1/    Bobolink                        
7" 
Eastern Ruby-crowned   Kinglet   .      Eastern Meadowlark 
American Pipit   -                      Eastern Red-wing 
Bohemian Waxwing      ,t-                Orchard OAole 
-Cedar Waxwing                           Baltimore  Oriole 
Northerm Shrike                         Rusty Blackbir                  __

Migrant Shrike    -                     Bronzed (rack                   
      _    _     _    _    _     _ 
Starling                          V     Eastern Cowbird                 
       _    _     _    _-_ 
White-eyed Vireo                           T    aapV 
 
 

					
				
				
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DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin 
Date__&--c"w_ 
Locality  - ___    , -            _ . -             __- - 
WeatheriA                         _16r--)b    P-- 
Species            No.      Species             No. 
1 Lesser loon ----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe ------- 30 Canvas-back ------.. 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck .... 
4 Pied-billed grebe        32 Lesser scaup duck-- 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant- ...  34 Buffie-head  .......... 
7 Great blue heron -.--     35 Old-squaw  ....... 
8 American egret ------   36 White-winged scoter --- 
9 Little blue heron--- --- 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron --- 38 Ruddy duck 
11 Bl-crd. night heron- ...  30 Hooded merganser .... 
12 American bittern ----   40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern --- 41 Red-br. merganser 
14 Whistling swan ------   42 Eastern goshawk -_ __. 
15 Common canada goose_-    43 Sharp-shinned hawk 
16 Lesser snow goose- ---  44 Cooper's hawk .... 
17 Blue goose -----------45 Eastern red-tld. hawk 
18 Common mallard -       -   46 North. red-shld. hawk --- 
19 Common black duck .... 47 Broad-winged hawk- 
20 Gadwall -------------48 Am. rough-leg. hawk 
21 European widgeon         49 Golden eagle    ....... 
22 Baldpate                 50 Northern bald eagle.... 
23 American pintail .....-51 Marsh hawk          ..... 
24 Green-winged teal-- ----52 Osprey 
25 Blue-winged teal .....-53 Duck hawk - 
26 Shoveller -   -     -    54 Eastern pigeon hawk,-- 
27 Wood duck -----------55 East. sparrow hawk 
28 Redhead ------------    56 East. ruffed grouse- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species           No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken-.    97 Red phalarope ....... 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse ___  98 Wilson's phalarope 
59 European partridge __    99 Northern phalarope 
60 Eastern bob-white-- ...100 Herring gull-   _-.4 
61 Ring-necked pheasanttOQ 101 Ring-billed gull ...... 
62 Little brown crane .... 102 Franklin's gull ------- 
63 Sandhil crane -------     103 Bonaparte's gull-  --- 
6 King rail               104 Forster's tern------- 
65 Virginia rail ......  .105 Common tern------- 
66 Sora rail ------------106 Caspian tern------- 
67 Yellow rail ----------107 Black tern--------- 
68 Florida gallinule       108 East. mourning dove-_- 
69 American coot           109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo 
70 Piping plover ___---__--110 Black-bill'd cuckoo 
71 Semi-palmated plover_- 111 Barn owl----------- 
72 Killdeer ---------- ---112 East.. screech owl - . 
73 Amer. golden plover __  113 Great-horned owl-. 214) 
74 Black-bellied plover-   114 Snowy owl 
75 Ruddy turnstone- ------115 Northern barred owl_L/(4 
76 American woodcock   --- 116 Short-eared owl ------ 
77 Wilson's snipe          117 Long-eared owl------ 
78 Long-billed curlew- -----118 Saw-whet owl 
79 Hudsonian curlew        119 East. whip-poor-will 
80 Upland plover           120 East. night hawk 
81 Spotted sandpiper--     121 Chimney swift------ 
82 E. solitary sandpiper_ --  122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird 
83 Western willet -------123 E. belted kingfisher 
84 Greater yellow-legs -   124 Northern flicker 
85 Lesser yellow-legs-- ...125 N. pltd. woodpecker --- 
86 Pectoral sandpiper -. 126 Red-bell. woodpecker --- 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper     127 R.-head. woodpecker ___ 
88 B    'ir4's sandpiper -  128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker.... 
89 Least sandpiper ------129 N. hairy woodpecker_- 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpecker_7.. 
91 Long-billed dowitcher - 131 Eastern kingbird 
92 Stilt sandpiper-------  132 Arkansas kingbird, 
93 Sialm. sandpiper --- 133 N. crested flycatcher ___ 
94 Marbled godwit ------  134 Eastern phoebe...... 
95 Hudsonian godwit_       135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher-- 
96 Sanderling ------------   A 1          cher 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
137 Alder flycatcher .....-177 American pipit 
138 Least flycatcher        178 Bohemian wawing --- 
139 E. wood pewee           179 Cedar waxwing 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher --- 180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark -    181 Mignt shrike . 
142 N. horned lark--- ----182 Starling ..        ...... 
143 Prairie horn. lark- .   183 Whi eyed vireo-. 
144 Tree swallow -------   184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow -------185 Yellow-throat. vireo 
146 Rough-wing. swallow --- 186 Blue-headed vireo   __ 
147 Barn swallow -------187 Red-eyed vireo ---.... 
148 N. cliff swallow  .....-188 Philadelphia vire --- 
149 Purple martin           189 East. warbling viro --- 
150 Northern blue jay- 'Z   190 Black & wh. warbl 
151 Northern raven ---- 191 Prothonotory warbler -- 
152 Eastern crow --- - L.   192 Gold.-winged warbler--- 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee   _ 193 Blue-winged warbler-__ 
154 Tufted titmouse __-     194 Tennessee waribler. 
155 White-br. nuthatch -    195 Orange-cr. warbler 
156 Red-br. nuthatch        196 Nashville warbler- 
157 Brown creeper ------    197 N. Parula warbler 
158 West. house wren- ..    198 East. yellow warbler_- 
159 East. winter wren-      199 Magnolia warbler - 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 ,Cape May warbler   -- - 
161 Carolina wren           201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler-.,.- 
162 Prairie marsh wren -    202 Myrtle warbler ....... 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren--- 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler-_ 
164 Eastern mockingbird-, 204 Cerulian warbler      --- 
165 Catbird                 205 Bl'kburnian warbler--- 
166 Brown thrasher          206 Chesnut-sid. warbler___ 
167 Eastern robin -------207 Bay-breast. warbler --- 
168 Wood thrush --------208 Black-poll warbler 
169 East. hermit thrush --- 209 North. pine warbler 
170 Olive-backed thrush -   210 West. palm warbler _-_ 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush     211 Ovenbird --------... 
172 Willow thrush ------   212 North. water-thrush -- 
173 Eastern bluebird - ..  213 Grin'ls water-thrush_- 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher __ 214 La. water-thrush- 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet--- 215 Kentucky warbler- 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet --- 216 Connecticut warbler_-- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.       Species            No. 
217 Mourning warbler-       244 North. pine siskin 
218 N. yellow-throat -       245 Eastern goldfinch - 
219 Yellow-br. chat ------246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler ....-247 Red-eyed towhee 
221 Canada warbler ------ 248 E. savanah sparrow___ 
222 Amer. redstart -------249 E. gr'hop. sparrow 
223 English sparrow __ _- 250 Leconte's sparrow- ... 
224 Bobolink -----------   251 E. Henslow's sp'row___ 
225 Eastern meadowlark--- 252 Nelson's sparrow       --- 
226 Western meadowlark_-- 253 East. vesper sparrow__- 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird_   254 East. lark sparrow   --- 
228 Giant red-wing ;VA_1F 255 'Slate-colored junco --- 
229 Orchard oriole           256 East. tree sparrow  -__sr 
230 Baltimore oriole _I   _ 257 E. chipping sparrow--- 
231 Rusty blackbird-- -k_ 258 Clay-colored sparrow24 
232 Brewer's blackbird- ___ 259 East. field sparrow --- 
233 Bronzed grackle .....-260 Haris's sparrow ...... 
234 Eastern cowbird .....-261 White-cr. sparrow     --- 
235 Scarlet tanager ------   262 Gambel's sparrow - 
236 Eastern cardinal _ /_ 263 White-thr. sparrow     ___ 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak- ..  264 East. fox sparrow- -.. 
238 Indigo-bunting ------  265 Lincoln's sparow ..... 
239 Dickcissel -6-----66 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak --      267 Miss. song sparow 
241 Eastern purple finch-_ 268 Lapland longspur- 
242 Can. pine grosbeak --- 269 East. snow bunting 
243 Common redpoll -------------------------- 
Additions 
- - - - - -  - - - --_-_-       - -  - - - - - - -    - 
 
 

					
				
				
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DANE COUNTY BIRD LIST 
Compiled by 
THE KUMLIEN CLUB 
Madison, Wisconsin           jr, 
Date    -------- __ ------- 
Locality . 
Weather Y  '~                        Ya      jh   L(,_ 
Species            No.      Species            No. 
1 Lesser loon -----------29 Ring-necked duck 
2 Holboell's grebe -------- 30 Canvas-back ......... 
3 Horned grebe --------31 Greater scaup duck- 
4 Pied-billed grebe ------  32 Lesser scaup duck-- 
5 White pelican --------33 Amer. golden-eye 
6 Dbl-cres. cormorant-     34 Buffie-head 
7 Great blue heron         35 Old-squaw ___ 
8 American egret           36 White-winged scoter ___ 
9 Little blue heron ------ 37 American scoter 
10 Eastern green heron --- 38 Ruddy duck ......... 
11 Bl-crd. night heron-     39 Hooded merganser -... 
12 American bittern -      40 Amer. merganser 
13 Eastern least bittern -- 41 Red--br. merganser .... 
14 Whistling swan           42 Eastern goshawk 
15 Common canada goose_--   43 !Sharp-shinned hawk 
16 Lesser snow goose__ --  44 Cooper's hawk 
17 Blue goose -----------45 Eastern red-tld. hawk,-- 
18 Common mallard        r  46 North. red-shld. hawk_-'- 
19 Common black duck-       47 Broad-winged hawk- -1,_ 
20 Gadwall ------------48 Am. rough-leg. hawk 
21 European widgeon -       49 Golden eagle 
22 Baldpate ............-50 Northern bald eagle. 
23 American pintail _       51 Marsh hawk ------ - 
24 Green-winged teal-       52 Osprey -      -       - 
25 Blue-winged teal    -  53 Duck hawk 
26 Shoveller                54 Eastern pigeon hawk 
27 Wood duck -----------55 East. sparrow hawk 
28 Redhead                  56 East. ruffed grouse.- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species           No.      Species            No. 
57 Gr. prairie chicken- _?_  97 Red phalarope------- 
58 Pr. sharp-tld. grouse _  98- Wilson's phalarope --- 
59 European partridge       99 Northern phalarope --- 
60 Eastern bob-white-_ ---100 Herring gull 
61 Ring-necked pheasant-_ 101 Ring-billed gull --... 
62 Little brown crane-     102 Franklin's gull ------- 
63 Sandhill crane- -       103 Bonaparte's gull-.... 
64 King rail               104 Forster's tern------- 
65 Virginia rail ------ - 105 Common tern 
66 Sora rail ----------- _ 106 Caspian tern, 
67 Yellow rail ---------- 107 Black tern --------- 
68 Florida gallinule ----- 108 East. mourning dove_41 
69 American coot ---------109 Yellow-bill'd cuckoo _ 
70 Piping plover -----.---  110 Black-bill'd cuckoo --- 
71 Semi-palmated plover    111 Barn owl-------- 
72 Killdeerp------------- 112 East. screech owl 
73 Amer. golden plover --- 113 Great-horned owl- 
74 Black-bellied plover  --- 114 Snowy owl--------- 
75 Ruddy turnstone ------ 115 Northern barred owl_- 
76 American woodcock       116 Short-eared owl --... 
77 Wilson's snipe          117 Long-eared owl------ 
78 Long-billed curlew- ----  118 Saw-whet owl --- - 
79 Hudsonian curlew -      119 East. whip-poor-will 
80 Upland plover-   --     120 East. night hawk- 
81 Spotted sandpiper- -_   121 Chimney swift . 
82 E. solitary sandpiper-_1 122 Ruby-th. hum'gbird --- 
83 Western willet -------123 E. belted kingfisher 
84 Greater yellow-legs  - _ 124 Northern flicker - -3 
85 Lesser yellow-legs-      125 N. pltd. woodpecker 
86 Pectoral sandpiper .... 126 Red-bell. woodpecker 
87 Wh.-rump. sandpiper -   127 R.-head. woodpecker- 
88 Baird's sandpiper -     128 Yellow-bell. sapsucker_- 
89 Least sandpiper         129 N. hairy woodpecker--- 
90 Red-backed sandpiper--- 130 N. downy woodpecker-- 
91 Long-billed dowitcher --- 131 Eastern kinpbird - 
92 Stilt sandpiper -------  132 Arkansas ikingbird _r_. 
93 Semi-palm. sandpiper --- 133 N. crested flycatcher - 
94 Marbled godwit ------   134 Eastern ph.oe.e-    . 
95 Hudsonian godwit-- ...135 Yellow-bell. flycatcher-- 
96 Sanderling ------------- 136 Acadian flycatcher 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
137 Alder flycatcher        177 American pipit ...... 
138 Least flycatcher __     178 Bohemian waxwing- 
139 E. wood pewee .....---179 Cedar waxwing       __ 
140 Olive-sid. flycatcher -w. 180 Northern shrike 
141 Hoyt's horned lark __   181 Migrant shrike 
142 N. horned lark---       182 Starling ---------- 
143 Prairie horn. lark- _   183 White-eyed vireo 
144 Tree swallow----      , 184 Bell's vireo 
145 Bank swallow ----       185 Yellow-throat. vireo 
146 Rough-wing. swallow -   186 Blue-headed vireo. 
147 Barn swallow  -         187 Red-eyed vireo-.... 
148 N. cliff swallow        188 Philadelphia vireo 
149 Purple martin           189 East. warbling vireo2V 
150 Northern blue jay-      190 Black & wh. warbler-' 
151 Northern raven          191 Prothonotory warbler_- 
152 Eastern crow     -     192 Gold.-winged warbler-. 
153 Blk.-cap. chickadee -:  193 Blue-winged warbler__ 
154 Tufted titmouse ..... 194 Tennessee warbler- _ 
155 White-br. -nuthatch -   195 Orange-cr. warbler 
156 Red-br. nuthatch    _   196 Nashville warbler- 
157 Brown creeper           197 N. Parula warbler 
158 West. house wren- _     198 East. yellow warbler_. 
159 East. winter wren   --- 199 Magnolia warbler -_. 
160 Bewick's wren ------   200 Cape May warbler- V 
161 Carolina wren           201 Bk.-thr. blue warbler , 
162 Prairie marsh wren -    202 Myrtle warbler --- - - 
163 Sht.-bill. marsh wren_ _ 203 Blk.-thr. gr. warbler_ .&6 
164 Eastern mockingbird--- 204 Cerulian warbler     --- 
165 Catbird -               20,5 Bl'kburn'an warbler-- 
166 Brown thrasher       Y  206 Chesnut-sid. warbler- 
167 Eastern robin-  -   -   207 Bay-breast. warbler 
168 Wood thrush --------    ?08 Black-poll warbler  _V 
169 East. hermit thrush     209 North. pine warbler- 
170 Olive-backed thrush     2 J10 West. palm warbler _Z' 
171 Gray-cheeked thrush     211 Ovenbird --------.... 
172 Willow thrush ------   212 North. water-thrush.-- 
173 Eastern bluebird --     213 Grin'l's water-thrush_-_ 
174 B.-gray gnatcatcher     214 La. water-thrush. 
175 E. gloden-cr. kinglet_--  215 Kentuy war     - 
176 E. ruby-cr. kinglet -   216 Connecticut wa      -- 
 
 

					
				
				
Species            No.      Species            No. 
217 Mourning warbler-       244 North. pine siskin 
218 N. yellow-throat _ X    245 Eastern goldfinch  -k_ 
219 Yellow-br. chat         246 Red crossbill 
220 Wilson's warbler -      247 Red-eyed towhee     -I- 
221 Canada warbler___ _     248 E. savanah sparrow- 
222 Amer. redstart      .   249 E. gr'hop. sparrow __ 
223 English sparrow -   _   250 Leconte's sparrow. 
224 B   link ------------251 E. Henslow's sp'row_,V 
225 Eastrn meadowlark _- 252 Nelson's sparrow-- 
226 Wes    n meadowlark -   253 East. vesper sparrow- I 
227 Yellow-hd. blackbird -. 254 East. lark sparrow --- 
228 Giant red-wing --------55 Slate-colored junco 
229 Orchard oriole          256 East. tree sparrow -... 
230 Baltimore oriole     J/ _--257 E. chipping sparrowJ$ 
231 Rusty blackbird--- ----258 Clay-colored sparrow_-,-. 
232 Brewer's blackbird-  _,  259 East. field sparrow _2._ 
233 Bronze grackle    V.  " 260 Haris's sparrow --... 
234 Eastern cowird          261 White-cr. sparrow   -- 
235 Scarlet tanager -       262 Gambel's sparrow . 
236 Eastern cardinal        263 White-thr. sparrow - 
237 Rose-br. grosbeak   /264 East. fox sparrow . 
238 Indigo-unting          265 Lincoln's sparow . 
239 Dickcissel ----------  266 Swamp sparrow 
240 Eastern grosbeak -      267 Miss. song sparow   __ 
241 Eastern purple finch-_  268 Lapland longspur 
242 Can. pine grosbeak --- 269 East. snow bunting --- 
243 Common redpoll __ 
Additions 
 
 

					
				
				
Bird List ALake 1is 
Bird          Ari    Tues   Wed  T. F    S  SUN M   T    ay T  F  S  3 
( Comon name)             ?3 24       5  26  27  28  29 30   1 2   3  4 
5 6 
Loons: Gavildae                                                         
       f 
Common oon   ( 
	
				
BIrds at Lake Mills  - 2 - 
Woodcock, Snipe, 
Sandpipers, etc.. 
Scolopadidae               P 
Woodcock               ) 
ilson s Snipe     o                            V 
Upland Plover    (                               " 
Spotted Sandpiper 
Solitary S. 
Greater Yellow-legs 
t Lesser                                      v    " 
Pedtoral Sandp.                               - V    V     v 
White-rum-)ed S. 
Baird  ' S. 
Least S. 
Red-backed S. 
Dowi tcher 
Semipalmated S. 
-Herring 
Franklin' s 
Pigeons and Doves: 
.'Rock dove 
E. -urnling dove 
X. Brredowl 
J Short-eared owl   $   & 
Goatsuckers: Canrimulgidae                / 
Swifts: MicopoY                              / 
k Chimney 
Hummingbirds: Trochilid!e 
Ruby-Throqited           "             . 
VEastern Belted Klngfiqher          " 
Woodpeckers: Plciff! te_. 
N. Flicker 
Red-bellied W.         J I. 
vRed-Headed. W . .. ........... .            ..... ... 
Yellow-bellied Sao's. 
FlyCatchers: T/ranni                               - 
I Crested flycatcher 
VE. Phoebe           ( 44) 
Wood Pewee              / 
Olive-sided F                                                 i 
Larks:        F, /ud dae// 
N.  Horned  L.                                ...    .     . 
Prairie Horned L. 
Sw-llow: Hirundinidae 
"Tree S. 
'Bank S. 
Rough-Winged S. 
~Barn S. 
N. Cliff S. 
SPurple lartin           '-               - 
Crows and Jays: 2zXi a," 
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Titmice:                        i 
Black-capped Chickadee                                   V 
Tufted T. 
Wrens: Trolodytidae 
House Wren 
Long-billed  ash W.                  $t'J-  /  7 
Short-billed   "   " 
Thrashers: Mockinbirds:etc.: 
ockingbird 
Catbird 
Brown Thrasher 
Thrushes, Robins, Bluebirds, etc.: Tnrdidia 
vE. Robin                                              " 
Varied Tbruih 
N. Wood thrush                           Ve 
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Olive-backed T.                          71{( 1tf / 
Gray-cheeked T.                           yI?>/> 
Veery 
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Blue-gray G. 
"Golden-crowned K.       0 s    V) 
yE. Ruby-crowned K.           -            V 
American pipit                                    /       /7 
Cedar Waxwing 
I~igrnnt shrike 
Vireos:Vroia 
Bell's Vireo 
Yellow-throated 
Blue-headed 
Red-eyed 
Philadelnhia 
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Warblers ( see seoarste sheet) 
Weaver Finhhes:                                      - l. 
--House or English Sp. 
w 
eadowlarks, Blackbirds, and Orioles   Icteridae 
Bobolink 
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Yellow-headed Blackbird 
Orchard Oriole                  lv 
Baltimore oriole               V 
VRusty blackbird 
Purple grackle 
Bronzed grackle   (v-.     \ 
'Cowbird           cVV 
Tanagers: Thra    ft 
W,T 
Scarlet 
Grosbeaks, Finches, Sparrows,& Buntings: FrmInillia 
IE. Cardinal  () \.!$'t (/ 
Roe-reated Gurosbenk                      t4/ 
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E. Evening Gros. 
E. Purpie F. 
Pine G0O. 
Corn. Redpoll 
Pline Siskifl 
E. Goldfinch 
Red C;rossbill 
~Red-eyed Towhee; Chewink                    wct 
E. S-a vannah sD n " ' 
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Leconte's Sp. 
E. Hens1ow so.5,I 
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Sl  'te-colored Jurico 
Tree qparrow (Wi.nter c1hi-ooy) 
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White-crowned  p 
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