The author defines what copyright user rights are and should be, and why. Addresses contemporary issues of tangibility and intangibility in copyright law, with reference to new kinds of copyright works such as e-books, iTunes, online software, digital-release films.
Preliminaries -- Terminology -- Overview -- pt. I IN SEARCH OF COPYRIGHT USER RIGHTS -- 1. User Rights to Commercial Copies of Copyright Works -- A Peculiar Form of Personal Property -- Sometimes a `Good'... and Sometimes Not -- Do Users Own the Copies of Copyright Works They Buy? -- Copyright users and the ownership spectrum -- Juridical relation between a person arid a resource -- Open-ended privileges and powers -- Privileges and powers that authorize self-seekingness on the part of the owner -- Commercial Copies of Copyright Works and the Standardization of Property -- If Neither Owned by the Copyright User Nor a Good, Then What? -- 2. The Nature and Function of Exceptions to Copyright Infringement -- Exceptions as `User Rights' -- The `Mechanics' of Exceptions to Copyright Infringement -- Contextualizing Exceptions to Copyright Infringement -- Exceptions to copyright infringement and international obligations -- Exceptions to copyright infringement and limitations -- The Nature of Exceptions to Copyright Infringement -- `User rights' as a rule of interpretation -- User rights or privileges? -- May exceptions to copyright infringement be waived by contract? -- Regulatory Design Implications and Trends -- 3. In Search of Copyright User Remedies -- Charting the Landscape of Copyright User Remedies -- User Claims and Remedies in Copyright Law -- User Claims and Remedies Against Restricted Uses of Copyright Works Based on Breach of Contract, on Sale of Goods, or Consumer Law -- Restricted uses fall within the exclusive rights of copyright holders -- Restricted uses fall within the exclusive rights of copyright holders and are allowed by law under certain conditions -- The exceptions to copyright infringement are mandatory (may not be waived by contract) -- The exceptions to copyright infringement are non-mandatory (may be waived by contract) -- Restricted uses outside the realm of the exclusive rights of copyright holders -- User Claims Against Restricted Uses of Copyright Works for Breach of Obligation of Good Faith or in Tort -- Goods and Services -- Filling the Void of Copyright User Remedies -- pt. II RETHINKING TANGIBILITY AND INTANGIBILITY -- 4. Redefining Goods, Services, Sales, and Licences -- Misconceptions About Tangibility and Intangibility in Defining Information Products -- Tangible goods, intangible services, or sui generis -- Ripple Effects on Sales and Licences -- The Properties of Information Products -- Individuality and scarcity -- Physical control and exclusivity -- Storage and permanent access -- Movability -- Power of transfer -- The Diminished Importance of the Physical Object -- 5. First Sale or Exhaustion Doctrine -- A Limitation to the Scope of Copyright -- Justifications Underlying the First Sale or Exhaustion Doctrine -- The Shrinking Application of the First Sale or Exhaustion Doctrine -- The thorny question of digital exhaustion -- The requirement of a physical embodiment -- Assessing the legal and normative arguments for the requirement of a physical embodiment -- Reserved acts to be performed in the context of digital distribution -- The commercial practice not to sell copies -- The (Ir)relevance of First Sale or Exhaustion Doctrine -- 6. Digital Locks, Physical Objects, and Immaterial Works -- A Paradigm Shift for Digital Copyright Users -- Technological Protection Measures and the Search for Balance in Copyright Law -- International obligations -- Implementation of technological protection measures at national level -- Link between copyright infringement and contravention to technological protection measures -- Prohibition against circumvention of access controls and not copy controls -- Setting requirements for technological protection measures -- The constitutionality of technological protection measures -- From Immaterial Works to Physical Objects -- The Shift from Possessing Copyright Works to Experiencing Them Through Services -- A Silver Lining for Copyright Users? -- pt. III RETHINKING USER RIGHTS THROUGH PROPERTY, RIGHTS, AND PRIVILEGES -- 7. Why User Rights? -- The Contributions of Property and Other Theories -- The Prima Facie Normative Status of All Ownership Freedoms -- The Right to Privacy -- Instrumental Justifications of (Intellectual) Property -- Incentive for the creation and dissemination of works -- Economic efficiency and copy ownership -- Natural Property Rights in the Fruits of Ones Labour -- A Pluralistic Account of Copyright User Rights -- 8. User Property, User Rights, and User Privileges -- The Dysfunction of Copyright User Rights -- Shaping the Contours of Copyright User Rights -- Cohesion between copyright law, private law, and public law -- Adjusting the balance -- The role of technological neutrality -- The obligations of copyright holders -- Steering freedom of contract toward the objectives of copyright law -- The Taxonomy and Hierarchy of Copyright User Rights -- User-copy-owners -- Coming to terms with licence agreements -- Exhaustion of copyright beyond the exclusive distribution right -- Service users -- Public-space-users -- From User Property to User Privileges -- One Last Word