Since its establishment, the Jewish State has devoted major efforts to secure control over the land of Israel. One example is the protracted legal and territorial strife between the Israeli state and its indigenous Bedouin citizens over traditional tribal land in the Negev in southern Israel. Emptied Lands investigates this multifaceted land dispute, placing it in historical, legal, geographical, and comparative perspective. The authors provide the first legal geographic analysis of the "Dead Negev Doctrine," which has been used by Israel to dispossess Bedouin inhabitants and Judaize the southern half of the country. Through crafty use of Ottoman and British laws, particularly the concept of "dead land," Israel has constructed its own version of terra nullius. Yet, the indigenous property system still functions, creating an ongoing resistance to the Jewish state. This study examines several key land claims and rulings and alternative routes for justice promoted by indigenous communities and civil society movements.
Introduction : terra nullius in Zion? -- The legal geography of indigenous Bedouin dispossession -- The land regime of the late Ottoman period -- The land regime of the Bristish Mandate period -- Making the "dead Negev doctrine" during the Israeli period -- Historical geography of the Negev : Bedouin agriculture -- Bedouin territory and settlements -- The Bedouin as an indigenous community -- International law, indigenous land rights and Israel -- Contested futures -- State and Bedouin policies and plans