The most important climate agreement in history, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change represents the commitment of the nations of the world to address and curb climate change. Signed in December 2015, it will come into force on the 4th November, and efforts toward fulfilling its ambitious goals are already under way. The Paris Climate Agreement: Commentary and Analysis combines a comprehensive legal appraisal and critique of the new Agreement with a practical and structured commentary to all its Articles. Part I discusses the general context for the Paris Agreement, detailing the scientific, political, and social drivers behind it, providing an overview of the pre-existing regime, and tracking the history of the negotiations. It examines the evolution of key concepts such as common but differentiated responsibilities, and analyses the legal form of the Agreement and the nature of its provisions. Part II comprises individual chapters on each Article of the Agreement, with detailed commentary of the provisions which highlights central aspects from the negotiating history and the legal nature of the obligations. It describes the institutional arrangements and considerations for national implementation, providing practical advice and prospects for future development. Part III reflects on the Paris Agreement as a whole: its strengths and weaknesses, its potential for further development, and its relationship with other areas of public international law and governance. The book is an invaluable resource for academics and practitioners, policy makers, and actors in the private sector and civil society, as they negotiate the implementation of the Agreement in domestic law and policy.
Part I. Introductory chapters -- Introduction: Scientific and political drivers for the Paris Agreement / Andreas Fischlin, Maria Ivanova -- Foundations for the Paris Agreement / Joanna Depledge, Andrew Higham -- Negotiating history of the Paris Agreement / Jane Bulmer, Meinhard Doelle, and Daniel Klein -- Central concepts in the Paris Agreement and how they evolved / Lavanya Rajamani and Emmanuel Guérin -- Legal form of the Paris Agreement and nature of its obligations / Ralph Bodle and Sebastian Oberthür -- Part II. Analysis of the provisions of the agreement -- Contextual provisions (Preamble and Article 1) / María Pía Carazo-- Objective (Article 2.1) / Halldór Thorgeirsson -- Guiding principles and general obligation (Article 2.2 and Article 3) / Lavanya Rajamani -- Mitigation (Article 4) / Harald Winkler -- Conserving and enhancing sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases, including forests (Article 5) / Antonio G M La Viña and Alaya de Leon -- Voluntary cooperation (Article 6) / Andrew Howard -- Adaptation (Article 7) / Irene Suárez Pérez and Angela Churie Kallhauge -- Loss and damage (Article 8) / Linda Siegele -- Climate finance (Article 9) / Jorge Gastelumendi and Inka Gnittke -- Technology development and transfer (Article 10) / Heleen de Conick and Ambuj Sagar -- Capacity-building (Article 11) / Crispin d'Auvergne and Matti Nummelin -- Education, training, public awareness participation and access to information (Article 12) / Jeniffer Hanna Collado -- Transparency (Article 13) / Yamide Dagnet and Kelly Levin -- Global stocktake (Article 14) / Jürgen Friedrich -- Facilitating implementation and promoting compliance (Article 15) / Yamide Dagnet and Eliza Northrop -- Institutional arrangements and final clauses (Articles 16-29) / Christina Voigt -- Part III. Concluding reflections -- Assessment of strengths and weaknesses / Meinhard Doelle -- Implications for public international law : initial considerations / María Pía Carazo -- Epilogue: Making the transition from an international agreement to a new epoch of human prosperity in one generation / Andrew Higham