The industrial expansion of the United States in the late 1800s changed the way many Americans lived. Soon, more Americans, drawn to urban areas by jobs and services, lived in cities than lived in rural areas for the first time in the country's history. This new concentration of people, however, led cities to improvise ways to improve their infrastructure. In New York City, along with other large cities on waterways, garbage was often collected by horse-drawn carriages and dumped onto barges that would take it out to sea.
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