By re-examining the archaeological evidence from salvage campaigns in Egypt and Sudan using anthropological and economic theories, this book offers a fresh view of exchange patterns between Egypt and Lower Nubia in the 4th millennium BC and how these relationships changed.
Contents; List of Figures; List of Plates; Acknowledgements; Introduction; Egypt in Nubia; Nubia in Egypt; 1. Nubia and Egypt; General Introduction; Archaeology and Ethnicity; History of Exploration and Research; First Archaeological Survey of Nubia; First Archaeological Survey under Firth; Second Archaeological Survey of Nubia; The Aswan High Dam and the UNESCO Salvage Operation; Setting the Scene-Where Are We?; Chronology-When Are We?; The Neolithic and Chalcolthic in Egypt and Nubia; Lower Egypt; Upper Egypt; Lower Nubia; Upper Nubia; The Deserts; Terminology; The Naqada Culture
The A-Group Culture2. Egypt in Nubia; Introduction; The Land of Nubia; A-Group Ceramics; What Is Egyptian Pottery in Nubia?; Other Egyptian Material; What Are A-Group Graves?; The Sites-The Nubian A-Group Cemeteries between Aswan and Wadi Halfa; State of Preservation of the Cemeteries; Possible Nature of Exchange; The First Archaeological Survey of Nubia from Shellal to Gebel um Simbela; The First Archaeological Survey of Nubia under C.M. Firth; Summary and Results of the First Archaeological Survey of Nubia; The Second Archaelogical Survey of Nubia between Wadi es-Sebua and Adindan 1929-1931
Summary and Results of the Second Archaeological SurveyThe University of Chicago, Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition; The 'Royal' Cemetery L at Qustul; Cemeteries W, V, S, Q, T Qustul; Summary and Results of the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago; The Scandinavian Joint Expedition to Sudanese Nubia; Summary and Results of the Scandinavian Joint Expedition; The Egyptian Material; Pottery-W-ware and D-ware; Siltstone ('slate') Palettes; Stone Vessels; Copper Objects; Maceheads; Amulets; Cylinder Seals; 3. Nubia in Egypt; What the Nubians Left Behind; Elephantine
The A-Group in the Aswan-Kom Ombo RegionHierakonpolis; Henri De Morgan's Second Season of Excavations; El Ma'Mariya; Kom el Ahmar (Hierakonpolis); Abu Zaidan; El Masa'Id; Minshat Abu Omar; Nubians in Egypt?; 4. Inscriptional, Pictorial and Glyptic Evidence; What We Say and How We Say It; Incense Burners; The Qustul Incense Burner; The Archaic Horus Incense Burner; Rock Cut Carvings; Gebel Sheikh Suleiman; Gebel Tjauti; Hill B Inscription; West Bank Aswan and Wadi Abu Subeira; Stelae; Seals and Seal Impressions; Siali Seal Impressions; Ashkeit Seal Impression; Sarras West Seal; Qustul Seals
Faras SealGerf Hussein Seal; Ikkur/Koshtamna Seals; Abu Simbel Seal; Toshka West Seal Impression; Labels; Bone and Ivory Labels; Year Labels; Potmarks; Seyala Gold Mace Handles; In Writing; 5. Commodities Exchanged; Commodities Sought from Lower Nubia; The Autobiography of Harkhuf; Incense and Resins; Ebony; Oil; Panther/Leopard Skins; Elephant Tusks/Ivory; "Every Good Product"; Pottery; Black Incised Ware (Class N); Gold; Obsidian; Wood; Cork Wood; Ostrich Eggs and Feathers; Lions; Monkeys and Baboons; Goods from Egypt in Nubia; Pottery and Its Contents; Wavy-Handled Ware (Class W)
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