The story of Korean education over the past 50 years is one of remarkable growth and achievement. Korea is one of the top performing countries in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) survey and among those with the highest proportion of young people who have completed upper secondary and tertiary education. Korea is continuously exploring ways to improve its education system and has dramatically increased government investment in education over the last decade. Nevertheless, further reforms are needed to spur and sustain improvements. Rapid globalisation and modernisation
Foreword; Acknowledgements; Table of Contents; Executive Summary; CHAPTER 1: Strong Performers and Succesful Reformers: Korea; A changing yardstick for educational success; Strong Performers and Succesful Reformers in Education series; About this report; Methodology; Framework for analysis; What is PISA and what can we learn from it?; How can PISA be used to help improve education systems?; Research methods employed for the country chapters; Research methods employed to draw lessons for Korea; Background on education in Korea and comparisons with selected high-performing countries
Country ComparisonsShaping education in Korea; CHAPTER 2: Viewing Education In Korea Through The Prism of PISA; Consistently high mean performance among 15-year-old; Relative shares of top-performing students: above the OECD average and, in reading, an increase over time; Low portion of poor-performing students: Consistently among the lowest in the OECD; Korea: A favourable context for student achievement; Equity in the distribution of learning opportunities; Changes in performance differences; Access to resources and socio-economic background
Below-average impact of socio-economic background on learning outcomesOther factors related to poor student performance on learning outcomes; What are the broader effects of a demanding education system?; Other learning outcomes: student engagement, strategies and practices; Using effective learning strategies; Studying in a digital age: Digital reading performance and use of digital resources; Relatively high proficency in digital reading; Differences in print versus digital reading; Gender and digital reading; Online reading practices; Using computers and the Internet
The learning environment in KoreaThe Korean education system and education policies that make a difference; Participation in early childhood education with a reliance on private institutions and funding; Competition as a powerful source of innovation; Setting standards and accountability arrangements; Dealing with diversity in the student population: Low levels of vertical differentiation and medium levels of horizontal differentiation; The balance between public and private education; CHAPTER 3: Supplementary Education in East Asia; Towards a better understanding of supplementary education
Defining supplementary educationMapping supplementary education; Who receives supplementary education?; The main drivers of supplementary education; A head start to enter prestigious universities; More pressure and chances to succeed; Mitigating the shortcomings of schools; The impact of supplementary education; The impact of the learning process; The impact on academic performance and spill over effects; The impact on academic performance is not clear-out; Excerbates socio-economic inequities; A high cost for student well-being; A sizeable market; Policy responses to supplementary education
Policies to downsize and limit supplementary education
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