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PL lijt} 'Z-. BARBOT'S WEST AFRICAN VOCABULARIES Jean Barbot's vocabularies of four West African languages were for long known only through their inclusion in the printed version of Barbot's account of Guinea. This account he first wrote, in French, in the mid 1680s, but an enlarged version, in English, finalized at his death in 1712, was not published until 1732.' The vocabularies were actually collected during Barbot's two voyages to Guinea, in 1678-9 and 1681-2. His journal of the first voyage has survived, and when this was published in 1979 an earlier version of one vocabulary, the Gold Coast one, became available in print.2 Earlier versions of all four vocabularies were copied by Barbot, apparently from journals of both voyages, into the French account, an edition of which will be published by the Hakluyt Society in 1992.' That edition will not contain the vocabularies, which are instead printed and examined in the present publication. The four vocabularies are of the Wolof and Fula languages of Senegal, of the Akan/Twi language of 'Gold Coast' (modern Ghana), and of the Ewe/Fon language of Dahomey (today 'Benin'). In his printed account Barbot also included a brief and hybrid vocabulary allegedly of a language spoken at New Calabar (in modern Nigeria), and this is discussed in Appendix A below. A vocabulary of Manding wrongly attributed to Barbot is discussed in Appendix B. * S * From their first arrival on the coasts of Black Africa, Europeans wrote down occasional terms in African languages, and from the sixteenth century onwards short lists of useful words and phrases in a few of the very many ' John Barbot, A Description of the Coasts of North and South Guinea ... (London, 1732), 414-20. To match the Hakluyt Society edition, this text will in subsequent annotation be cited as 1732. 2 Gabriel Debien, Maurice Delafosse and Guy Thilmans, eds, 'Journal d'un voyage de traite en Guinee, A Cayenne et aux Antilles fait par Jean Barbot en 1678-1679', 8u77etin de 7'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, ser. B, 40 (1978) [19791, 235-395. To match the Hakluyt Society edition, the journal will in subsequent annotation be cited as 1679. The text of the vocabulary as given in this edition has been checked against that of the original manuscript (British Library, Add. 28788) by Dr Adam Jones and myself and a few errors in the edition have been detected. Hence certain terms in the list below vary slightly from the forms given in the edition. 3Jean Barbot, 'Description de la Cbte d'Affrique, depuis le Cap Bojador jusques a celui de Lopo Gonzalves' (Public Record Office, London, ADM 7/830 A and B; Adam Jones, Robin Law and P.E.H.Hair, Barbot on Guinea: the writings of Jean Barbot 1678-1712, 2 vols, Hakluyt Society, London, 1992. To match the edition, this text will in subsequent annotation be cited as 1688 (this being the date of its completion). 1