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Sex trafficking in the United States : theory, research, policy, and practice

Nichols, Andrea J. author

Publication Details Click to collapse Cite/Export

  • Creator Andrea J. Nichols
  • Format Books
  • Publication New York : Columbia University Press, [2016]
  • Physical Details
    • viii, 324 pages ; 23 cm
  • ISBNs 9780231542364, 9780231172622, 023117263X, 0231172621, 0231542364, 9780231172639
  • OCLC ocn956139401, ocn945121315


  • Sex Trafficking in the United States is a unique exploration of the underlying dynamics of sex trafficking, this comprehensive volume examines the common risk factors for those who become victims, and the barriers they face when they try to leave. It also looks at how and why sex traffickers enter the industry. A chapter on buyers presents what we know about their motivations, the prevalence of bought sex, and criminal justice policies that target them.


  • Includes bibliographical references and index.


  • pt. I. Contemporary debates of theory, research, and policy -- 1. Sex trafficking : an introduction -- Defining sex trafficking : key legislation -- Common misconceptions -- Sex trafficking prevalence-- Supply, demand, and profitability -- 2. Theoretical perspectives and the politics of sex trafficking -- Feminist perspectives -- Political perspectives -- Overlapping feminist and political perspectives -- Sociological perspectives -- Criminological perspectives -- 3. Pornography -- The politics of pornography -- Key areas of pornography debates and sex trafficking -- Child pornography as sex trafficking -- 4. Prostitution -- Feminist perspectives of prostitution -- Models of prostitution policy -- How do these debates relate to sex trafficking in the United States?
  • pt. II. The dynamics of sex trafficking in the United States -- 5. Survivors -- Risk factors : identity-based oppression -- Weak social institutions -- Recruitment -- Barriers to leaving -- 6. Traffickers -- Types of traffickers -- Who are they, and why do they do it? -- The glorification of pimping in pop culture -- 7. Sex trafficking operations -- Venues for trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation -- Technology as a trafficking tool -- Interstate circuits -- International trafficking movement -- Meeting the demand -- Structure of trafficking operations -- 8. Buyers -- Research on buyers -- Buyers of prostitution and sex trafficking are indistinct -- Demographics of buyers -- Continuum of buyer motivations -- Addressing demand : structural responses targeting buyers -- Buyers avoiding detection
  • pt. III. Responses to sex trafficking -- 9. Criminal Justice System responses -- U.S. Federal law : the The Trafficking Victims Protection Act -- State law -- Identification -- Criminalizing trafficking survivors -- 10. Social services and health care responses -- Identification -- Health care settings -- Social service settings -- Barriers to accessing services -- Aftercare -- Promising practices -- The anti-sex trafficking movement in the United States -- "The roots" of grassroots antitrafficking organizations -- The hotel industry -- The transportation industry -- Political activism -- Media support -- International organizations operating in the United States -- 12. New directions -- Criminal Justice System recommendations -- Education and awareness -- Recommendations for social service provision -- Outreach and prevention -- Societal issues -- What can we do? -- What's your Green Dot?
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