During the Middle Ages, the Papacy developed as a religious and political force. Unfortunately, the men who occupied the office were often thugs, bandits, and womanizers. This film focuses on Pope John XII. A member of a powerful Roman family, Octavianus was appointed pope at the ripe age of eighteen and led the Papal institution into a state of moral decline.
Popes and Roman Empire (2:53) -- Power Struggle with Emperor (0:34) -- Monophysite Heresy (2:00) -- Constantinople's Theology of Empire (2:11) -- Theodora (1:21) -- Devastation of Italy (1:48) -- Church Replaces Empire (2:48) -- Gregory's Diplomacy with Lombards (2:10) -- Celtic Christianity (2:51) -- Irish Church and Easter (1:52) -- Irish Embrace of Monasticism (0:52) -- Linking England to Rome (2:34) -- Mohammed and Christendom (2:00) -- Greeks Flee to Rome (1:43) -- Monothelitism (1:56) -- Battle Over Icons (1:46) -- Pope and Emperor Split (1:44) -- Pope Aligns with Carolingians (1:12) -- Donation of Constantine (2:17) -- Charlemagne (1:52) -- Leo III Temporarily Deposed (2:24) -- Coronation of Charlemagne (3:17) -- Brutal Battles for Papacy (4:09) -- Credits: Between Two Empires: Saints and Sinners- The History of the Popes (1:16)
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