Visual display of the


Published for the citzens of Milwaukee, at the end
of each month, except July and August, by the staff of
the Milwaukee Public Library.
JOSEPHINE KULZICK, Associate Editor.
,lny citizen of Milwaukee County may have the
Library Log sent to his home for a year by paying
the postage, I0 cents. Send name and address to the
editor, Milwaukee Public Library.
The Library Log will gladly publish criticisms of
the library service, and suggestions for making it better.
Kindly give name and address with all communications.
Names will not be used for publication without express
The young man who wishes to equip him-
self in advance with information that will be
useful when his training for the world con-
flict begins will find a large collection of
military manuals in the library to help him
in his task. These may be withdrawn for
home use from the History Room or con-
stilted in the Reference Room where a com-
plete collection of the official manuals of
the War and Navy Departments is kept on
file. Books for the study of French and
other languages may also be obtained.
"DODO," a large extinct didoid columbine
bird, (Didus ineptus), with short function-
less wings, large hooked bill, clumsy aspect,
and slow gait. It became extinct toward
the end of the 17th century". Standard Dic-
The authority quoted above unfortunately
makes no reference to another species, of
like clumsy aspect, slow gait and function-
less wings, still occupying a place of undue
importance in popular imagination. We re-
fer to Bibliothecarius antiquus, the ancient
type of librarian, popularly supposed to in-
fest all places where collections of books
are brought together and to manifest a
jealous and even violent disposition when
persons molest the volumes. Some speci-
mens have been noted in certain regions
since the last recorded observation of the
dodo, but the supply is not sufficient for ex-
hibition purposes.
This bit of Natural History is set down
in the hope of allaying a certain reticence on
the part of library patrons. We would as-
sure the public that the librarian and his as-
sistants are conderned, not to keep them
from getting what they want, but to keep
them from not getting it. Attendants may
even brave the danger of an occasional
snub in proffering assistance, since nobody

has an infallible sense for determining the
psychological moment. In any event, the
help the attendant may be able to give is
part of the service for which the public is
paying. A well organized library is more
than a collection of books. It is that, plus
intelligent and conscientious service.
The babies are now claiming their due
share of consideration. With the inaugu-
ration of the child welfare campaign by the
United States Children's Bureau, the atten-
tion of the whole country is being called to
the incalculable value of the child. Should
you be interested in what you can do and in
what is being done "to save the lives of a
hundred thousand babies and to protect
children from the hazards of war time,"
you will find in the Municipal Reference
Library a section devoted to the interests
of the children, including the care and
hygiene of children, public protection of
mothers, infants and young children, child
labor and education, recreation, children in
need of special care, and the laws regarding
Of paramount interest at the present time
is the crippled and disabled soldier. Al-
though we have encountered him only to a
very slight degree in Milwaukee, neverthe-
less, the reports that we receive daily of the
wounding of Milwaukee boys bring it home
to us that in a very short time we shall see
on the streets of Milwaukee many soldiers
who must receive care and assistance in re-
fitting them to our economic scheme of
existence. Of course, the Federal Govern-
ment is making every preparation to meet
this problem, but we ourselves may be able
to assist very materially in this vital work.
The Municipal Reference Library is gather-
ing from every possible source material on
this subject. If you are desirous of in-
forming yourself on the matter you will
find reports from Canada, Great Britain
and France. The Library will gladly as-
sist in any investigation along this line.
Books collected for soldiers and sailors
during the intensive book campaign of the
American Library Association now number
one million three hundred thousand volumes
according to reports made by the State
Agencies. Many states have not reported
and none of the reports is complete. It is
estimated that the total collection will be
at least 2,500,000 when the reports are all
The collection in this city has reached the
total of over 20,000 volumes.
Word has gone out that the campaign is
to continue indefinitely. People are being
asked to get the habit of turning in to the



public libraries, for the soldiers and sailors,
the new books as soon as they have been
New light has been thrown upon this
question by a resolution adopted at a re-
cent conference of camp librarians at Waco,
Texas. These men are representatives of
the American Library Association, and are
presumably experienced, both in general
public library work, and also in the new
camp libraries over which they now have
By resolution these men called upon the
people of the United States to give, through
the one-cent stamp arrangement, more of
the good magazines.   They specifically
named Ptmch, Judge, Life, Popular Science
Monthly, Popular Mechanics, Scientific
American, Atlantic Monthly, Harper's Mag-
azine, Scribner's and Century.
As we complete our first year of partici-
pation in the war, this little review of the
library's share in public service may be of
interest. In times so perilous as these, no
institution which fails to contribute its por-
tion of service to the national cause can
justify its existence. We hope that we still
have a reason for being.
Scarcely had the troops of Europe started
to mobilize in 1914 before the library began
to feel the pressure of special demands,
and the mobilization of special material was
begun. The Reference Department was
probably the first to feel these demands.
The best and latest possible wall and table
maps of the countries involved were ob-
tained. The history, government, political
and social conditions of these countries be-
came of increasing interest. The science
and art of war, army and navy life, aero-
nautics, submarine warfare, size of stand-
ing armies and navies of the world, meth-
ods of military training, all were of in-
tense popular interest, and the necessary
books were procured for reference and cir-
With the entrance of the United States
into the conflict the immediate effect was
felt in the library as it was in all branches
of our national life. Perhaps the biggest
opportunity the library has for patriotic
service lies in its chance for influencing
public thought and opinion. With a popu-
lation so heterogeneous as ours, made up
of peoples whose backgrounds and tradi-
tions are so various, it is no small task to
develop in them a unity of purpose which
will result in their giving to the govern-
ment the support without which it is power-
less to prosecute the war.

The branch librarians who come more
intimately into contact with their patrons
have had special opportunity to direct read-
ing along patriotic lines. Reading lists,
bulletins and book displays have brought
results in the demand for material on Amer-
ican history, our national heroes, the his-
toric background of the war and our rea-
sons for being in it, and also requests for
patriotic poetry and fiction. Assistance in
all departments of the library has been given
to teachers and pupils in preparing patri-
otic programs, entertainments and debates.
Illustrated lectures on life in the army and
navy were given at the South Division li-
Patriotic feeling naturally creates the de-
sire to be of service to the country. The
government selected those who were needed
for different branches of the service, but
those who remained at home were seeking
their opportunity to serve. Just here the
books on food and fuel conservation, gar-
dening, domestic economy, knitting and
needlework were very helpful. Government
pamphlets were freely distributed. For the
business man all available material was ob-
tained on the industries which the war has
stimulated or whose character has been
changed by war conditions. Those prepar-
ing for civil service examinations have been
furnished with the civil service manuals, as
well as with special information bearing on
the branch they proposed to enter. Young
men entering military, naval or aviation
service have been given every possible help.
The change in public interests has been
reflected very decidedly in the decrease of
circulation of fiction and light literature and
the increase in demand for serious books.
Publicity has been given through the li-
brary to the work of national, state and
local patriotic organizations. The library
has assisted the Red Cross not only by the
one hundred per cent membership furnished
by the staff, but also by distributing infor-
mation regarding their work, by the branch
libraries serving as centers for knitting in-
struction and collection of knitted garments,
and by the main library providing a room as
center for the collection of garments for
Belgian relief.
As is fitting in all movements for popular
education, the Young People's Department
has taken a prominent part in this work.
Much stress has been laid on patriotic read-
ing, through printed lists, book displays and
the librarian's personal guidance. The need
for conservation of food, clothing, school
material, books (including library books)
has been emphasized. Promptness in re-
turninit books has been urged as a means
of avoiding the waste of paying fines. The
children have been interested in saving for
thrift stamps by means of talks and the
posting of the names of stamp owners on a
special bulletin. The boys working   on
farms in the Boys' Working Reserve have
been supplied with small collections of se-