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HISTORY OF THE GREAT EXHIBITION. The tenders of the contractors were not, it is stated, a ted benefited some classes at the expense of others. How far the by the l Commissioners until the o; the glut on the English market, of all kinds of ornamental goods, possi2 of the Bite was onlyobtaineon t e 30th of the same when the Exhibition has closed, may be atoned for by the md the first column was not fi untiM the 26th of increased stimulus which their excellence may have given to #eßtembe leavi ven onths for its complein. the British manufacturer remains to be seen. The question WIe w remember the ionsha were has been often asked, what is to be done with the Crystal 0 necessary before the iron and wood-work of the building could Palace; but the graver inquiry would seem to be, what is to be put in hand, tbe machines for economising labour that had be done with its contents ? A very large proportion of them to be devised and manufactured, and the contracts for mate- will, in all probability, be sold for what they will fetch; and if rials to be entered into, and the thousands of hands that had so, with what effect upon the trade of the British metropolis ? to be set to work, the celerity with which the building was -A partial injury at most: whilst the benefits arising out of completed is one of the most remarkable features of its history. the Exhibition are certain to prove both important and perma.. In the sketch which we have here given of the history of nent. It will encourage us in the prosecution of those arts the Great Exhibition, from its origin to the present time, we in which we are in the ascendant, and show us our weakness have confined ourselves exclusively to facts; having carefully in those branches of industry in which we may be behind our avoided making it the vehicle of opinions of any kind. This neighbours. To be aware of our deficiencies is the first step restriction, and the limited amount of space at our disposal, towards amending them; and there is no maxim safer than have prevented us from entering upon many topics which that which teaches us not to undervalue our rivals: our might otherwise have diversified our narrative, and relieved Industrial Exhibition will have had this good effect at least. the monotony, inseparable from the compression, into a few The extent to which this congress of the world's genius pages, of the great body of facts we have been called upon to and industry has already promoted the objects of civilisation enumerate. All questions inviting discussion would have and of peace, may be seen in the cordial feelings with which been out of place in a Anarrative like this, which aims simply England and France are now inspired towards each other; at presenting a brief, but faithful, history of one of the most and the noble spirit of emulation, devoid of its former splendid and remarkable undertakings that has ever been rancorous prejudices, which it has generated between them. attempted in this or any other country. We have left all con- We need scarcely refer more particularly to the splendid and troversy on the plans and arrangements of the Royal Com- cordial reception given by the great body of savans and men missioners, and the officials with whom they have associated of science of France to a large assemblage of English gentle- themselves, to the Art-Journal, without the aid of whose staff men (most of them identified in some way or other with the it would have been impossible for us, or, indeed, for any one Exhibition), at the Hotel de Ville of Paris, in the early part of else, to have produced the present volume, at anything like the August; and the strong and grateful impression it has left price at which it is now published. With the composition of the upon the minds of all who had the opportunity of participating Juries, or the principle on which they arrive at their verdicts, in it. So noble a demonstration of mutual good feeling and all the topics to which such an enquiry would of necessity cannot fail to form an era in the histories of both countries; conduct us, we shall have nothing to do on the present occasion. realising, as it did, so completely the language of Beranger's The Art-Journal has displayed no want of courage in dealing charming song, written when the prejudices and antipathies with such subjects, or in protecting the interests of the great of the two nations were at boiling heat- body of British exhibitors from the effects of that overstrained courtesy which seems to consider that the rights of hospitality "J'ai vu la Paix descendre sur la terre, demand sacrifices on the part of their English competitors, S6mant de l'or, des fleurs, et des 6pis, which are alike inconsistent with reason or with justice. We L'air etait calme, et du dieu de la guerre, have, moreover, no official knowledge of the manner in which Elle 6touffait les foudres assoupis. the respective prizes h '~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Al!' disait-elle,; 'dgaux par la vaillance, the respective prizes have been awarded, and possess, there- Franlais, Anglais, Beige, Russe, ou Germain, fore, no correct data for speculation on the subject; much will Peuples formez une sainte alliance, depend not only on the. impartiality, but competency of the Et donnez-vous la main! various jurors for the duty they have undertaken, and their perfect freedom from national jealousy or bias of any kind. SOui, libre enfinquelemonde repire, Whether or not this great enterprise will be productive of Sumez vos champs aetx accordsde 'la yire, the unmixed good which has been anticipated frOm. its pre-sent L'encens des arts doit brfiler pour la paix. success, its effects on the general trade and commerce of L'espoir riant ai sein de l'abondance, the country cannot have been as injurious as some persons Accueillera les doux fruits de l'hymen. profess to think; but it may b erquetiond as some hverono Peuples formez une sainte alliance, profess to think; but it may be questioned if it have not Et donnez-vous la main!"' Xxvi
HE Works of Mr. ALDERMAN COPELAND, for the commonest article of earthenware-manufac- compartment allotted to Mr. Copeland in the Tmanufacture of PORCELAIN and EARTHENWARE tured for exportation by tens of thousands. The Exhibition cannot fail to be universally attrac- are at Stoke-upon-Trent,-the principal town of tive,-not alone because of the grace and beauty the Staffordshire potteries: his London estab- of the articles shown, but as exhibiting our.pro- lishment is in New Bond Street. The artist gress in a class of art upon which much of our who presides over the works is Mr. Thomas commercial prosperity must depend. The collec- tion will be carefully examined, and by foreigners especially, whowillfind muchto admire, and much Battal, whosettejudmentandexperthat will by no means suffer in comparison, with Battav , whose tbaee, judgm ent, and experience6fori the best productions of Dresden and Sbres- high reputation it enjoys, not ~~~~~always bearing in mind that at these RoYal~works mauufactory-the high reputation it enjoys, not sbjects are occasionally produced at national only in Ad, but throughout Europe, in ..f ~~cost: such as, those now to be found upon the and inAmericabThe list of the Alder- stalls allotted to these famous factories; and Asia, an EzgAndribut ThroughtouthEroe, incsAsclsdhseowtre-on uo h man's productions comprises all classes of 11|e/that to expect private enterprise to enter "goods "-from the, stcaotuarporcelainfigure into competition with them would be neither and. the elaborately decorated vase, to the reasonable nor fair. At the same time it is only 1 -B