No State shall, without the consent of Congress', lay any duty of tonnage,
keep troops ai
ships of war in 'time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with
another State, oi
with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such
imminent danger
as will not admit of delay.
                                     ARTICLE II.
  SECTION 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United
States of
America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and together
with the
Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows:
  Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may
direct, a number
of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to
which the State
may be entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative, or person
holding an
office of trust or profit under the United States shall be appointed an elector.
  The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot
for two persons, of
whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves.
And they
shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes
for each; which list
they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of government
of the United
States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate
shall, in the pres-
ence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates,
and the votes shall
then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be
the President, if
such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and
if there be
more than one who have such a majority, and have an equal number of votes,
then the
House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them President;
if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list the
said House shall in
like manner choose the President. But in choosing the President, the votes
shall be taken
by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for
this purpose
shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a
majority of all
the States shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice
of the President,
the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall be
the Vice President.
But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall
choose from
them by ballot the Vice President.
  The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors, and the day
on which
they shall give their votes; which day shall be the same throughout the United
  No person except a natural-born citizen, or a citizen of the United States,
at the time of
the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President;
neither shall
any person be eligible to that office, who shall not have attained to the
age of thirty-five
years, and been fourteen years a resident within the United States.
  In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation,
or inabil-
ity to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall
devolve on the Vice
President, and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death,
tion or inability both of the President and Vice President, declaring what
officer shall then
act as President, and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability
be removed, or a
President shall be elected.
  The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation
which shall
be neither increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall
have been elected,
and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the
United States,
or any of them.
  Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall take the following
oath or affir.
  "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the
office of President of
the United States, and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect,
and defend the con-
stitution of the United States."
  SECTioN 2. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy
of the
United States, and of the militia of the several States, when called into
the actual service of
the United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal
officer in each of
the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their
respective offices,
and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against
the United
States, except in cases of impeachment.
  He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate,
to make treaties,
provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate,
and by and
with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other
public minis-
ters and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of
the United States,
whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall
be established