Correspondence, writings, diaries, and subject files of a Pulitzer Prize-winning news commentator, author, and foreign correspondent who was best known for his coverage of the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany, and World War II. General correspondence, 1911-1968, dates primarily from the decade 1945-1955, and is chiefly made up of letters from Germany. Among the few significant pre-war letters are exchanges with his family and several Associated Press executives. Also present are a number of literary manuscripts sent to Lochner by such people as Jakob Goldschmidt, Hans Hinrichs, Betty Hirsch, and James Mooney. Most of the correspondence is in German.
A large body of articles, speeches, radio scripts, and book manuscripts document his journalistic career. News articles written for the Federated Press and the Associated Press cover the period 1920-1941, and deal mainly with Germany before and during World War II. There are also copies of stories filed by other members of the Berlin AP Bureau, 1940-1941. Free-lance magazine and newspaper articles and speeches span Lochner's entire career and related to his interest in the international student movement, opposition to World War I, Herbert Hoover, and the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod. Radio scripts include news commentaries written for the NBC Pacific Coast Network, 1943-1944, and Broadcast Editorial Reports, 1960-1962.
There are also drafts, notes, and reviews of "Tycoons and Tyrants," "Henry Ford--America's Don Quixote," "Always the Unexpected," "What about Germany?," and "Herbert Hoover and Germany," and correspondence relating to his editing of "The Goebbels Diaries" and the resultant controversy with the Office of Alien Property.
Subject files concern other phases in Lochner's varied career, including work for the United Nations Expert Committee on Public Information, the Ford Peace Expedition, the Hoover Economic Mission to Germany and Austria, and the Overseas Press Club.
Also part of the collection are personal diaries, chiefly 1939-1945; clippings; and material on interviews with Konrad Adenauer, Crown Prince Frederick William, Joseph Goebbels, Hermann Goering, Maxim Gorki, Rudolf Hess, Paul von Hindenburg, Adolf Hitler, Hermann Kayserling, Fritz Kreisler, Max Liebermann, Ludwig Martens, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Baldur von Schirach, and Wilhelm II. The collection is supplemented by recordings of many of Lochner's broadcasts and by several albums of news photographs.
Lochner correspondents of note include Jane Addams, William Jennings Bryan, Lucius D. Clay, Kent Cooper, Albert S. Crockett, Dan DeLuce, Allen W. Dulles, Hugo Eckener, Henry Ford, Pauline Frederick, Ralph J. Frantz, J. Wes Gallagher, Hugh Gibson, Alan J. Gould, William P. Gray, Dag Hammerskjold, Ernest Hanfstaegle, Hans Hinrichs, Herbert Hoover, David Starr Jordan, Hans V. Kaltenborn, Paul U. Kellogg, John F. Kennan, Henry Cabot Lodge, Prince Louis Ferdinand, Ralph O. Nafziger, Arthur H. Sulzberger Jr., and Woodrow Wilson; less frequent correspondents are listed in the unpublished register.
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