D43, D44. PLATES 
 
(D43) London 
 
1715-1725 
 
(D44) Liverpool 
 
c. 1745 
 
 
(D43) H,: 11/8" (2.8 cm); 
 
Diam.: 8 3/4" (22.2 cm) 
 
(D44) H.: 1" (2.5 cm); 
 
Diam: 9 1/8" (23.2 cm) 
 
 
BODY CLAY: Fine-grained buff, 
 
(D44) paler. 
 
TIN GLAZE: Bluish white. 
 
SHAPE: Molded. (D43) Shape J. 
 
(D44) Shape M 
 
DECORATION: Painted and (D43) 
 
sponged. Charles II with three crowns in 
 
the Boscobel Oak, (D44) with horsemen 
 
below, Border composed of diaper 
 
band with floral reserves. (D43) 
 
Inscribed "CR." Border composed of 
 
concentric circles. 
 
Published: (D44) Garner and Archer. 
Delftware, pl. 79A. 
Ex coils.: (D43) T' G. Burn, Rous Lench. 
(D44) A F Al/brook. 
 
 
On these two plates the future Charles II (see Time Line, pp. 12-13) peers

out from the branches of an oak tree hung with the crowns of England, 
Scotland, and Ireland. The image commemorates an event following the Battle

of Worcester (1651), when Charles took refuge with the Penderell family at

Boscobel House in Shropshire. When Cromwell's troops came searching for 
him, Charles and his companion, Colonel William Carlos, hid for a day in
the 
oak tree. (This escapade came to be celebrated annually on May 29 as "Oak-apple

Day.") Somewhat similar scenes occur on several seventeenth-century
delftware 
dishes; a plaque showing the king alone and a dish portraying heads of both

Charles and Carlos are labeled "The Royal Oak."' A fine Dutch delft
dish depicts 
Charles's head in a plumed hat under the title "PURSU'D BY MEN, PRESERV'D

BY GOD" and illustrates Boscobel House (labeled). Figures below the
tree 
declare, "The price is 1000 pound," "Dead or alive,"
and "No qvarter."' (A 1650 
dated bottle in the Longridge collection Ino. D2231) bears the name of John

Tomes, who also sheltered the king during this period.) 
    The plates shown here and other eighteenth-century delft examples illus-

 trate long-term support for the Jacobite cause (see no. 1)54).1 (The same
theme 
 also appears on seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Staffordshire slipware

 dishes.)" The "CR" plate (1)43), with its profile associated
with London, is a more 
 common type than the noninscribed plate (D44) and probably commemorates

 the 1715 Jacobite rebellion. The profile of the second plate (D44) derives
from 
 Yongzheng-period (1723 1735) Chinese export porcelain and was not adopted

 by English delftware potters until around 1730. The profile thus indicates
that 
 the plate commemorates the 1745 Jacobite rebellion (see also no. D55). Based

 on its painting style, border decoration, and glaze, the plate probably
was 
 made in Liverpool. 
 
 
1. Allher. V&A, to. NIA (history, plaV u1e11 
"Carlos. Caries, or Careless. Williaml," National 
Biographyp, ol. 3, p 1014, Raekhahi. (,laisher, 
vol. 2. pl 94C, nou 1425 ldish}. See MntCl'el of 
ll,onldn, Recelit I, ints, pp. 150 151, fig. 7, no. 3, 
tor polychrome, 17th-ceentury plate fi'aglient 
showing Charles's head agains trunk of tlree 
with inscription "IRPOYAII" excavated at VauxhlaIl 
Bridgeloli (VauhllX~tl pIlttery). For lo' 1670 print 
of Charles and Carlos tinder the royal oak with 
the three Crowns ill its blri lt'nchs, See  Pepys  . 
Exhibitionn. no)318. 
 
 
2. Rakharn ( laisher, vol. 2, pl. 192A, no. 2470. 
3. For plates. weo Austin, Delft, no. 196. Taggart, 
Burnalp. no. 87 British Mu(s1ui 1 ollection1 
30. 1939, 6 7, 1,; Brighton Museum collection 
(Willett); So0heby's (I.), September 15. 1992, 
lot 180. Ray, iarren 1. p 115. note sevesiral inns 
were naied "The Royal Oak." 
4. Cooper, Slipware D)ishes, nos. 86 89, and 
ri pgb)y, Chipstone, no. 114 (17th (lelturyi); 
Grigsby., Slipware, 1. 45, fig. 52 (181h 1entury). 
 
 
D443 
 
 
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