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$27 The Longridge dishes fit into a group of at least thirteen stylistically simi- lar examples with dates from 1769 to 1806. Characteristic of all of these exam- ples are dot clusters, and nine have "flourishes" composed of curvilinear motifs and graduated lines. Straight or wavy lines border six of the dishes. Most oth- ers are borderless. Two late exceptions, from 1796 and 1806, have cream-col- ored slip trailed against dark grounds and have interlocking S-scroll borders.7 The Longridge dishes and six with dates from 1776 to 1806 depict cockerels. The earliest (1769) dish in the whole group displays a sparrowlike bird, and one from 1772 shows a long-necked goose(?).' The remaining two dishes, from 1772 and 1773, depict owls.' The 1788 Longridge dish (S27) bird and those on sev- eral of the later examples are filled with dots rather than panels of solid color. 1. Barker comments (September 1997). 2. For dot clusters on North Holland slipware, see van Gangelen, wijs man, figs. 1 5, van Gangelen, Kersloot, and Venhuis, Slibaardewerk. 3. van Gangelen, wijs man, p. 49; van Gangelen, Kersloot, and Venhuis, Slibaardewerk, col. p1s. 37, 51, 84, 142a 142b. 4. Grigsby, Slipware, pl. 66. 5. See van Gangelen, Kersloot, and Venhuis, Slibaardewerk, passim, for similar dish shapes, borders, and filler ornament on Dutch slipware, 6. Gooder, Temple Balsall, p. 201, fig. 26. 7. Cooper, Slipware Dishes, pl. 299; Sotheby's (L), June 15, 1994, lot 115. 8. Grigsby, Slipware, pl. 67; Pollex, Slipware, figs. 12 13; Morley-Fletcher and Mcllroy, Pictorial History, p. 266, fig. 5; Cooper, Slipware Dishes, pls. 299, 302; Sotheby's (L), June 15, 1994, lot 115. 9. The 1769 dish was formerly in the Williamsburg collection. For the 1772 dish, see Cooper, Slipware dishes, pl. 289. 10. Grigsby, Slipware, pl. 67; Sotheby's (L), Lomax sale, April 7, 1937, lot 47, tentatively included. The Longridge Collection 87
S28, 529, S30. DISHES England (528) Dated 1774 (529, S30) 1765-1790 (S28) H.: 3 1/2" (8.9 cm): Diam,: 15 1/8" (38.5 cm) (S29) H.: 2 3/4" (7 cm), Diam.: 14 3/4" (37.4 cm) (S30) H.: 2 1/2" (6.4 cm); Diam.: 113/8" (28.9 cm) BODY CLAY: (528, S29) Fine-grained pinkish to reddish buff. (S30) Fine- grained red. LEAD GLAZE: Overall on interiors. SHAPE: Press-molded. Rims serrated by impressing with small, rounded tools. (S28) Shape B with more rounded profile. (S29) Shape M. (S30) Shape D with central, small, rounded bump. SLIP GROUND: (S28, 530) Cream- colored. (S29) Blackish brown. Overall on interiors. DECORATION: Trailed. (S28, 529) Birds and flora[ motifs. (S28) Dated 1774. (S30) Flowering plant. Wavy and simple linear borders. 1. Barker comments (September 1997): "The undated bird dish (129) is the only one that possibly is fourn Staflordshire, Perhaps dating earlier, to the 1730s oi1 1740s: the floral dish (S30) perhaps is ftrom Yorkshire." 2. lodgkin and Hodgkin, Dated Pottery, nos. 1:34, 140, Talggart, Burnap, no. 59; Cooper, Slipware Dishes, pl. 302; Sotheby's (L), November 19, 1991, lot 104: July 16, 1991, lot 150, June 15, 1994, lot 115. 3. Cox, Swinton l)ish, pl. 179a. Dining and Related Wares S L I P W A R E Dishes and Plates Birds and Animals As is true of the previous bird dishes (see nos. S26, S27), these dishes are difficult to attribute with confidence.' The use of dots or tiny slashes to indi- cate birds' breast plumage, as on two of the dishes shown here, is found on examples with dates from around 1749 to at least 1806 (see no. S27).' Also, on the three l~ongridge dishes, several aspects of the floral and foliate ornament are stylistically similar. All have filled, tear-shaped leaves or flowerbuds, with the buds at the left on the 1774 Longridge dish (S28), perhaps coincidentially, resembling a motif trailed in tan and dark brown on a dish fragment excavated at the Swinton pottery site in Yorkshire.I The plant motifs on the dark-ground bird dish (S29) have curvilinear elaborations. The unusual scrolled leaf at the upper right on the last dish resembles leaves near the bottom of the reserve on the flowering-plant dish (S30). Based on the cropping off of much of the outermost trailed wavy-line bor- der (see lower left and upper right edges) on the floral dish (S30), its decoration probably was trailed onto the flat slab of clay before it was pressed over a hump mold. S30 88 The Longridge Collection