Lawmaking is crucial to American democracy because it completely defines and regulates the public life of the nation. Yet despite its importance, political scientists spend very little time studying the direct impact that the politics surrounding a particular issue has on lawmaking. The Substance of Representation draws on a vast range of historical and empirical data to better understand how lawmaking works across different policy areas. Specifically, John Lapinski introduces a theoretically grounded method for parsing policy issues into categories, and he shows how policymaking var
Cover; Title; Copyright; Contents; Preface; Chapter I Policy Issue Substance and the Revitalization of Legislative Studies; Why We Need to Restore Policy Issue Substance to Congressional Studies; A Natural Connection: Congressional Studies, American Political Development, and Policy Studies; The Organization of the Book; Chapter II Bringing Policy Issue Substance Back In; Pitfalls of the Substantive Tradition; Introducing a New Policy Classification Schema; Conclusion; Appendix: Coding Schema; Chapter III Political Polarization and Issues: A New Perspective
Estimating Induced Preferences of Members of CongressPolitical Polarization and Policy Issue Substance; House and Senate Party Unity Scores, 1877-2011; Disaggregating Political Polarization; Conclusion; Appendix; Chapter IV The Case Studies: Policy Issue Substance and the Political Behavior of Members of Congress (with David Bateman); Reassessing the 95th Congress; The Case Studies: Examining Sovereignty Policy across Time; Conclusion; Appendix; Chapter V Legislative Accomplishment and Policy Issue Substance; Needed: Direct Measures of Legislative Accomplishment
Measuring Legislative SignificanceConstructing Macro-Level Measures of Legislative Accomplishment; Conclusion; Chapter VI Explaining Lawmaking in the United States, 1877-1994; Critical Hypotheses and Covariates of Lawmaking; Empirically Analyzing Lawmaking; Conclusion; Chapter VII At the Crossroads: Policy Issue Substance, Congress, and American Political Development; Ideas for American Political Development; Ideas for Congressional Studies; Bibliography; Index
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