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THE LIBRARY LOG THE LIBRARY LOG Published for the citzens of Milwaukee, at the end of each month, except July and August, by the staff of the Milwaukee Public Library. SYLVESTER J. CARTER, Editor. JOSEPHINE KULZICK, Associate Editor. ,lny citizen of Milwaukee County may have the Library Log sent to his home for a year by paying the postage, I0 cents. Send name and address to the editor, Milwaukee Public Library. The Library Log will gladly publish criticisms of the library service, and suggestions for making it better. Kindly give name and address with all communications. Names will not be used for publication without express permission. The young man who wishes to equip him- self in advance with information that will be useful when his training for the world con- flict begins will find a large collection of military manuals in the library to help him in his task. These may be withdrawn for home use from the History Room or con- stilted in the Reference Room where a com- plete collection of the official manuals of the War and Navy Departments is kept on file. Books for the study of French and other languages may also be obtained. "DODO," a large extinct didoid columbine bird, (Didus ineptus), with short function- less wings, large hooked bill, clumsy aspect, and slow gait. It became extinct toward the end of the 17th century". Standard Dic- tzionary. The authority quoted above unfortunately makes no reference to another species, of like clumsy aspect, slow gait and function- less wings, still occupying a place of undue importance in popular imagination. We re- fer to Bibliothecarius antiquus, the ancient type of librarian, popularly supposed to in- fest all places where collections of books are brought together and to manifest a jealous and even violent disposition when persons molest the volumes. Some speci- mens have been noted in certain regions since the last recorded observation of the dodo, but the supply is not sufficient for ex- hibition purposes. This bit of Natural History is set down in the hope of allaying a certain reticence on the part of library patrons. We would as- sure the public that the librarian and his as- sistants are conderned, not to keep them from getting what they want, but to keep them from not getting it. Attendants may even brave the danger of an occasional snub in proffering assistance, since nobody has an infallible sense for determining the psychological moment. In any event, the help the attendant may be able to give is part of the service for which the public is paying. A well organized library is more than a collection of books. It is that, plus intelligent and conscientious service. The babies are now claiming their due share of consideration. With the inaugu- ration of the child welfare campaign by the United States Children's Bureau, the atten- tion of the whole country is being called to the incalculable value of the child. Should you be interested in what you can do and in what is being done "to save the lives of a hundred thousand babies and to protect children from the hazards of war time," you will find in the Municipal Reference Library a section devoted to the interests of the children, including the care and hygiene of children, public protection of mothers, infants and young children, child labor and education, recreation, children in need of special care, and the laws regarding children. Of paramount interest at the present time is the crippled and disabled soldier. Al- though we have encountered him only to a very slight degree in Milwaukee, neverthe- less, the reports that we receive daily of the wounding of Milwaukee boys bring it home to us that in a very short time we shall see on the streets of Milwaukee many soldiers who must receive care and assistance in re- fitting them to our economic scheme of existence. Of course, the Federal Govern- ment is making every preparation to meet this problem, but we ourselves may be able to assist very materially in this vital work. The Municipal Reference Library is gather- ing from every possible source material on this subject. If you are desirous of in- forming yourself on the matter you will find reports from Canada, Great Britain and France. The Library will gladly as- sist in any investigation along this line. A. L. A. WAR SERVICE. Books collected for soldiers and sailors during the intensive book campaign of the American Library Association now number one million three hundred thousand volumes according to reports made by the State Agencies. Many states have not reported and none of the reports is complete. It is estimated that the total collection will be at least 2,500,000 when the reports are all in. The collection in this city has reached the total of over 20,000 volumes. Word has gone out that the campaign is to continue indefinitely. People are being asked to get the habit of turning in to the 2
THE LIBRARY LOG public libraries, for the soldiers and sailors, the new books as soon as they have been read. WHAT DO THE SOLDIERS READ? New light has been thrown upon this question by a resolution adopted at a re- cent conference of camp librarians at Waco, Texas. These men are representatives of the American Library Association, and are presumably experienced, both in general public library work, and also in the new camp libraries over which they now have charge. By resolution these men called upon the people of the United States to give, through the one-cent stamp arrangement, more of the good magazines. They specifically named Ptmch, Judge, Life, Popular Science Monthly, Popular Mechanics, Scientific American, Atlantic Monthly, Harper's Mag- azine, Scribner's and Century. A YEAR'S WAR SERVICE IN THE PUBLIC LIBRARY. As we complete our first year of partici- pation in the war, this little review of the library's share in public service may be of interest. In times so perilous as these, no institution which fails to contribute its por- tion of service to the national cause can justify its existence. We hope that we still have a reason for being. Scarcely had the troops of Europe started to mobilize in 1914 before the library began to feel the pressure of special demands, and the mobilization of special material was begun. The Reference Department was probably the first to feel these demands. The best and latest possible wall and table maps of the countries involved were ob- tained. The history, government, political and social conditions of these countries be- came of increasing interest. The science and art of war, army and navy life, aero- nautics, submarine warfare, size of stand- ing armies and navies of the world, meth- ods of military training, all were of in- tense popular interest, and the necessary books were procured for reference and cir- culation. With the entrance of the United States into the conflict the immediate effect was felt in the library as it was in all branches of our national life. Perhaps the biggest opportunity the library has for patriotic service lies in its chance for influencing public thought and opinion. With a popu- lation so heterogeneous as ours, made up of peoples whose backgrounds and tradi- tions are so various, it is no small task to develop in them a unity of purpose which will result in their giving to the govern- ment the support without which it is power- less to prosecute the war. The branch librarians who come more intimately into contact with their patrons have had special opportunity to direct read- ing along patriotic lines. Reading lists, bulletins and book displays have brought results in the demand for material on Amer- ican history, our national heroes, the his- toric background of the war and our rea- sons for being in it, and also requests for patriotic poetry and fiction. Assistance in all departments of the library has been given to teachers and pupils in preparing patri- otic programs, entertainments and debates. Illustrated lectures on life in the army and navy were given at the South Division li- brary. Patriotic feeling naturally creates the de- sire to be of service to the country. The government selected those who were needed for different branches of the service, but those who remained at home were seeking their opportunity to serve. Just here the books on food and fuel conservation, gar- dening, domestic economy, knitting and needlework were very helpful. Government pamphlets were freely distributed. For the business man all available material was ob- tained on the industries which the war has stimulated or whose character has been changed by war conditions. Those prepar- ing for civil service examinations have been furnished with the civil service manuals, as well as with special information bearing on the branch they proposed to enter. Young men entering military, naval or aviation service have been given every possible help. The change in public interests has been reflected very decidedly in the decrease of circulation of fiction and light literature and the increase in demand for serious books. Publicity has been given through the li- brary to the work of national, state and local patriotic organizations. The library has assisted the Red Cross not only by the one hundred per cent membership furnished by the staff, but also by distributing infor- mation regarding their work, by the branch libraries serving as centers for knitting in- struction and collection of knitted garments, and by the main library providing a room as center for the collection of garments for Belgian relief. As is fitting in all movements for popular education, the Young People's Department has taken a prominent part in this work. Much stress has been laid on patriotic read- ing, through printed lists, book displays and the librarian's personal guidance. The need for conservation of food, clothing, school material, books (including library books) has been emphasized. Promptness in re- turninit books has been urged as a means of avoiding the waste of paying fines. The children have been interested in saving for thrift stamps by means of talks and the posting of the names of stamp owners on a special bulletin. The boys working on farms in the Boys' Working Reserve have been supplied with small collections of se- 3