Cattle in Kiu Katiam (Roob Nyuj Qus), a White Hmong village, meander and snooze in the afternoon heat near a hut storing rice or corn. Hmong villagers raise livestock, such as cattle, to supplement their diets and propitiate the ancestors in religious ceremonies. A bamboo water pipe can be seen in the background. The technology was introduced to the village by Father Yves Bertrais, a Missionary Oblate of Mary Immaculate who lived there for many years.
Personal information provided by Father Bertrais, December 2004.