"This carefully edited selection of testimony from the Ku Klux Klan hearings reveals what is often left out of the discussion of Reconstruction -- the central role of violence in shaping its course. The Introduction places the hearings in historical context and draws connections between slavery and post-Emancipation violence. The documents evidence the varieties of violence leveled at freedmen and Republicans, from attacks hinging on land and the franchise to sexual violence and the targeting of black institutions. Document headnotes, a chronology, questions to consider, and a bibliography enrich students' understanding of the role of violence in the history of Reconstruction."--Publisher
PART ONE. Introduction: Investigating Violence -- White Supremacy and the Rise and Fall of Reconstruction. Presidential Reconstruction and the Roots of White Violence ; Radical Reconstruction, Organized Lawlessness, and Congressional Investigation ; Testimony of White Violence and Black Resistance ; The Outcome of the Hearings and the Legacy of Reconstruction -- PART TWO. The Documents. Background and Beginnings. Laws of the State of Mississippi, 1865 ; First Enforcement Act, May 31, 1870 ; Third Enforcement (Ku Klux Klan) Act, April 20, 1871 ; Rome (Ga.) Courier, October 24, 1871 -- Ku Klux Klan Violence and the Hearings. Gender and Sexual Violence. Caroline Smith, Atlanta, Georgia, October 21, 1871 ; Sarah Ann Sturtevant, Atlanta, Georgia, October 23, 1871 ; Hannah Tutson, Jacksonville, Florida, November 10, 1871; Harriet Simril, Columbia, South Carolina, December 19, 1871 -- Political Violence: The Franchise. Abram Colby, Atlanta, Georgia, October 27 and 28, 1871 ; John Childers, Livingston, Alabama, November 1, 1871 ; Betsey Westbrook, Demopolis, Alabama, October 24, 1871 ; James H. Alston, Montgomery, Alabama, October 17, 1871 -- Landownership, Economic Success, and Displacement. Eliza Lyon, Demopolis, Alabama, October 24, 1871 ; Warren Jones, Atlanta, Georgia, October 27, 1871 ; Samuel Tutson, Jacksonville, Florida, November 10, 1871 ; Augustus Blair, Huntsville, Alabama, October 9, 1871 -- Black Autonomous Institutions: Schools and Churches. Henry Giles, Montgomery, Alabama, October 17, 1871 ; Cornelius McBride, Washington, D.C., July 21, 1871 ; Elias Hill, Yorkville, South Carolina, July 25, 1871 -- Self-Defense. Willis Johnson, Columbia, South Carolina, July 3, 1871 ; Benjamin F. Herr, Livingston, Alabama, October 31 and November 1, 1871 ; Edmund W. Pettus, Washington, D.C., July 6, 1871 -- Ku Klux Klan: Members, Apologists, Makeup, and Character. Nathan Bedford Forrest, Washington, D.C., June 27, 1871 ; A. S. Lakin, Washington, D.C., June 13, 1871 ; William M. Lowe, Huntsville, Alabama, October 13, 1871 -- Committee Conclusions. Minority Report, February 19, 1872 ; Majority Report, February 19, 1872 -- Appendixes. A Brief Chronology of Reconstruction and the Ku Klux Klan Hearings (1863-1877) ; Questions for Consideration ; Selected Bibliography
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