Contemporary debates in applied ethics

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Now in an updated edition with fresh perspectives on high-profile ethical issues such as torture and same-sex marriage, this collection pairs cogently argued essays by leading philosophers with opp...

Now in an updated edition with fresh perspectives on high-profile ethical issues such as torture and same-sex marriage, this collection pairs cogently argued essays by leading philosophers with opposing views on fault-line public concerns.Revised and updated new edition with six new pairs of essays on prominent contemporary issues including torture and same-sex marriage, and a survey of theories of ethics by Stephen DarwallLeading philosophers tackle colleagues with opposing views in contrasting essays on core issues in applied ethicsAn ideal semester-leng

edited by Andrew I. Cohen, Christopher Heath Wellman
  • Second edition
  • Chichester, England : Wiley-Blackwell, 2014
  • ©2014
Physical Details
  • 1 online resource (474 p.)
9781118479872, 1118479874, 9781118479834, 1118479831, 1118479394, 1306373344

  • Description based upon print version of record.
  • Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters and index.
  • English

  • Cover; Title page; Copyright page; Contents; Notes on Contributors; Acknowledgments; Introduction; Issues of Life and Death; Issues in Justice; Issues of Privacy and the Good; Issues of Cosmospolitanism and Community; Ethical Theory; CHAPTER ONE: Theories of Ethics; Case Ethics; Normative Ethical Theory; Meta-ethics; Contractarianism/Contractualism; Contractarianism; Contractualism; Consequentialism; Deontology; Virtue Theory; CHAPTER TWO: The Wrong of Abortion; Human Embryos and Fetuses are Complete (though Immature) Human Beings; No-Person Arguments: The Dualist Version
  • No-Person Arguments: The Evaluative VersionThe Argument that Abortion is Justified as Non-intentional Killing; CHAPTER THREE: The Moral Permissibility of Abortion; Introduction; The Moral Status of Embryos and Early Fetuses; Abortion and Gestational Assistance; Intimacy, Pregnancy, and Motherhood; Norms of Responsible Creation; CHAPTER FOUR: In Defense of Voluntary Active Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide; Important Concepts and Distinctions; A Fundamental Defense of Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Active Euthanasia; The argument; The soundness of the argument
  • Voluntary Passive Euthanasia versus Voluntary Active EuthanasiaThe argument; An evaluation of the second argument; Should Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Active Euthanasia Be Legal?; CHAPTER FIVE: A Case Against Euthanasia; Suicide: The Way (Rarely) Taken; Three Arguments in Favor of Euthanasia; Euthanasia as a Social, not Private, Act; Euthanasia and the Law; The Dutch Experience; Not Pain but Loss of Control; Catering to a Small Minority; CHAPTER SIX: Empty Cages: Animal Rights and Vivisection; The Benefits Argument; What the Benefits Argument Omits; The overestimation of human benefits
  • The underestimation of human harmsComparisons across species; Human Vivisection and Human Rights; Why the Benefits Argument Begs the Question; The Children of Willowbrook; The Basis of Human Rights; Why Animals Have Rights; Challenging Human and Animal Equality: Speciesism; Other Objections, Other Replies; Conclusion; CHAPTER SEVEN: Animals and Their Medical Use; The Abolitionist Appeal to Animal Rights; The "Anything Goes" View on Animals; The Value of Lives and Quality of Life; Two Senses of Moral Community; Conclusion; CHAPTER EIGHT: A Defense of Affirmative Action; Introduction
  • Affirmative Action as a Remedy for Past InjusticesAffirmative Action as a Form of Compensatory Justice; Standardized Tests and Race; Affirmative Action and Equal Protection; Conclusions; CHAPTER NINE: Preferential Policies Have Become Toxic; Framing the Issue; Disentangling Race and Sex; Affirmative Action for Black People: Evaluating the Arguments; The compensatory (or backward-looking) argument; Corrective argument; Forward-looking arguments; Assessing the Arguments; Conclusion; CHAPTER TEN: A Defense of the Death Penalty; In Favor of the Death Penalty; Retribution; Deterrence
  • Objections to the Death Penalty


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