Exploring Empathy with Medical Students

Jeffrey, David Ian, author

Publication Details Click to collapse Cite/Export

  • Creator David Ian Jeffrey
  • Format Books
  • Publication Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan, [2019] ©2019
  • Physical Details
    • 1 online resource
  • ISBNs 9783030112110, 303011211X, 9783030112103
  • OCLC on1083641764


  • Includes bibliographical references and index.


  • Intro; Acknowledgements; Contents; 1 Introduction; Overview; The Nature of Empathy; Why Study Empathy?; The Empathy Gap; A Decline in Medical Students' Empathy; A Phenomenological Approach to Research; My Motivation to Carry Out the Research; Research Aims; Audience for the Book; Overview of the Book; Key Points; References; 2 The Research Setting and Study Design; Overview; Theoretical Framework; Phenomenology; Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA); The Process of the Research; The Study Design; Ethical Perspectives; Research Setting: The Medical School
  • The Medical Undergraduate CurriculumSixteen Medical Students; Data Generation; Transcribing; Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) (Figure 2.1); Quality of the Research; Key Points; References; 3 Empathy: From Attribute to Relationship; Overview; The Significance of Empathy; Limits of Empathy; Evolution of Empathy; The Complexity of Empathy; Empathy as an Attribute (Intrapersonal); Empathy as a Relationship (Interpersonal); Affective (Emotional); Behavioural; Moral; Cognitive (Understanding); The Process of Empathising; Approachability; Listening; Emotions; Vulnerability
  • Non-judgementalContinuity of Care; Understanding; Sympathy, Compassion and Other Prosocial Behaviours; Levels of Empathy; Context of Empathy; Key Points; References; 4 Emotions and Empathy; Overview; Risks and Benefits of Emotional Connection with a Patient; The Risks of Emotional Connection; Sharing Vulnerability; Detached Concern; Professional Distance; Balancing Connection and Detachment-The Self-Other Boundary; Compartments; Patient Experience; Reflection; Curiosity; Resilience; Support; Emotional Regulation: Balancing Connection and Detachment; Key Points; References; 5 Enhancing Empathy
  • OverviewPatient Contact; Positive Role Models; Reflection; Teaching; Medical School Culture; Support; Key Points; References; 6 Barriers to Empathy: The Medical School Culture; Overview; A Conforming Culture; A Lack of Empathy; A Competitive Culture; Power; Time: Balancing Empathy and Efficiency; Stress; Lack of Support; Other Influences in the Medical School Culture; Key Points; References; 7 Barriers to Empathy: The Curriculum; Overview; Can Empathy Be Taught?; Lack of Teaching About Empathy; Lack of Patient Contact; Ideas, Concerns and Expectations (ICE); Negative Role Models
  • Biomedical BiasGroup Effects; Assessment; Feedback; Key Points; References; 8 Changes in Students' Empathy During Their Training; Overview; The 'Empathy Decline'; The Conflicting Evidence for an Empathy Decline; The Preclinical Group: Finding 'a Doctor's Voice'; The Clinical Group: The Patient-Student Relationship; Future Concerns; Key Points; References; 9 Summary and Implications; Overview; Summary of Findings; Empathy or Detached Concern?; Limitations of the Research; Contribution to Education and Practice; Implications; Implications for Medical Undergraduate Education; Culture Change