Ancient Mexico & Central America : archaeology and culture history

Evans, Susan Toby, 1945-

Publication Details Click to collapse Cite/Export

  • Creator Susan Toby Evans
  • Format Books
  • Publication Third edition. New York : Thames & Hudson, 2013.
  • Physical Details
    • 624 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 23 cm
  • ISBNs 9780500290651, 0500290652, 9780500290668, 0500290660
  • OCLC ocn842073710

Notes

  • "College edition"--Cover.
  • Includes bibliographical references (pages 587-603) and index.

Contents

  • pt. 1. Mesoamerica, Middle America, and its peoples -- 1. Ancient Mesoamerica, the civilization and its antecedents -- Ancient Mexico and Central America in geographical, cultural, and global context -- Mesoamerica and Middle America : culture and geography -- How societal complexity develops -- Cultural evolution and types of societies -- Culture history and chronology -- Middle American and Mesoamerican culture history -- Middle America : hunter-foragers of the Paleoindian and Archaic Periods -- Mesoamerica : villagers and urbanites of the Formative, Classic, and Postclassic Periods -- Religion and creation -- New Spain : the Colonial Period -- Mexico and Central America : the Republican Period and the rise of modern archaeology -- 2. Ecology and culture : Mesoamerican beginnings -- Mesoamerica's major geophysical and biotic features -- Native vegetation : neotropical and neoarctic environments, dry lands and wetlands -- The big divide : west of the Isthmus vs. Isthmus and east climate and crops -- This cradle, compared with other cradles -- Mesoamericans and cultural ecology -- Enculturing the ecological context -- Subsistence -- Sedentism -- Cultural evolution -- Cultural regions -- The Isthmus of Tehuantepec -- Mesoamerica's first inhabitants : hunter-foragers, to 8000 BC -- Asian origins -- Paleoindian periods -- Shamanism -- Big-game hunters -- Global warming, varied toolkits, and mixed strategies : the end of the Paleoindian Period and beginning of the Archaic Period -- 3. Archaic foragers, collectors, and farmers (8000-2000 BC) -- Archaic transformations : changes toward domestication of plants, and settled life -- Domestication of plants and sedentism -- Food, sex, demography, and settled life -- Early Archaic Band Society : social organization, economic organization, political control, ideology -- Seasonality and scheduling -- Early archaic foragers at Guilá Naquitz Cave, Valley of Oaxaca -- Maguey -- From Early Archaic to Middle Archaic and beyond -- The Tehuacán Regionalization of culture : "traditions" of the Early Archaic Period -- Tehuacán Valley sequence -- The Middle Archaic, c. 5500-3500 BC, and late Archaic, c. 3500-2000 BC -- Maize domestication -- "Preceramic" -- Middle and Late Archaic, Isthmus and East Guerrero : Pacific Coast, Late Archaic and Early Formative -- 2000 BC : the Archaic ends, and the Formative Period begins -- 4. The initial Formative (c. 2000-1200 BC) -- Mesoamerica : the trait list -- Cultural trends of the Formative Period -- Precursors to the Olmecs -- Recognizing social inequality in the archaeological record -- Mesoamerica's "new stone age" -- Prismatic blades -- Isthmian region -- Rise of the chiefdom -- Yanomamo -- Engendered political evolution -- Mokaya of Mazatán -- Language as a chronological marker -- Language as an ethnic marker -- Highlands west of the Isthmus -- Earliest Highland ceramics -- Pottery vessel forms -- Ancestor cults and Oaxaca in Tierras Largas phase -- Basin of Mexico, Morelos, Tehuacán Valley -- West Mexico -- Initial Formative : the Mesoamerican Culture area --
  • pt. 2. Complex societies of the Formative -- 5. The Olmecs : early Formative (c. 1200-900/800 BC ) -- Early Formative and initial Olmec -- A jade-green world -- Jade things that move cultures -- East and South of the Pacific Coastal Plain -- Southern Gulf lowlands -- The Olmecs : first florescence of mature Mesoamerican civilization -- Early Olmecs and their neighbors -- Subsistence in the Isthmus -- Spiritually charged landscape -- Colossal heads and buried drains : monumental display at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán -- Potrero Nuevo and El Azuzul -- El Manatí -- Themes and modes in Olmec Art -- Shamans and transformation -- Highland developments, west of the Isthmus -- Settlement patterns and settlement systems -- Oaxaca : San José phase (1150-850 BC) -- Puebla, Morelos, and the Basin of Mexico -- Northern Arid Zone -- West Mexico -- Guerrero -- 6. The Olmecs : Middle Formative (c. 900-600 BC) -- Developments in the Southwestern Highlands -- Guerrero : Teopantecuanitlán and cave sites -- Non-portable art from Guerrero -- Jaguars -- Morelos : Chalcatzingo's apogee -- Basin of Mexico : occupation at Zacatenco and Cuicuilco -- Puebla : the Amalucan Irrigation System -- Tlaxcala -- Gulf Lowlands, North, North-central, and South-central -- Valley of Oaxaca and the Mixteca Region -- Isthmus and east -- The Pacific Coast of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and adjacent areas to the south -- Olmec influences -- Intermediate Olmec and La Venta -- Chiapas Interior Plateau and Chiapa de Corzo -- Guatemala Highlands -- Maya culture -- The Southern Maya Lowlands -- The Northern Maya Lowlands -- The Maya of the Motagua -- Southeastern Mesoamerica -- Caves of Eastern Honduras -- Transition to the Post-Olmec Era -- 7. Middle to late Formative cultures (c. 600/500-300 BC) -- West of the Isthmus : rise of Monte Albán -- Valley of Oaxaca : San José Mogote -- Divinatory Almanac -- New shape of maize : the tortilla -- Monte Albán's neighborhoods and early monuments -- Urbanism and settlement models -- Elsewhere in the Highlands and West Mexico -- The Basin of Mexico -- Exchange and marketplace systems -- West Mexico -- Central place models -- Last years of the Olmecs in the Isthmus and East -- Terminal Olmec Period, 600-300 BC -- The Southern Pacific Coast -- Guatemala Highlands : Kaminaljuyú -- Chocolate -- Chiapas Interior Plateau -- Maya Lowlands, South and Central -- Maya Lowlands, North -- 8. Emergence of states in the late Formative (300 BC-AD 1) -- Social stratification -- Pottery style zones and elite long-distance exchange -- Proto-states in the Highlands west of the Isthmus -- Basin of Mexico : Teotihuacan and Cuicuilco -- Cuicuilco and the old God of Fire -- Teotihuacan and the sanctity of flowing water -- West Mexican funerary complexes : shaft tombs and Chupícuaro -- Cosmetic alterations -- Cuicatlán Cañada -- The Mixteca -- Monte Albán -- Monte Negro -- Isthmus and East -- Gulf Lowlands, South-central and South -- Chiapas Interior Plateau -- Calendrics -- South Coast of the Isthmus, and Pacific Coastal Plain -- Southeastern Mesoamerica : Chalchuapa and its trading partners -- Guatemala Highlands -- Maya Lowlands -- 9. The Terminal Formative (AD 1-300) -- Maya Lowlands of the Yucatán Peninsula -- Río Bec : early fortifications -- Northern Maya Lowlands -- Southeastern Mesoamerica -- Guatemala Highlands -- The Isthmus and early writing -- West of the Isthmus -- Guerrero -- West Mexico : shaft-tomb cultures and the Teuchitlán Tradition -- West Mexican architectural models -- Northwestern Frontier and Northern Arid Zone -- Central Highlands surrounding the Basin of Mexico -- The Northern Gulf Region -- Teotihuacan, the place where time began -- The magic of location : place of the gods -- The magic of location : place of the food and tools --
  • pt. 3. Cultures of the Early Classic -- 10. Teotihuacan and its international influence (AD 250-300-600) -- Teotihuacan : pyramids and palaces -- Teotihuacan palaces and rulership -- Apartment compounds _ social strata within and among the residences -- Teotihuacan's political economy -- Teotihuacan presence west of the Isthmus -- Teotihuacan and the Bajío and the Northwestern Frontier -- West Mexico -- Michoacán, Guerrero, Morelos -- Mixteca, Oaxaca -- Puebla and Tlaxcala -- Gulf Lowlands -- 11. The Maya in the Early Classic (AD 250-600) -- Maya Lowlands -- The Petén Region and Maya politics -- Kings of calendrics : time and Early Classic Maya rulers -- Tikal as an Early Classic Maya center -- Death of a Maya King -- The Great Tikal Earthwork -- The Usumacinta Region -- Calakmul and the Northern Maya Lowlands -- Maya writing -- Maya of the Motagua : Copán and Quiriguá -- Southeastern Mesoamerica and the intermediate area -- The gods must be angry : the Southern Coast and the eruption of Ilopango -- Isthmus, Coastal Plain, Chiapas, and Guatemala Highlands -- Maya Highlands -- Teotihuacan -- Mid-Classic Maya upheavals -- pt. 4. Late Classic, Classic collapse, and Epiclassic -- 12. The Lowland Maya : apogee and collapse (AD 600-900) -- Late Classic Maya culture -- Courtly life at the height of the Late Classic -- Women and weaving -- Maya of the Southern Lowlands -- Palenque and Pakal the Great -- Yaxchilán -- Calakmul in its prime, Tikal split in two -- Construction costs -- Causes of collapse at Copán and elsewhere -- Southeastern Mesoamerica and the intermediate area -- The Pacific Coast -- The Guatemala Highlands and Chiapas Interior Plateau -- The end of the Classic Period in the Isthmus and east -- 13. The Late Classic and Epiclassic in the West (AD 600-1000/1100) -- What was the feathered serpent? -- The Basin of Mexico and regions to its north and west -- Basin of Mexico -- Coyotlatelco pottery and culture -- Tula Region -- The Bajío -- Northwestern Frontier -- West Mexico -- Gulf Lowlands -- The Huasteca -- Metalworking -- El Tajín -- Puebla, Tlaxcala, and Morelos -- Mixtec regions and Oaxaca -- Oaxaca and Monte Albán -- 14. Maya collapse and survival (AD 800-1200) -- Northwestern Yucatán : the Puuc Region -- Kabah, Sayil, and Labná -- Uxmal -- Northeastern Yucatán : Cobá and its region -- Vectors of change : Chichén Itzá and the Putún Maya -- Putún, Chontal, Itzá : traders along the Gulf Coast -- Ball courts and the ball game -- Southern Pacific Coast and Southeastern Mesoamerica -- Inventing the wheel in the service of the gods -- Cihuatán and Santa María -- Western Honduras -- 15. The rise of Tula and other Epiclassic transformations (AD 900-1200) -- Tula and Toltec culture -- Intoxicants and hallucinogens -- Historical and ecological roots of Tula's religion -- The Northern and North-central Gulf Lowlands in Toltec times -- Tula's major deities -- Female deities -- Local and long-distance economy -- Toltec influence upon West Mexico, The Northwestern Frontier, and the Northern Arid Zone -- The Northern Arid Zone : Mesoamerica and the Puebloan or "Great House" cultures -- Mesoamerican and Mississippian cultures -- Gods, heroes, and antiheroes -- Tula's neighboring regions -- Michoacán, Toluca, Morelos -- The Basin of Mexico -- Puebla/Tlaxcala and the Southwestern Highlands -- Cholula and the Valley of Puebla -- Migrants and origins -- Puebla, Tlaxacala, Tehuacán and Oaxaca --
  • pt. 5. The Postclassic and the rise of the Aztecs -- 16. The Middle Postclassic (1200s-1430) -- Middle Postclassic and Late Postclassic -- Segmentary states of the Middle Postclassic Period -- East of the Isthmus and the Gulf Lowlands -- Northern Maya Lowlands : Mayapárise and fall -- Guatemala Highlands -- Southern Pacific Coastal Plain and Isthmus of Tehuantepec -- Gulf Lowlands and Southern Central Highlands -- West Mexico : the rise of the Tarascans of Michoacán -- The Basin of Mexico -- Being born Aztec -- City-states and confederations of the Basin of Mexico -- Chinampas -- Tenochtitlan-Tlatelolco, the atypical city-state of the Mexica -- 17. The Aztecs : an empire is born (1430-1455) -- Basin of Mexico -- Tenochtitlan-Tlatelolco -- The great temple of the Aztecs -- conquest of the Alcolhua Domain by Tepaneca and Mexica -- Growing up Aztec -- Crisis and conflict in the late 1420s : the Tepanec War -- Social strata among Aztecs -- Process of social stratification among the Aztecs -- Nezahualcoyotl and the consolidation of the Acolhua Domain -- Beyond the Basin : triple alliance conquests in the 1430s -- 1450s : disasters and development in the Basin of Mexico -- 18. The Aztec Empire develops (1455-1486) -- After the great famine -- Palaces and government -- Aztec palaces -- Motecuzóma Ilhuicamina part two : 1455-1469 -- Monumental gardens : Nezahualcoyotl's Texcotzingo, Motecuzóma's Huaxtépec -- New period of Aztec expansion : east to the Gulf Lowlands -- The Mixteca and Oaxaca under Aztec rule -- The reign of Axayácatl, 1469-1481 -- Palace scandals and death in the Basin of Mexico -- The Trascan Empire and Tzintzuntzan -- Aztec sex and marriage -- Tizoc, 1481-1486 -- Eagle knights, Jaguar knights -- 19. The Aztec Empire at its height (1486-1519) -- Ahuítzotl, 1486-1502 -- Rededication of the Templo Mayor : human sacrifice and cannibalism -- Aztec conquests on the Pacific Coast of Guatemala and Chiapas -- Hydrological challenges to Tenochtitlan, and Ahuítzotl's response -- Motecuzóma Xocoyotzin, 1502-1520 -- The intermediate area as the Spaniards found it -- Southeastern Mesoamerica -- Southeastern Maya of the Late Postclassic -- Spaniards and Maya along the coast of Yucatán -- Northern Maya Lowlands -- The Southeastern Highlands of Chiapas and Guatemala -- Along the Gulf Coast -- Campeche + Tabasco = Acalán -- South-central Gulf Lowlands -- 20. The conquest of Mexico and its aftermath -- The Spaniards collect allies -- Tlaxcala -- Aztec feasting -- Puebla -- Motecuzóma, prisoner of fear -- How many people lived in Tenochtitlan -- Early Colonial New Spain -- World of wonders -- Indigenous Utopia : the Franciscan perspective -- The living past -- Reference maps -- Pronunciation guide
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