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Cr 1532 Univereity Ave. April 20. 1936 Mr. Orville Z. Haes Director, Ironton Mzpt. Station Lasrosse, Wisconsin Dear Ur. fWss I promised to sumari ze for you my recommendation at our meeting. They arer (1) Publicatin of filinaal inx g .nagSIPt. The Soil Con- servation Service has donem re eperimental wor in certain aspects of emagment than a other agency, bt so far no report of this work has appeared in the literature. This Is bad both for the standing of the S.O.S. and for the progess of m et techniqu. The muon is ually that amaber of cawp foremen in coordinate positions have participated in doing the rlk, and they hesitate to assume sathoship without an asseegnt from upeerior officers. In southwest Wisconsin, for Instance, there has been valuable ror in food patohes, census countso and winter feeding. Half a dozen foreen are involved in each. Some one man best informed on each topic should be desimated to compile and publish the findings of the whole group. I will be glad to serve in criticising mamecripts and in securing submission to the proper toehnical journals. (2) RestarA in the ProRerties of 3rion ontnrol 1anks. Many non-commercial tees, and many non-agriculural gasses, herbs, and shrubs are or could be used in erosion control. Propgating methods, soil require- mets, shade tolerance, and lol-holding properties of si& plants are unknown, and have to be essed. at. Rplesu propaating methods for various willows; soil-holding properties and propaating methods for native prairie grasses. The Forest veriment Station and the universittes should be interested in cooperating in such a study. Yours snce rely, Aldo Leopold Professor of Game Managment vh
3/29/36 Meorandum for Noble Mar: Re.: S.O.S. Prosag. for inrysign ineseamb- 3/9/16 Thoese c ts ae subject to the reservation that it is often imossible, from a docmt alone, to tell just wht the author has in minda-also that I had oaly a day to stu4y the material. Taking the wdeormilk docnts at their nparent meanin. I would say they indicate a lack of understandin of how productive researh is usually conceived and &osomplished. he documents, including the Wreemnt, asnsue that hawing set up a string of specialists aeoss the field, eac will proeed to outline hat needs to be done in his field, and then pick himself a college or a series of colleges to ecte each of the projects he has selected. Tiis is all very logical, but I have never kloun mch productive wor to originzue in that way, The plan is all rigt up to the point of setting up the strine of secalists (assuing they are good enoug). The plan is all wrong from that point onward. At this point the sestmemtie nfolding of a omplete eoveraie of the field must be iropped-left haexI in mid-air as a thing of no further use eept as a point of reference. Freo mw on the search is solely for men with ideas (and in some oases areas of diagnostic imor- tance for sl* a ma to work on). Having fond. a man with an Idea, a cooprative agreement xny be built around him to facilitate his work. Pt- ting men into pro-existing cooperative aremnts and pro-eiiosting research scmes or organization diagrams is logical pe*haps in theory, but usually sterile and wasteful in practice. PerhaDs the S.C.S. realises this, but the documents give no Clue that they do. In fast, pararra-phs msh as B-1 (pae 2) leave the very positive impression that resoArh projects are to be selected by the S.C.S. chiefs, and then "assigned first to a oellege and then to the individual therein who hppens to ouy the indioated niche in the organization diasron. Paera B4 (Pake 3) further indicates (to me) a coplete mis- understanding of sound ognizaigtion. There are two alternative and entirely, distinct schemes: (1) Te college should be solely repnsible for selecting the man to exeute a project (thouh the S.C.S. might ve properly reserve to itself an O.K. of rach selection). The frnction of the .,,, is then to draw the mrse-strings shut wen a bd choice has been ende. (2) The S.C.S. ahomld assipn one of its man to a college to do a given job. In vach eent the college *iold reserve to itself the o.K. of the 3.0.3. selection.