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When Things Get Tough : January 1943-December 1943

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Summary

  • It is now January 1943. Americans have been at war for more than a year. In When Things Got Tough, Ken Burns explores the state of the world during this tumultuous second year. The Germans, with their vast war machine, are still occupying most of Western Europe and the Allies have not agreed on a timetable to dislodge them. American troops are now ashore in North Africa ready to test themselves for the first time against the German and Italian armies. Most chilling...thousands of soldiers have now adopted the idea that "killing is a craft," as reporter Ernie Pyle explains to the readers back home. In cities such as Mobile and Waterbury, nearly all manufacturing is converted to the war effort. And in Europe, thousands of American airmen are asked to gamble their lives against preposterous odds. Episode 2 ends as 1943 comes to a close: Allied leaders plan for the invasion of the Europe, Hitler strengthens his coastal defenses, and back home, things are getting tougher still. Part of series

Notes

  • Encoded with permission for digital streaming by Films Media Group on September 23, 2011.
  • Films on Demand is distributed by Films Media Group for Films for the Humanities & Sciences, Cambridge Educational, Meridian Education, and Shopware.
  • Mode of access: Internet.
  • System requirements: FOD playback platform.

Contents

  • Drafted (2:31) -- Soldier's Letter (1:17) -- War Status in January 1943 (2:32) -- Mobilized Nation (2:55) -- North Africa Campaign (2:38) -- Rommel Attacks Americans (2:02) -- Rommel's Victory (2:02) -- Toll of North African Defeat (2:10) -- American Response (2:06) -- Patton (1:33) -- Driving Axis From North Africa (2:33) -- War Jobs (1:26) -- Mass Production (2:16) -- Mobile's War Boom (1:51) -- Race and Crowding in Mobile (1:54) -- Women in Workforce (2:40) -- Social Problems in Mobile (2:29) -- Soldier's Confidence of Swift Victory (1:03) -- American Civilians in the Philippines (1:58) -- Internment Camp in the Philippines (2:36) -- Prisoners' Response to Conditions (1:11) -- One Japanese-American's Experience of Internment (1:35) -- Japanese Internment Camps (1:31) -- Japanese-American Response to Internment (1:46) -- Death of Air Fighters (3:32) -- Earl Burke Wants to Fly Bomber (2:34) -- Air Force Strategy (1:25) -- B-17 (1:29) -- Mortality of Flyers (3:01) -- Failed Air Attacks (2:06) -- Bomber's Experience (2:43) -- Communicating in the Air (1:33) -- Anti-Aircraft Fire (3:01) -- Toll of Schweinfurt (2:38) -- Avoiding New Friendships (1:00) -- Home Front Attitudes (2:42) -- Support for Troops (2:44) -- Blue and Gold Stars (1:00) -- POW's Experience (3:05) -- Threat to Kill Prisoner (2:21) -- Rationing (2:47) -- Planned Sicily Invasion (1:33) -- Victory in Sicily (2:15) -- Strategy in Italy (2:41) -- Soldier's Letter from Italy (1:57) -- Difficult Terrain in Italy (2:32) -- Slow Progress (2:10) -- Weakening German Air Force (2:06) -- Shrapnel Wound (2:43) -- Breaking the German Air Force (1:36) -- News of Life Back Home (1:23) -- State of the War (2:20) -- Credits: When Things Get Tough (January 1943-December 1943) (2:42)
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