From 1854 to 1952, the Chinese Maritime Customs Service delivered one-third to one-half of all revenue available to China's central authorities. Much more than a tax collector, the institution managed China's harbors and surveyed the Chinese coast. It oversaw a college training Chinese diplomats; translated legal, philosophical, economic, and scientific documents; organized contributions to international exhibitions; and pioneered China's modern postal system. After the 1911 Revolution, the agency began managing China's international loans and domestic bond issues, and in the 1930s, it cr.
Table of Contents; List of Illustrations; List of Graphs and Tables; Conventions; Introduction; 1. The Birth of a Chameleon; 2. Robert Hart's Panopticon; 3. The Customs Service During the Self-Strengthening Movement, 1870-1895; 4. The Rise of the Bond Markets: The Customs Service Becomes a Debt Collector, 1895-1914; 5. Imperium in Imperio; Illustrations; 6. Tariff Nation, Smugglers' Nation: The Customs Service in the Nanjing Decade, 1929-1937; 7. Maintaining Integrity, 1937-1949; Epilogue: Echoes and Shadows; Notes; Bibliography; Index
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