Using the framework of genocide, this volume analyzes the patterns of persecution of the Roma in Nazi-dominated Europe. Detailed case studies of France, Austria, Romania, Croatia, Ukraine, and Russia generate a critical mass of evidence that indicates criminal intent on the part of the Nazi regime to destroy the Roma as a distinct group. Other chapters examine the failure of the West German State to deliver justice, the Romani collective memory of the genocide, and the current political and historical debates. However inconsistent or geographically limited, over time, the mass murder acquired a systematic character and came to include ever larger segments of the Romani population regardless of the social status of individual members of the community. The volume also discusses how the fluctuating definition of the "Gypsy" disadvantaged potential victims. -- Provided by publisher.
Introduction / Anton Weiss-Wendt -- Assimilation and persecution: an overview of attitudes toward gypsies in France / Shannon L. Fogg -- Genocidal trajectory: persecution of gypsies in Austria, 1938-1945 / Florian Freund -- Ustas̆a mass violence against gypsies in Croatia, 1941-1942 / Alexander Korb -- Ethnic cleansing of "crime prevention"? Deportation of Romanian Roma / Vladimir Solonari -- Nazi occupation policies and the mass murder of the Roma in Ukraine / Mikhail Tyaglyy -- The Nazi persecution of Roma in northwestern Russia: the operational area of the Army Group North, 1941-1944 / Martin Holler -- The justice system of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Nazi persecution of the gypsies / Gilad Margalit -- Disentangling the hierarchy of victimhood: commemorating Sinti and Roma and Jews in Germany's national narrative / Nadine Blumer -- The aftermath of the Roma genocide: from implicit memories to commemoration / Sławomir Kapralski
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