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D369. FLOWER VASE or FLOWER POT London or Bristol 1750-1 765 H.: 6 114' (15.9 cm), Diam. (body): 4 3/4"(12.1 cm); Diam. (handles): 4 7/8' (12.4 cm) v BODY CLAY: Fine-grained buff. TIN GLAZE: Pale turquoise, somewhat transparent. Overall, excluding lower, chamfered edge. SHAPE: Thrown. Handles (partially new) shaped by hand. Bottom of bowl interior has hole opening into base. Bottom of base has no opening and is concave. Upper rim has what may be triangular arrangement of peg marks. DECORATION: Painted and sponged. Landscapes (repeated on either side) with mountains, fence, church, trees, and plants. Handles bear horizontal slashes. Base bears three repeats of leaf-and-wavy tendril motif, lower containers of this form sometimes are referred to as cam pana vases, from the Italian for bell. The Longridge vase is one of a group of examples that vary in size and proportions but typically have flattened, double-scroll pseudo- handles, distinctly widened lower portions of the bowls, and domed bases. (Trumpet-shaped bases are more common on similarly shaped vases with relief masks Isee no. D370] and, often, sketchily painted and darkly sponged land- scapes.)' Decoration on scroll-handled vases most often includes European or Chinese flowers or landscapes, the latter sometimes with figures. Eastern and Western designs are juxtaposed on the Longridge pot, which displays a dec- orative style and dense blue ornament typical of London tin glazei The hole that opens the upper region of the Longridge bowl into the hollow base (with a sealed bottom) may indicate that the vessel was for potting plants; if this sup- position is true, the lower well acted as a container for excess water. 1. Austin, D~elft, no. 616: Archer, V&A, no. 1.17. 2. Brittun, Bristol. nos. 7.4 75.5 18.21 Iflowers, Cirucifixinon, figur e in handsc ape). and, for a slightly differeni shape, nos. 7.67.8, Austin. lxelii nus. 614 615 (flowers, figure in landscape): Ilorne, Collect ion, pt. 1, no. 6 Ipair with figur es in latndscapes); hirigsb~y, Chipstone, no. 79 (sin- gle-sc roll lhtndles aindl Chinese ligutre in a garden): Sotheby's (t1.) I ipski saile (1), March 10, 1981, lot1 198. 3. tor at 1 ondon-e'xcavated vase with lion masks, flowers, and, on the base, different (:hinese sym- bols, see Britton, london, no() 142 (Bank of" Englandl site), The Longridge Collection 411
II D370. FLOWER VASE London or possibly Bristol 1750-1765 H.: 7 1/8" (18.1 cm); Diam.: 5 3/4" (14.6 cm) BODY CLAY: Fine-grained buff. TIN GLAZE: Bluish white, slightly transparent on interior, with occasional pits, Overall, excluding footrim edge. SHAPE: Thrown. Press-molded and applied lion masks. Hollow base. DECORATION: Painted and sponged. Landscapes with trees, plants, moun- tains, and two differently posed ladies, one (not shown) near small building. Sponged lion masks. Base border com- posed of scrollwork. U nlike scroll-handled "campana vases" (see no. D369) that in several in- stances bear Chinese subjects, the vast majority of lion-masked vases depict European landscapes with figures and sponged foliage. The ornament on vessels in the group varies somewhat in style, indicating that more than one maker pro- duced them, but most show the dense blue and types of trees and figures associated with London.' Base ornament typically is composed of flowers and scrollwork, but abbreviated landscapes also occur occasionally.' Fragments of one vase with flowers rather than a landscape and, on the base, Chinese sym- bols, were found at the Bank of England site (London), and a lion mask was found in Bristol.' 1. For a probably London tile depicting a similar 3. Britton, London, no. 142. For a biscuit vase woman, see Homee, Tiles, no. 151. with four masks excavated at the 129 Lambeth 2. For examples of vases, see Britton, Bristol, Road site (London), see Museum of London, Southwark and Lambeth, p. 351, fig. 152, nnos 18.22 18.24; Archer, V&A, nos. 1.15 117 (no. 1.16 with Laun, rather than lion masks); n.. Austin, Delft, nos. 616-617; Garner and Archer, Delftware, no. 97: Allen, Dolz Collection, p. 860, fig. 5. 412 The Longridge Collection t I