This volume analyzes liberal thought in the Eastern Mediterranean since the late nineteenth century, highlighting its long-term and ongoing influence, and challenging the conventional wisdom that liberalism has no legitimate place in the region’s intellectual discourse. By investigating the activities of diverse institutions, media, and personalities, the authors in this volume examine the liberal ideas and values that emerged during eras of both peace and political turmoil, while recognizing the factors contributing to their decline. Seen from these many perspectives, liberal thought developed not merely from “Westernization,” but from the interaction between indigenous intellectual critique and political ideology, political experiences and literary imagination, and a mixture of admiration for and resistance to European ideas and political domination.
Preliminary Materials / C. Schumann -- Introduction -- Chapter One. The Question Of American Liberalism And The Origins Of The American Board Mission To The Levant And Its Historiography / Ussama Makdisi -- Chapter Two. The Mandate System: High Ideals, Illiberal Practices / Peter Sluglett -- Chapter Three. “Liberal Colonialism” And Martial Law In French Mandate Syria / Michael Provence -- Chapter Four. The Syrian University And The French Mandate (1920–1946) / Abdul-Karim Rafeq -- Chapter Five. Liberal Education At The American University Of Beirut (Aub): Protest, Protestantism, And The Meaning Of Freedom / Betty S. Anderson -- Chapter Six. The Ottoman Revolution Of 1908 As Seen By Al-Hilāl And Al-Manār: The Triumph And Diversification Of The Reformist Spirit / Anne-Laure Dupont -- Chapter Seven. The Nahḍa Revisited: Socialism And Radicalism In Beirut And Mount Lebanon, 1900 1914 / Ilham Khuri-Makdisi -- Chapter Eight. Liberal Practices In The Transformation From Empire To Nation-State: The Rump Ottoman Empire, 1918–1923 / Hasan Kayal -- Chapter Nine. Writing A Constitution: Constitutional Debates In Syria In The Mandate Period / Eyal Zisser -- Chapter Ten. Lebanese Arab Nationalists And Consociational Democracy During The French Mandate Period / Raghid K. El-Solh -- Chapter Eleven. Within Or Without? Ameen Rihani And The Transcultural Space Between The “West” And The “East” -- Chapter Twelve. Who Gets To Become The Liberal Subject? Ventriloquized Memoirs And The Individual In 1920's Egypt / Marilyn Booth -- Chapter Thirteen. Illiberal Metamorphoses Of A Liberal Discourse: The Case Of Syrian Intellectual Sami Al-Kayyali (1898–1972) / Manfred Sing -- List Of Contributors / Index Of Political Terms / Index Of Institutions, Organizations, And Periodicals / Index Of Personal Names / C. Schumann
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