by law; but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior
officers as they
may think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law or in the
heads of departments.
  The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen
during the recess
of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their
next session.
  SECTION 3. He shall from time to time give to the Congress such information
of the state
of the Union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall
judge neces-
sary and expedient; he may on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses,
or either of
them, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time
of adjournment,
he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive
and other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully
executed, and
shall commission all of the officers of the United States.
  SECTMo" 4. The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of
the United States, shall
be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of treason, bribery,
or other
high crimes and misdemeanors.
                                    ARTICLE III.
  SECTION 1. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one
Supreme Court,
and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain
and establish.
The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices
during good
behavior, and shall at stated times receive for their services a compensation
which shall not
be diminished during their continuance in office.
  SECTioxo 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity,
arising under
this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made or which
shall be made,
under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers
and con-
suls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies
to which the
United States shall be a party; to controversies between two or more States;
between a
State and citizens of another State; between citizens of different States;
between citizens
of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States, and between
a State or the
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens or subjects.
  In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls,
and those in which
a State shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction.
In all the other
cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction,
both as to law
and fact; with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress
shall make.
  The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury;
and such trial
shall be held in the State where the said crime shall have been committed;
but when not
committed within any State, the trial shall be at such place or places as
the Congress may
by law have directed.
  SECTION 3. Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying
war against
them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person
shall be
convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same
overt act, or on
confession in open court.
  The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but
no attainder of
treason shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture except during the life
of the person
attainted.                           ARTICLE IV.

  SECTIoN 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public
acts, records,
  and judicial proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by
general laws
  prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall
be proved, and the
  effect thereof.
  SECTION 2. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privileges
and immunities of
  citizens in the several States.
  A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other crime, who
shall flee from
  justice, and be found in another State, shall, on demand of the executive
authority of the
  State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having
jurisdiction of
  the crime.
  No person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws thereof,
escaping into an-
  other, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged
from such
  service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom
such service or
  labor may be due.
  SECTzcrIo 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union;
but no new State
  shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State;
nor any State be
  formed by the junction of two or more states, or part of States, without
the consent of the
  legislature of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.
  The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules
and regulations