Visual display of the The Longridge collection of English slipware and delftware

London or Bristol 
1750-1 765 
H.: 6 114' (15.9 cm), 
Diam. (body): 4 3/4"(12.1 cm); 
Diam. (handles): 4 7/8' (12.4 cm) 
BODY CLAY: Fine-grained buff. 
TIN GLAZE: Pale turquoise, somewhat 
transparent. Overall, excluding lower, 
chamfered edge. 
SHAPE: Thrown. Handles (partially 
new) shaped by hand. Bottom of bowl 
interior has hole opening into base. 
Bottom of base has no opening and is 
concave. Upper rim has what may be 
triangular arrangement of peg marks. 
DECORATION: Painted and sponged. 
Landscapes (repeated on either side) 
with mountains, fence, church, trees, 
and plants. Handles bear horizontal 
slashes. Base bears three repeats of 
leaf-and-wavy tendril motif, 
  lower containers of this form sometimes are referred to as cam pana vases,

from the Italian for bell. The Longridge vase is one of a group of examples
vary in size and proportions but typically have flattened, double-scroll
handles, distinctly widened lower portions of the bowls, and domed bases.

(Trumpet-shaped bases are more common on similarly shaped vases with relief

masks Isee no. D370] and, often, sketchily painted and darkly sponged land-

scapes.)' Decoration on scroll-handled vases most often includes European
Chinese flowers or landscapes, the latter sometimes with figures. Eastern
Western designs are juxtaposed on the Longridge pot, which displays a dec-

orative style and dense blue ornament typical of London tin glazei The hole
opens the upper region of the Longridge bowl into the hollow base (with a

sealed bottom) may indicate that the vessel was for potting plants; if this
position is true, the lower well acted as a container for excess water. 
1. Austin, D~elft, no. 616: Archer, V&A, no. 1.17. 
2. Brittun, Bristol. nos. 7.4 75.5 18.21 Iflowers, 
Cirucifixinon, figur e in handsc ape). and, for a 
slightly differeni shape, nos. 7.67.8, Austin. 
lxelii nus. 614 615 (flowers, figure in landscape): 
Ilorne, Collect ion, pt. 1, no. 6 Ipair with figur es 
in latndscapes); hirigsb~y, Chipstone, no. 79 (sin- 
gle-sc roll lhtndles aindl Chinese ligutre in a 
garden): Sotheby's (t1.) I ipski saile (1), March 10, 
1981, lot1 198. 
3. tor at 1 ondon-e'xcavated vase with lion masks, 
flowers, and, on the base, different (:hinese sym- 
bols, see Britton, london, no() 142 (Bank of" 
Englandl site), 
The Longridge Collection 411 

London or possibly Bristol 
H.: 7 1/8" (18.1 cm); 
Diam.: 5 3/4" (14.6 cm) 
BODY CLAY: Fine-grained buff. 
TIN GLAZE: Bluish white, slightly 
transparent on interior, with occasional 
pits, Overall, excluding footrim edge. 
SHAPE: Thrown. Press-molded and 
applied lion masks. Hollow base. 
DECORATION: Painted and sponged. 
Landscapes with trees, plants, moun- 
tains, and two differently posed ladies, 
one (not shown) near small building. 
Sponged lion masks. Base border com- 
posed of scrollwork. 
U     nlike scroll-handled "campana vases" (see no. D369) that
in several in- 
stances bear Chinese subjects, the vast majority of lion-masked vases depict

European landscapes with figures and sponged foliage. The ornament on vessels

in the group varies somewhat in style, indicating that more than one maker
duced them, but most show the dense blue and types of trees and figures 
associated with London.' Base ornament typically is composed of flowers and

scrollwork, but abbreviated landscapes also occur occasionally.' Fragments
one vase with flowers rather than a landscape and, on the base, Chinese sym-

bols, were found at the Bank of England site (London), and a lion mask was

found in Bristol.' 
1. For a probably London tile depicting a similar  3. Britton, London, no.
142. For a biscuit vase 
woman, see Homee, Tiles, no. 151.         with four masks excavated at the
129 Lambeth 
2. For examples of vases, see Britton, Bristol,  Road site (London), see
Museum of London, 
                                          Southwark and Lambeth, p. 351,
fig. 152, 
nnos 18.22 18.24; Archer, V&A, nos. 1.15 117 
(no. 1.16 with Laun, rather than lion masks);       n.. 
Austin, Delft, nos. 616-617; Garner and Archer, 
Delftware, no. 97: Allen, Dolz Collection, p. 860, 
fig. 5. 
412 The Longridge Collection