Personal and official papers of Emanuel Lorenz Philipp, a Wisconsin Republican leader and Milwaukee businessman who served as Wisconsin Governor, 1915-1921. The collection includes correspondence, financial records, speeches and press releases, business records, state government documents, and other materials.
Correspondence of the period before 1914 includes letters relating to Philipp's relations with Robert M. La Follette in 1900, to business transactions with Joseph Schlitz in 1903, and to the nomination of William Howard Taft as Republican presidential candidate in 1908. There is also correspondence with the Republican State Central Committee, 1903-1908. As president of the Union Refrigerator Transit Company, Philipp was involved in several libel cases growing out of charges that he had violated the Elkins Act by accepting rebates from certain Milwaukee breweries. Correspondence, briefs, and decisions in these cases, notably the Union Refrigerator Transit Company vs. S.S. McClure Company in 1908, are included in the collection.
Papers of the period following Philipp's retirement from public office relate to his presidency of the Mi Lola Cigar Company, the Union Refrigerator Transit Company, and the Milwaukee Association of Commerce. Numerous other letters and financial records concern the management, development, and improvement of his farm near Sumpter in Sauk County.
The gubernatorial papers relate to administrative and legislative affairs, including requests for patronage, discussions on pending legislation, investigations of state departments, and the sending of the National Guard to the Mexican border in 1916. Numerous letters comment on the William H. Allen report on the educational and business methods of the state university, issued in 1915, and a subsequent proposal to reorganize the public education system. Material on the subject includes budget studies, memoranda prepared for the governor, press releases, proposed legislation, and expressions of opinion from administrative and educational experts and alumni throughout the United States.
Letters in April, 1917, speak of the opposition to compulsory military service. Other papers concern the civilian aspects of the first world war, including information on the work of the Fuel Administration in Wisconsin, headed by William N. Fitzgerald and much less regarding the work of the Food Administration and the Council of Defense. Post-war papers contain correspondence on the return of Wisconsin troops; publishing a history of the 32nd Division; efforts to deal with problems of unemployment and inadequate housing; Wisconsin's part in the relief work for northern Minnesota and Wisconsin fire victims in 1918; the work of the League to Enforce Peace; and opinions on the proposed League of Nations.
Also included is an account book kept by the Wisconsin Commission for the Celebration of a Half Century of Negro Freedom in 1915.
The processed portion of this collection is summarized above, dates 1887-1933, and is described in the register. Additional accessions include personal, political, and administrative correspondence, 1908-1925; appointment correspondence, 1914-1915; a 1916 nominating speech by E. T. Fairchild; and an unpublished biography by John Gregory.
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