Visual display of the Aldo Leopold papers : 9/25/10-6 : Writings

Additional Notes 
Joint, as to leave the deer fastened securely.   When once 
caught in this manner, the deer invariably beats itgelf to 
Bucks, it seems, more often than does, are the victims 
of such tragedies due to the fact that does and younger 
animals are apt to go between wires of an ordinary fence. 
Furthermore does appear to beemore, careful in Jumping while 
bucks become careless at times, and do not always clear the 
wires with-their hind feet. 
Unfortunately, with increased fencing in the heart of 
deer ranges, fence tragedies are apt to occur more frequently. 
CHAPTER V   Welfare Factors - Special Factors. 
Lack of sufficient salt and perhaps other mineral, in 
some localities, under certain and perhaps abnormal cond'tions 
is deleterious to the welfare of game. 
The age freyiuented "deer licks" in the Great Lakes area, 
where deer spend much time in an effort to supply their systems 
with certain essential elements, salt no doubt being the main 
attraction, is evidence of the need of certain elements not al- 
ways available in food and water.   In the Southwest deer soon 
locate salt put out for cattle, and in some sections there is 
serious complaint regarding the amount of salt they consume. 
Deer, like cattle, no doubt when feeding largely on 
young browse relish salt most.   Where salt is eaten too freely 
in the early spring injurious effects     result.  .   Where the 
water is free from minerals, as is usually true of water in the 
higher southwestern mountains, their desire for salt is most 

Addittonal Notes 
Live oak when freely eaten seems to create an abnormal 
appetite for salt in deer or cattle.   In both the Datil and 
Gila Forests, where the principal browse shrub is live &ak, 
deer are especially eager for salt.    So persistent are they 
in their efforts to obtain it, that they do not hesitate to 
enter corrals, where salt is kept, their tracks often being 
far more numerous than those of cattle. 
Shedding Horns: 
H. B. Birmingham of the New Mexico Game Department 
advises me that Mr. Rachford of the U. S. Forest Service, recnt- 
ly told him that it has been learned at the Wichita Game Pre- 
serve in Oklahoma that White-tailed bucks do not shed their 
horns until the third year. 
Head Measurements: 
H. 0. Cassidy of the U. S. Forest Service measured 
spread of a mule deer's horns at Frijoles Canyon, the measure- 
ment of which was 32-1/2 inches.