pt. 1. Mesoamerica, Middle America, and its peoples -- 1. Ancient Mesoamerica, the civilization and its antecedents -- Ancient Mexico and Central America in geographical, cultural, and global context -- Mesoamerica and Middle America : culture and geography -- How societal complexity develops -- Cultural evolution and types of societies -- Culture history and chronology -- Middle American and Mesoamerican culture history -- Middle America : hunter-foragers of the Paleoindian and Archaic Periods -- Mesoamerica : villagers and urbanites of the Formative, Classic, and Postclassic Periods -- Religion and creation -- New Spain : the Colonial Period -- Mexico and Central America : the Republican Period and the rise of modern archaeology -- 2. Ecology and culture : Mesoamerican beginnings -- Mesoamerica's major geophysical and biotic features -- Native vegetation : neotropical and neoarctic environments, dry lands and wetlands -- The big divide : west of the Isthmus vs. Isthmus and east climate and crops -- This cradle, compared with other cradles -- Mesoamericans and cultural ecology -- Enculturing the ecological context -- Subsistence -- Sedentism -- Cultural evolution -- Cultural regions -- The Isthmus of Tehuantepec -- Mesoamerica's first inhabitants : hunter-foragers, to 8000 BC -- Asian origins -- Paleoindian periods -- Shamanism -- Big-game hunters -- Global warming, varied toolkits, and mixed strategies : the end of the Paleoindian Period and beginning of the Archaic Period -- 3. Archaic foragers, collectors, and farmers (8000-2000 BC) -- Archaic transformations : changes toward domestication of plants, and settled life -- Domestication of plants and sedentism -- Food, sex, demography, and settled life -- Early Archaic Band Society : social organization, economic organization, political control, ideology -- Seasonality and scheduling -- Early archaic foragers at Guilá Naquitz Cave, Valley of Oaxaca -- Maguey -- From Early Archaic to Middle Archaic and beyond -- The Tehuacán Regionalization of culture : "traditions" of the Early Archaic Period -- Tehuacán Valley sequence -- The Middle Archaic, c. 5500-3500 BC, and late Archaic, c. 3500-2000 BC -- Maize domestication -- "Preceramic" -- Middle and Late Archaic, Isthmus and East Guerrero : Pacific Coast, Late Archaic and Early Formative -- 2000 BC : the Archaic ends, and the Formative Period begins -- 4. The initial Formative (c. 2000-1200 BC) -- Mesoamerica : the trait list -- Cultural trends of the Formative Period -- Precursors to the Olmecs -- Recognizing social inequality in the archaeological record -- Mesoamerica's "new stone age" -- Prismatic blades -- Isthmian region -- Rise of the chiefdom -- Yanomamo -- Engendered political evolution -- Mokaya of Mazatán -- Language as a chronological marker -- Language as an ethnic marker -- Highlands west of the Isthmus -- Earliest Highland ceramics -- Pottery vessel forms -- Ancestor cults and Oaxaca in Tierras Largas phase -- Basin of Mexico, Morelos, Tehuacán Valley -- West Mexico -- Initial Formative : the Mesoamerican Culture area --
pt. 2. Complex societies of the Formative -- 5. The Olmecs : early Formative (c. 1200-900/800 BC ) -- Early Formative and initial Olmec -- A jade-green world -- Jade things that move cultures -- East and South of the Pacific Coastal Plain -- Southern Gulf lowlands -- The Olmecs : first florescence of mature Mesoamerican civilization -- Early Olmecs and their neighbors -- Subsistence in the Isthmus -- Spiritually charged landscape -- Colossal heads and buried drains : monumental display at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán -- Potrero Nuevo and El Azuzul -- El Manatí -- Themes and modes in Olmec Art -- Shamans and transformation -- Highland developments, west of the Isthmus -- Settlement patterns and settlement systems -- Oaxaca : San José phase (1150-850 BC) -- Puebla, Morelos, and the Basin of Mexico -- Northern Arid Zone -- West Mexico -- Guerrero -- 6. The Olmecs : Middle Formative (c. 900-600 BC) -- Developments in the Southwestern Highlands -- Guerrero : Teopantecuanitlán and cave sites -- Non-portable art from Guerrero -- Jaguars -- Morelos : Chalcatzingo's apogee -- Basin of Mexico : occupation at Zacatenco and Cuicuilco -- Puebla : the Amalucan Irrigation System -- Tlaxcala -- Gulf Lowlands, North, North-central, and South-central -- Valley of Oaxaca and the Mixteca Region -- Isthmus and east -- The Pacific Coast of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and adjacent areas to the south -- Olmec influences -- Intermediate Olmec and La Venta -- Chiapas Interior Plateau and Chiapa de Corzo -- Guatemala Highlands -- Maya culture -- The Southern Maya Lowlands -- The Northern Maya Lowlands -- The Maya of the Motagua -- Southeastern Mesoamerica -- Caves of Eastern Honduras -- Transition to the Post-Olmec Era -- 7. Middle to late Formative cultures (c. 600/500-300 BC) -- West of the Isthmus : rise of Monte Albán -- Valley of Oaxaca : San José Mogote -- Divinatory Almanac -- New shape of maize : the tortilla -- Monte Albán's neighborhoods and early monuments -- Urbanism and settlement models -- Elsewhere in the Highlands and West Mexico -- The Basin of Mexico -- Exchange and marketplace systems -- West Mexico -- Central place models -- Last years of the Olmecs in the Isthmus and East -- Terminal Olmec Period, 600-300 BC -- The Southern Pacific Coast -- Guatemala Highlands : Kaminaljuyú -- Chocolate -- Chiapas Interior Plateau -- Maya Lowlands, South and Central -- Maya Lowlands, North -- 8. Emergence of states in the late Formative (300 BC-AD 1) -- Social stratification -- Pottery style zones and elite long-distance exchange -- Proto-states in the Highlands west of the Isthmus -- Basin of Mexico : Teotihuacan and Cuicuilco -- Cuicuilco and the old God of Fire -- Teotihuacan and the sanctity of flowing water -- West Mexican funerary complexes : shaft tombs and Chupícuaro -- Cosmetic alterations -- Cuicatlán Cañada -- The Mixteca -- Monte Albán -- Monte Negro -- Isthmus and East -- Gulf Lowlands, South-central and South -- Chiapas Interior Plateau -- Calendrics -- South Coast of the Isthmus, and Pacific Coastal Plain -- Southeastern Mesoamerica : Chalchuapa and its trading partners -- Guatemala Highlands -- Maya Lowlands -- 9. The Terminal Formative (AD 1-300) -- Maya Lowlands of the Yucatán Peninsula -- Río Bec : early fortifications -- Northern Maya Lowlands -- Southeastern Mesoamerica -- Guatemala Highlands -- The Isthmus and early writing -- West of the Isthmus -- Guerrero -- West Mexico : shaft-tomb cultures and the Teuchitlán Tradition -- West Mexican architectural models -- Northwestern Frontier and Northern Arid Zone -- Central Highlands surrounding the Basin of Mexico -- The Northern Gulf Region -- Teotihuacan, the place where time began -- The magic of location : place of the gods -- The magic of location : place of the food and tools --
pt. 3. Cultures of the Early Classic -- 10. Teotihuacan and its international influence (AD 250-300-600) -- Teotihuacan : pyramids and palaces -- Teotihuacan palaces and rulership -- Apartment compounds _ social strata within and among the residences -- Teotihuacan's political economy -- Teotihuacan presence west of the Isthmus -- Teotihuacan and the Bajío and the Northwestern Frontier -- West Mexico -- Michoacán, Guerrero, Morelos -- Mixteca, Oaxaca -- Puebla and Tlaxcala -- Gulf Lowlands -- 11. The Maya in the Early Classic (AD 250-600) -- Maya Lowlands -- The Petén Region and Maya politics -- Kings of calendrics : time and Early Classic Maya rulers -- Tikal as an Early Classic Maya center -- Death of a Maya King -- The Great Tikal Earthwork -- The Usumacinta Region -- Calakmul and the Northern Maya Lowlands -- Maya writing -- Maya of the Motagua : Copán and Quiriguá -- Southeastern Mesoamerica and the intermediate area -- The gods must be angry : the Southern Coast and the eruption of Ilopango -- Isthmus, Coastal Plain, Chiapas, and Guatemala Highlands -- Maya Highlands -- Teotihuacan -- Mid-Classic Maya upheavals -- pt. 4. Late Classic, Classic collapse, and Epiclassic -- 12. The Lowland Maya : apogee and collapse (AD 600-900) -- Late Classic Maya culture -- Courtly life at the height of the Late Classic -- Women and weaving -- Maya of the Southern Lowlands -- Palenque and Pakal the Great -- Yaxchilán -- Calakmul in its prime, Tikal split in two -- Construction costs -- Causes of collapse at Copán and elsewhere -- Southeastern Mesoamerica and the intermediate area -- The Pacific Coast -- The Guatemala Highlands and Chiapas Interior Plateau -- The end of the Classic Period in the Isthmus and east -- 13. The Late Classic and Epiclassic in the West (AD 600-1000/1100) -- What was the feathered serpent? -- The Basin of Mexico and regions to its north and west -- Basin of Mexico -- Coyotlatelco pottery and culture -- Tula Region -- The Bajío -- Northwestern Frontier -- West Mexico -- Gulf Lowlands -- The Huasteca -- Metalworking -- El Tajín -- Puebla, Tlaxcala, and Morelos -- Mixtec regions and Oaxaca -- Oaxaca and Monte Albán -- 14. Maya collapse and survival (AD 800-1200) -- Northwestern Yucatán : the Puuc Region -- Kabah, Sayil, and Labná -- Uxmal -- Northeastern Yucatán : Cobá and its region -- Vectors of change : Chichén Itzá and the Putún Maya -- Putún, Chontal, Itzá : traders along the Gulf Coast -- Ball courts and the ball game -- Southern Pacific Coast and Southeastern Mesoamerica -- Inventing the wheel in the service of the gods -- Cihuatán and Santa María -- Western Honduras -- 15. The rise of Tula and other Epiclassic transformations (AD 900-1200) -- Tula and Toltec culture -- Intoxicants and hallucinogens -- Historical and ecological roots of Tula's religion -- The Northern and North-central Gulf Lowlands in Toltec times -- Tula's major deities -- Female deities -- Local and long-distance economy -- Toltec influence upon West Mexico, The Northwestern Frontier, and the Northern Arid Zone -- The Northern Arid Zone : Mesoamerica and the Puebloan or "Great House" cultures -- Mesoamerican and Mississippian cultures -- Gods, heroes, and antiheroes -- Tula's neighboring regions -- Michoacán, Toluca, Morelos -- The Basin of Mexico -- Puebla/Tlaxcala and the Southwestern Highlands -- Cholula and the Valley of Puebla -- Migrants and origins -- Puebla, Tlaxacala, Tehuacán and Oaxaca --
pt. 5. The Postclassic and the rise of the Aztecs -- 16. The Middle Postclassic (1200s-1430) -- Middle Postclassic and Late Postclassic -- Segmentary states of the Middle Postclassic Period -- East of the Isthmus and the Gulf Lowlands -- Northern Maya Lowlands : Mayapárise and fall -- Guatemala Highlands -- Southern Pacific Coastal Plain and Isthmus of Tehuantepec -- Gulf Lowlands and Southern Central Highlands -- West Mexico : the rise of the Tarascans of Michoacán -- The Basin of Mexico -- Being born Aztec -- City-states and confederations of the Basin of Mexico -- Chinampas -- Tenochtitlan-Tlatelolco, the atypical city-state of the Mexica -- 17. The Aztecs : an empire is born (1430-1455) -- Basin of Mexico -- Tenochtitlan-Tlatelolco -- The great temple of the Aztecs -- conquest of the Alcolhua Domain by Tepaneca and Mexica -- Growing up Aztec -- Crisis and conflict in the late 1420s : the Tepanec War -- Social strata among Aztecs -- Process of social stratification among the Aztecs -- Nezahualcoyotl and the consolidation of the Acolhua Domain -- Beyond the Basin : triple alliance conquests in the 1430s -- 1450s : disasters and development in the Basin of Mexico -- 18. The Aztec Empire develops (1455-1486) -- After the great famine -- Palaces and government -- Aztec palaces -- Motecuzóma Ilhuicamina part two : 1455-1469 -- Monumental gardens : Nezahualcoyotl's Texcotzingo, Motecuzóma's Huaxtépec -- New period of Aztec expansion : east to the Gulf Lowlands -- The Mixteca and Oaxaca under Aztec rule -- The reign of Axayácatl, 1469-1481 -- Palace scandals and death in the Basin of Mexico -- The Trascan Empire and Tzintzuntzan -- Aztec sex and marriage -- Tizoc, 1481-1486 -- Eagle knights, Jaguar knights -- 19. The Aztec Empire at its height (1486-1519) -- Ahuítzotl, 1486-1502 -- Rededication of the Templo Mayor : human sacrifice and cannibalism -- Aztec conquests on the Pacific Coast of Guatemala and Chiapas -- Hydrological challenges to Tenochtitlan, and Ahuítzotl's response -- Motecuzóma Xocoyotzin, 1502-1520 -- The intermediate area as the Spaniards found it -- Southeastern Mesoamerica -- Southeastern Maya of the Late Postclassic -- Spaniards and Maya along the coast of Yucatán -- Northern Maya Lowlands -- The Southeastern Highlands of Chiapas and Guatemala -- Along the Gulf Coast -- Campeche + Tabasco = Acalán -- South-central Gulf Lowlands -- 20. The conquest of Mexico and its aftermath -- The Spaniards collect allies -- Tlaxcala -- Aztec feasting -- Puebla -- Motecuzóma, prisoner of fear -- How many people lived in Tenochtitlan -- Early Colonial New Spain -- World of wonders -- Indigenous Utopia : the Franciscan perspective -- The living past -- Reference maps -- Pronunciation guide
The information below has been drawn from sources outside of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries. In most instances, the information will be from sources that have not been peer reviewed by scholarly or research communities. Please report cases in which the information is inaccurate through the Contact Us link below.